Kronos Quartet is an American string quartet based in San
Francisco. They have been in existence with a rotating membership of
musicians for over forty years. The quartet covers a very broad range
of musical genres, including contemporary classical music. More than
900 works have been written for them.
1.1 30th anniversary
1.2 40th anniversary
2 New music, contemporary classical
3 Diverse genres
4 Awards and recognition
6 Published music
9 External links
The quartet was founded by violinist David Harrington in Seattle,
Washington. Its first performance was in November 1973. Since 1978,
the quartet has been based in San Francisco, California. The
longest-running combination of performers (from 1978 to 1999) had
Harrington and John Sherba on violin, Hank Dutt on viola, and Joan
Jeanrenaud on cello. In 1999,
Joan Jeanrenaud left Kronos because she
was "eager for something new"; she was replaced by Jennifer Culp
who, in turn, left in 2005 and was replaced by Jeffrey Zeigler. In
June 2013, Zeigler was replaced by Sunny Yang. With almost forty
studio albums to their credit and having performed worldwide, they
were called "probably the most famous 'new music' group in the
world" and were praised in philosophical studies of music for the
inclusiveness of their repertoire.
By the time the quartet celebrated their twenty-fifth anniversary in
1999, they had a repertoire of over 600 works, which included 400
string quartets written for them, more than 3,000 performances, seven
ASCAP awards, Edison Awards in classical and popular
music, and had sold more than 1.5 million records.
When Kronos turned 30, in 2003, they decided on a commissioning
process for composers under the age of 30, in the hope of bringing
some of the talented young composers to light. The program, called the
Under 30 Project, is now run in cooperation with Carnegie Hall, Cal
Performances at the University of California, Berkeley, and the
Montalvo Arts Center. The first recipient was
Alexandra du Bois
Alexandra du Bois (at
the time a student at Indiana University, later a Juilliard School
graduate), followed by Felipe Perez Santiago (born in Mexico in
1973), and Dan Visconti (born in Illinois in 1982); in 2007,
Israeli composer Aviya Kopelman became the fourth.
To celebrate the fortieth year of the organization, the Kronos Quartet
decided to return to Seattle, the city in which they first played, and
work in collaboration with Seattle's
Degenerate Art Ensemble to create
a piece incorporating music, dance and video. They celebrated their
40th anniversary with a sold-out performance at Zellerbach Hall, UC
Berkeley, in December 2013. The same year, Michael Giacchino, a
soundtrack composer who often names his pieces with puns, published a
piece named after them as a part of the soundtrack to Star Trek Into
Darkness (the name of the piece is "The Kronos Wartet"), for a scene
that takes place on the fictional planet "Kronos" (also spelled
New music, contemporary classical
On stage with Laurie Anderson, after performing LANDFALL at the Harris
Theater on March 17, 2015
Over 900 pieces have been created for the Kronos Quartet, which has a
long history of commissioning new works. They have worked with
many minimalist composers including John Adams, Arvo Pärt, George
Crumb, Henryk Górecki, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Terry Riley, and
Kevin Volans; collaborators hail from a diversity of countries –
Kaija Saariaho from Finland,
Pēteris Vasks from Latvia, Franghiz
Ali-Zadeh from Azerbaijan, Homayun Sakhi from Afghanistan, Victoria
Vita Polevá from Ukraine and Fernando Otero, Astor Piazzolla,
Osvaldo Golijov from Argentina. Some of Kronos' string-quartet
arrangements were published in 2007.
"I've always wanted the string quartet to be vital, and energetic, and
alive, and cool, and not afraid to kick ass and be absolutely
beautiful and ugly if it has to be. But it has to be expressive of
life. To tell the story with grace and humor and depth. And to tell
the whole story, if possible."
Kronos covers a very broad range of musical genres: Mexican folk,
experimental, pre-classical early music, movie soundtracks (Requiem
for a Dream, Heat, The Fountain), jazz and tango. Kronos has also
recorded adaptations of Jimi Hendrix's "Purple Haze", Sigur Rós's
"Flugufrelsarinn", Television's "Marquee Moon", Raymond Scott's
"Dinner Music for a Pack of Hungry Cannibals", and Bob Dylan's "Don't
Think Twice, It's All Right".
Kronos has also worked with a variety of global musicians, including
Bollywood playback singer Asha Bhosle; Mexican-American painter
Gronk; American soprano Dawn Upshaw; jazz composer/performer Pat
Metheny; Mexican rockers Café Tacuba; Azerbaijani mugam singer Alim
Qasimov; and the Romanian gypsy band
Taraf de Haïdouks
Taraf de Haïdouks among others.
Kronos has performed live with the poet Allen Ginsberg, Astor
Piazzolla, The National, the Modern
Jazz Quartet, Tom Waits, David
Paul McCartney and Björk, and has recorded with Nelly Furtado,
Rokia Traoré, Joan Armatrading, Brazilian electronica artist Amon
Tobin, Texas yodeler Don Walser, Faith No More,
Tiger Lillies and
On the 1998
Dave Matthews Band
Dave Matthews Band album Before These Crowded Streets,
Kronos Quartet performed on the tracks "Halloween" and "The Stone".
They also recorded for the 2007
Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails remix album, Year Zero
Remixed doing a rendition of the track "Another Version of the
Truth"". They also performed Lee Brooks' score for the short film
2081, based on the
Kurt Vonnegut short story "Harrison Bergeron."
In 2009, the quartet contributed an acoustic version of Blind Willie
Johnson's "Dark Was the Night" for the AIDS benefit album Dark Was the
Night produced by the Red Hot Organization.
In 2017, the quartet performed as featured artists on the songs "Lost
Light" and "Journey" on the soundtrack to the videogame Destiny 2.
Awards and recognition
Greeting the audience after a 2005 performance
Le Diapason d'Or de Mai
1997 Osvaldo Golijov's The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind
Rolf Schock Prize
1999 Royal Swedish Academy of Music for Musical Arts in Music
2003 Musicians of the Year
Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance
2004 Alban Berg: Lyric Suite
National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences
2005 The Recording Academy President's Merit Award
Polar Music Prize
2011, the quartet was Laureates of The
Polar Music Prize
Polar Music Prize 2011 is being
awarded to American string quartet Kronos Quartet. For almost 40
Kronos Quartet has been revolutionizing the potential of
the string quartet genre when it comes to both style and content. The
same type of chamber music ensemble – two violins, a viola and a
cello – for which Mozart and Beethoven wrote can also be used to
comment on international politics, interpret avant-garde rock and
incorporate music from every corner of the world
Kronos Quartet recording at BBC Radio, 2012
Kronos Quartet discography
Kronos Collection, Vol. 1. Boosey and Hawkes. 2007.
1995 - Heat. - Written by
Elliot Goldenthal featuring Kronos Quartet
1995 - Musical Outsiders: An American Legacy - Harry Partch, Lou
Harrison, and Terry Riley. Directed by Michael Blackwood.
2000 – Requiem for a Dream Soundtrack by
Clint Mansell featuring
2000 – The Man Who Cried. Directed by Sally Potter.
2006 – The Fountain Soundtrack by
Clint Mansell featuring Kronos
Quartet and Mogwai.
2009 – 2081. Directed by Chandler Tuttle.
2013 – Dirty Wars. Directed by Rick Rowley.
2014 – The Great Beauty. Directed by Paolo Sorrentino.
^ a b Graves, Jen (November 13, 2013). "The Ultimate Collaboration".
The Stranger. Seattle, United States. Retrieved November 14,
^ Templeton, David (Mar 2004). "Flight of Fancy: The sky is the limit
for ex-Kronos cellist Joan Jeanrenaud". Strings. String Letter
Publishing. 18 (7): 122.
^ "News and Notes: People". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 14 (4):
18. Nov–Dec 1999.
Kronos Quartet Welcomes New Cellist, Sunny Jungin Yang" (Press
release). Kronosquartet.org. February 28, 2013. Retrieved June 30,
^ McCalla, James (2003). Twentieth-century Chamber Music: Routledge
Studies in Musical Genres. Routledge. p. 259.
^ Bruce Ellis, Benson (2003). The improvisation of musical dialogue: a
phenomenology of music. Cambridge University Press. p. 189.
^ Richardson, Derk (Jan 1999). "Portrait of a Quartet: The Kronos
reaps the rewards of 25 years of not fitting the mold". Strings.
String Letter Publishing. 13 (5): 49–57.
^ Cahill, Greg (Jan 2003). "Kronos@30". Strings. String Letter
Publishing. 17 (5): 14.
^ Sisario, Ben (August 19, 2003). "Arts Briefing". The New York Times.
Retrieved January 13, 2009.
^ Martini, Tiffany (June–July 2006). "Sonic Youth: Kronos Quartet
gears up for new round of composition contest". Strings. String Letter
Publishing. 21 (1): 18.
^ "Aviya Kopelman Commissioned Through Kronos: Under 30 Project".
MusicalAmerica. March 15, 2007.
^ "Film Music Friday:
Michael Giacchino on Star Trek: Into Darkness".
Retrieved October 1, 2017.
^ "Kronos' David Harrington: 'There Is No Such Thing As Easy Music'".
Thought Catalog. April 5, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
^ Vivian Schweitzer (February 25, 2008). "Music Review: Kronos Quartet
– Premieres Range in Palette From Balkans to Argentina". The New
^ Adam Greenberg (February 2001). "Five Tango Sensations-Kronos
Quartet Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards All Music". All Music
^ Silberman, Daryl (Oct 2007). "First Edition: Kronos finally
publishes its highly coveted string-quartet arrangements". Strings.
String Letter Publishing. 22 (3): 90.
^ Yaple, Carol. "Four Hundred Candles: The Creation of a Repertoire".
Kronos Quartet. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
^ Kettle, David (December 2005). "Kronos Quartet/Asha Boshle
(singer)". The Strad. 116 (1388): 86.
^ Mattison, Ben (December 13, 2002). "
Kronos Quartet Named Musical
America's Musicians of the Year for 2003". Andante. Retrieved January
^ "The Laureates of the
Polar Music Prize
Polar Music Prize 2011 are Kronos Quartet
& Patti Smith". May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kronos Quartet.
Kronos Quartet at AllMusic
David Harrington of Kronos talks to Karishmeh for OFFBEAT, Dublin City
Special on Kronos Quartet
Interview with founding Kronos member David Harrington
Rolf Schock Prize laureates
Logic and philosophy
Willard Van Orman Quine
Willard Van Orman Quine (1993)
Michael Dummett (1995)
Dana Scott (1997)
John Rawls (1999)
Saul Kripke (2001)
Solomon Feferman (2003)
Jaakko Hintikka (2005)
Thomas Nagel (2008)
Hilary Putnam (2011)
Derek Parfit (2014)
Ruth Millikan (2017)
Elias M. Stein
Elias M. Stein (1993)
Andrew Wiles (1995)
Mikio Sato (1997)
Yuri I. Manin
Yuri I. Manin (1999)
Elliott H. Lieb
Elliott H. Lieb (2001)
Richard P. Stanley
Richard P. Stanley (2003)
Luis Caffarelli (2005)
Endre Szemerédi (2008)
Michael Aschbacher (2011)
Yitang Zhang (2014)
Richard Schoen (2017)
Ingvar Lidholm (1993)
György Ligeti (1995)
Jorma Panula (1997)
Kronos Quartet (1999)
Kaija Saariaho (2001)
Anne Sofie von Otter
Anne Sofie von Otter (2003)
Mauricio Kagel (2005)
Gidon Kremer (2008)
Andrew Manze (2011)
Herbert Blomstedt (2014)
Wayne Shorter (2017)
Rafael Moneo (1993)
Claes Oldenburg (1995)
Torsten Andersson (1997)
Herzog & de Meuron (1999)
Giuseppe Penone (2001)
Susan Rothenberg (2003)
Kazuyo Sejima +
Ryue Nishizawa (2005)
Mona Hatoum (2008)
Marlene Dumas (2011)
Anne Lacaton / Jean-Philippe Vassal (2014)
Doris Salcedo (2017)
Laureates of the Polar Music Prize
Paul McCartney / the
Baltic states (1992)
Dizzy Gillespie /
Witold Lutosławski (1993)
Quincy Jones /
Nikolaus Harnoncourt (1994)
Elton John /
Mstislav Rostropovich (1995)
Joni Mitchell /
Pierre Boulez (1996)
Bruce Springsteen /
Eric Ericson (1997)
Ray Charles /
Ravi Shankar (1998)
Stevie Wonder /
Iannis Xenakis (1999)
Bob Dylan /
Isaac Stern (2000)
Burt Bacharach /
Robert Moog /
Karlheinz Stockhausen (2001)
Miriam Makeba /
Sofia Gubaidulina (2002)
Keith Jarrett (2003)
B.B. King /
György Ligeti (2004)
Gilberto Gil /
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (2005)
Led Zeppelin /
Valery Gergiev (2006)
Sonny Rollins /
Steve Reich (2007)
Pink Floyd /
Renée Fleming (2008)
Peter Gabriel /
José Antonio Abreu
José Antonio Abreu /
El Sistema (2009)
Ennio Morricone (2010)
Kronos Quartet /
Patti Smith (2011)
Paul Simon /
Yo-Yo Ma (2012)
Youssou N'Dour /
Kaija Saariaho (2013)
Chuck Berry /
Peter Sellars (2014)
Emmylou Harris /
Evelyn Glennie (2015)
Max Martin /
Cecilia Bartoli (2016)
Wayne Shorter (2017)
Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2033 5359
BNF: cb139044900 (data)