Kranidi (Greek: Κρανίδι, Katharevousa: Κρανίδιον) is a
town and a former municipality in Argolis, Peloponnese, Greece. Since
the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality
Ermionida, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. The
municipal unit has an area of 252.938 km2. Some say the name is
derived from the word Koronida, while others claim it is from the word
Kranaos, which means "rocky trough". It is situated in the eastern
part of Argolis, on the easternmost "finger" of the Peloponnese
peninsula. It is 8 km west of Ermioni, 28 km south of
Epidaurus and 38
km southeast of Nafplio.
Kranidi is known for being the location of second homes of several
prominent celebrities, including
Sean Connery and the Dutch head of
Willem-Alexander and his wife Queen Máxima.
3 Historical population
The area around
Kranidi consists of low hills, covered with olive
groves and small forests. The town itself is about 4 km from the
coast. Several villages of the municipal unit
Kranidi are on the
Aegean Sea coast, including Koilada,
Portocheli and the small beach
Inside the church of Agios Prodromos.
The place of
Kranidi has been inhabited for thousands of years. Very
close to town is located the
Phrancthi Cave that was the dwelling of
prehistoric man. During the Homeric era, in this place there were two
cities, Hermion (in place of modern Ermioni) and Masis (in place of
the modern village of Koilada). In the classical era, a few kilometers
south, the city of Halieis was built, in place of modern Porto Heli.
Kranidi is first mentioned in the 16th century after the Turkish name
Kato Nahagie, which means low province.
Kranidi was one of the
centers of the Greek uprising of 1777. After the
failure of the rebellion, however, many locals abandoned the area in
order to avoid persecution by the Muslim Ottomans. Many of them sought
refuge away from the Peloponnese, in Europe and Russia. Many also
migrated to Cyprus. The modern name derives either
from ancient the Greek name Kranaos or from the name of the nearby
islet of Koronida. This name was corrupted to Kranida and after
Kranidi. The residents of
Kranidi took part in the Greek War of
Independence. One local guerilla was the priest Arsenios Krestas. In
1823, before breaking the first Greek Civil War,
Kranidi became the
seat of the legislature part of Greek government. After the
Kranidi was appointed the seat of
Kranidi is a flourishing small town with a rich nautical
tradition and developed touristic services.
^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011.
ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical
^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average
elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
^ a b "Κρανίδι". ARGOLIKOS ARCHIVAL LIBRARY HISTORY AND
CULTURE. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
^ "Κυβέρνηση στο Κρανίδι (1823)". ARGOLIKOS
ARCHIVAL LIBRARY HISTORY AND CULTURE. Retrieved 28 September
Places adjacent to Kranidi
Subdivisions of the municipality of Ermionida
Municipal unit of Ermioni
Municipal unit of Kranidi