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cartography Cartography (; from Greek χάρτης ''chartēs'', "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν ''graphein'', "write") is the study and practice of making and using maps. Combining science Science (from the Latin word ''scienti ...
, the Lambert cylindrical equal-area projection, or Lambert cylindrical projection, is a cylindrical equal-area projection. This projection is undistorted along the equator, which is its Standard parallel (map projections), standard parallel, but distortion increases rapidly towards the poles. Like any cylindrical projection, it stretches parallels increasingly away from the equator. The poles accrue infinite distortion, becoming lines instead of points.


History

The projection was invented by the Swiss people, Swiss mathematician Johann Heinrich Lambert and described in his 1772 treatise, ''Beiträge zum Gebrauche der Mathematik und deren Anwendung'', part III, section 6: ''Anmerkungen und Zusätze zur Entwerfung der Land- und Himmelscharten'', translated as, ''Notes and Comments on the Composition of Terrestrial and Celestial Maps''. Lambert's projection is the basis for the cylindrical equal-area projection family. Lambert chose the equator as the parallel of no distortion. By multiplying the projection's height by some factor and dividing the width by the same factor, the regions of no distortion can be moved to any desired pair of parallels north and south of the equator. These variations, particularly the Gall–Peters projection, are more commonly encountered in maps than Lambert’s original projection due to their lower distortion overall.


Formulae

:\begin x &= \lambda - \lambda_0\\ y &= \sin \varphi \end where ''φ'' is the latitude, ''λ'' is the longitude and ''λ'' is the central meridian.


See also

*List of map projections *Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection *Lambert conformal conic projection


References


External links

*
Table of examples and properties of all common projections
from radicalcartography.net {{DEFAULTSORT:Lambert Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection Map projections Equal-area projections