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Konya
Konya
(Turkish pronunciation: [ˈkon.ja]; Greek: Ἰκόνιον Ikónion, Latin: Iconium) is a major city in south-western edge of the Central Anatolian Plateau and is the seventh-most-populous city in Turkey
Turkey
with a metropolitan population of over 2.1 million. [1] Konya
Konya
is an economically and industrially developed city[2][3][4] and the capital of Konya
Konya
Province. After its conquest by Turkish tribes, Konya
Konya
became the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Sultanate of Rum
(Anatolia) (1077–1308) and the Karamanids (13th century–1487).

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Ancient history 2.2 Seljuk era 2.3 Karamanid era 2.4 Ottoman era 2.5 Turkish War of Independence 2.6 Population exchange between Greece and Turkey 2.7 Republic era

3 Government 4 Geography

4.1 Lakes

5 Climate 6 Education 7 Economy 8 Transportation

8.1 Bus 8.2 Tram 8.3 Railway 8.4 Airport

9 Notable people 10 Main sights 11 Sports 12 Culture 13 Twin towns 14 See also 15 Further reading 16 Sources 17 External links

Name[edit] Konya, was known in classical antiquity and during the medieval period as Ἰκόνιον (Ikónion) in Greek (with regular Medieval Greek apheresis Kónio(n)) and as Iconium in Latin. This name is commonly explained as a derivation from εἰκών (icon), as an ancient Greek legend ascribed its name to the "eikon" (image), or the "gorgon's (Medusa's) head", with which Perseus
Perseus
vanquished the native population before founding the city.[5] In some historic English texts, the city's name appears as Konia or Koniah. History[edit] Ancient history[edit]

Hercules
Hercules
Sarcophagus
Sarcophagus
(ca. 250–260 AD) at the Konya
Konya
Archaeological Museum

Excavations have shown that the region was inhabited during the Late Copper Age, around 3000 BC.[5] The city came under the influence of the Hittites
Hittites
around 1500 BC. Later it was overtaken by the Sea Peoples in around 1200 BC. The Phrygians established their kingdom in central Anatolia
Anatolia
in the 8th century BC. Xenophon
Xenophon
describes Iconium, as the city was called, as the last city of Phrygia. The region was overwhelmed by Cimmerian invaders c. 690 BC. It was later part of the Persian Empire, until Darius III was defeated by Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
in 333 BC. Alexander's empire broke up shortly after his death and the town came under the rule of Seleucus I Nicator. During the Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
the town was ruled by the kings of Pergamon. As Attalus III, the last king of Pergamon, was about to die without an heir, he bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman Republic. Once incorporated into the Roman Empire, under the rule of emperor Claudius, the city's name was changed to Claudioconium, and during the rule of emperor Hadrianus to Colonia Aelia Hadriana. According to the Acts of the Apostles, the apostles Paul and Barnabas preached in Iconium during their first Missionary Journey in about 47–48 AD,[6][7][8] having been persecuted in Antioch, and Paul and Silas
Silas
probably visited it again during Paul's Second Missionary Journey in about 50.[9][10] Their visit to the synagogue of the Jews in Iconium divided the Jewish and non-Jewish communities between those who believed Paul and Barnabas' message and those who did not believe, provoking a disturbance during which attempts were made to stone the apostles. They fled to Lystra
Lystra
and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia. This experience is also mentioned in the Second Letter to Timothy,[11]. 19th century American theologian Albert Barnes suggested that Timothy had been present with Paul in Iconium, Antioch
Antioch
and Lystra.[12] The city became the seat of a bishop, which in ca. 370 was raised to the status of a metropolitan see for Lycaonia, with Saint Amphilochius
Saint Amphilochius
as the first metropolitan bishop.[13] In Christian legend, based on the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla, Iconium was also the birthplace of Saint Thecla, who saved the city from attack by the Isaurians.[13] Under the Byzantine Empire, the city was part of the Anatolic Theme. During the 8th to 10th centuries, the town and the nearby Kabala (Caballa) Fortress (Turkish: Gevale Kalesi) were a frequent target of Arab attacks as part of the Arab–Byzantine wars.[13] Seljuk era[edit] Main article: Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate

Ince Minaret Medrese
Ince Minaret Medrese
(1279) in Konya

The Seljuk Turks
Seljuk Turks
first raided the area in 1069, but a period of chaos overwhelmed Anatolia
Anatolia
after the Seljuk victory in the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, and the Norman mercenary leader Roussel de Bailleul rose in revolt at Iconium. The city was finally conquered by the Seljuks in 1084.[13] From 1097 to 1243 it was the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum. It was briefly occupied by the Crusaders Godfrey of Bouillon
Godfrey of Bouillon
(August 1097), and Frederick Barbarossa
Frederick Barbarossa
(May 18, 1190) after the Battle of Iconium (1190). The area was retaken by the Turks. The name of the town was changed to Konya
Konya
(in Persian: قونیه‎ quniya) by Mesud I
Mesud I
in 1134.[citation needed]

Established in 1273, the Sufi
Sufi
Mevlevi Order
Mevlevi Order
and its Whirling Dervishes are among the renowned symbols of Konya
Konya
and Turkey.

Konya
Konya
reached the height of its wealth and influence in the second half of the 12th century when the Seljuk sultans of Rum also subdued the Anatolian beyliks
Anatolian beyliks
to their east, especially that of the Danishmends, thus establishing their rule over virtually all of eastern Anatolia, as well as acquiring several port towns along the Mediterranean (including Alanya) and the Black Sea
Black Sea
(including Sinop) and even gaining a momentary foothold in Sudak, Crimea. This golden age lasted until the first decades of the 13th century.[citation needed] Many Persians and Persianized Turks
Persianized Turks
from Persia
Persia
and Central Asia migrated to Anatolian cities either to flee the invading Mongols or to benefit from the opportunities for educated Muslims in a newly established kingdom.[14] By the 1220s, the city of Konya
Konya
was filled with refugees from the Khwarezmid Empire. Sultan Kayqubad I
Kayqubad I
fortified the town and built a palace on top of the citadel. In 1228 he invited Bahaeddin Veled and his son Rumi, the founder of the Mevlevi
Mevlevi
order, to settle in Konya.[citation needed] In 1243, following the Seljuk defeat in the Battle of Köse Dağ, Konya
Konya
was captured by the Mongols as well. The city remained the capital of the Seljuk sultans, vassalized to the Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
until the end of the century.[citation needed]

A panoramic view of the city from the Hacıveyiszade Mosque
Hacıveyiszade Mosque
and citadel

Karamanid era[edit] Main article: Karamanids Following the fall of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate
Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate
in 1307, Konya was made the capital of a Turkish beylik (emirate); which lasted until 1322 when the city was captured by the neighbouring Beylik of Karamanoğlu. In 1420, the Beylik of Karamanoğlu fell to the Ottoman Empire and, in 1453, Konya
Konya
was made the provincial capital of Karaman Eyalet. Ottoman era[edit] Main articles: Ottoman Empire, Karaman Eyalet, and Vilayet
Vilayet
of Konya

16th-century Konya
Konya
carpet, in the collections of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA).

During Ottoman rule, Konya
Konya
was administered by the Sultan's sons (Şehzade), starting with Şehzade Mustafa and Şehzade Cem (the sons of Sultan Mehmed II), and later the future Sultan Selim II. Between 1483 and 1864, Konya
Konya
was the administrative capital of Karaman Eyalet. During the Tanzimat
Tanzimat
period, as part of the vilayet system introduced in 1864, Konya
Konya
became the seat of the larger Vilayet of Konya
Vilayet of Konya
which replaced Karaman Eyalet. Turkish War of Independence[edit]

Greeks from Konya.

Konya
Konya
had a major air base during the Turkish War of Independence. In 1922, the Air Force was renamed as the Inspectorate of Air Forces[15] and was headquartered in Konya.[16][17] The Third Air Wing[18] of the 1st Air Force Command[19] is based at the Konya
Konya
Air Base. The wing controls the four Boeing 737 AEW&C Peace Eagle aircraft of the Turkish Air Force.[20][21] Population exchange between Greece and Turkey[edit] In 1923 in the frame of the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the Greeks that inhabited the town of Konya
Konya
left as refugees and settled in Greece. At the same time a significant influx of Albanians came and settled in the area.[22] Republic era[edit] Konya
Konya
was a center for agriculture at the turn of the 20th century.[citation needed] Since the late 20th century, the economy has diversified. The Meram
Meram
highway was constructed in 1950.[citation needed] The first Konya
Konya
National Exhibition and Fair was held in 1968.[citation needed] The Koyunoğlu Museum was donated to the city in 1973 and it reopened in a new building.[citation needed] Government[edit]

Konya
Konya
Metropolitan Governorship

The first local administration in Konya
Konya
was founded in 1830. This administration was converted into a municipality in 1876.[23] In March 1989, the municipality became a Metropolitan Municipality. As of that date, Konya
Konya
had three central district municipalities (Meram, Selçuklu, Karatay) and a Metropolitan Municipality. Geography[edit] Konya
Konya
is the center of the largest province, the largest plain (Konya Plain) and is among the largest cities in the country. It is the seventh most populated city in Turkey.[24] Konya
Konya
City is in the southern part of the[ Central Anatolia
Anatolia
Region]]. The land is broad and flat with a lot of lowlands and plateaus. The plateaus are covered with rich steppes, therefore, affecting the agriculture sector. Additionally, the southernmost part of Konya
Konya
is largely surrounded by the Taurus Mountains. Lakes[edit] Lake Tuz, known in Turkish as Tuz Golu, is the second-largest lake in all of Turkey. This lake supplies Turkey
Turkey
with a large amount of Turkey's salt demand. Beysehir Lake
Beysehir Lake
is on the western part of Konya
Konya
and is near the border. It is known to be the largest fresh water lake in Turkey
Turkey
and one of the most important national parks. Beysehir Lake
Beysehir Lake
is important for tourism in Konya
Konya
and attracts thousands of people each year to its 2 beaches and 22 islands for water and mountain sports. Meke Lake is on the border of the Karapinar province and is considered to be a heavily protected natural area. Climate[edit] Konya
Konya
has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen classification[25] and a hot summer continental (Dca) or hot summer oceanic (Doa) climate under the Trewartha classification. Summers temperatures average 30 °C (86 °F). The highest temperature recorded in Konya
Konya
was 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 30 July 2000. Winters average −4.2 °C (24 °F). The lowest temperature recorded was −26.5 °C (−16 °F) on 6 February 1972. Due to Konya's high altitude and its dry summers, nightly temperatures in the summer months are cool. Precipitation levels are low, but precipitation can be observed throughout the year.

Climate data for Konya
Konya
(1950 - 2014)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 17.6 (63.7) 23.8 (74.8) 28.9 (84) 31.5 (88.7) 34.4 (93.9) 37.2 (99) 40.6 (105.1) 39.6 (103.3) 36.1 (97) 31.6 (88.9) 25.2 (77.4) 21.8 (71.2) 40.6 (105.1)

Average high °C (°F) 4.8 (40.6) 7.1 (44.8) 11.9 (53.4) 17.5 (63.5) 22.3 (72.1) 26.7 (80.1) 30.2 (86.4) 30.1 (86.2) 26.0 (78.8) 19.8 (67.6) 12.9 (55.2) 6.6 (43.9) 17.99 (64.38)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0 (32) 1.4 (34.5) 5.7 (42.3) 11.1 (52) 15.7 (60.3) 20.2 (68.4) 23.6 (74.5) 23.1 (73.6) 18.6 (65.5) 12.4 (54.3) 6.1 (43) 1.7 (35.1) 11.63 (52.96)

Average low °C (°F) −3.9 (25) −3.2 (26.2) 0.0 (32) 4.5 (40.1) 8.7 (47.7) 12.8 (55) 16.1 (61) 15.7 (60.3) 11.1 (52) 6.0 (42.8) 0.8 (33.4) −2.3 (27.9) 5.53 (41.95)

Record low °C (°F) −25.8 (−14.4) −26.5 (−15.7) −15.8 (3.6) −8.6 (16.5) −1.2 (29.8) 3.2 (37.8) 6.0 (42.8) 6.6 (43.9) 0.4 (32.7) −7.6 (18.3) −20.0 (−4) −22.4 (−8.3) −26.5 (−15.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.9 (1.413) 28.0 (1.102) 27.5 (1.083) 32.3 (1.272) 43.3 (1.705) 24.3 (0.957) 6.6 (0.26) 5.3 (0.209) 11.8 (0.465) 30.1 (1.185) 32.6 (1.283) 42.0 (1.654) 319.7 (12.588)

Average precipitation days 9.8 8.6 8.9 9.4 10.8 6.7 2.3 1.5 3.1 6.3 6.8 9.9 84.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 99.2 124.3 207.7 213.0 279.0 312.0 353.4 347.2 282.0 223.2 156.0 96.1 2,693.1

Percent possible sunshine 32.6 40.9 56.2 53.9 63.3 70.4 78.5 82.3 75.7 64.2 51.4 32.5 58.49

Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[26]

Education[edit]

Library of Selçuk University in Konya

Nalçacı Avenue in Selçuk, Konya.

Konya
Konya
hosts the Tactical Training Center Anatolian Eagle, a center for training NATO
NATO
Allies and friendly Air Forces. Real Like training environment with large area and skilled aggressors provides a training opportunity to reach the maximum combat readiness for Air Force Fighters. Official Web Site Konya
Konya
ranks among the nation's top 10 cities for the average score of high school graduates.[citation needed] There are various elementary and secondary schools in the province. The Meram
Meram
Fen Lisesi is among Turkey's first-tier science high schools.[citation needed] Konya
Konya
is one of the few cities[citation needed] to contain more than 100,000 college students. Selçuk University had the largest number of students, 76,080, of any public university in Turkey
Turkey
during the 2008-09 academic year.[27] It was founded in 1975. The other public university is Necmettin Erbakan University which was established in Konya
Konya
in 2010.[28] Private colleges in Konya
Konya
include the KTO Karatay University.[29] Economy[edit]

The 42-floor Seljuk Tower
Seljuk Tower
(2006) is the tallest building in Konya

The city ranks among the Anatolian Tigers.[2][3][4] There are a number of industrial parks.[30] In 2012 Konya's exports reached 130 countries.[30] A number of Turkish industrial conglomerates, such as Kombassan Holding, have their headquarters in Konya.[31] While agriculture-based industries play a role, the city's economy has evolved into a center for the manufacturing of components for the automotive industry; machinery manufacturing; agricultural tools; casting industry; plastic paint and chemical industry; construction materials; paper and packing industry; processed foods; textiles; and leather industry.[30] Transportation[edit]

A TCDD HT65000
TCDD HT65000
on the Ankara– Konya
Konya
line of the Turkish State Railways

A Škoda 28 T
Škoda 28 T
tram produced for the Konya
Konya
Metropolitan Municipality

Bus[edit] The bus station has connections to a range of destinations, including Istanbul, Ankara
Ankara
and İzmir. Tram[edit] Konya
Konya
has a tramway network in the city center, on which the Škoda 28 T trams are being used.[32] Railway[edit] Konya
Konya
is connected to Ankara, Eskişehir
Eskişehir
and Istanbul
Istanbul
via the high-speed railway services of the Turkish State Railways.[33][34] Airport[edit] Konya Airport
Konya Airport
is a public airport and military airbase that is also used by NATO. In 2006, Konya Airport
Konya Airport
served 2,924 aircraft and 262,561 passengers.[35] Notable people[edit]

Tertius of Iconium, the amanuensis who wrote down Paul the Apostle's Epistle to the Romans[citation needed] Amphilochius of Iconium, Christian bishop of the 4rth century[36] Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi
Sadr al-Din al-Qunawi
disciple of Ibn Arabi
Ibn Arabi
and an original thinker in his own right.[citation needed] Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, also called Mawlana Balkhi or "Mevlâna", was the founder of the Sufi
Sufi
Mevlevi order
Mevlevi order
(known for the Whirling Dervishes). He spent the last fifty years of his life in Konya. His tomb is located here.[citation needed] Prokopios Lazaridis, Greek Orthodox metropolitan bishop of the Metropolis of Iconium[37][38] Orkut
Orkut
Büyükkökten, a software engineer who developed the social networking service Orkut, was born in 1975 in Konya.[39]

Main sights[edit]

Mevlana Museum
Mevlana Museum
(1274) is the resting place of the Sufi
Sufi
mystic and poet Rumi
Rumi
in Konya, the capital of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate.

Alâeddin Mosque
Alâeddin Mosque
(1235) in Konya

Mevlana Museum, formerly the tekke of Mevlana[citation needed] Sille. 8 kilometres (5.0 miles) northwest from Mevlana Museum. Antique village. mosques, churches, cave churches and catakombs on the historic Kings Road - Silky Road - Pilgrims Road to Jerusalem. Sillehan, a must see in Konya. Alâeddin Mosque[citation needed] Ince Minaret Medrese—Museum[citation needed] Karatay Medrese—Museum[citation needed] Aziziye Mosque[citation needed] Konya
Konya
Ethnography Museum[citation needed] Konya
Konya
Archaeological Museum[40] Atatürk's House Museum[citation needed] İzzet Koyunoğlu City Museum[citation needed] St. Paul's Catholic Church—at Alaeddin Hill[citation needed] Seljuk Tower, the tallest building in Konya[citation needed]

Sports[edit] Konyaspor
Konyaspor
is the football club of the city, that appear in Turkish Professional Football League. On May 31, 2017, he won the first national trophy of his history, winning Türkiye Kupası in the final against İstanbul Başakşehir in penalty shootout. The team repeated on 6 August following winning Türkiye Süper Kupası against Turkey's Beşiktaş champion. Culture[edit]

Etli ekmek
Etli ekmek
is a local dish of Konya

Selimiye Mosque (1558) in Konya

Konya
Konya
was the final home of Rumi
Rumi
(Mevlana), whose tomb is in the city. In 1273, his followers in Konya
Konya
established the Mevlevi
Mevlevi
Sufi
Sufi
order of Islam
Islam
and became known as the Whirling Dervishes. Konya
Konya
has the reputation of being one of the more religiously conservative metropolitan centers in Turkey. It was once known as the "citadel of Islam" and its inhabitants are still comparatively more devout than those from other cities.[41] Konya
Konya
produced Turkish carpets that were exported to Europe during the Renaissance.[42][43] These expensive, richly patterned textiles were draped over tables, beds, or chests to proclaim the wealth and status of their owners, and were often included in the contemporary oil paintings as symbols of the wealth of the painter's clients.[44] A Turkish folk songs is named Konyalım, Konyalıya Güzel Derler and Konyalım Yaman Çalar Şak Şak Kaşığı, making reference to a loved one from Konya.[45] The local cuisine of Konya
Konya
includes dishes made of bulgur wheat and lamb meat.[46] One of the renowned dishes of the city is etli ekmek, which is similar to lahmacun and pizza.[46] Food: Etliekmek- flat bread baked with ground meat, peppers, onions, and tomatoes Pişmaniye- similar to American cotton candy and resembles a fully white ball of yarn Firun Kebab- over-cooked meat (usually lamb) Various Candies: Konya
Konya
is known for their sweets. They are famous for Cezerye, an old Turkish sweet made of carrots. Tirit- a traditional rice dish that is made with meat and various vegetables. Tavak Suyu- a tomato broth based soup made with shredded chicken and noodles Twin towns[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkey Konya
Konya
is twinned with:

Europe

Bârlad, Romania Tetovo, Republic of Macedonia[47] Verona, Italy Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina Paris, France

Americas

Los Angeles, California Tijuana, Baja California Santiago, Chile

Asia

Sheki, Azerbaijan Ganja, Azerbaijan Tabriz, Iran Qom, Iran Khoy, Iran
Iran
(since 2011)[48] Nishapur, Iran
Iran
(since 2011)[48] Sana'a, Yemen Xi'an, China Multan, Pakistan[49] Kyoto, Japan Sylhet, Bangladesh

Africa

Al Qadarif, Sudan

See also[edit]

Turkey
Turkey
portal

Anatolian Tigers Konya
Konya
Carpets and Rugs

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century

"Konia", Handbook for Travellers in Turkey
Turkey
(3rd ed.), London: J. Murray, 1854, OCLC 2145740  Clément Huart (1897). Konia, la ville des derviches tourneurs (in French). Paris: Leroux. 

Published in the 20th century

"Konia", The Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424  E. Broadrup (1995). "Konya/Catal Huyuk". International Dictionary of Historic Places. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn. 

Published in the 21st century

C. Edmund Bosworth, ed. (2007). "Konya". Historic Cities of the Islamic World. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill.  "Konya". Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Oxford University Press. 2009. 

Sources[edit]

General

"About Konya/ Geography and Transportation". Konya
Konya
Sanayi Odasi. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  Gould, Kevin. "Konya, In a Whirl of its Own". The Guardian. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  "7 Good Eats in Konya". My Traveling Joys. Retrieved November 12, 2016. 

References and notes

^ a b "Turkey: Major cities and provinces". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2015-02-08.  ^ a b Financial Times: Reports — Anatolian tigers: Regions prove plentiful ^ a b root. "Anatolian Tigers". Investopedia. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ a b Zaman: Anatolian tigers conquering the world ^ a b "Konya". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ Acts 13:51 ^ Acts 14:1–5 ^ Acts 14:21) ^ Acts 16:2 ^ see William Ramsay, Cities of St. Paul, 315–384; F. F. Bruce, Paul: Apostle of the Heart Set Free Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1977. p. 475. ^ 2 Timothy 3:10-13 ^ Barnes, A., Barnes' Notes on the Bible, accessed 6 September 2015 ^ a b c d Foss, Clive (1991). "Ikonion". In Kazhdan, Alexander. Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. London and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 985. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.  ^ Mango, Andrew, Discovering Turkey, Hastings House, 1972, page 61 ^ Turkic:Kuva-yı Havaiye Müfettişliği ^ "Bir Hata Oluştu". Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ Utkan Kocatürk, Atatürk ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti tarihi kronolojisi, 1918-1938, Türk Tarîh Kurumu Basımevi, 1983, p. 674. ^ Ana Jet Üssü or AJÜ ^ Hava Kuvvet Komutanlığı ^ Mehmet Kayhan YILDIZ- Hasan BÖLÜKBAŞ- Serdar ÖZGÜR- Tolga YANIK- Hasan DÖNMEZ/ KONYA,(DHA). "TSK yeni yıldızı Barış Kartalı'na kavuştu". HÜRRİYET - TÜRKİYE'NİN AÇILIŞ SAYFASI. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Turkey
Turkey
takes delivery of military aircraft". TodaysZaman. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ [1] ^ " İhtisab Agalıgi" (Islamic-Ottoman office for public regularity) ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/Turkey-RBC20.html December 2012 address-based calculation of the Turkish Statistical Institute as presented by citypopulation.de ^ Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions ^ "Meteoroloji" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ About Turkey
Turkey
and Konya, Konya
Konya
Livestock Congress, 2014 ^ " Konya
Konya
Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "KTO Karatay Üniversitesi". Karatay.edu.tr. Retrieved 2011-09-16.  ^ a b c "General Overview Of The Konya
Konya
Economy". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "History « Kombassan Holding". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ (in English) "Škoda Transportation wins Konya
Konya
tram contract". Retrieved 2013-09-05.  ^ "Opening of Ankara
Ankara
- Konya
Konya
fast line completes strategic link". Railway Gazette. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 2013-02-12.  ^ "Invensys commissions ERTMS solution on Turkish High Speed Line". European Railway Review. 7 September 2011. Archived from the original on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2011.  ^ (in Turkish) Konya
Konya
Hava Meydanı at DHMİ (State Airports Authority) ^ Journal Article, Amphilochius of Iconium
Amphilochius of Iconium
and Lycaonian Asceticism, PETER THONEMANN, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 101 (2011), pp. 185-205 ^ Die Soziale Ale Stellung Des Priesters in Griechenland, Demosthenes Savramides, Leiden, E.J.Bril, 1968 ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The ecumenical patriarchate : a history of its metropolitanates with annotated hierarch catalogs. San Bernardino, CA: Borgo Press. p. 100. ISBN 9781434458766.  ^ "Introduction to Orkut". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ [2] ^ "BBC NEWS - Europe - ' Islam
Islam
problem' baffles Turkey". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ King, Donald and Sylvester, David. The Eastern Carpet in the Western World, From the 15th to the 17th century, Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1983, ISBN 0-7287-0362-9. pp. 26-27, 52-57. ^ Campbell, Gordon. The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts, Volume 1, "Carpet, S 2; History (pp. 187–193), Oxford University Press US, 2006, ISBN 0-19-518948-5, ISBN 978-0-19-518948-3 Google books. p. 189. ^ "oldturkishcarpets.com". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ "Konyalım". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ a b " Konya
Konya
Büyükşehir Belediyesi". Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ Kyoto
Kyoto
İle Kardeş Şehir Protokolü İmzalandı, Heyet Japon Parkı'nı Gezdi, Konya
Konya
Büyükşehir Belediyesi (2010) ^ a b " Rumi
Rumi
Remembered in Birthplace of Shams". Archived from the original on 7 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.  ^ "PAKISTAN – TURKEY JOINT STATEMENT" (Press release). Islamabad, Pakistan. Pakistan
Pakistan
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2008-10-31. Archived from the original (HTML) on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2018-03-30. CS1 maint: Date and year (link)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Konya.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Konia.

Konya
Konya
travel guide from Wikivoyage Encyclopædia Britannica: Konya More information about Konya Emporis: Database of highrises and other structures in Konya Detailed Pictures of Mevlana Museum Pictures of the city, including Mevlana Museum
Mevlana Museum
and several Seljuk buildings 600 Pictures of the city and sights Extensive collection of pictures of the Mevlana museum in Konya Cities of St. Paul, 316-384 ArchNet.org. "Konya". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning.  "Konya". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Archived from the original on May 16, 2013. 

v t e

Konya
Konya
in Konya Province
Konya Province
of Turkey

Districts

Ahırlı Akören Akşehir Altınekin Beyşehir Bozkır Çeltik Cihanbeyli Çumra Derbent Derebucak Doğanhisar Emirgazi Ereğli Güneysınır Hadim Halkapınar Hüyük Ilgın Kadınhanı Karapınar Karatay Kulu Meram Sarayönü Selçuklu Seydişehir Taşkent Tuzlukçu Yalıhüyük Yeniceoba Yunak

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

v t e

Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey

Adana Ankara Antalya Aydın Balıkesir Bursa Denizli Diyarbakır Erzurum Eskişehir Gaziantep Hatay İstanbul İzmir Kayseri Kocaeli Konya Kahramanmaraş Malatya Manisa Mardin Mersin Muğla Ordu Sakarya Samsun Şanlıurfa Tekirdağ Trabzon Van

v t e

First Journey of Paul the Apostle

1. Antioch 2. Seleucia 3. Cyprus 3a. Salamis 3b. Paphos 4. Perga 5. Antioch
Antioch
of Pisidia

6. Konya
Konya
(Iconium) 7. Derbe 8. Lystra 9. Antalya 10. Antioch
Antioch
(returns to beginning of journey)

v t e

UNESCO
UNESCO
Tentative list of World Heritage Sites in Turkey

Aegean Region

Aizanoi
Aizanoi
antique city Birgi Mausolem and Sacred area of Hecatomnus Archaeological site of Laodikeia Medieval City of Beçin Ancient City of Sardis
Sardis
and the Lydian Tumuli of Bin Tepe Ancient City of Stratonikeia

Black Sea
Black Sea
Region

Mount Harşena and the Rock-tombs of the Pontic Kings Mahmut Bey Mosque Sümela Monastery (The Monastery of Virgin Mary)

Central Anatolia

Archaeological site of Kültepe-Kaneş Eflatun Pınar Eşrefoğlu Mosque Gordion Haji Bektash Veli Complex Ankara
Ankara
Hacı Bayram Mosque Ince Minaret Medrese Historical Monuments of Niğde Konya-A capital of Seljuk Civilization Lake Tuz
Lake Tuz
SEPA Mountainous Phrygia Odunpazarı
Odunpazarı
historical urban site Tomb of Ahi Evren

East Anatolia

Akdamar Island Archaeological Site of Arslantepe Eshab-ı Kehf Kulliye Ishak Pasha Palace The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman citadel

Marmara

Çanakkale (Dardanelles) and Gelibolu (Gallipoli) Battles Zones in the First World War İznik Historic Guild Town of Mudurnu The Bridge of Uzunköprü Yıldız Palace
Yıldız Palace
Complex

Mediterranean Region

Alahan Monastery Alanya Ancient city of Anazarbus Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilization Ancient City of Kaunos Ancient City of Korykos Archaeological Site of Perge Güllük Dagi- Termessos
Termessos
National Park Mamure Castle Karain Cave Kekova Archaeological Site of Sagalassos St.Paul Church, St.Paul's Well and surrounding historic quarters (in Tarsus, Mersin) St. Pierre Church in Hatay St. Nicholas Church in Demre The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos Vespasianus Titus Tunnel

Southeastern Anatolia

Archeological Site of Zeugma Archaeological Site of Göbeklitepe Harran
Harran
and Şanlıurfa İsmail Fakirullah Tomb Mardin Cultural Landscape Yesemek Quarry and Sculpture Workshop Zeynel Abidin Mosque Complex and Mor Yakup (Saint Jacob) Church

All over Turkey

Anatolian Seljuks Madrasahs Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit Trading Posts and Fortifications on Genoese Trade Routes

Authority control

GN

.