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Lake Huron
Lake Huron
is one of the five Great Lakes
Great Lakes
of North America. Hydrologically, it comprises the easterly portion of Lake Michigan–Huron, having the same surface elevation as its westerly counterpart, to which it is connected by the 5-mile-wide (8.0 km), 20-fathom-deep (120 ft; 37 m) Straits of Mackinac. It is shared on the north and east by the Canadian province of Ontario
Ontario
and on the south and west by the state of Michigan
Michigan
in the United States. The name of the lake is derived from early French explorers who named it for the Huron people inhabiting the region. The Huronian glaciation was named due to evidence collected from Lake Huron region. The northern parts of the lake include the North Channel and Georgian Bay. Across the lake to the southwest is Saginaw Bay. The main inlet is the St. Marys River and the main outlet is the St. Clair.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Water levels 1.2 Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Circle Tour

2 Geology

2.1 Alpena-Amberley Ridge

3 History

3.1 Storm of 1913 3.2 Modern history

4 Shipwrecks

4.1 Thunder Bay 4.2 Saginaw Bay 4.3 Georgian Bay, North Channel

5 Ecology 6 See also

6.1 Great Lakes
Great Lakes
in general

7 Notes 8 External links

8.1 Lighthouses

Geography[edit] By surface area, Lake Huron
Lake Huron
is the second-largest of the Great Lakes, with a surface area of 23,007 square miles (59,590 km2) — of which 9,103 square miles (23,580 km2) lies in Michigan; and 13,904 square miles (36,010 km2) lies in Ontario
Ontario
— making it the third-largest fresh water lake on Earth (or the fourth-largest lake, if the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
is counted as a lake).[1] By volume however, Lake Huron
Lake Huron
is only the third largest of the Great Lakes, being surpassed by Lake Michigan
Michigan
and Lake Superior.[4] When measured at the low water datum, the lake contains a volume of 850 cubic miles (3,500 km3) and a shoreline length (including islands) of 3,827 mi (6,159 km).[1] The surface of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
is 577 feet (176 m) above sea level.[1] The lake's average depth is 32 fathoms 3 feet (195 ft (59 m)), while the maximum depth is 125 fathoms (750 ft (230 m)).[1] It has a length of 206 statute miles (332 km; 179 nmi) and a greatest breadth of 183 statute miles (295 km; 159 nmi).[1] Cities with over 10,000 people on Lake Huron
Lake Huron
include Sarnia, the largest city on Lake Huron, and Saugeen Shores
Saugeen Shores
in Canada
Canada
and Bay City, Port Huron, and Alpena in the United States. A large bay that protrudes northeast from Lake Huron
Lake Huron
into Ontario, Canada, is called Georgian Bay. A notable feature of the lake is Manitoulin Island, which separates the North Channel and Georgian Bay from Lake Huron's main body of water. It is the world's largest lake island.[5] Major centres on Georgian Bay
Georgian Bay
include Owen Sound, Wasaga Beach, Collingwood, Midland, Penetanguishene, Port Severn
Port Severn
and Parry Sound. A smaller bay that protrudes southwest from Lake Huron
Lake Huron
into Michigan is called Saginaw Bay. Water levels[edit]

Lake Huron
Lake Huron
bathymetric map.[6][7][8][9][10][11] The deepest point is marked with "×".[12]

Historic High Water The lake fluctuates from month to month with the highest lake levels in October and November. The normal high-water mark is 2.00 feet (0.61 m) above datum (577.5 ft or 176.0 m). In the summer of 1986, Lakes Michigan
Michigan
and Huron reached their highest level at 5.92 feet (1.80 m) above datum.[13] The high-water records began in February 1986 and lasted through the year, ending with January 1987. Water levels ranged from 3.67 to 5.92 feet (1.12–1.80 m) above Chart Datum.[13] Historic Low Water Lake levels tend to be the lowest in winter. The normal low-water mark is 1.00 foot (30 cm) below datum (577.5 ft or 176.0 m). In the winter of 1964, Lakes Michigan
Michigan
and Huron reached their lowest level at 1.38 feet (42 cm) below datum.[13] As with the high-water records, monthly low-water records were set each month from February 1964 through January 1965. During this twelve-month period, water levels ranged from 1.38 to 0.71 feet (42–22 cm) below Chart Datum.[13] Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Circle Tour[edit] The Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Circle Tour is a designated scenic road system connecting all the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
and the St. Lawrence River.[14] Geology[edit]

Lake Huron
Lake Huron
Basin

Lake Huron
Lake Huron
has the largest shore line length of any of the Great Lakes, counting its 30,000 islands.[15] Lake Huron
Lake Huron
is separated from Lake Michigan, which lies at the same level, by the 5-mile-wide (8.0 km), 20-fathom-deep (120 ft; 37 m) Straits of Mackinac, making them hydrologically the same body of water (sometimes called Lake Michigan-Huron
Lake Michigan-Huron
and sometimes described as two 'lobes of the same lake').[15] Aggregated, Lake Huron-Michigan, at 45,300 square miles (117,000 km2), "is technically the world's largest freshwater lake."[15] When counted separately, Lake Superior
Lake Superior
is 8,700 square miles (23,000 km2) larger than Huron and higher. Lake Superior
Lake Superior
drains into the St. Marys River at Sault Ste. Marie which then flows southward into Lake Huron. The water then flows south to the St. Clair River, at Port Huron, Michigan
Michigan
and Sarnia, Ontario. The Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Waterway continues thence to Lake St. Clair; the Detroit River
Detroit River
and Detroit, Michigan; into Lake Erie
Lake Erie
and thence – via Lake Ontario
Ontario
and the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
– to the Atlantic Ocean. Like the other Great Lakes, it was formed by melting ice as the continental glaciers retreated toward the end of the last ice age. Before this, Lake Huron
Lake Huron
was a low-lying depression through which flowed the now-buried Laurentian and Huronian Rivers; the lake bed was criss-crossed by a large network of tributaries to these ancient waterways, with many of the old channels still evident on bathymetric maps. Alpena-Amberley Ridge[edit] The Alpena-Amberley Ridge is an ancient ridge beneath the surface of Lake Huron, running roughly between Alpena, Michigan
Alpena, Michigan
and Point Clark, Ontario. About 9,000 years ago, when water levels in Lake Huron
Lake Huron
were about 100 m (330 ft) below today's levels, the ridge was exposed and the land bridge was used as a migration route for large herds of caribou. Since 2008, archaeologists have discovered at least 60 stone constructions along the submerged ridge that are thought to have been used as hunting blinds by Paleo-Indians.[16] History[edit]

1680 British map of Lake Huron

The extent of development among Eastern Woodlands Native American societies on the eve of European contact is indicated by the archaeological evidence of a town on or near Lake Huron
Lake Huron
that contained more than one hundred large structures housing a total population of between 4,000 and 6,000.[17] The French, the first European visitors to the region, often referred to Lake Huron
Lake Huron
as La Mer Douce, "the fresh-water sea". In 1656, a map by French cartographer Nicolas Sanson refers to the lake by the name Karegnondi, a Wyandot word which has been variously translated as "Freshwater Sea", "Lake of the Hurons", or simply "lake".[18][19] The lake was generally labeled "Lac des Hurons" (Lake of the Huron) on most early European maps.[19] Storm of 1913[edit]

Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron

Main articles: Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Storm of 1913 and Great Storms of the North American Great Lakes On November 9, 1913, a great storm in Lake Huron
Lake Huron
sank ten ships and more than twenty were driven ashore. The storm, which raged for 16 hours, killed 235 seamen.[20] Matoa had passed between Port Huron, Michigan, and Sarnia, Ontario, just after midnight. On November 9, just after six in the morning, Senator pushed upstream. Less than an hour later, Manola passed through. Captain Frederick W. Light of Manola reported that both the Canadian and the American weather stations had storm flag signals flying from their weather towers.[21] Following behind at 7:00 a.m. that Sunday, Regina steamed out of Sarnia
Sarnia
into the northwest gale. The warnings now had been up for four hours.[22] Manola passed Regina off Port Sanilac, 22 statute miles (19 nmi; 35 km) up the lake. Captain Light determined that if it continued to deteriorate, he would seek shelter at Harbor Beach, Michigan, another 30 statute miles (26 nmi; 48 km) up the lake. There, he could seek shelter behind the breakwater. Before he reached Harbor Beach, the winds turned to the northeast and the lake began to rise. It would be noon before he reached Harbor Beach and ran for shelter. The waves were so violent that Manola touched bottom entering the harbor. With help from a tugboat, Manola tied up to the break wall with eight lines. It was about 3:00 p.m. when Manola was secured and the crew prepared to drop anchor. As they worked, the cables began to snap from wind pressure against the hull. To keep from being pushed aground, they kept their bow into the wind with the engines running half to full in turns, yet the ship still drifted 800 feet (240 m) before its movement was arrested.[23] Waves breaking over the ship damaged several windows and the crew reported seeing portions of the concrete break wall peeling off as the waves struck it.[24] Meanwhile, fifty miles farther up the lake, Matoa and Captain Hugh McLeod had to ride out the storm without a safe harbor.[25] Matoa would be found stranded on the Port Austin reef when the winds subsided.[26] It was noon on Monday before the winds let up and not until 11:00 p.m. that night before Captain Light determined it to be safe to continue his journey.[27] Modern history[edit] On October 26, 2010,[28] the Karegnondi Water Authority was formed to build and manage a pipeline from the lake to Flint, Michigan.[29] Shipwrecks[edit] See also: Shipwrecks in the Great Lakes More than a thousand wrecks have been recorded in Lake Huron. These purportedly include the first European vessel to sail the Great Lakes, Le Griffon, built in 1679 on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, near Buffalo, New York. Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle
Sieur de la Salle
navigated across Lake Erie, up the Detroit
Detroit
River, Lake St. Clair
Lake St. Clair
and the St. Clair River out into Lake Huron. Passing the Straits of Mackinac, La Salle and Le Griffon
Le Griffon
made landfall on Washington Island, off the tip of the Door Peninsula
Door Peninsula
on the Wisconsin side of Lake Michigan. Here, La Salle filled Le Griffon
Le Griffon
with pelts and in late November 1679 sent Le Griffon back to the site of modern-day Buffalo, never to be seen again. Two wrecks have been identified as Le Griffon, although neither has gained final verification as the actual wreck. Blown by a fierce storm after leaving, Le Griffon
Le Griffon
ran aground before the storm. The people of Manitoulin Island
Manitoulin Island
say that the wreck in Mississagi Straits at the western tip of the island is that of Le Griffon.[30][31][32] Meanwhile, others near Tobermory, say that the wreck on Russell Island, 150 miles (240 km) farther east in Georgian Bay
Georgian Bay
is that of Le Griffon.[31][33] Thunder Bay[edit] The 448-square-mile (1,160 km2) Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary and Underwater Preserve is home to 116 historically significant shipwrecks. It is the 13th National Marine Sanctuary designated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, established in 2000.[34] Glass-bottom boat
Glass-bottom boat
tours depart from Alpena, Michigan, providing tourists with views of some of the famous shipwrecks in Thunder Bay. Saginaw Bay[edit] Within the waters of Saginaw Bay
Saginaw Bay
are 185 of 1,000+ wrecks.[35] Matoa, a propeller freighter weighing 2,311 gross tons, was built in Cleveland in 1890, and was wrecked in 1913 on Port Austin Reef.[36] Georgian Bay, North Channel[edit] Georgian Bay, the largest bay on Lake Huron, contains 212 of the 1,000 sunken vessels in the lake.[37] Manola, a propeller freighter of 2,325 gross tons, was built in 1890 by the Globe Shipping Company of Cleveland, Ohio. It was operated by the Minnesota Steamship Company (Cleveland) from 1890 to 1901, and by the Pittsburgh Steamship Company from 1901 to 1918. On January 25, 1918, Manola was sold to the U.S. Shipping Board. It was sold again in 1920 to the Canada
Canada
Steamship Lines, Ltd., and renamed Mapledawn. The vessel became stranded on November 20, 1924, on Christian Island[38] in Georgian Bay. Headed for Port McNichol, Ontario, it was declared a total loss after two weeks. Salvagers were able to recover approximately 75,000 bushels of barley for delivery to Midland, Ontario.[39]

View of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
from East Tawas State Park at the head of Saginaw Bay

Harrisville Beach on Lake Huron

View of rocky shore of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
from east of Port Dolomite, Michigan, in the upper peninsula

Ecology[edit]

Lake Huron
Lake Huron
viewed from Arch Rock at Mackinac Island

Lake Huron
Lake Huron
has a lake retention time of 22 years. Like all of the Great Lakes, the ecology of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
has undergone drastic changes in the last century. The lake originally supported a native deepwater fish community dominated by lake trout, which fed on a number of deepwater ciscos as well as sculpins and other native fishes. Several invasive species, including sea lamprey, alewife and rainbow smelt, became abundant in the lake by the 1930s. The major native top predator, lake trout, were virtually extirpated from the lake by 1950 due to a combination of overfishing and the effects of sea lamprey. Several species of deepwater ciscos were also extirpated from the lake by the 1960s; the only remaining native deepwater cisco is the bloater. Nonnative Pacific salmon
Pacific salmon
have been stocked in the lake since the 1960s, and lake trout have also been stocked in an attempt to rehabilitate the species, although little natural reproduction of stocked trout has been observed. Lake Huron
Lake Huron
has suffered recently due the introduction of a variety of new invasive species, including zebra and quagga mussels, the spiny water flea, and round gobies. The deepwater demersal fish community of the lake was in a state of collapse by 2006,[40] and a number of drastic changes have been observed in the zooplankton community of the lake.[41] Chinook salmon
Chinook salmon
catches have also been greatly reduced in recent years, and lake whitefish have become less abundant and are in poor condition. These recent changes may be attributable to the new exotic species. See also[edit]

Drummond Island Hurricane Huron Les Cheneaux Islands Mackinac Island Manitoulin Island Mackinac Falls Michigan
Michigan
lighthouses Shipwrecks of the 1913 Great Lakes
Great Lakes
storm and List of victims of the 1913 Great Lakes
Great Lakes
storm

Great Lakes
Great Lakes
in general[edit]

Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Areas of Concern Great Lakes
Great Lakes
census statistical areas Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Commission Great Recycling and Northern Development Canal International Boundary Waters Treaty List of cities along the Great Lakes Seiche Sixty Years' War for control of the Great Lakes Third Coast Snowbelt

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m " Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Factsheet No. 1". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. June 25, 2012. Retrieved March 6, 2014.  ^ Shorelines of the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Archived 2015-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Wright, John W., ed. (2006). The New York Times Almanac (2007 ed.). New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 64. ISBN 0-14-303820-6.  ^ Annin, Peter (2006). The Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Water Wars. Island Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-55963-087-0.  ^ "Seven Wonders of Canada-Manitoulin Island, Ontario". CBC.ca. Retrieved 8 October 2016.  ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Erie
Lake Erie
and Lake Saint Clair. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5KS6PHK [access date: 2015-03-23]. (only small portion of this map) ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Huron. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5G15XS5 [access date: 2015-03-23]. ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1996. Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Michigan. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5B85627 [access date: 2015-03-23]. (only small portion of this map) ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Ontario. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V56H4FBH [access date: 2015-03-23]. (only small portion of this map) ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Superior. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. [access date: 2015-03-23]. (the general reference to NGDC because this lake was never published, compilation of Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Bathymetry
Bathymetry
at NGDC has been suspended). (only small portion of this map) ^ National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v.1. Hastings, D. and P.K. Dunbar. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V52R3PMS [access date: 2015-03-16]. ^ "About Our Great Lakes: Tour". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL). Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2015.  Google Earth Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Tour GreatLakesTour_Merged.kmz Archived 2015-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d Monthly bulletin of Lake Levels for The Great Lakes; September 2009; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Detroit
Detroit
District ^ " Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Circle Tour". great-lakes.net. Retrieved 8 October 2016.  ^ a b c " Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Map". Michigan
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources and Environment. Retrieved February 19, 2011.  ^ Weber, Bob (29 April 2014). "Prehistoric Stone Walls Found Under Lake Huron". CTV News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved 8 October 2016.  ^ Nash, Gary B. Red, White and Black: The Peoples of Early North America Los Angeles 2015. Chapter 1, p. 8 ^ Sioui, Georges E. (1999). Huron-Wendat. Jane Brierley. UBC Press, 2000;ISBN 0-7748-0715-6. ISBN 9780774807159. Retrieved 2009-03-12.  ^ a b Fonger, Ron (May 3, 2007). "Genesee, Oakland counties adopt historic name for water group". The Flint Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2011.  ^ True Tales of the Great Lakes, by Dwight Boyer; p. 212 ^ True Tales of the Great Lakes, by Dwight Boyer; p. 266 ^ True Tales of the Great Lakes, by Dwight Boyer; p. 268 ^ Freshwater Fury by Frank Barcus, p. 72 ^ True Tales of the Great Lakes, by Dwight Boyer, p. 269 ^ True Tales of the Great Lakes, by Dwight Boyer, pp. 272-73 ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, p. 56 ^ Freshwater Fury by Frank Barcus, p. 73 ^ Thorne, Blake (October 27, 2010). " Karegnondi Water Authority sets course for cutting ties with Detroit
Detroit
water". Flint Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2011.  ^ Fonger, Ron (October 23, 2010). "Years in the making, Karegnondi Water Authority is ready to set new course for water". Flint Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2011.  ^ Allen, Durward L. (September 1959). "Lasalle's Griffin?". Boys' Life. Boy Scouts of America. pp. 19, 76–77.  ^ a b The Mississagi L(i)ghthouse © 2006/2010 Archived 2013-07-12 at the Wayback Machine.. Themississagilighthouse.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ The Griffon - First Ghost Ship on the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Archived 2009-06-23 at the Wayback Machine.. Michigansotherside.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, pp. 25-26 ^ "About Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary". Retrieved 5 November 2014.  ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, pp. 50-61 ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, p. 56 ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, pp. 65-77 ^ Shipwrecks of Lake Huron
Lake Huron
. . . The Great Sweetwater Sea, Jack Parker, Avery Color Studios, Au Train, Michigan, 1986, p. 71 ^ Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Vessels Index; Historical Collections of the Great Lakes; Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio ^ Riley, S. C. et al. 2008. "Deepwater demersal fish community collapse in Lake Huron". Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137: 1879-1880. ^ Barbiero, R. P. et al. 2009. "Recent shifts in the crustacean zooplankton community of Lake Huron". Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66: 816-828.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lake Huron
Lake Huron
at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Lake Huron
Lake Huron
at OpenStreetMap NOAA chart #14860 (Lake Huron) EPA's Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Atlas Fish Species of Lake Huron Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Coast Watch Lake Huron
Lake Huron
Binational Partnership Action Plan Lake Huron
Lake Huron
Data Lake Huron
Lake Huron
GIS Michigan
Michigan
DNR map of Lake Huron Bathymetry
Bathymetry
of Lake Huron In the Depths of Lake Huron, Secrets of an Ancient Sea U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Huron

Lighthouses[edit]

Interactive map of lighthouses, Georgian Bay, Lake Huron Interactive map of lighthouses in North and East Lake Huron Interactive map of lighthouses in North and West Lake Huron

Places adjacent to Lake Huron

Lake Superior  Canada  Ontario  Michigan

Upper Michigan Lake Michigan

Lake Huron

 Ontario

 Michigan Lower Michigan

v t e

Great Lakes
Great Lakes
of North America

Main lakes

Erie Huron Michigan Ontario Superior

Secondary lakes

Nipigon Nipissing St. Clair Simcoe Winnebago

Bays and Waterways

Detroit
Detroit
River Erie Canal French River Georgian Bay Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Waterway Green Bay Lake George Lake Kagawong Lake Manitou Lake Nicolet Manitou Passage Lake Mindemoya Munuscong Lake Niagara River Nipigon River North Channel Potagannissing Bay St. Clair River Saint Lawrence River Saint Lawrence Seaway St. Marys River Sault Ste. Marie Canal Soo Locks Straits of Mackinac Trent–Severn Waterway Welland Canal

Islands

Detroit
Detroit
River Michigan
Michigan
(state) (in Lake Huron, part of Isle Royale National Park) Ontario

Historic geology

Lake Agassiz Lake Chicago Lake Maumee Mackinac Falls Midcontinent Rift System Niagara Escarpment Wisconsin glaciation

Government

Conference of Great Lakes
Great Lakes
and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Commission Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Fishery Commission International Joint Commission

Related topics

Basin Bays of the Great Lakes Great Lakes
Great Lakes
region Great Lake ships Lake-effect snow Lake Michigan–Huron Marine protected areas Megalopolis Native American tribes (US) Quebec City–Windsor Corridor Settlements Great Lakes
Great Lakes
museum and historic ships Lake freighter Tall ships Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Areas of Concern Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Treaties

v t e

Central/Mid- Michigan
Michigan
including the Tri-Cities and Thumb

Central cities

Lansing Flint Saginaw Bay City Midland

Counties

Greater Lansing Area

Clinton Eaton Ingham

Flint and Tri-Cities Area

Arenac Bay Clare Genesee Gladwin Gratiot Isabella Midland Saginaw Shiawassee

The Thumb
The Thumb
Area

Huron Lapeer Tuscola Sanilac St. Clair

Geography

Black River Cass River Chippewa River Flint River Grand River Lake Huron Michigan
Michigan
Basin Red Cedar River Saginaw Bay Saginaw River St. Clair River Tittabawassee River

Transportation

Amtrak Blue Water Bishop International Airport Blue Water Bridge Capital Region International Airport Grand Trunk Western Railroad MBS International Airport Zilwaukee Bridge

Economy

Auto-Owners Insurance Biggby Coffee Chemical Financial Corporation CMS Energy Dow Chemical DTE Energy General Motors Koegel Meat Company Michigan
Michigan
Sugar Mid Michigan
Michigan
Health McLaren Health Care Corporation Nexteer Automotive Quality Dairy Company Spartan Motors

 Michigan Northern Michigan Southeast Michigan Upper Peninsula West Michigan

v t e

Northern Michigan

Central cities

Alpena Cadillac Charlevoix Gaylord Petoskey Traverse City

Counties

Alcona Alpena Antrim Arenac Benzie Charlevoix Cheboygan Clare Crawford Emmet Gladwin Grand Traverse Iosco Kalkaska Lake Leelanau Manistee Missaukee Montmorency Ogemaw Osceola Oscoda Otsego Presque Isle Roscommon Wexford

Geography

Au Sable River Cheboygan River Elk River watershed Grand Traverse Bay Houghton Lake Inland Waterway Leelanau Peninsula Lake Charlevoix Lake Huron Lake Michigan Little Traverse Bay Manistee River Straits of Mackinac Thunder Bay Walloon Lake

Transportation

Charlevoix Municipal Airport Cherry Capital Airport Great Lakes
Great Lakes
Central Railroad Lake State Railway Mackinac Bridge Pellston Regional Airport SS Badger

Economy

East Jordan Iron Works Georgia-Pacific Holcim Lafarge Cement Michigan
Michigan
Limestone and Chemical Company Michigan
Michigan
wine USG Corporation Weyerhaeuser

Michigan Central Michigan Southeast Michigan Upper Peninsula West Michigan

v t e

Upper Peninsula
Upper Peninsula
of Michigan

Central cities

Escanaba Hancock Houghton Iron Mountain Iron River Marquette Menominee Munising Sault Ste. Marie St. Ignace

Counties

Alger Baraga Chippewa Delta Dickinson Gogebic Houghton Iron Keweenaw Luce Mackinac Marquette Menominee Ontonagon Schoolcraft

Geography

Copper Country Gogebic Range Grand Island Keweenaw Peninsula Keweenaw Waterway Lake Superior Lake Huron Lake Michigan Menominee River Mount Arvon Pictured Rocks Porcupine Mountains St. Marys River Straits of Mackinac

Transportation

Chippewa County Airport Delta County Airport Ford Airport Gogebic–Iron County Airport Houghton County Airport Mackinac Bridge International Bridge International Rail Bridge Portage Lake Lift Bridge Sawyer International Airport Soo Locks

Economy

Cleveland-Cliffs Inc. Copper mining in Michigan Verso Corporation

Michigan Central Michigan Northern Michigan Southeast Michigan West Michigan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 236375632 GN

.