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Lev Sergeyevich Termen (Russian: Лев Сергеевич Термен; 27 August [O.S. 15 August] 1896 – 3 November 1993), or Léon Theremin
Theremin
in the United States, was a Russian and Soviet inventor, most famous for his invention of the theremin, one of the first electronic musical instruments and the first to be mass-produced. He also devised the interlace technique[1] for improving the quality of a video signal, still widely used in video and television technology. His listening device, "The Thing", hung for seven years in plain view in the United States Ambassador's Moscow office and enabled Soviet agents to eavesdrop on secret conversations.

Contents

1 Early life 2 World War I
World War I
and Russian Civil War 3 Under Ioffe 4 United States 5 Return to the Soviet Union 6 Espionage 7 Later life 8 Family 9 Media 10 Some inventions 11 See also 12 Notes 13 Citations 14 References 15 External links

Early life[edit] Léon Theremin
Theremin
was born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in 1896 into a family of French Huguenot[2] and German ancestry.[3] He had a sister named Helena.[4] In the seventh class of his high school before an audience of students and parents he demonstrated various optical effects using electricity.[5] By the age of 17, when he was in his last year of high school, he had his own laboratory at home for experimenting with high-frequency circuits, optics and magnetic fields. His cousin, Kirill Fedorovich Nesturkh, then a young physicist, and a singer named Wagz invited him to attend the defense of the dissertation of Abram Fedorovich Ioffe. Physics lecturer Vladimir Konstantinovich Lebedinskiy had explained to Theremin
Theremin
the dispute over Ioffe's work on the electron. On 9 May 1913 Theremin
Theremin
and his cousin attended Ioffe's dissertation defense. Ioffe's subject was on the elementary photoelectric effect, the magnetic field of cathode rays and related investigations. In 1917 Theremin
Theremin
wrote that Ioffe talked of electrons, the photoelectric effect and magnetic fields as parts of an objective reality that surrounds us everyday, unlike others that talked more of somewhat abstract formula and symbols. Theremin
Theremin
wrote that he found this explanation revelatory and that it fit a scientific – not abstract – view of the world, different scales of magnitude, and matter.[4] From then on Theremin endeavoured to study the microcosm, in the same way he had studied the macrocosm with his hand-built telescope.[5] Later, Kyrill introduced Theremin
Theremin
to Ioffe as a young experimenter and physicist, and future student of the university. Theremin
Theremin
recalled that while still in his last year of school, he had built a million-volt Tesla coil
Tesla coil
and noticed a strong glow associated with his attempts to ionise the air. He then wished to further investigate the effects using university resources. A chance meeting with Abram Fedorovich Ioffe led to a recommendation to see Karl Karlovich Baumgart, who was in charge of the physics laboratory equipment. Karl then reserved a room and equipment for Theremin's experiments. Abram Fedorovich suggested Theremin
Theremin
also look at methods of creating gas fluorescence under different conditions and of examining the resulting light's spectra. However, during these investigations Theremin
Theremin
was called up for World War I
World War I
military service.[6] World War I
World War I
and Russian Civil War[edit] Although only in his second academic year, the deanery of the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy recommended that Theremin
Theremin
go to the Nikolayevska Military Engineering School in Petrograd
Petrograd
(previously Saint Petersburg), which usually only accepted students in their fourth year. Theremin
Theremin
recalled that Ioffe reassured him that the war would not last long and that military experience would be useful for scientific applications.[7] Beginning his military service in 1916, Theremin
Theremin
finished the Military Engineering School in six months, progressed through the Graduate Electronic School for Officers, and attained the military radio-engineer diploma in the same year.[citation needed] In the course of the next three and a half years he oversaw the construction of a radio station in Saratov
Saratov
to connect the Volga area with Moscow, graduated from Petrograd
Petrograd
University, became deputy leader of the new Military Radiotechnical Laboratory in Moscow, and finished as the broadcast supervisor of the radio transmitter at Tsarskoye Selo
Tsarskoye Selo
near Petrograd
Petrograd
(then renamed Detskoye Selo).[7] During the Russian civil war, in October 1919 White Army commander Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich
Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich
advanced on Petrograd
Petrograd
from the side of Detskoye Selo, apparently intending to capture the radio station to announce a victory over the Bolsheviks. Theremin
Theremin
and others evacuated the station, sending equipment east on rail cars. Theremin
Theremin
then detonated explosives to destroy the 120-meter-high antennae mast before traveling to Petrograd
Petrograd
to set up an international listening station. There he also trained radio specialists but reported difficulties obtaining food and working with foreign experts whom he described as narrow-minded pessimists.[8] Theremin
Theremin
recalled that on an evening when his hopes of overcoming these obstructing experts reached a low ebb, Abram Fedorovich Ioffe telephoned him.[9] Ioffe asked Theremin
Theremin
to come to his newly founded Physical Technical Institute in Petrograd, and the next day he invited him to start work at developing measuring methods for high-frequency electrical oscillations.[9] Under Ioffe[edit] The day after Ioffe's invitation, Theremin
Theremin
started at the institute. He worked in diverse fields: applying the Laue effect to the new field of X-ray analysis of crystals; using hypnosis to improve measurement-reading accuracy; working with Ivan Pavlov's laboratory; and using gas-filled lamps as measuring devices.[10] He built a high-frequency oscillator to measure the dielectric constant of gases with high precision; Ioffe then urged him to look for other applications using this method, and shortly made the first motion detector for use as a "radio watchman".[note 1][11][12] While adapting the dielectric device by adding circuitry to generate an audio tone, Theremin
Theremin
noticed that the pitch changed when his hand moved around.[13] In October 1920[14] he first demonstrated this to Ioffe who called in other professors and students to hear.[15] Theremin
Theremin
recalled trying to find the notes for tunes he remembered from when he played the cello, such as the Swan by Saint-Saëns.[11][13] By November 1920 Theremin
Theremin
had given his first public concert with the instrument, now modified with a horizontal volume antenna replacing the earlier foot-operated volume control.[15][16] He named it the "etherphone",[16] to be known as the Терменвокс (Termenvox) in the Soviet Union, as the Thereminvox in Germany,[17] and later as the "theremin" in the United States. On 24 May 1924 Theremin
Theremin
married 20-year-old Katia (Ekaterina Pavlovna) Konstantinova, and they lived together in his parents' apartment on Marat street.[18] In 1925 Theremin
Theremin
went to Germany to sell both the radio watchman and Termenvox patents to the German firm Goldberg and Sons. According to Glinsky, this was the Soviet's "decoy for capitalists" to obtain both Western profits from sales and technical knowledge.[19] During this time Theremin
Theremin
was also working on a wireless television with 16 scan lines in 1925, improving to 32 scan lines and then 64 using interlacing in 1926, and he demonstrated moving, if blurry, images on 7 June 1927.[19] United States[edit]

Clara Rockmore
Clara Rockmore
and Léon Theremin

After being sent on a lengthy tour of Europe starting 1927 – including London, Paris and towns in Germany[15][20] – during which he demonstrated his invention to full audiences, Theremin
Theremin
found his way to the United States, arriving on 30 December 1927 with his first wife Katia.[21] He performed the theremin with the New York Philharmonic in 1928. He patented his invention in the United States in 1928[22][23] and subsequently granted commercial production rights to RCA. Theremin
Theremin
set up a laboratory in New York in the 1930s, where he further refined the theremin and experimented with other inventions and new electronic musical instruments. These included the Rhythmicon, commissioned by the American composer and theorist Henry Cowell. In 1930, ten thereminists performed on stage at Carnegie Hall. Two years later, Theremin
Theremin
conducted the first-ever electronic orchestra, featuring the theremin and other electronic instruments including a "fingerboard" theremin which resembled a cello in use ( Theremin
Theremin
was a cellist[24]). In 1931, he worked with composer Henry Cowell
Henry Cowell
to build an instrument called the rhythmicon. They were lucky to have gotten it to market as quickly as they did as brothers Otto and Benjamin Miessner
Benjamin Miessner
had almost completed a similar instrument with the same name.[25] Theremin's mentors during this time were some of society's foremost scientists, composers, and musical theorists, including composer Joseph Schillinger
Joseph Schillinger
and physicist (and amateur violinist) Albert Einstein.[clarification needed] At this time, Theremin
Theremin
worked closely with fellow Soviet émigré and theremin virtuoso Clara Rockmore
Clara Rockmore
(née Reisenberg). Theremin
Theremin
had several times proposed to her, but she chose to marry attorney Robert Rockmore, and thereafter used his name professionally.[26] Federal Bureau of Prisons
Federal Bureau of Prisons
hired Theremin
Theremin
to build a metal detector for Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary.[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][32][36][37][33][38] Theremin
Theremin
was interested in a role for the theremin in dance music. He developed performance locations that could automatically react to dancers' movements with varied patterns of sound and light. The Soviet consulate had apparently demanded he divorce Katia. Afterwards, while working with the American Negro Ballet Company, the inventor married a young African-American
African-American
prima ballerina Lavinia Williams.[21] Their marriage caused shock and disapproval in his social circles, but the ostracized couple remained together.[39] Return to the Soviet Union[edit] Theremin
Theremin
abruptly returned to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1938. At the time, the reasons for his return were unclear; some claimed that he was simply homesick, while others believed that he had been kidnapped by Soviet officials. Beryl Campbell, one of Theremin's dancers, said his wife Lavinia "called to say that he had been kidnapped from his studio" and that "some Russians had come in" and that she felt that he was going to be spirited out of the country.[40] Many years later, it was revealed that Theremin
Theremin
had returned to his native land due to tax and financial difficulties in the United States.[41] However, Theremin
Theremin
himself once told Bulat Galeyev that he decided to leave himself because he was anxious about the approaching war.[3] Shortly after he returned he was imprisoned in the Butyrka prison and later sent to work in the Kolyma
Kolyma
gold mines. Although rumors of his execution were widely circulated and published, Theremin was, in fact, put to work in a sharashka (a secret laboratory in the Gulag
Gulag
camp system), together with Andrei Tupolev, Sergei Korolev, and other well-known scientists and engineers.[21] The Soviet Union rehabilitated him in 1956. Espionage[edit]

"The Thing"

During his work at the sharashka, where he was put in charge of other workers, Theremin
Theremin
created the Buran eavesdropping system. A precursor to the modern laser microphone, it worked by using a low-power infrared beam from a distance to detect sound vibrations in glass windows.[3][42] Lavrentiy Beria, the head of the secret police organization NKVD
NKVD
(the predecessor of the KGB), used the Buran device to spy on the British, French and US embassies in Moscow.[42] According to Galeyev, Beria also spied on Stalin; Theremin
Theremin
kept some of the tapes in his flat. In 1947, Theremin
Theremin
was awarded the Stalin prize for inventing this advance in Soviet espionage technology. Theremin
Theremin
invented another listening device called The Thing. Disguised in a replica of the Great Seal of the United States
Great Seal of the United States
carved in wood, in 1945 Soviet school children presented the concealed bug to U.S. Ambassador
Ambassador
as a "gesture of friendship" to the USSR's World War II ally. It hung in the ambassador’s residential office in Moscow
Moscow
and intercepted confidential conversations there during the first seven years of the Cold War, until it was accidentally discovered in 1952.[43] Later life[edit] After his "release" from the sharashka in 1947, Theremin
Theremin
volunteered to remain working with the KGB
KGB
until 1966.[3] By 1947 Theremin
Theremin
had remarried, to Maria Guschina, his third wife, and they had two children: Lena and Natalia.[21] Theremin
Theremin
worked at the Moscow
Moscow
Conservatory of Music[44] for 10 years where he taught, and built theremins, electronic cellos and some terpsitones (another invention of Theremin).[40] There he was discovered by Harold Schonberg, the chief music critic of The New York Times, who was visiting the Conservatory. But when an article by Schonberg appeared mentioning Theremin,[45] the Conservatory's Managing Director declared that "electricity is not good for music; electricity is to be used for electrocution" and had his instruments removed from the Conservatory.[21] Further electronic music projects were banned, and Theremin
Theremin
was summarily dismissed.[46] In the 1970s, Léon Theremin
Theremin
was a Professor of Physics at Moscow State University (Department of Acoustics) developing his inventions and supervising graduate students. After 51 years in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
Theremin
Theremin
started travelling, first visiting France in June 1989[3] and then the United States in 1991, each time accompanied by his daughter Natalia. Theremin
Theremin
was brought to New York by filmmaker Steven M. Martin where he was reunited with Clara Rockmore. He also made a demonstration concert at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague in early 1993[3] before dying in Moscow
Moscow
in 1993 at the age of 97.[47] Theremin
Theremin
died on Wednesday 3 November 1993 in Moscow.[48][49][50][51][52] Family[edit]

Katia (Ekaterina Pavlovna) Konstantinova, first spouse Lavinia Williams, second spouse (no children) Maria Gushina, third spouse Natalia Theremin
Theremin
- daughter; Elena Theremin
Theremin
- daughter; Mary Theremin
Theremin
- granddaughter; Olga Theremin
Theremin
- granddaughter; Peter Theremin
Theremin
- great-grandson.

Media[edit] The feature-length documentary film, Theremin: An Electronic Odyssey was released in 1993. His life story and his Great Seal bug invention were featured in a 2012 episode of the Dark Matters: Twisted But True. In 2000, University of Illinois Press published Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage by Albert Glinsky, with a foreword by Robert Moog. In 2014, Canadian writer Sean Michaels published the novel Us Conductors, which was inspired by the relationship between Léon Theremin
Theremin
and Clara Rockmore. The novel won the 2014 Scotiabank Giller Prize. Some inventions[edit]

Theremin
Theremin
– the classic Theremin
Theremin
(1920) Burglar alarm, or "Signalling Apparatus" which used the Theremin effect (1920s) Electromechanical television – Nipkow disk
Nipkow disk
with mirrors instead of slots (ca. 1925) Terpsitone – platform that converts dance movements into tones (1932) Theremin
Theremin
cello – an electronic cello with no strings and no bow, using a plastic fingerboard, a handle for volume and two knobs for sound shaping (ca. 1930)[53][54][55][56] Keyboard theremin (ca. 1930), looking like a small piano, "with hornlike tones"[57] Rhythmicon
Rhythmicon
– world's first drum machine (1931) The Buran eavesdropping device (1947 or earlier) The Great Seal bug, also known as "The Thing" – one of the first passive covert listening devices; first used by the USSR
USSR
for spying (1945 or earlier). It is considered a predecessor of RFID technology.[58]

See also[edit]

Raymond Scott Robert Moog Bruce Haack Spharophon, a Theremin-like instrument made by Jörg Mager around 1921 Maurice Martenot, inventor of the Ondes Martenot, a keyboard-based instrument using the heterodyning method

Notes[edit]

^ Theremin
Theremin
recalled he made the dielectric device first followed by the radio alarm, although Glinsky (p. 23) writes Theremin
Theremin
made the alarm first and then the dielectric device.

Citations[edit]

^ Glinsky, Albert (2000). Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02582-2.  pages 41-45 ^ Albert Glinsky
Albert Glinsky
(2000). Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage. ISBN 9780252025822. Retrieved 2013-12-28.  ^ a b c d e f Bulat M. Galeyev, LMJ 6. ^ a b "Termens Kindheit". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ a b L. S. Termen (1970). "Erstes Treffen mit A. F. Joffe". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ L. S. Termen (1970). "Erste Experimente am Physikalischen Institut bei Joffe". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-03-21.  ^ a b L. S. Termen (1970). "Der erste Weltkrieg". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ L. S. Termen (1970). "Die Evakuierung poop". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ a b L. S. Termen (1970). "Die Physikalisch Technische Hochschule unter der Leitung von Joffe". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  ^ L. S. Termen (1970). "Erhöhung der Sinneswahrnehmung durch Hypnose". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-10.  ^ a b L. S. Termen (1970). "Die Erfindung des Theremins". Erinnerungen an A. F. Joffe (in German). Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-05-10.  ^ Glinsky p. 41, "patent ... radio watchman and the Termenvox ... By December 8, 1924, Len had two German Empire
German Empire
patent applications pending". ^ a b Glinsky p. 24. ^ Glinsky p. 26; but Theremin
Theremin
in 1983 recalled it was September. ^ a b c Leon Theremin
Theremin
– a short memoir Lev Termen, 1983-01-12. ^ a b Glinsky p. 26. ^ Glinsky p. 53. ^ Glinsky p. 36. ^ a b Glinsky pp. 43–44. ^ Glinsky p. 340. ^ a b c d e Mattis 1989 ^ Glinsky p. 346. ^ U.S. Patent 1,661,058. ^ "Good Vibrations: The Story of the Theremin
Theremin
- BBC Radio 4". BBC.  ^ "Rythmicon". Oxford Music Online. Archived from the original on 2017-08-01.  ^ "The Nadia Reisenberg & Clara Rockmore
Clara Rockmore
Foundation". Retrieved 2011-05-18.  ^ http://www.cryptomuseum.com/covert/bugs/thing/files/theremin_cia.pdf ^ Michaels, Sean (22 August 2015). "The invisible instrument: the theremin". the Guardian.  ^ "Obituary: Leon Theremin". 24 November 1993.  ^ Howe, Brian. "The theremin's story is stranger than fiction".  ^ "From Soviet Russia
Russia
to the Tappan Zee Bridge, A Short History of the E-ZPass".  ^ a b "SDR Deposit of the Week: Oral history interview with John Chowning". Stanford Libraries.  ^ a b "INART 55 The Theremin". www.personal.psu.edu.  ^ "Book review: "Us Conductors" by Sean Michaels".  ^ Media, Erie (1 June 2015). "Theremin's life basis for Giller prize-winning book".  ^ "Building a Low-Cost Theremin
Theremin
- EE Times". EETimes.  ^ "100 Projects in 100 Days - PSoC 4 Pioneer Kit: Project#16 - Proximity Theremin". 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "From Soviet Russia
Russia
to the Tappan Zee Bridge, A Short History of the E-ZPass - WNYC". 29 June 2017. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Glinsky p. 177. ^ a b Theremin: An Electronic Odyssey, written, directed and produced by Steven M. Martin. Orion/MGM, 1994: 26mins Beryl Campbell reports Lavinia's call; 50mins Lydia Kavina reports Stalin's award ^ Glinsky. ^ a b Glinsky p. 261. ^ George F. Kennan, Memoirs, 1950–1963, Volume II (Little, Brown & Co., 1972), pp. 155, 156. ^ Glinsky p. 341, "where Lev Sergeyevich had constructed musical instruments" ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (April 26, 1967). "Music: Leon Theremin; Inventor of Instrument Bearing His Name Is Interviewed in the Soviet Union" (non-free access). The New York Times. p. 40. Retrieved 2009-08-16. Remember Leon Theremin, who used to play the theremin and was such a hit in the United States about 35 years back?  ^ Glinsky p. 310. ^ Jolly, James (January 1994). "Obituaries". Gramophone Magazine. Middlesex, UK: General Gramophone Publications Limited. 71 (848): 17. ISSN 0017-310X.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1993/11/09/obituaries/leon-theremin-musical-inventor-is-dead-at-97.html ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2013/feb/06/local/la-me-paul-tanner-20130207 ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Leon-Theremin ^ http://www.chron.com/entertainment/article/The-theremin-makes-a-triumphant-return-5932533.php ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=4NOKDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA268&lpg=PA268&dq=Theremin ^ Peter Pringle. "The Rebirth of the Theremin
Theremin
Cello". Retrieved 2009-09-20.  ^ " Theremin
Theremin
Cello". oddmusic. Retrieved 2009-09-20.  ^ Bryan (publisher and demonstrator) (2007-06-10). Theremin
Theremin
Cello. Seattle: Bryan. Retrieved 2009-09-20.  (demonstration playing of a theremincello) ^ Bryan (publisher and player) (2007-03-03). Theremin's cello meditation. Seattle: Bryan. Retrieved 2009-09-20.  (slideshow including internal details of a theremincello replica) ^ "Radio Squeals turned to Music", Popular Science, June 1932, p. 51, available on popsci.com ^ Hacking Exposed Linux: Linux Security Secrets & Solutions (third ed.). McGraw-Hill Osborne Media. 2008. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-07-226257-5. 

References[edit]

Galeyev, Bulat M.; Translated by Vladimir Chudnovsky (1996). "Light and Shadows of a Great Life: In Commemoration of the One-Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Leon Theremin, Pioneer of Electronic Art". Leonardo Music Journal (LMJ). 6. Retrieved 2007-11-22.  Linked from LMJ 6 Lobanova, Marina (1999). "Lew Termen: Erfinder, Tschekist, Spion". Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (in German). 4: 50–53.  Glinsky, Albert (2000). Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02582-2.  Mattis, Olivia (1989-06-16). "An Interview with Leon Theremin
Theremin
/ Olivia Mattis and Leon Theremin
Theremin
in Bourges, France". Translated by Nina Boguslawsky; Alejandro Tkaczevski. Retrieved 2007-11-21.  copied here [1] Termen, Lew. "Erinnerungen an A.F. Joffe" (in German). Website of the Institute of Media Archeology, Austria. Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-04-25.  Sections translated by Felix Eder from the Russian originals in: Жузе, В. П. (Zhuze, V. P.), ed. (1973). Воспоминания об А. Ф. Иоффе [Vospominaniya ob A. F. Ioffe]. Nauka (Leningrad). CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link) Wright, Peter (1987). Spycatcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer. New York: Viking. ISBN 0-670-82055-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Léon Theremin.

Léon Theremin
Theremin
at Find a Grave

Portals and general information

Theremin
Theremin
Times – first russian portal about theremin (Russian only) Andrey Smirnov – theremin sensors workshop (selected demonstrations of Theremin
Theremin
sensors and laser bugging.) Retrieved 2009-09-11 Theremin
Theremin
Centre, Moscow, holds Lev Sergeivitch Termen archives (Russian only)

Further information

Lev Sergeivitch Termen: The Inventor of The Great Seal Bug, aka The Thing Lev Sergeivitch Termen: The Inventor of the theremin. (4 page history dated February 6, 2001) An Introduction to Leon Theremin
Theremin
at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived April 26, 2003). (five paragraph introduction) A Theremin
Theremin
Bibliography (List of publications and films about the man and the instrument) Theremin
Theremin
International Resource Directory compiled by Matthias Sauer for Leonardo/ISAST An encounter with Léon Theremin. (1991 video of Theremin
Theremin
in Moscow with Paul) Inventor of the Week Archive – Leon Theremin
Theremin
(1896–1993) (one page brief biography) Lev Sergeyevich Termen (1896–1993) (in French, 4 paragraph summary in context of early electronic music) History of the theremin from Moog Music (one page) Theremin
Theremin
– An Electronic Odyssey on IMDb
IMDb
from The History Channel "Bob Moog / Robotspeak Interview". Archived from the original on 2008-01-06. Intro and interview transcription by Donald Bell Original interview conducted 10/29/04  (Moog talks about Theremin's work on television, bugging) "Between “Bad Things” and Good Vibrations: Leon Theremin
Theremin
and his T-Vox". Natascha Drubek-Meyer, ARTMargins – long article with citations Léon Theremin's mentor Joseph Schillinger Design and Implementation of the 1st Theremin
Theremin
Concert for Aliens

Audio and Video

Leom Theremin
Theremin
plays thereminvox. Stanford, 1991 on YouTube Peter Theremin
Theremin
(great-grandson of Leon Theremin)plays thereminvox on YouTube Leon and Natasha Theremin
Theremin
(1989) on YouTube Leon Theremin
Theremin
plays "Vocalise" (Rechmaninoff) on YouTube Natasha Theremin
Theremin
plays "Ave Maria" on YouTube Rehearsal Natasha and Olga Theremin
Theremin
on YouTube Peter Theremin
Theremin
plays theremin. Piazzolla, Bach. 2011 on YouTube Andrey Smirnov :: downloads (film from 1954, 2007; demonstrations of inventions at the Moscow
Moscow
State Conservatory) Leon Theremin
Theremin
playing his own instrument. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  playing "Ne brani menya rodnaya" by Aleksandr Dubuque in the 1950s (needs Flash) Leon Theremin
Theremin
at 95 teaches Paul Lansky how to play Mikhail Glinka's Skylark in Moscow, February 1991 on YouTube

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 786739 LCCN: n97856992 ISNI: 0000 0000 6308 3545 GND: 117302759 SUDOC: 111920493 BNF: cb14492261h (data) NDL: 00862935 NKC: js20070323

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