Labour Day (
Labor Day in the United States) is an annual holiday to
celebrate the achievements of workers.
Labour Day has its origins in
the labour union movement, specifically the eight-hour day movement,
which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and
eight hours for rest.
For most countries,
Labour Day is synonymous with, or linked with,
International Workers' Day, which occurs on 1 May. For other
Labour Day is celebrated on a different date, often one
with special significance for the labour movement in that country.
Labour Day is a public holiday in many countries.
Canada and the United States,
Labour Day is celebrated on the first
Monday of September and considered the unofficial end of summer, with
summer vacations ending and students returning to school around then.
1 International Workers' Day
2 Other dates
2.7 New Zealand
2.8 Trinidad and Tobago
2.9 United States
International Workers' Day
Main article: International Workers' Day
For most countries, "Labour Day" is synonymous with, or linked with,
International Workers' Day, which occurs on 1 May. Some countries vary
the actual date of their celebrations so that the holiday occurs on a
Monday close to 1 May.
Labour Day in
Australia is a public holiday on dates which vary
between states and territories. It is the first Monday in October in
the Australian Capital Territory,
New South Wales
New South Wales and South Australia.
In Victoria and Tasmania, it is the second Monday in March (though the
latter calls it Eight Hours Day). In Western Australia,
Labour Day is
the first Monday in March. In the
Northern Territory and
May Day and occurs on the first Monday in May. It is on
the fourth Monday of March in the territory of
The first march for a nine-hour day by the labour movement occurred in
Melbourne on 21 April 1856. On this day stonemasons and building
workers on building sites around
Melbourne stopped work and marched
from the University of
Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an
eight-hour day. Their direct action protest was a success, and they
are noted as being among the first organised workers in the world to
achieve an 8-hour day, with no loss of pay.
Bangladesh Garment Sramik Sanghati, an organization working for the
welfare of garment workers, has requested that 24 April be declared
Labour Safety Day in Bangladesh, in memory of the victims of the Rana
Plaza building collapse.
Labour Day is a national holiday in the Bahamas, celebrated on the
first Friday in June in order to create a long weekend for workers.
The traditional date of
Labour Day in the Bahamas, however, is 7 June,
in commemoration of a significant workers' strike that began on that
day in 1942.
Labour Day is meant to honor and celebrate workers and
the importance of their contributions to the nation and society. In
the capital city, Nassau, thousands of people come to watch a parade
through the streets, which begins at mid-morning. Bands in colorful
uniforms, traditional African junkanoo performers, and members of
various labour unions and political parties are all part of the
procession, which ends up at the Southern Recreation Grounds, where
government officials make speeches for the occasion. For many
residents and visitors to the Bahamas, the afternoon of
Labour Day is
a time to relax at home or perhaps visit the beach.
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Labour Day parade in Toronto, Ontario,
Canada in 1900
Labour Day (French: Fête du Travail) has been celebrated in
the first Monday in September since the 1880s. The origins of Labour
Canada can be traced back to December 1872 when a parade was
staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's strike for a
58-hour work-week, almost a full decade before a similar event in
New York City by the American Knights of Labor, a late 19th-century
U.S. labor federation, launched the movement towards the American
Labor Day holiday. The Toronto Trades Assembly (TTA) called its 27
unions to demonstrate in support of the Typographical Union who had
been on strike since 25 March. George Brown, Canadian politician
and editor of the
Toronto Globe hit back at his striking employees,
pressing police to charge the Typographical Union with
"conspiracy." Although the laws criminalising union activity were
outdated and had already been abolished in Great Britain, they were
still on the books in
Canada and police arrested 24 leaders of the
Typographical Union. Labour leaders decided to call another similar
demonstration on 3 September to protest the arrests. Seven unions
marched in Ottawa, prompting a promise by Canadian
Prime Minister Sir
John A. Macdonald
John A. Macdonald to repeal the "barbarous" anti-union laws.
Parliament passed the
Trade Union Act on 14 June the following year,
and soon all unions were seeking a 54-hour work-week.
The Toronto Trades and Labour Council (successor to the TTA) held
similar celebrations every spring. American Peter J. McGuire,
co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was asked to speak at
a labour festival in Toronto, Ontario,
Canada on 22 July 1882.
Returning to the United States, McGuire and the Knights of Labor
organised a similar parade based on the Canadian event on 5 September
1882 in New York City, USA. On 23 July 1894, Canadian Prime Minister
John Thompson and his government made Labour Day, to be held in
September, an official holiday. In the United States, the New York
parade became an annual event that year, and in 1894 was adopted by
Grover Cleveland to compete with International
Workers' Day (May Day).
Labour Day parades and picnics are organised by unions, many
Labour Day as the Monday of the last long weekend of
summer. Non-union celebrations include picnics, fireworks displays,
water activities, and public art events. Since the new school year
generally starts right after Labour Day, families with school-age
children take it as the last chance to travel before the end of
An old fashioned tradition in
Canada and the
United States frowns upon
the wearing of white after Labour Day. Explanations for this tradition
vary; the most common is that white is a summer colour and Labour Day
unofficially marks the end of summer. The rule may have been intended
as a status symbol for new members of the upper and middle classes in
the late 19th and early 20th century.[not in citation given]
Labour Day tradition in Atlantic
Canada is the Wharf Rat Rally in
Digby, Nova Scotia, while the rest of
Canada watches the Labour Day
Canadian Football League
Canadian Football League event where rivals like Calgary
Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos,
Hamilton Tiger-Cats and Toronto
Argonauts (except in 2011 and 2013, due to scheduling conflicts), and
Saskatchewan Roughriders and
Winnipeg Blue Bombers
Winnipeg Blue Bombers play on Labour Day
weekend. Before the demise of the
Ottawa Renegades after the 2005
season, that team played the nearby
Montreal Alouettes on Labour Day
weekend. Since the 2014 CFL season, when the
Ottawa Redblacks began
play, the Montreal–
Labour Day tradition has once again been
Ontario University Athletics
Ontario University Athletics has a
long-established tradition to play university football on Labour Day.
Labour Day parade in Grand Falls-Windsor, Newfoundland started in
1921 and still continues today, over 90 years later. The celebrations
go on for three days with a parade on
Labour Day Monday.
Before 1961, 24 May was celebrated in Jamaica as Empire Day in honour
of the birthday of
Queen Victoria and her emancipation of slaves in
Jamaica. As its name suggests, the day was used to celebrate the
British Empire, complete with flag-raising ceremonies and the singing
of patriotic songs. In 1961,
Jamaican Chief Minister
Jamaican Chief Minister Norman Washington
Manley proposed the replacement of Empire Day with Labour Day, a
celebration in commemoration of 23 May 1938, when Alexander Bustamante
led a labour rebellion leading to Jamaican independence.
In 1972, Jamaican
Michael Manley promoted
Labour Day as
a showcase for the importance of labour to the development of Jamaica,
and a day of voluntary community participation to beneficial
projects. Since then,
Labour Day has been not only a public
holiday but also a day of mass community involvement around the
Labor Day in Kazakhstan is celebrated on the last Sunday in September.
The holiday was officially established in late 2013. In 1995, the
government of Kazakhstan replaced
International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day with
Kazakhstan People's Unity Day. Kazakh President Nur sultan Nazarbayev
also instituted a special medal that is awarded to veterans of labor
on the occasion of the holiday.
Labor Day it is widely celebrated
across the country with official speeches, award ceremonies, cultural
events, etc. It is a non-working holiday for most citizens of
Kazakhstan because it always falls on a weekend.
In New Zealand,
Labour Day is a public holiday held on the fourth
Monday in October. Its origins are traced back to the eight-hour
working day movement that arose in the newly founded
in 1840, primarily because of carpenter Samuel Parnell's refusal to
work more than eight hours a day. He encouraged other tradesmen also
to work for only eight hours a day and in October 1840, a workers'
meeting passed a resolution supporting the idea. On 28 October 1890,
the 50th anniversary of the eight-hour day was commemorated with a
parade. The event was then celebrated annually in late October as
Labour Day or Eight-Hour Demonstration Day. In 1899 government
legislated that the day be a public holiday from 1900. The day was
celebrated on different days in different provinces. This led to ship
owners complaining that seamen were taking excessive holidays by
Labour Day in one port then another in their next port. In
1910 the government stipulated that the holiday would be observed on
the same day throughout the nation.
Trinidad and Tobago
In Trinidad and Tobago,
Labour Day is celebrated every 19 June. This
holiday was proposed in 1973 to be commemorated on the anniversary
of the 1937 Butler labour riots.
Main article: Labor Day
In the United States,
Labor Day is a federal holiday observed on the
first Monday of September. It is customarily viewed as the end of the
summer vacation season. Many schools open for the year on the day
after Labor Day. The holiday is shared with Canada, where it is
Labour Day (Fête du Travail in French).
^ "Australian Government: National Public Holidays". australia.gov.au.
Retrieved 7 March 2016.
^ "Australian Public Holidays: Labour Day". alldownunder.com. 1998.
Retrieved 7 March 2016.
^ Wendy Lewis; Simon Balderstone; John Bowman (2006). Events that
Shaped Australia. New Holland Publishers. p. 57.
ISBN 978-1-74110-492-9. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
^ "Thousands mourn collapse victims of Rana Plaza garment factory one
year on". Deutsche Welle. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014.
^ Official Public Holidays. "
Bangladesh Official Public Holidays".
Retrieved 27 December 2015.
^ timeanddate. "Holidays in The Bahamas in 2015". Retrieved 27
^ a b c d e Marsh, James. "Origins of Labour Day". The Canadian
^ "Origin of Labor Day," Cincinnati Tribune, Sept. 1, 1895, Special
Labor Day supplement, pg. 26.
^ "Why aren't you supposed to wear white after Labor Day?". Ask.com.
13 September 2002.
^ a b "History of Labour Day". National
Labour Day 2008. Jamaica
^ AnydayGuide. "
Labor Day in Kazakhstan / September 24, 2017".
AnydayGuide. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
Labour Day Archived 7 August 2008 at the Wayback
^ Johnson, Yelena.
Labor Day End of
Summer White Party,
Celebrations.com. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
^ Helderman, Rosalind S. "Issues That Matter to You: School Start
After Labor Day"; The Washington Post, 6 September 2009.
Public holidays in Mexico
Día de la Constitución
Natalicio de Benito Juárez
Día del Trabajo
Día de Independencia
Día de la Revolución
Transmisión del Poder Ejecutivo Federal
Día del Ejército
Día de la Bandera
Aniversario de la Expropiación petrolera
Heroica Defensa de Veracruz
Cinco de Mayo
Natalicio de Miguel Hidalgo
Día de la Marina
Grito de Dolores
Día de los Niños Héroes
Consumación de la Independencia
Natalicio de José Ma. Morelos y Pavón
Descubrimiento de América
Día de los Santos Reyes
Día de San Valentín
Día del Niño
Día de las Madres
Día del Maestro
Día del estudiante
Día del Padre
Día de Todos los Santos
Día de los Fieles Difuntos
Día de la Virgen de Guadalupe
Dia de los Santos Inocentes
Public holidays in Hong Kong
New Year's Day
Year (first 3 days of the period)
Ching Ming Festival
Tuen Ng Festival
Hong Kong SAR Establishment Day
PRC National Day
Chung Yeung Festival
Double Ten Day
Public holidays in Australia
New Year's Day
Public holidays in Pakistan
Kashmir Solidarity Day
Day of Ashura
Isra and Mi'raj