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The Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
is an American string quartet based in San Francisco. They have been in existence with a rotating membership of musicians for over forty years. The quartet covers a very broad range of musical genres, including contemporary classical music. More than 900 works have been written for them.

Contents

1 History

1.1 30th anniversary 1.2 40th anniversary

2 New music, contemporary classical 3 Diverse genres 4 Awards and recognition 5 Recordings 6 Published music 7 Films 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The quartet was founded by violinist David Harrington in Seattle, Washington. Its first performance was in November 1973.[1] Since 1978, the quartet has been based in San Francisco, California. The longest-running combination of performers (from 1978 to 1999) had Harrington and John Sherba on violin, Hank Dutt on viola, and Joan Jeanrenaud on cello. In 1999, Joan Jeanrenaud
Joan Jeanrenaud
left Kronos because she was "eager for something new";[2] she was replaced by Jennifer Culp[3] who, in turn, left in 2005 and was replaced by Jeffrey Zeigler. In June 2013, Zeigler was replaced by Sunny Yang.[4] With almost forty studio albums to their credit and having performed worldwide, they were called "probably the most famous 'new music' group in the world"[5] and were praised in philosophical studies of music for the inclusiveness of their repertoire.[6] By the time the quartet celebrated their twenty-fifth anniversary in 1999, they had a repertoire of over 600 works, which included 400 string quartets written for them, more than 3,000 performances, seven first-prize ASCAP
ASCAP
awards, Edison Awards in classical and popular music, and had sold more than 1.5 million records.[7] 30th anniversary[edit] When Kronos turned 30, in 2003, they decided on a commissioning process for composers under the age of 30, in the hope of bringing some of the talented young composers to light. The program, called the Under 30 Project, is now run in cooperation with Carnegie Hall, Cal Performances at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Montalvo Arts Center. The first recipient was Alexandra du Bois
Alexandra du Bois
(at the time a student at Indiana University, later a Juilliard School graduate),[8] followed by Felipe Perez Santiago (born in Mexico in 1973),[9] and Dan Visconti (born in Illinois in 1982);[10] in 2007, Israeli composer Aviya Kopelman became the fourth.[11] 40th anniversary[edit] To celebrate the fortieth year of the organization, the Kronos Quartet decided to return to Seattle, the city in which they first played, and work in collaboration with Seattle's Degenerate Art Ensemble to create a piece incorporating music, dance and video.[1] They celebrated their 40th anniversary with a sold-out performance at Zellerbach Hall, UC Berkeley, in December 2013. The same year, Michael Giacchino, a soundtrack composer who often names his pieces with puns, published a piece named after them as a part of the soundtrack to Star Trek Into Darkness (the name of the piece is "The Kronos Wartet"), for a scene that takes place on the fictional planet "Kronos"[12] (also spelled "Qo'noS"). New music, contemporary classical[edit]

On stage with Laurie Anderson, after performing LANDFALL at the Harris Theater on March 17, 2015

Over 900 pieces have been created for the Kronos Quartet, which has a long history of commissioning new works.[13] They have worked with many minimalist composers including John Adams, Arvo Pärt, George Crumb, Henryk Górecki, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Terry Riley, and Kevin Volans; collaborators hail from a diversity of countries – Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
from Finland, Pēteris Vasks
Pēteris Vasks
from Latvia, Franghiz Ali-Zadeh from Azerbaijan, Homayun Sakhi from Afghanistan, Victoria Vita Polevá from Ukraine and Fernando Otero,[14] Astor Piazzolla,[15] and Osvaldo Golijov from Argentina. Some of Kronos' string-quartet arrangements were published in 2007.[16] Diverse genres[edit]

"I've always wanted the string quartet to be vital, and energetic, and alive, and cool, and not afraid to kick ass and be absolutely beautiful and ugly if it has to be. But it has to be expressive of life. To tell the story with grace and humor and depth. And to tell the whole story, if possible."     —David Harrington[17]

Kronos covers a very broad range of musical genres: Mexican folk, experimental, pre-classical early music, movie soundtracks (Requiem for a Dream, Heat, The Fountain), jazz and tango. Kronos has also recorded adaptations of Jimi Hendrix's "Purple Haze", Sigur Rós's "Flugufrelsarinn", Television's "Marquee Moon", Raymond Scott's "Dinner Music for a Pack of Hungry Cannibals", and Bob Dylan's "Don't Think Twice, It's All Right". Kronos has also worked with a variety of global musicians, including Bollywood
Bollywood
playback singer Asha Bhosle;[18] Mexican-American painter Gronk; American soprano Dawn Upshaw; jazz composer/performer Pat Metheny; Mexican rockers Café Tacuba; Azerbaijani mugam singer Alim Qasimov; and the Romanian gypsy band Taraf de Haïdouks
Taraf de Haïdouks
among others. Kronos has performed live with the poet Allen Ginsberg, Astor Piazzolla, The National, the Modern Jazz
Jazz
Quartet, Tom Waits, David Bowie, Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
and Björk, and has recorded with Nelly Furtado, Rokia Traoré, Joan Armatrading, Brazilian electronica artist Amon Tobin, Texas yodeler Don Walser, Faith No More, Tiger Lillies
Tiger Lillies
and David Grisman. On the 1998 Dave Matthews Band
Dave Matthews Band
album Before These Crowded Streets, Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
performed on the tracks "Halloween" and "The Stone". They also recorded for the 2007 Nine Inch Nails
Nine Inch Nails
remix album, Year Zero Remixed doing a rendition of the track "Another Version of the Truth"". They also performed Lee Brooks' score for the short film 2081, based on the Kurt Vonnegut
Kurt Vonnegut
short story "Harrison Bergeron." In 2009, the quartet contributed an acoustic version of Blind Willie Johnson's "Dark Was the Night" for the AIDS benefit album Dark Was the Night produced by the Red Hot Organization. In 2017, the quartet performed as featured artists on the songs "Lost Light" and "Journey" on the soundtrack to the videogame Destiny 2. Awards and recognition[edit]

Greeting the audience after a 2005 performance

Le Diapason d'Or de Mai

1997 Osvaldo Golijov's The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind

Rolf Schock Prize

1999 Royal Swedish Academy of Music for Musical Arts in Music

Musical America

2003 Musicians of the Year[19]

Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance

2004 Alban Berg: Lyric Suite

National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences

2005 The Recording Academy President's Merit Award

Polar Music Prize

2011, the quartet was Laureates of The Polar Music Prize
Polar Music Prize
2011 is being awarded to American string quartet Kronos Quartet. For almost 40 years, the Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
has been revolutionizing the potential of the string quartet genre when it comes to both style and content. The same type of chamber music ensemble – two violins, a viola and a cello – for which Mozart and Beethoven wrote can also be used to comment on international politics, interpret avant-garde rock and incorporate music from every corner of the world[20]

Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
recording at BBC Radio, 2012

Recordings[edit] Main article: Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
discography Published music[edit]

Kronos Collection, Vol. 1. Boosey and Hawkes. 2007. 

Films[edit]

1995 - Heat. - Written by Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
featuring Kronos Quartet 1995 - Musical Outsiders: An American Legacy - Harry Partch, Lou Harrison, and Terry Riley. Directed by Michael Blackwood. 2000 – Requiem for a Dream Soundtrack by Clint Mansell
Clint Mansell
featuring Kronos Quartet. 2000 – The Man Who Cried. Directed by Sally Potter. 2006 – The Fountain Soundtrack by Clint Mansell
Clint Mansell
featuring Kronos Quartet and Mogwai. 2009 – 2081. Directed by Chandler Tuttle. 2013 – Dirty Wars. Directed by Rick Rowley. 2014 – The Great Beauty. Directed by Paolo Sorrentino.

References[edit]

^ a b Graves, Jen (November 13, 2013). "The Ultimate Collaboration". The Stranger. Seattle, United States. Retrieved November 14, 2013.  ^ Templeton, David (Mar 2004). "Flight of Fancy: The sky is the limit for ex-Kronos cellist Joan Jeanrenaud". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 18 (7): 122.  ^ "News and Notes: People". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 14 (4): 18. Nov–Dec 1999.  ^ " Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
Welcomes New Cellist, Sunny Jungin Yang" (Press release). Kronosquartet.org. February 28, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.  ^ McCalla, James (2003). Twentieth-century Chamber Music: Routledge Studies in Musical Genres. Routledge. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-415-96695-5.  ^ Bruce Ellis, Benson (2003). The improvisation of musical dialogue: a phenomenology of music. Cambridge University Press. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-521-00932-4.  ^ Richardson, Derk (Jan 1999). "Portrait of a Quartet: The Kronos reaps the rewards of 25 years of not fitting the mold". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 13 (5): 49–57.  ^ Cahill, Greg (Jan 2003). "Kronos@30". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 17 (5): 14.  ^ Sisario, Ben (August 19, 2003). "Arts Briefing". The New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2009.  ^ Martini, Tiffany (June–July 2006). "Sonic Youth: Kronos Quartet gears up for new round of composition contest". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 21 (1): 18.  ^ "Aviya Kopelman Commissioned Through Kronos: Under 30 Project". MusicalAmerica. March 15, 2007.  ^ "Film Music Friday: Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
on Star Trek: Into Darkness". Retrieved October 1, 2017.  ^ "Kronos' David Harrington: 'There Is No Such Thing As Easy Music'". Thought Catalog. April 5, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2017.  ^ Vivian Schweitzer (February 25, 2008). "Music Review: Kronos Quartet – Premieres Range in Palette From Balkans to Argentina". The New York Times.  ^ Adam Greenberg (February 2001). "Five Tango Sensations-Kronos Quartet Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards All Music". All Music Guide.  ^ Silberman, Daryl (Oct 2007). "First Edition: Kronos finally publishes its highly coveted string-quartet arrangements". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 22 (3): 90.  ^ Yaple, Carol. "Four Hundred Candles: The Creation of a Repertoire". Kronos Quartet. Retrieved March 30, 2010.  ^ Kettle, David (December 2005). "Kronos Quartet/Asha Boshle (singer)". The Strad. 116 (1388): 86.  ^ Mattison, Ben (December 13, 2002). " Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
Named Musical America's Musicians of the Year for 2003". Andante. Retrieved January 12, 2009.  ^ "The Laureates of the Polar Music Prize
Polar Music Prize
2011 are Kronos Quartet & Patti Smith". May 3, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kronos Quartet.

Official website Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
at AllMusic David Harrington of Kronos talks to Karishmeh for OFFBEAT, Dublin City FM. Feature Special
Special
on Kronos Quartet Interview with founding Kronos member David Harrington

v t e

Rolf Schock Prize laureates

Logic and philosophy

Willard Van Orman Quine
Willard Van Orman Quine
(1993) Michael Dummett
Michael Dummett
(1995) Dana Scott
Dana Scott
(1997) John Rawls
John Rawls
(1999) Saul Kripke
Saul Kripke
(2001) Solomon Feferman (2003) Jaakko Hintikka
Jaakko Hintikka
(2005) Thomas Nagel
Thomas Nagel
(2008) Hilary Putnam
Hilary Putnam
(2011) Derek Parfit (2014) Ruth Millikan (2017)

Mathematics

Elias M. Stein
Elias M. Stein
(1993) Andrew Wiles
Andrew Wiles
(1995) Mikio Sato (1997) Yuri I. Manin
Yuri I. Manin
(1999) Elliott H. Lieb
Elliott H. Lieb
(2001) Richard P. Stanley
Richard P. Stanley
(2003) Luis Caffarelli (2005) Endre Szemerédi
Endre Szemerédi
(2008) Michael Aschbacher (2011) Yitang Zhang
Yitang Zhang
(2014) Richard Schoen
Richard Schoen
(2017)

Musical arts

Ingvar Lidholm
Ingvar Lidholm
(1993) György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1995) Jorma Panula
Jorma Panula
(1997) Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
(1999) Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
(2001) Anne Sofie von Otter
Anne Sofie von Otter
(2003) Mauricio Kagel
Mauricio Kagel
(2005) Gidon Kremer
Gidon Kremer
(2008) Andrew Manze
Andrew Manze
(2011) Herbert Blomstedt
Herbert Blomstedt
(2014) Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
(2017)

Visual arts

Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1993) Claes Oldenburg
Claes Oldenburg
(1995) Torsten Andersson (1997) Herzog & de Meuron (1999) Giuseppe Penone
Giuseppe Penone
(2001) Susan Rothenberg (2003) SANAA
SANAA
/ Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
+ Ryue Nishizawa (2005) Mona Hatoum (2008) Marlene Dumas
Marlene Dumas
(2011) Anne Lacaton / Jean-Philippe Vassal (2014) Doris Salcedo
Doris Salcedo
(2017)

v t e

Laureates of the Polar Music Prize

1990s

Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
/ the Baltic states
Baltic states
(1992) Dizzy Gillespie
Dizzy Gillespie
/ Witold Lutosławski
Witold Lutosławski
(1993) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
/ Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
(1994) Elton John
Elton John
/ Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
(1995) Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell
/ Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
(1996) Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
/ Eric Ericson
Eric Ericson
(1997) Ray Charles
Ray Charles
/ Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar
(1998) Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
/ Iannis Xenakis
Iannis Xenakis
(1999)

2000s

Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
/ Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
(2000) Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
/ Robert Moog
Robert Moog
/ Karlheinz Stockhausen
Karlheinz Stockhausen
(2001) Miriam Makeba
Miriam Makeba
/ Sofia Gubaidulina
Sofia Gubaidulina
(2002) Keith Jarrett
Keith Jarrett
(2003) B.B. King
B.B. King
/ György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(2004) Gilberto Gil
Gilberto Gil
/ Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
(2005) Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
/ Valery Gergiev
Valery Gergiev
(2006) Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
/ Steve Reich
Steve Reich
(2007) Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
/ Renée Fleming
Renée Fleming
(2008) Peter Gabriel
Peter Gabriel
/ José Antonio Abreu
José Antonio Abreu
/ El Sistema (2009)

2010s

Björk
Björk
/ Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2010) Kronos Quartet
Kronos Quartet
/ Patti Smith
Patti Smith
(2011) Paul Simon
Paul Simon
/ Yo-Yo Ma
Yo-Yo Ma
(2012) Youssou N'Dour
Youssou N'Dour
/ Kaija Saariaho
Kaija Saariaho
(2013) Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
/ Peter Sellars
Peter Sellars
(2014) Emmylou Harris
Emmylou Harris
/ Evelyn Glennie
Evelyn Glennie
(2015) Max Martin
Max Martin
/ Cecilia Bartoli
Cecilia Bartoli
(2016) Sting / Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
(2017) Metallica
Metallica
/ Afghanistan National Institute of Music (2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 122048720 LCCN: n80055753 ISNI: 0000 0001 2033 5359 GND: 5047907-6 SUDOC: 078400880 BNF: cb139044900 (data) MusicBrainz: f5586dfa-7031-4af0

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