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The Info List - Lake Merced





Lake
Lake
Merced is a freshwater lake in the southwest corner of San Francisco, in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of California. It is surrounded by three golf courses (the private Olympic Club
Olympic Club
and San Francisco
San Francisco
Golf
Golf
Club, and the public TPC Harding Park), as well as residential areas, Lowell High School, San Francisco
San Francisco
State University, Lakeshore Alternative Elementary School, Stonestown Galleria, Fort Funston
Fort Funston
and the Pacific Ocean. The San Francisco
San Francisco
Police Department shooting range, as well as a skeet shooting club and the city's National Guard armory are also in the area. The lake is home of the Pacific Rowing Club and St. Ignatius College Prep Rowing Team, both competitive rowing programs for San Francisco high school students.

Contents

1 History 2 Ecology 3 Famous duel 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Lake
Lake
Merced was originally christened Laguna de Nuestra Señora de la Merced by Captain Don Bruno de Heceta in 1775.[1] Father Pedro Font, while on the de Anza Expedition to found the Presidio of San Francisco in March, 1776 wrote in his diary, "we saw a grove of live oaks near which is the Laguna de la Merced, where Captain Ribera stopped; and here we saw many bears ( California
California
Grizzly Bear)..."[2] At approximately 11pm of November 22, 1852, a shock was reported to have occurred by those in the areas around the Lake[3] and the following day reports were made that "...a fissure half a mile wide and three hundred yards long was discovered, through which the waters of Lake
Lake
Merced were flowing to the sea." The most probable cause of the shock was attributed to heavy rains forcing a passage through the sandbank at the north-west. The Lake
Lake
is reported to have lost 30 feet (9 meters) of water. A map from 1881 shows that the Lake
Lake
still had a passage to sea, 29 years later.[4] Once owned by Francisco De Haro, first Alcalde of Yerba Buena, as part of the Galindo ranch, the Spring Valley Water Company
Spring Valley Water Company
bought the water rights for the Lake
Lake
in 1868, and the surrounding watershed in successive years.[5] By purchasing all local supply, the company created a monopoly on San Francisco's water. It was not until 1908, when the city approved construction of O'Shaughnessy Dam creating the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir
Hetch Hetchy Reservoir
in the Sierra Nevada mountain range, that the city gained municipal control. Prior to the construction of the dam, Lake
Lake
Merced was to serve as the city's main reservoir, with plans to expand the lake into land that is now the San Francisco
San Francisco
State University campus. Around this time, Spring Valley sold off some of its land on Lake
Lake
Merced, making way for the golf courses that exist today. In 1940, Metropolitan Life bought the last of Spring Valley's land to build the Parkmerced apartment complex. Lake
Lake
Merced at one time directly flowed into the ocean.

Beniamino Bufano's public art Peace, which graced the entrance of SFO for decades

Ecology[edit]

Foggy Morning at Lake
Lake
Merced.

The lake is fed by an underground spring, and at one time it did have an outlet to the ocean as shown on an 1869 United States
United States
Coast and Geodetic Survey Map.[1] The salt level was always fluctuating, and therefore some species of fish which inhabit the lake are salt and freshwater adapted. There is active recreational fishing at the lake. The lake's water level had been shrinking for decades, endangering the historic role of Lake
Lake
Merced to support a healthy ecosystem.[6] Due to better management of the aquifer and occasional additions of water, lake level has been rising since 1990.[7] Famous duel[edit] On September 13, 1859, Chief Justice of the California
California
Supreme Court David S. Terry
David S. Terry
killed United States
United States
Senator David C. Broderick
David C. Broderick
in a duel at the lake.[8] See also[edit]

San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area portal

49-Mile Scenic Drive List of lakes in the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area Rancho Laguna de la Merced

References[edit]

^ a b David L. Durham (2001). Durham's Place-Names of the San Francisco Bay Area: Includes Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Contra Costa, Alameda, Solano & Santa Clara Counties. Word Dancer Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-884995-35-4. Retrieved 2011-01-30.  ^ Pedro Font. Expanded Diary of Pedro Font. Retrieved 2011-01-30.  ^ Youd, T. L.; Hoose, S. N. (1978). "Historic Ground Failures in Northern California
California
Triggered by Earthquakes" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-11-23.  ^ http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~26035~1100417?id=1-1-26035-1100417&name=Bancroft%2527s+Official+Guide+Map+Of+City+And+County+Of+San+Francisco ^ Sara Marcellino; Brandon Jebens (24 May 2001). "The History of Human Use at Lake
Lake
Merced". San Francisco
San Francisco
State University. Retrieved 2013-09-18.  ^ Vivian Matuk; Nick Salcedo (17 July 2001). " Lake
Lake
Merced Hydrology and Water Quality". San Francisco
San Francisco
State University. Retrieved 2012-10-09.  ^ http://www.museumca.org/creeks/1700-OBDCPix4.html Lake
Lake
Level Fluctuations ^ Hittell, Theodore Henry (1898). "History of California". iv. San Francisco, California: N. J. Stone & Company: 224. 

External links[edit]

Guide to San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area Creeks – Lake
Lake
Merced Lake
Lake
Merced Flickr group – Pictures of Lake
Lake
Merced on Flickr

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Parks

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Lake
Merced Lincoln Park McLaren Park Mountain Lake
Lake
Park Panhandle Pine Lake
Lake
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San Francisco
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