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Labour Day
Labour Day
( Labor Day
Labor Day
in the United States) is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers. Labour Day
Labour Day
has its origins in the labour union movement, specifically the eight-hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. For most countries, Labour Day
Labour Day
is synonymous with, or linked with, International Workers' Day, which occurs on 1 May. For other countries, Labour Day
Labour Day
is celebrated on a different date, often one with special significance for the labour movement in that country. Labour Day
Labour Day
is a public holiday in many countries. In Canada
Canada
and the United States, Labour Day
Labour Day
is celebrated on the first Monday of September and considered the unofficial end of summer, with summer vacations ending and students returning to school around then.

Contents

1 International Workers' Day 2 Other dates

2.1 Australia 2.2 Bangladesh 2.3 Bahamas 2.4 Canada 2.5 Jamaica 2.6 Kazakhstan 2.7 New Zealand 2.8 Trinidad and Tobago 2.9 United States

3 References

International Workers' Day[edit] Main article: International Workers' Day For most countries, "Labour Day" is synonymous with, or linked with, International Workers' Day, which occurs on 1 May. Some countries vary the actual date of their celebrations so that the holiday occurs on a Monday close to 1 May. Other dates[edit] Australia[edit] Labour Day
Labour Day
in Australia
Australia
is a public holiday on dates which vary between states and territories. It is the first Monday in October in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales
New South Wales
and South Australia. In Victoria and Tasmania, it is the second Monday in March (though the latter calls it Eight Hours Day). In Western Australia, Labour Day
Labour Day
is the first Monday in March. In the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
and Queensland
Queensland
it is called May Day
May Day
and occurs on the first Monday in May.[1] It is on the fourth Monday of March in the territory of Christmas
Christmas
Island. The first march for a nine-hour day by the labour movement occurred in Melbourne
Melbourne
on 21 April 1856.[2] On this day stonemasons and building workers on building sites around Melbourne
Melbourne
stopped work and marched from the University of Melbourne
Melbourne
to Parliament House to achieve an eight-hour day. Their direct action protest was a success, and they are noted as being among the first organised workers in the world to achieve an 8-hour day, with no loss of pay.[3] Bangladesh[edit] Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Garment Sramik Sanghati, an organization working for the welfare of garment workers, has requested that 24 April be declared Labour Safety Day in Bangladesh, in memory of the victims of the Rana Plaza building collapse.[4][5] Bahamas[edit] Labour Day
Labour Day
is a national holiday in the Bahamas, celebrated on the first Friday in June in order to create a long weekend for workers.[6] The traditional date of Labour Day
Labour Day
in the Bahamas, however, is 7 June, in commemoration of a significant workers' strike that began on that day in 1942. Labour Day
Labour Day
is meant to honor and celebrate workers and the importance of their contributions to the nation and society. In the capital city, Nassau, thousands of people come to watch a parade through the streets, which begins at mid-morning. Bands in colorful uniforms, traditional African junkanoo performers, and members of various labour unions and political parties are all part of the procession, which ends up at the Southern Recreation Grounds, where government officials make speeches for the occasion. For many residents and visitors to the Bahamas, the afternoon of Labour Day
Labour Day
is a time to relax at home or perhaps visit the beach. Canada[edit]

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A Labour Day
Labour Day
parade in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canada
in 1900

Labour Day
Labour Day
(French: Fête du Travail) has been celebrated in Canada
Canada
on the first Monday in September since the 1880s. The origins of Labour Day in Canada
Canada
can be traced back to December 1872 when a parade was staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's strike for a 58-hour work-week,[7] almost a full decade before a similar event in New York City by the American Knights of Labor, a late 19th-century U.S. labor federation, launched the movement towards the American Labor Day
Labor Day
holiday.[8] The Toronto Trades Assembly (TTA) called its 27 unions to demonstrate in support of the Typographical Union who had been on strike since 25 March.[7] George Brown, Canadian politician and editor of the Toronto Globe
Toronto Globe
hit back at his striking employees, pressing police to charge the Typographical Union with "conspiracy."[7] Although the laws criminalising union activity were outdated and had already been abolished in Great Britain, they were still on the books in Canada
Canada
and police arrested 24 leaders of the Typographical Union. Labour leaders decided to call another similar demonstration on 3 September to protest the arrests. Seven unions marched in Ottawa, prompting a promise by Canadian Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Sir John A. Macdonald
John A. Macdonald
to repeal the "barbarous" anti-union laws.[7] Parliament passed the Trade Union Act on 14 June the following year, and soon all unions were seeking a 54-hour work-week. The Toronto Trades and Labour Council (successor to the TTA) held similar celebrations every spring. American Peter J. McGuire, co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was asked to speak at a labour festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canada
on 22 July 1882. Returning to the United States, McGuire and the Knights of Labor organised a similar parade based on the Canadian event on 5 September 1882 in New York City, USA. On 23 July 1894, Canadian Prime Minister John Thompson and his government made Labour Day, to be held in September, an official holiday. In the United States, the New York parade became an annual event that year, and in 1894 was adopted by American president Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland
to compete with International Workers' Day (May Day). While Labour Day
Labour Day
parades and picnics are organised by unions, many Canadians regard Labour Day
Labour Day
as the Monday of the last long weekend of summer. Non-union celebrations include picnics, fireworks displays, water activities, and public art events. Since the new school year generally starts right after Labour Day, families with school-age children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of summer. An old fashioned tradition in Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
frowns upon the wearing of white after Labour Day. Explanations for this tradition vary; the most common is that white is a summer colour and Labour Day unofficially marks the end of summer. The rule may have been intended as a status symbol for new members of the upper and middle classes in the late 19th and early 20th century.[7][not in citation given][9] A Labour Day
Labour Day
tradition in Atlantic Canada
Canada
is the Wharf Rat Rally in Digby, Nova Scotia, while the rest of Canada
Canada
watches the Labour Day Classic, a Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League
event where rivals like Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos, Hamilton Tiger-Cats
Hamilton Tiger-Cats
and Toronto Argonauts (except in 2011 and 2013, due to scheduling conflicts), and Saskatchewan Roughriders
Saskatchewan Roughriders
and Winnipeg Blue Bombers
Winnipeg Blue Bombers
play on Labour Day weekend. Before the demise of the Ottawa
Ottawa
Renegades after the 2005 season, that team played the nearby Montreal Alouettes
Montreal Alouettes
on Labour Day weekend. Since the 2014 CFL season, when the Ottawa
Ottawa
Redblacks began play, the Montreal– Ottawa
Ottawa
Labour Day
Labour Day
tradition has once again been observed. Likewise, Ontario University Athletics
Ontario University Athletics
has a long-established tradition to play university football on Labour Day. The Labour Day
Labour Day
parade in Grand Falls-Windsor, Newfoundland started in 1921 and still continues today, over 90 years later. The celebrations go on for three days with a parade on Labour Day
Labour Day
Monday. Jamaica[edit] Before 1961, 24 May was celebrated in Jamaica as Empire Day in honour of the birthday of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
and her emancipation of slaves in Jamaica.[10] As its name suggests, the day was used to celebrate the British Empire, complete with flag-raising ceremonies and the singing of patriotic songs. In 1961, Jamaican Chief Minister
Jamaican Chief Minister
Norman Washington Manley proposed the replacement of Empire Day with Labour Day, a celebration in commemoration of 23 May 1938, when Alexander Bustamante led a labour rebellion leading to Jamaican independence. In 1972, Jamaican Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Michael Manley
Michael Manley
promoted Labour Day
Labour Day
as a showcase for the importance of labour to the development of Jamaica, and a day of voluntary community participation to beneficial projects.[10] Since then, Labour Day
Labour Day
has been not only a public holiday but also a day of mass community involvement around the country. Kazakhstan[edit] Labor Day
Labor Day
in Kazakhstan is celebrated on the last Sunday in September. The holiday was officially established in late 2013. In 1995, the government of Kazakhstan replaced International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
with Kazakhstan People's Unity Day. Kazakh President Nur sultan Nazarbayev also instituted a special medal that is awarded to veterans of labor on the occasion of the holiday. Labor Day
Labor Day
it is widely celebrated across the country with official speeches, award ceremonies, cultural events, etc. It is a non-working holiday for most citizens of Kazakhstan because it always falls on a weekend.[11] New Zealand[edit] In New Zealand, Labour Day
Labour Day
is a public holiday held on the fourth Monday in October. Its origins are traced back to the eight-hour working day movement that arose in the newly founded Wellington
Wellington
colony in 1840, primarily because of carpenter Samuel Parnell's refusal to work more than eight hours a day. He encouraged other tradesmen also to work for only eight hours a day and in October 1840, a workers' meeting passed a resolution supporting the idea. On 28 October 1890, the 50th anniversary of the eight-hour day was commemorated with a parade. The event was then celebrated annually in late October as either Labour Day
Labour Day
or Eight-Hour Demonstration Day. In 1899 government legislated that the day be a public holiday from 1900. The day was celebrated on different days in different provinces. This led to ship owners complaining that seamen were taking excessive holidays by having one Labour Day
Labour Day
in one port then another in their next port. In 1910 the government stipulated that the holiday would be observed on the same day throughout the nation. Trinidad and Tobago[edit] In Trinidad and Tobago, Labour Day
Labour Day
is celebrated every 19 June. This holiday was proposed in 1973[12] to be commemorated on the anniversary of the 1937 Butler labour riots. United States[edit] Main article: Labor Day In the United States, Labor Day
Labor Day
is a federal holiday observed on the first Monday of September. It is customarily viewed as the end of the summer vacation season.[13] Many schools open for the year on the day after Labor Day.[14] The holiday is shared with Canada, where it is known as Labour Day
Labour Day
(Fête du Travail in French). References[edit]

^ "Australian Government: National Public Holidays". australia.gov.au. Retrieved 7 March 2016.  ^ "Australian Public Holidays: Labour Day". alldownunder.com. 1998. Retrieved 7 March 2016.  ^ Wendy Lewis; Simon Balderstone; John Bowman (2006). Events that Shaped Australia. New Holland Publishers. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-74110-492-9. Retrieved 7 March 2016.  ^ "Thousands mourn collapse victims of Rana Plaza garment factory one year on". Deutsche Welle. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.  ^ Official Public Holidays. " Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Official Public Holidays". Retrieved 27 December 2015.  ^ timeanddate. "Holidays in The Bahamas in 2015". Retrieved 27 December 2015.  ^ a b c d e Marsh, James. "Origins of Labour Day". The Canadian Encyclopedia.  ^ "Origin of Labor Day," Cincinnati Tribune, Sept. 1, 1895, Special Labor Day
Labor Day
supplement, pg. 26. ^ "Why aren't you supposed to wear white after Labor Day?". Ask.com. 13 September 2002.  ^ a b "History of Labour Day". National Labour Day
Labour Day
2008. Jamaica Information Service.  ^ AnydayGuide. " Labor Day
Labor Day
in Kazakhstan / September 24, 2017". AnydayGuide. Retrieved 2017-09-24.  ^ Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
Labour Day
Labour Day
Archived 7 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Johnson, Yelena. Labor Day
Labor Day
End of Summer
Summer
White Party, Celebrations.com. Retrieved 5 October 2009. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S. "Issues That Matter to You: School Start After Labor Day"; The Washington Post, 6 September 2009.

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Public holidays in Mexico

Statutory holidays

Año Nuevo Día de la Constitución Natalicio de Benito Juárez Día del Trabajo Día de Independencia Día de la Revolución Transmisión del Poder Ejecutivo Federal Navidad

Civic holidays

Día del Ejército Día de la Bandera Aniversario de la Expropiación petrolera Heroica Defensa de Veracruz Cinco de Mayo Natalicio de Miguel Hidalgo Día de la Marina Grito de Dolores Día de los Niños Héroes Consumación de la Independencia Natalicio de José Ma. Morelos y Pavón Descubrimiento de América

Festivities

Día de los Santos Reyes Día de San Valentín Día del Niño Día de las Madres Día del Maestro Día del estudiante Día del Padre Día de Todos los Santos Día de los Fieles Difuntos Día de la Virgen de Guadalupe Las Posadas Nochebuena Dia de los Santos Inocentes

v t e

Public holidays in Hong Kong

New Year's Day Lunar New Year
Year
(first 3 days of the period) Ching Ming Festival Good Friday Holy Saturday Easter Monday Buddha's Birthday Labour Day Tuen Ng Festival Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR Establishment Day Mid-Autumn Festival PRC National Day Chung Yeung Festival Christmas
Christmas
Day Boxing Day

Cancelled

Queen's Birthday Liberation Day Double Ten Day Remembrance Day

v t e

Public holidays in Australia

New Year's Day Australia
Australia
Day Good Friday Easter Saturday Easter Monday Anzac Day Queen's Birthday Labour Day Christmas
Christmas
Day Boxing Day

v t e

Public holidays in Pakistan

Kashmir Solidarity Day Pakistan
Pakistan
Day Labour Day Independence Day Iqbal Day Quaid-e-Azam Day Eid ul-Adha Eid-ul-Fitr Milad al-Nabi Day of Ashura Isra and Mi'raj

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