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Landshut
Landshut
(Austro-Bavarian: Landsad) is a town in Bavaria
Bavaria
in the south-east of Germany, belonging to both Eastern and Southern Bavaria. Situated on the banks of the River Isar, Landshut
Landshut
is the capital of Lower Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding district, and has a population of more 70,000. Landshut
Landshut
is the largest city in Lower Bavaria, followed by Passau
Passau
and Straubing, and Eastern Bavaria's second biggest city. Owing to its characteristic coat of arms, the town is also often called "City of the three Helmets" (German: Dreihelmenstadt). Furthermore, the town is popularly known for the Landshuter Hochzeit ( Landshut
Landshut
Wedding), a full-tilt medieval festival. Due to its proximity and easy access to Munich
Munich
and the Franz Josef Strauss International Airport, Landshut
Landshut
became a powerful and future-oriented investment area. The town is one of the richest industrialized towns in Bavaria
Bavaria
and has East Bavaria's lowest unemployment rate (ca. 1.1% in October 2013), which represents full employment.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Settings

2 History 3 Main sights and culture 4 Gallery

4.1 Theatres 4.2 Cinemas 4.3 Museums 4.4 Venues

5 Businesses 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

7 Sons and daughters of the town

7.1 before 1900 7.2 from 1900 7.3 from 1951 7.4 Honorary citizens 7.5 Notable inhabitants of Landshut

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Settings[edit] Landshut
Landshut
lies in the centre of Lower Bavaria, and is part of the Alpine foothills. The River Isar
Isar
runs through the city centre. Landshut
Landshut
is about 72 kilometres (45 mi) northeast of Munich. History[edit] The city of Landshut
Landshut
and Trausnitz castle were founded in 1204 by Duke Louis I. Landshut
Landshut
was already a Wittelsbach
Wittelsbach
residence by 1231, and in 1255, when the duchy of Bavaria
Bavaria
was split in two, Landshut
Landshut
also became the capital of Lower Bavaria. Duke Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes who ruled Bayern-Landshut
Bayern-Landshut
in the 15th century. The wedding of Duke George with the Polish Princess Royal Jadwiga Jagiellon in 1475 was celebrated in Landshut
Landshut
with one of the most splendid festivals of the Middle Ages (called "Landshuter Hochzeit"). After his death and the Landshut
Landshut
War of Succession, Bavaria-Landshut was reunited with Bavaria-Munich. Louis X, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
built the Landshut Residence
Landshut Residence
1537–1543 after his visit to Italy. Louis built the first Renaissance
Renaissance
palace constructed north of the Alps after the Palazzo Te
Palazzo Te
in Mantua. William V, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
ordered to upgrade Trausnitz Castle
Trausnitz Castle
from a gothic fortification into a renaissance complex when he lived in Landshut
Landshut
as crown prince for ten years until 1579. Afterwards Landshut
Landshut
lost most of its importance until the University of Ingolstadt
University of Ingolstadt
was moved to Landshut
Landshut
in 1800. But already in 1826 the university was transferred to Munich. In 1634, during the Thirty Years' War, the city was taken and plundered by Swedish forces under the command of Bernard of Saxe-Weimar.[2] During World War II, a subcamp of Dachau concentration camp
Dachau concentration camp
was located in the city to provide slave labour for local industry. The U.S. Army maintained facilities in Landshut, including Pinder Kaserne and a dependent housing area, until 1968. Since the opening of Munich
Munich
Airport close to Landshut
Landshut
in 1992, the town has become an attractive business location.

A panoramic view of Landshut

Largest groups of foreign residents

Nationality Population (2013)

 Turkey 1,275

 Romania 911

 Poland 730

 Greece 532

 Croatia 407

 Austria 345

Main sights and culture[edit]

Coat of arms, depicted in 1605

The town is of national importance because of its predominantly Gothic architecture within the historic town centre, especially Trausnitz Castle and the Church of Saint Martin featuring the world's tallest brick tower. Among other Gothic architecture
Gothic architecture
are the churches of St. Jodok and Holy Spirit, but also the Town Hall and the Ländtor, the only still existing gate of the medieval fortification. Landshut
Landshut
is also known for a festival celebrated every four years called the Landshuter Hochzeit, commemorating the 1475 marriage of George of Bavaria
Bavaria
and Jadwiga Jagiellon. The renaissance era produced in particular the decorated inner courtyard of the Trausnitz Castle
Trausnitz Castle
and the ducal Landshut Residence
Landshut Residence
in the inner town. Baroque churches are represented by the Jesuit church St. Ignatius, the Dominican church St. Blasius and the church of St. Joseph. Also the medieval churches of the Seligenthal convent and of the Cistercians were redesigned in baroque style. Many old middle-class houses of the past in the Old Town still represent the history of the town from the Gothic times to the Neo-Classicism. Gallery[edit]

The Cathedral of St. Martin with its bell tower

The Church of St. Jodok

Redemption church

The Landshut Wedding
Landshut Wedding
and the Church of the Holy Spirit

The Ländtor

The Trausnitz castle

Landshut
Landshut
City View

Town hall

Old town

Theatres[edit]

Stadttheater (city theatre) Kleines Theater Theater Nikola

Cinemas[edit]

Kinoptikum – repertory cinema [1] Kinopolis Landshut
Landshut
Multiplex cinema
Multiplex cinema
[2] Burgtheater/Kühlhauskino

Museums[edit]

Skulpturenmuseum im Hofberg (Sculptural Museum in Hofberg)

Venues[edit]

Eisstadion am Gutenbergweg
Eisstadion am Gutenbergweg
– Indoor Ice hockey
Ice hockey
arena, mainly used by the Landshut
Landshut
Cannibals Sparkassen-Arena – Mainly used for concerts and fairs Grieserwiese – Giant parking area located between Wittstraße and the bank of the river Isar
Isar
used for the annual Frühjahrs- und Bartlmädult

Businesses[edit]

BMW Dräxlmaier Group Deutsche Telekom ebmpapst LFoundry, a semiconductor fab formerly owned by Renesas
Renesas
and before by Hitachi) Schott Glass Vishay Karstadt de:Pöschl Tabak

There are also two nuclear power plants located 14 km away from Landshut, Isar
Isar
I (Inactive) and Isar
Isar
II (Active until 2022). International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Landshut
Landshut
is twinned with:

Elgin, United Kingdom, since 1956 Compiègne, France, since 1962 Ried im Innkreis, Austria, since 1974 Schio, Italy, since 1981 Sibiu, Romania, since 2002

Sons and daughters of the town[edit] before 1900[edit]

Ludwig Feuerbach

Ulrich Füetrer
Ulrich Füetrer
(born before 1450; died around 1493 and 1502), poet and painter Ludwig Feuerbach
Ludwig Feuerbach
(1804–1872), philosopher Friedrich Feuerbach
Friedrich Feuerbach
(1806–1880), philologian and philosopher Gustav Tiedemann (1808–1849), officer Carl du Prel
Carl du Prel
(1839–1899), philosopher, writer and occultist Karl Tanera
Karl Tanera
(1849–1904), officer of the Bavarian Army and author Max Slevogt
Max Slevogt
(1868–1932), painter, graphician Otto Kissenberth
Otto Kissenberth
(1893–1919), fighter pilot in World War I

from 1900[edit]

Hermann Erhardt (1903–1958), actor Max Schäfer (1907–1990), football player- and trainer Marlene Neubauer-Woerner
Marlene Neubauer-Woerner
(1918–2010), sculptor Josef Deimer
Josef Deimer
(born 1936), politician and Lord mayor of Landshut
Landshut
from 1970-2014 David Elsner, professional ice hockey player Tom Kühnhackl, professional ice hockey player Roman Herzog, (1934-2017), politician (CDU), President of Germany
Germany
from 1994 to 1999, then Honorary Citizen as well

Roman Herzog, Karlspreis 2012 (Charlemagne prize)

from 1951[edit]

Klaus Auhuber (born 1951), ice hockey player Albert Sigl (born 1953), author Gerhard Tausche (born 1958), archivar and author Gerd Truntschka (born 1958), ice hockey player Martin Bayerstorfer (born 1966), politician Alex Holzwarth (born 1968), drummer Wolfgang Stark
Wolfgang Stark
(born 1969), FIFA-referee Markus Brunnermeier, (born 1969), financial economist Annette Dytrt
Annette Dytrt
(born 1983), figure skater

Honorary citizens[edit]

Hans Leinberger, (1475/1480-after 1531), sculptor Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, (1804–1872), philosopher and anthropologist Roman Herzog, (born 1934), President of Germany
Germany
1994-1999 Josef Deimer, (born 1936), Lord Mayor of Landshut
Landshut
1970-2004 Erich Kühnhackl
Erich Kühnhackl
(born 1950), former ice hockey player

Notable inhabitants of Landshut[edit]

Gregor Strasser
Gregor Strasser
1928

Louis I, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
(1173–1231), Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
and Count Palatine of the Rhine Hans von Burghausen (born 1350-1360; died 1432), builder Hans Stethaimer (1360–1432), architect, mason and painter Hans Leinberger
Hans Leinberger
(1480–1531), sculptor of the late Gothic Götz von Berlichingen
Götz von Berlichingen
(1480–1562), Frankish Empire Knights Renata of Lorraine
Renata of Lorraine
(1544–1602), Duchess of Bavaria Johann Graf von Aldringen (1588–1634), commander Franz von Paula Schrank
Franz von Paula Schrank
(1747–1835), botanist Johann Michael Sailer
Johann Michael Sailer
(1751–1832), a Catholic theologian and bishop of Regensburg Franz Xaver Witt
Franz Xaver Witt
(1834–1888), church musician, composer, reformer, founder of the German general Cecilia Association Max Freiherr von Oppenheim (1860–1946), diplomat, orientalist and archaeologist Ludwig Thoma
Ludwig Thoma
(1867–1921), writer Hans Carossa (1878–1956), doctor, known as a poet and writer of short stories Gregor Strasser
Gregor Strasser
(1892–1934), National Socialist politician Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
(1900–1945), National Socialist politician, head of the SS Marlene Neubauer-Woerner
Marlene Neubauer-Woerner
(1918–2010), sculptress Fritz Koenig
Fritz Koenig
(1924–2017), sculptor Heinz Winbeck (born 1946), composer Erich Kühnhackl
Erich Kühnhackl
(born 1950), hockey player Herbert Hainer (born 1954), Manager Franz Kober (born 1956), Engineer

See also[edit]

Battle of Abensberg, occurred 20 April 1809 Battle of Landshut, occurred 21 April 1809 Battle of Eckmühl, occurred 21–22 April 1809 Abensberg Eckmühl

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ Helfferich, Tryntje, The Thirty Years War: A Documentary History (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 274-302.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Landshut.

Landshut
Landshut
travel guide from Wikivoyage  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Landshut". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  http://www.landshut.de – Official website (in German) http://www.fh-landshut.de/

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Coburg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Landshut Memmingen München (Munich) Nürnberg (Nuremberg) Passau Regensburg Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden Würzburg

Rural districts

Aichach-Friedberg Altötting Amberg-Sulzbach Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bad Kissingen Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Bamberg Bayreuth Berchtesgadener Land Cham Coburg Dachau Deggendorf Dillingen Dingolfing-Landau Donau-Ries Ebersberg Eichstätt Erding Erlangen-Höchstadt Forchheim Freising Freyung-Grafenau Fürstenfeldbruck Fürth Garmisch-Partenkirchen Günzburg Haßberge Hof Kelheim Kitzingen Kronach Kulmbach Landsberg Landshut Lichtenfels Lindau Main-Spessart Miesbach Miltenberg Mühldorf München (Munich) Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Neumarkt Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Neustadt an der Waldnaab Neu-Ulm Nürnberger Land Oberallgäu Ostallgäu Passau Pfaffenhofen Regen Regensburg Rhön-Grabfeld Rosenheim Roth Rottal-Inn Schwandorf Schweinfurt Starnberg Straubing-Bogen Tirschenreuth Traunstein Unterallgäu Weilheim-Schongau Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Wunsiedel Würzburg

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 297813499 GND: 4034367-4 BNF:

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