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The Lahore High Court () is based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It was established as a high court on 21 March 1882. The Lahore High Court has jurisdiction over Punjab. The High Court's principal seat is in Lahore, but there are benches in three other Pakistani cities: Rawalpindi, Multan and Bahawalpur. A proposal was sent by lawyers to set up new high court benches in Faisalabad, Sialkot, D.G.Khan and Gujranwala divisions but full court of Lahore High Court turned down this request.

History



Creation

In 1849, the East India Company defeated the Sikh Empire and assumed control of administration within the Punjab. A Board of Administration was constituted and the Punjab was divided into Divisions, Districts and Tehsils. The Divisions were controlled by Commissioners, Districts by Deputy Commissioners and Tehsils by an Assistant and Extra Assistant Commissioners. The Board of Administration consisted of Sir Henry Lawrence, John Lawrence and Charles Grenville Mansel


Chief Court of the Punjab Lahore High Court


In 1858 the Punjab, along with the rest of British India, came under the direct rule of the British crown and decisions with regard to administration and justice were now made under the authority of the monarch, Queen Victoria.Hibbert 2000, p. 221 By 1864, a proliferation of court cases necessitated an expansion to the judicial structure in the province. The Punjab Courts Act, (XIX of 1865) introduced seven grades of courts, combining judicial and administrative functions and claiming jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. The Court of Tehsildar was the lowest court, whilst the Court of the Judicial Commissioner became the highest court in the land. Over time, as appeals to the Chief Court greatly increased, later Acts namely the Punjab Courts Act, (XVII of 1877) and Punjab Courts Act, (XVIII of 1884) repealed earlier Acts and restated the law regarding the courts' constitution, powers and jurisdiction. Additional judges were appointed, and greater finality was granted to the decisions of the lower appellate courts. By 1884, there were four classes of courts subordinate to the Chief Court, namely the Divisional Court, the Court of the District Judge, the Court of the Subordinate Judge, the Court of Munsif.

Lahore High Court

On October 1, 1882, the Chief Court of the Punjab Coat was elevated to the status of a Lahore High Court, becoming known as Lahore High Court, King-Emperor George V also appointed a Chief Justice and six puisne justices, and declared the Court's jurisdiction over the Punjab and Delhi provinces. The Government of India Act, 1935 removed the barrier that the Chief Justice must be a Barrister Judge and opened the position to Civilian Judges. An age limit of 60 years was set for High Court Judges. By virtue of the Government of India (High Court Judges) Order, 1937, a maximum number of Judges for the various High Courts in India was fixed. In each case the number so stated was exclusive of the Chief Justice but included all additional judges. For the Lahore High Court the maximum number was fixed at 15.

The West Pakistan High Court

On 30 September 1955, the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan established the province of West Pakistan, and gave the Governor-General the power to establish the West Pakistan High Court, which was established in 1956. Judges from the Chief Court of Sind and the Judicial Commissioners Court at Peshawar became judges at the West Pakistan High Court.

Creation Of Divisional Benches

On 1 January 1981, it was ordered that the Lahore High Court would create benches at Bahawalpur, Multan and Rawalpindi. The order also specified that the Lahore High Court judges could hold circuit courts anywhere in the province, with judges nominated by the Lahore High Court Chief Justice.

Chief Justices

The first Chief Justice at Lahore was Sir Henry Meredyth Plowden in 1880. The current Chief Justice is Muhammad Qasim Khan, incumbent since 19 March 2020 and will be retired on 5th July 2021.

Current Composition

Lahore High Court is headed by a Chief Justice. The bench consist of sixty Justices and additional judges. The retirement age of Chief Justice and Justices is 62 years. The Additional Judges are initially appointed for one year. After that their services could either be extended or they could be confirmed or they are retired. The current Chief Justice of Lahore High Court is Mamoon Rashid Sheikh and Court is currently made up of the following Justices (in order of seniority).

PCO 25 March 1981

The PCO of 1981 also afforded the Lahore High Court these three benches. The judges were required to take oath under the Provisional Constitutional Order. Four judges refused to do so and were relieved of office. Four other judges were not administered the oath, and were also relieved of office.

PCO 26 January 2000

* Sir Rashid Aziz Khan Took oath under PCO * Mian Allah Nawaz Took oath under PCO * Falak Sher Took oath under PCO * Ehsanul Haq Chaudhry Did not Take oath under PCO * Tanvir Ahmad Khan Took oath under PCO * Amir Alam Khan Took oath under PCO * Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry Took oath under PCO * Fakhar-un-Nisa Khokhar Took oath under PCO * Ghulam Mehmood Qureshi Took oath under PCO * Karamat Nazir Bhandari Took oath under PCO * Javed Buttar Took oath under PCO * Mohammad Asif Jan Took oath under PCO * Mohammad Nasim Chaudhri Took oath under PCO * Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi, Took oath under PCO * Tassadaq Hussain Jilani Took oath under PCO * Raja Mohammad Sabir Took oath under PCO * Sayed Zahid Hussain Took oath under PCO * Munir Ahmad Mughal Took oath under PCO * Fakir Mohammad Khokar Took oath under PCO * Abdul Razzaq Sheikh Took oath under PCO * Zafar Pasha Chaudhary Took oath under PCO * Mumtaz Ali Mirza Took oath under PCO * Asif Saeed Khan Khosa Took oath under PCO * Ch. Ijaz Ahmad Took oath under PCO * Iftikhar Ahmad Cheema Took oath under PCO * Jawad S Khawaja Took oath under PCO * Khwaja Mohammad Sharif Took oath under PCO * Mian Mohammad Najam-uz-Zaman Took oath under PCO * Mian Saqib Nisar Took oath under PCO * Mian Zafar Yasin Took oath under PCO * Riaz Kayani Took oath under PCO * Najamul Hassan Kazmi Did not Take oath under PCO * Syed Jamshed Ali Took oath under PCO * Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday Took oath under PCO * Malik Mohammad Qayyum Took oath under PCO * Nazir Akhtar Took oath under PCO * Ali Nawaz Chohan Took oath under PCO * Bashir A Mujahid Took oath under PCO * Naeemullah Sherwani Took oath under PCO * Molvi Anwar-ul-Haq Took oath under PCO * Akhtar Shabbir Took oath under PCO * Naseem Sikandar Took oath under PCO * Nazir Siddique Took oath under PCO

PCO 3 November 2007

*Iftikhar Hussain Ch Take oath under PCo as chief justice *Khawja Muhammad Sharif Refused oath under PCo *Sayyed Zahid Hussain Take oath under PCo *Mian M Najamuz Zaman Take oath under PCo *Mian Saqib Nisar Refused oath under PCo *Asif Saeed Khan Khosa Refused oath under PCo *Maulvi Anwarul Haq Take oath under PCo *Nasim Sikandar Take oath under PCo *Abdul Shakoor Paracha Take oath under PCo *Mohammad Khalid Alvi Take oath under PCo *Muhammad Sair Ali Refused oath under PCo *Ijaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Refused oath under PCo *Mian Hamid Farooq Take oath under PCo *M. Bilal Khan Take oath under PCo *Fazale Miran Chauhan Take oath under PCo *Syed Shabbar Raza Rizvi Take oath under PCo *M. A. Shahid Siddiqui Refused oath under PCo *Syed Sakhi Hussain Bokhari Take oath under PCo *Sardar Mohammad Aslam Take oath under PCo *Sheikh Hakim Ali Take oath under PCo *Mohammad Muzammal Khan Take oath under PCo *Muhammad Jhangir Arshad Refused oath under PCo *Sh. Azmat Saeed Refused oath under PCo *Syed Hamid Ali Shah Take oath under PCo *Umar AttaBandial Refused oath under PCo *Sh. Javaid Sarfraz Take oath under PCo *Syed Sajjad Hussain Shah Take oath under PCo *Tariq Shamim Take oath under PCo *Syed Asghar Haider Take oath under PCo *Hasnat Ahmad Khan Take oath under PCo *Iqbal Hameed-ur-Rehman Refused oath under PCo

See also

* Supreme Court of Pakistan * High Courts of Pakistan * Islamabad High Court * Balochistan High Court * Peshawar High Court * Sindh High Court * Court system of Pakistan * Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan * Punjab Bar Council * Punjab Judicial Academy

References

{{coord missing|Lahore Category:High Courts of Pakistan Category:Court system of Pakistan Category:Lahore Category:The Mall, Lahore