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, mottoeng = Freedom of academic culture , established = Founded June 18, 1897 , type = Public (National) , endowment = ¥ 250.2 billion (2.2
billion A billion is a number with two distinct definitions: *1,000,000,000 1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number In mathematics, the natural numbers are those used for ...
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USD
)
, faculty = 2,864 (Teaching Staff) , administrative_staff = 5,397 (Total Staff) , students = 22,707 , president = Nagahiro Minato , city =
Kyoto Kyoto (; Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...

Kyoto
, state =
Kyoto Kyoto (; Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...
, country =
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdiv ...

Japan
, coor = , undergrad = 13,399 , postgrad = 9,308 , campus =
Urban Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the culture of towns and cities. Urban may also refer to: General * Urban (name), a list of people ...
,
, , colors = Dark blue , nickname = Kyodai , mascot = None , free_label = Athletics , free = 48 varsity teams , affiliations =
Kansai Big Six is a college sports, collegiate baseball league located in central Kansai region of Japan, stretching from Hyōgo Prefecture, Hyōgo in the west to Kyoto in the east. The league joined the All Japan University Baseball Federation in 1951. Member ...
,
ASAIHL The Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL) is a non-governmental organization (NGO). Its aim is to assist member institutions to strengthen themselves through mutual self-help to achieve distinction in teaching, rese ...
, logo = , website
www.kyoto-u.ac.jp
, or , is a
public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of deliberately managing the release and spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in va ...
located in
Kyoto Kyoto (; Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...

Kyoto
,
Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden circle subdiv ...

Japan
. Founded in 1897, it is one of the former
Imperial UniversitiesThe were founded by the Empire of Japan The was a historical nation-state that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 until the enactment of the post-World War II Constitution of Japan, 1947 constitution and subsequent formation of m ...
and the second oldest university in Japan. KyotoU is consistently ranked amongst the top two in Japan, the top ten in Asia, and the world's top fifty institutions of higher education. Founded upon the principles of its motto, “freedom of academic culture”, KyotoU is currently composed of three campuses with ten Faculties, eighteen Graduate Schools, thirteen Research Institutes, and twenty-two Research and Educational Centers. The Kyoto University Library, boasting over 7 million volumes, is Japan's second-largest academic library. Furthermore, KyotoU was one of the first three Designated National Universities and is categorized by the
Japanese government The is the central government of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt ...
as a Top Type university in the
Top Global University Project is a funding project by the Government of Japan, Japanese government that began in 2014. The project aims to enhance the globalization of the country's public and private universities so that graduates can "walk into positions of global leadership ...
. As of March 2019, the university's total net assets were valued at 316 billion JPY. Advocating for international collaboration in education and research, KyotoU has partnerships with various academic institutions outside Japan. Kyoto University has generated 5
prime ministers of Japan The Prime Minister of Japan is the chief of the executive branch of the government of Japan The is the central government of Japan. The Government of Japan consists of legislature, executive and judiciary branches and is accountable to th ...
and 1 president of Taiwan to date, and is famed for producing world-class researchers. As of October 2019, 19 Nobel Prize laureates, Fields Medal, 2 Fields medalists, and 1 Gauss Prize winner have been affiliated with Kyoto University, giving it the List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, most Nobel laureates of all universities in Asia. Apart from distinguished politicians and scholars, the university also counts in its alumni esteemed medical and legal professionals, writers, artists, and business leaders. KyotoU was ranked twelfth globally in Time's Higher Education's Alma Mater (Global Executives) Index in 2017, indicating the influence of its alumni on the business world. In addition, the university is the birthplace of the Kyoto School of philosophy, known for its discourse on religion and the meaning of "nothingness".


History

Kyoto University's forerunner was the founded in Osaka, Osaka, Osaka in 1869, which, despite its name, taught physics as well ( is a transcription (linguistics), transcription of a Dutch language, Dutch word :nl:Chemie, chemie). Later, the , was established in the place of ''Seimi-kyoku'' in 1886, it then transferred to the university's present main campus in the same year. as a part of the National Seven Universities, Imperial University system was established on June 18, 1897, using the Third Higher School's buildings. The higher school moved to a patch of land across the street, where the Yoshida South Campus stands today, and was integrated into Kyoto University in May 1949 and became the College of Liberal Arts in September 1949. In the same year of the university's establishment, the College of Science and Technology was founded. The College of Law and the College of Medicine were founded in 1899, the College of Letters in 1906, expanding the university's activities to areas outside natural science. After World War II, the current Kyoto University was established by merging the imperial university and the Third Level School, which assumed the duty of teaching liberal arts as the . The faculty was dissolved with the foundation of the in 1992. Kyoto University has since 2004 been incorporated as a national university corporation under a new law which applies to all national universities. Despite the incorporation which has led to increased financial independence and autonomy, Kyoto University is still partly controlled by the . The University's Department of Geophysics and their Disaster Prevention Research Institute are represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction.Organizations with ties to CCEP
CCEP, accessed March 19, 2011


Campuses

The university has three campuses in Yoshida,
Kyoto Kyoto (; Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...

Kyoto
; in Katsura, Kyoto; in Gokashō, Uji, Kyoto, Uji Yoshida Campus is the main campus, with some laboratories located in Uji. The Graduate School of Engineering is currently under process of moving to the newly built Katsura Campus.


Organization

The university has about 22,000 students enrolled in its undergraduate and graduate programs.


Faculties

* Faculty of Integrated Human Studies * Faculty of Letters * Faculty of Education * Faculty of Law * Faculty of Economics * Faculty of Science * Faculty of Medicine * Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences * Faculty of Engineering * Faculty of Agriculture


Graduate schools

* Graduate School of Letters * Graduate School of Education * Graduate School of Law * Graduate School of Economics * Graduate School of Science * Graduate School of Medicine * Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences * Graduate School of Engineering * Graduate School of Agriculture * Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies * Graduate School of Energy Science * Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies * Graduate School of Informatics * Graduate School of Biostudies * Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies * School of Government * Graduate School of Management * Kyoto University Law School (Japanese Text Only) * Kyoto University School of Public Health


Academics

Kyoto University promotes itself as an academic institution fostering a "spirit of freedom". The university claims eleven Nobel Laureates and two Fields Medalists among its faculty and alumni. The university is also known as the starting point for the Kyoto School philosophical movement.


Notable research institutes and facilities

* Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics * Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences * Primate Research Institute * Kosobe Conservatory * Seto Marine Biological Laboratory


Academic rankings

Kyoto University is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, and is consistently ranked second in Japan and in the top ten in Asia by Academic Ranking of World Universities, Times Higher Education, QS World University Rankings. The university was ranked 3rd in 2008 and 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. In another ranking, Japanese prep school :ja:河合塾, Kawaijuku ranked Kyodai as the 2nd best university in Japan.


Research performance

Kyodai is usually considered one of the top research institution in Japan. In fact, it has the second largest number of investment from :ja:科学研究費補助金, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, which is the national grants program for research institutions. This financial support from the Japanese government has a direct effect on Kyodai's research outcomes. According to Thomson Reuters, Kyodai is the No.1 research university in Japan. Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Chemistry (1st in Japan, 4th in the world), Biology & Biochemistry (2nd in Japan, 23rd in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (2nd in Japan, 30th in the world), Immunology (3rd in Japan, 25th in the world), Material Science (4th in Japan, 22nd in the world), and Physics (4th in Japan, 25th in the world). (this ranking includes non-educational institutions) In another ranking, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering, Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, :ja:科学研究費補助金, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to the heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers. Kyodai was placed in the 10th position (research planning ability 6th) in this ranking. Kyodai also has a high research standard in Social Sciences & Humanities. Repec in January 2011 ranked Kyodai's Institute of Economic Research as Japan's 3rd best economic research institution. Kyodai has provided 6 presidents of the Japanese Economic Association in its 42-year history, which is the 3rd largest number. Asahi Shimbun summarized the number of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Kyodai was ranked 6th for the period between 2005 and 2009.


Graduate school rankings

Kyodai Law School is considered one of the top law schools in Japan. From 2007 to 2017, it was ranked 2nd out of the 74 law schools in Japan for bar examination pass ratio, at 79.93%. In 2019, Kyodai Law School became 1st out of the 72 law schools in Japan, with a pass ratio of 62.69%. Eduniversal ranked Japanese business schools, and the Faculty of Economics in Kyodai is placed 4th in Japan (111th in the world).


Alumni rankings

Kyodai alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries such as shown below. According to the :ja:エコノミスト (雑誌), Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Kyodai have the 10th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. However, it has to be noted that this lower ranking position is because of the large number of alumni who become government bureaucrats, which is 2nd largest among Japanese universities. In fact, alumni of Kyodai's average salary is the 5th best in Japan, according to the :ja:プレジデント社, PRESIDENT. Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Kyodai as 5th in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.


Popularity and selectivity

Kyodai is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered one of the top among 180 national and public universities.


Evaluation from Business World


Athletics

Kyoto University competes in 48 sports. The university is a member of the Kansai Big Six Baseball League.


Controversy

Members of the university's American football team, the Kyoto University Gangsters, were arrested in 2006 for gang rape, which had been recently added to the Penal Code of Japan, Penal Code in January 2005 following the Super Free rape controversy. The three students had forced a female university student to drink liquor to the point of unconsciousness, at which point they gang-raped her. They were all convicted.


Notable people

Notable people from academic are eleven Nobel Prize winners, Fields Medal winners Heisuke Hironaka (1970) and Shigefumi Mori (1990) and one Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize winner Kiyosi Itô. In addition, the lecturer against vaccine conspiracies received the John Maddox Prize: Riko Muranaka, winner in 2017 for her combat of anti-HPV vaccines, HPV vaccination. File:Yukawa.jpg, Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949 File:Tomonaga.jpg, Shinichiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965 File:Kenichi Fukui.jpg, Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981 File:Susumu Tonegawa Photo.jpg, Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987 File:Rioji Noyori.jpg, Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001 File:Makoto_Kobayashi-press_conference_Dec_07th,_2008-2b.jpg, Makoto Kobayashi (physicist), Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008 File:Toshihide Masukawa-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-4.jpg, Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008 File:Shinya yamanaka10.jpg, Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012 File:Isamu Akasaki 201111.jpg, Isamu Akasaki, Physics, 2014 File:Tasuku Honjo 201311.jpg, Tasuku Honjo, Physiology or Medicine, 2018 File:Akira Yoshino cropped 2 Akira Yoshino 201910.jpg, Akira Yoshino, Chemistry, 2019 File:Osachi_Hamaguchi_posing.jpg, Osachi Hamaguchi, Prime Minister of Japan from 1929 to 1931 File:Fumimaro_Konoe_profile.jpg, Prince Fumimaro Konoe, Prime Minister of Japan from 1940 to 1941 File:Kijūrō_Shidehara.jpg, Kijūrō Shidehara, Prime Minister of Japan from 1945 to 1946 File:片山哲.jpg, Tetsu Katayama, Prime Minister of Japan from 1947 to 1948 File:Hayato_Ikeda_1962.jpg, Hayato Ikeda, Prime Minister of Japan from 1960 to 1964 File:總統李登輝先生玉照_(國民大會實錄).jpg, Lee Teng-hui, President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 1988 to 2000


See also

* List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Kyoto University * Kikuchi Dairoku * List of National Treasures of Japan (archaeological materials) * Yoshida dormitory, Kyoto University * Hitoshi Okamura


Notes


References


External links


Kyoto University

The 10th US-Japan Symposium on Drug Delivery Systems
{{Authority control Kyoto University, Kansai Six (original) Kansai Big Six Japanese national universities National Seven Universities Universities and colleges in Kyoto Forestry education 1897 establishments in Japan Educational institutions established in 1897 Super Global Universities Kansai Collegiate American Football League