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LATVIAN AUXILIARY POLICE was a paramilitary force created from Latvian volunteers by the Nazi German authorities who occupied the country in June 1941. Composed of local fascists , rightist members of the former military and police, and nationalist students, the organization participated in the Holocaust , looting and killing the local Jewish population. One of its units, the Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
, was notorious for killing 26,000 civilians during the war, mostly Jews, but also Communists and Romas .

CONTENTS

* 1 Formation of units * 2 Organization * 3 See also

* 4 References

* 4.1 Citations * 4.2 Bibliography

FORMATION OF UNITS

The auxiliary police force consisted primarily individuals of police, army, and militia organizations which had been disbanded upon the prior Soviet occupation . Within the first week of the German occupation, the leader of Einsatzgruppe A Franz Walter Stahlecker tasked Lt. Colonel Voldemārs Veiss with organising a police force to operate under the command of the SS .

The first Latvian Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Police) Battalions were formed, most to serve as combat units, some to carry out raids against partisans and to discharge ghetto guard duties. One of the earliest units formed was in Daugavpils
Daugavpils
, which German forces reached on June 28, 1941, six days after launching Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
. Roberts Blūzmanis was appointed chief of the Latvian Auxiliary Police
Latvian Auxiliary Police
in Nazi-occupied Daugavpils. An auxiliary police force was in Riga
Riga
under Nazi ausipces on July 3, 1941, headed by Latvian captain, Pētersons. Anti-partisan operation , March 1943.

ORGANIZATION

Owing to the initiative of the EK ( Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
), the auxiliary police force consisted of 240 men and had been strictly organized. New men were currently being enlisted. They helped the EK as auxiliary police and were on duty in the 6 police districts established so far. Some members had been assigned to Kriminalpolizei
Kriminalpolizei
and Sicherheitspolizei work. By July 7 the Latvians
Latvians
arrested 1125 Jews, 32 political prisoners, 85 Russian workers, and 2 women criminals, the greater part during the last days. This is due to the EK backing the Latvians. Actions against the Jews were going on in an ever-increasing number. Conforming to a suggestion of the EK, the Jews were being evacuated by the auxiliary police force from all houses still standing. The apartments were being allocated to non-Jewish inhabitants . The food supply was inadequate as nearly all stocks were destroyed by fire. The arrested Jewish men were shot without ceremony and interred in previously prepared mass graves . 400 Jews were killed during pogroms in Riga, since the arrival of EK 2; 300 by the Latvian auxiliary police. By 1944, the occupation power, with the collaboration of the Self-Administration, had formed a total of 33 auxiliary police battalions.

The Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
(also: Sonderkommando Arajs), led by SS - Sturmbannführer
Sturmbannführer
Viktors Arājs , was a unit of Latvian Auxiliary Police (German : Lettische Hilfspolizei) subordinated to the SD . It is one of the more well-known and notorious killing units during the Holocaust . The central part of Andrew Ezergailis ' work details the activities of the Arajs Kommando, the Latvian unit that Brigadeführer Franz Walter Stahlecker
Franz Walter Stahlecker
organized for the killing of the Jews of Latvia . Numerous Latvian auxiliary police units played a major role in the murdering the Jews.

SEE ALSO

* Estonian Auxiliary Police * Lithuanian Auxiliary Police * Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
* Ukrainian Auxiliary Police

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ Michael Mann , The dark side of democracy: explaining ethnic cleansing. Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
, 2005. ISBN 0-521-53854-8 . p. 283 * ^ Lumens (2006) . p266. * ^ Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume 1. Chapter XII - The Persecution of the Jews * ^ Jacob Gorfinkel , Daugavpils
Daugavpils
(Dvinsk) Ghetto List – 05-December-1941 * ^ Andrew Ezergailis, The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Lumans, Valdis O. (2006). Latvia in World War II. Fordham Univ Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-2627-6 .

* v * t * e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe
Arthur Nebe
* Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker
Franz Walter Stahlecker
* Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel * Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann
Hans-Adolf Prützmann
* Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian, Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
* Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys
Ypatingasis būrys

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto * Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga
Riga
synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
* Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg
Operation Tannenberg
* Intelligenzaktion
Intelligenzaktion
* AB-Aktion * Operation Reinhard
Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino
Gully of Petrushino
* Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book
The Black Book
* Commissar Order
Commissar Order
* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
* Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen)

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Latvia

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

CRIMES

* Burning of the Riga
Riga
synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

VICTIMS

* Jewish people of Latvia * Gypsies * Joseph Carlebach
Joseph Carlebach
* Simon Dubnow * Else Hirsch

PERPETRATORS

* Alois Brunner
Alois Brunner
* Rudolf Batz * Fritz Dietrich * Otto-Heinrich Drechsler
Otto-Heinrich Drechsler
* Erich Ehrlinger * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Heinz Jost * Konrāds Kalējs * Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner
* Wolfgang Kügler * Rudolf Lange * Hinrich Lohse * Friedrich Panzinger * Hans-Adolf Prützmann
Hans-Adolf Prützmann
* Eduard Roschmann
Eduard Roschmann
* Alfred Rosenberg
Alfred Rosenberg
* Martin Sandberger * Albert Sauer * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker
Franz Walter Stahlecker
* Eduard Strauch

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Reichskommissariat Ostland
Reichskommissariat Ostland
* Rollkommando Hamann

COLLABORATORS Individuals Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Kārlis Lobe Organizations Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
Latvian Auxiliary Police Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft

GHETTOS AND CAMPS

* Daugavpils
Daugavpils
Ghetto * Jungfernhof concentration camp
Jungfernhof concentration camp
* Kaiserwald concentration camp * Riga
Riga
Ghetto * Salaspils concentration camp

DOCUMENTATION

* Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
* Jäger Report

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005

WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Jānis Lipke * Roberts Sedols

MEMORIALS

* Bikernieki Memorial

RELATED ARTICLES

* The Holocaust
The Holocaust
* Occupation of Latvia by Naz

.