HOME
The Info List - Lake Khövsgöl


--- Advertisement ---



Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl (Mongolian: Хөвсгөл нуур, Höwsgöl núr; classic script:, köbsügül naɣur), also referred to as Khövsgöl dalai (Хөвсгөл далай, Höwsgöl dalai; Khövsgöl ocean) or Dalai Eej (Далай ээж, Dalai éj; ocean mother), is the largest fresh water lake in Mongolia
Mongolia
by volume and second largest by area. Khövsgöl Nuur
Khövsgöl Nuur
is nicknamed "Younger sister of the Sister Lakes ( Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl and Lake
Lake
Baikal)".

Contents

1 Geography 2 Ecological significance 3 Etymology and transliterations 4 References 5 External links

Geography[edit] Khuvsgul nuur is located in the northwest of Mongolia
Mongolia
near the Russian border, at the foot of the eastern Sayan Mountains. It is 1,645 metres (5,397 feet) above sea level, 136 kilometres (85 miles) long and 262 metres (860 feet) deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia, and holds almost 70% of Mongolia's fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water in the world.[1] The town of Hatgal
Hatgal
is at the southern end of the lake. Its watershed is relatively small, and it only has small tributaries. It is drained at the south end by the Egiin Gol, which connects to the Selenge and ultimately into Lake
Lake
Baikal. Between the two lakes, the water travels a distance of more than 1,000 km (621 mi), and falls 1,169 metres (3,835 feet), although the line-of-sight distance is only about 200 km (124 mi). Its location in northern Mongolia
Mongolia
forms one part of the southern border of the great Siberian taiga forest, of which the dominant tree is the Siberian Larch (Larix sibirica),

The Southern end of the lake as seen from the ISS in 2017.

The lake is surrounded by several mountain ranges. The highest mountain is the Bürenkhaan / Mönkh Saridag (3,492 metres (11,457 feet)), which has its peak north of the lake exactly on the Russian-Mongolian border. The surface of the lake freezes over completely in winter. The ice cover in winter is strong enough to carry heavy trucks; transport routes were installed on its surface as shortcuts to the normal roads. However, this practice is now forbidden to prevent pollution of the lake from both oil leaks and trucks breaking through the ice. It is estimated that 30-40 vehicles have sunk into the lake over the years.[citation needed] Ecological significance[edit]

Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl

Lake
Lake
Hubsugul ( Khövsgöl Nuur
Khövsgöl Nuur
) in winter time

Khuvsgul is one of seventeen ancient lakes in the world, being more than 2 million years old, and the most pristine (apart from Lake Vostok),[2][3] as well as being the most significant drinking water reserve of Mongolia. Its water is potable without any treatment. Hovsgol is an ultraoligotrophic lake with low levels of nutrients, primary productivity and high water clarity (secchi depths > 18 m are common). Hovsgol's fish community is species-poor compared to that of Lake
Lake
Baikal. Species of commercial and recreational interest include Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis), burbot (Lota lota), lenok (Brachymystax lenok), and the endangered endemic Hovsgol grayling ( Thymallus
Thymallus
nigrescens). Though endangered by poaching during its spawning runs, the Hovsgol grayling is still abundant throughout much of the lake.[4][5] The Lake
Lake
area is a National Park bigger than Yellowstone and strictly protected as a transition zone between Central Asian Steppe
Steppe
and the Siberian Taiga. Despite Hovsgol's protected status, illegal fishing is common and prohibitions against commercial fishing with gillnets are seldom enforced. The lake is traditionally considered sacred in a land suffering from arid conditions where most lakes are salty. The Park is home to a variety of wildlife such as ibex, argali, elk, wolf, wolverine, musk deer, brown bear, Siberian moose, and sable. The Hövsgöl (Khövsgöl) Long-term Ecological Research Site (LTERS) was established in 1997 and an extensive research program began soon thereafter. Now part of an international network of long-term study sites, the Hövsgöl LTERS provides a stage for nurturing Mongolia's scientific and environmental infrastructures, studying climate change, and developing sustainable responses to some of environmental challenges facing the lake and its watershed. Etymology and transliterations[edit] The name Khövsgöl is derived from Tuvan language
Tuvan language
words for "Blue Water Lake,"[6] Nuur is the Mongolian word for "lake." There are a number of different transcription variants, depending on whether the Cyrillic "х" is transliterated to "h" or "kh," or whether the "ө" is transliterated to "ö," "o," or "u." Transcriptions from the name in the classical Mongolian script, like Hubsugul, Khubsugul etc. may also be seen.

Panoramic view of Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl

References[edit]

^ "The Aquatic Invertebrates of the watershed of Lake
Lake
Hovsgol in northern Mongolia". Institute for Mongolia
Mongolia
Research Guide. Retrieved 2007-07-13.  ^ worldlakes.org: lake Hovsgol, retrieved 2007-02-27 ^ Goulden, Clyde E. et al.: The Mongolian LTER: Hovsgol National Park Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 2007-02-27 ^ DIVER Magazine, March 2009 Archived 2010-02-03 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). "Thymallus nigrescens" in FishBase. February 2017 version. ^ Shomfai, David Kara (2003) "Traditional musical life of Tuvans of Mongolia" in Melodii khoomei-III: 40, 80

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl.

New York Times article about kayaking on Khövsgöl Limnological Catalog of Mongolian Lakes

v t e

National parks of Mongolia

Altai Tavan Bogd Gobi Gurvansaikhan Gorkhi-Terelj Gun-Galuut Khustain Nuruu Lake
Lake
Khövsgöl Khan Khentii Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur Southern Altai Gobi Tsambagarav Uul

v t e

Lakes in Mongolia

Lakes

Achit Airag Bayan Lake Böön Tsagaan Lake Buir Lake Dayan Lake Dood Tsagaan Dörgön Lake Khar Lake
Lake
(Zavkhan) Khar Lake
Lake
(Khovd) Khar-Us Lake Khoton Lake Khurgan Lake Khövsgöl Lake Khar-Us Lake Khyargas Orog Lake Oigon Lake Sangiin Dalai Lake Telmen Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake Tolbo Lake Ulaan Lake Üüreg Lake U

.