Kolar pronunciation (help·info)The Golden city of India,
is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of
Kolar District and is known for Largest production of Milk, which
recently surpassed Denmark, gold mining.
Kolar is popularly known as
the land of silk, milk, Mango,(National fruit of India) and gold. The
city is famous for the Someshwara temple and the Kolaramma temple.
Kolaramma is considered as goddess of city of Kolar.
Kolar has APMC
market Which is 2nd largest in Asia, Largest in South India.
India in production of Mango, Tomato,Milk which exported to
various other nations like UK, USA, UAE etc.
2 History of Kolar
2.1 Old City
2.3 New City
6 Notable residents
9 Improvement of The City
10 Major Hospitals and Medical colleges and other colleges located in
11 Industrial areas located in Kolar
13 External links
Kolar is located at 13°08′N 78°08′E / 13.13°N 78.13°E
/ 13.13; 78.13. with an average elevation of 822 metres
It is located at a distance of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from
Bengaluru and 50 km from
Bangalore International Airport 32 kilometres
(20 mi) from
Kolar Gold Fields. The city is located on the
southern maidan (plains) region of Karnataka. The Ammerallikere, a
tank, forms its eastern boundary. To the north is the Kodikannur tank,
the main source of water supply to the city. The nearest railway
junction is Kolar.
Kolar is having good road transportation than, Rail
amenities. It is situated on the
Kolar is also The gateway for
Tirumala Via National Highway 75
History of Kolar
in 4th century one tamil poem has developed that is nannul so before
one dialect of tamil is spoken in kolar
Western Gangas sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE,
initially ruled from
Kolar as their Capital City. The founder of the
Western Ganga dynasty was Konganivarman Madhava, who built
his capital around 350 and ruled for about twenty years. He succeeded
by his son Madhava I. Kolar, the headquarters of the
was earlier known as Kuvalalapura, also known as Kolahala Pura.
Kolar is said to be associated with the epic age, which
recalls many legends associated with Avani in
Mulbagal Taluk, which
was also called Avani Kshetra.
It was once known as Avantika- Kshetra, a sacred place in Kolar
Karnataka State. It was famous for its religious
establishments from ancient times. It was once known as Aavanya which
was under the Ganga prince Madhava Muttarasa, who governed several
districts. In about A.D 890, its earliest grant relates that
Tribhuvana Kartara Deva, who held the title of Kali Yuga Rudra, ruled
over the Avaniya Thana for 40 years. During this period he constructed
50 temples and two large tanks. Maharshi Valmiki, author of the epic
Ramayana, lived here. The legend goes further to establish that Seetha
Devi, after being sent to exile, gave birth to her twins Lava and
Kusha at Avani. The Avani continued to survive as a religious
establishment from the 9th to 11th centuries. There are temples
dedicated to Lord Rama.
Kolaramma Temple, Kolar
The hill to the west of Kolar, called the Shatasringa Parvata or
'Hundred-Peaked Mountain' is 'Antharagange', associated with the story
of Parasurama and his fight with King Kartaviryarjuna over Surabhi,
the divine cow. As the story goes, King Kartavirya Arjuna
(Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, Parasurama's father,
when the king demanded the magical cow from Jamadagni. When Jamadagni
refused, the King sent his soldiers to take the cow, but Parashurama
killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the
princes beheaded Jamadagni. Thus, Parasurama took an oath to behead
the entire Kshatriya race, which is said to have taken place on the
hills. It is said that the 'kolahala' on the death of Kartaviryarjuna
gave its name to the town, which later become Kolar.
Kannada is the
main languages spoken in the district of Kolar. Telugu is also spoken.
Gangas built beautiful temple of Sri Uttameshwara temple in Uttanur
Old City of
Kolar comprises the following Areas:
8.BEML Layout/ C.Byregowda Nagar
42. Khutub Gowri Mohalla
43.Shukur Ulla Sha Makan
44.Nyamath Bi Dragah Mohalla
48. Dargha shahi mohalla
50. Gangammana Palya
Antaragange is one of the tourist attractions Of Kolar. It is also
known as "Dakshina Kashi Kshetra". In the temple is a pond which gets
a continuous flow of underground water from the mouth of a Basava
(stone bull). There is a steep, narrow path to the top of the
mountain. There are seven villages on this mountain, including
Therhalli, papanayakana halli, Kenchegowdana Halli and several others.
On the occasion of full moon day, the cultural association called
AADIMA arranges, cultural activities. Which is attended by many
notable scholaras and artistes of
Kannada drama industry. The mountain
consists of granite rocks and lot of caves around. Antaragange is 4
Kilometers away from
Kolar and 71 Kilometers away from State capital
Bangalore. You can scale the heights of this mountain or hill by your
own feet or Govt. of
Karnataka laid a road to provide transportation
facility to villagers who lives in the villages of hill and for the
tourists. In the hill you can find a Dargah also.
Nowadays Antharagange became hotspot for reality sector. The prices of
the land in the hill shoots up to several millions/lakhs per acre. At
the top of the hill you can find many more interesting things, which
you can't expect somewhere else in the world.
Many of the rural areas are developing into urban areas. The following
rural areas are being converted into urban areas:
1. Narasapura is the upcoming major hub for industry and other trading
activities as it is located at the by-pass junction of Narasapura
Bangalore National Highway.
4. Arabhikothanur (Up to Narasapura Industrial Area)
13. Garudanahalli - Chokkahalli
16. Vemgal (Up to Vemagal Industrial Area)
17. Moorandahalli near solor city =auther by muralidhara k c 18.
19. Arahalli (Up to Powergrid Station)
20. RM Golden City
21.Kodi Kannur auther muralidhara k c
The major temples in the town are the Kolaramma Temple and the
Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of the
Vijayanagara style, complete with a massive pillared Mukha Mandapa,
heavy Prakara walls, ornate Kalyana mantapa, a Devi Shrine and a lofty
Gopura with fine stucco figures on the tower; while the door frame is
carved in the typical Vijayanagara style, with dwarapalas, etc. The
temple has a large tank (Kalyani) also. There are Vijayanagara
inscriptions on the wall of the store room and the yagashala, dated to
the 15th century.
Entrance of Somnatheshwar Temple in Kolar
Main Structure of the Somnatheshwar temple, kolar
Interior view of the Somnatheshwar temple, Kolar
Back side view of Somnatheshwar temple, Kolar
Kolaramma Temple: This "L"-shaped temple has two shrines, one for
Durga (Kolaramma) and the other for the Saptamatras. Both have a
common vestibule. The Durga Shrine has a wagon-roof tower. The stucco
figures in the Saptamatras shrine are unusually large. The temple is
of Dravida Vimana Style, built in the Ganga Tradition (11th century).
The Mahadwara has imposing pavilions in the inner side. The temple
contains several Chola inscriptions, the earliest belonging to Mr.
Sculpture of a Guardian goddess at the Kolaramma Temple
A sculpture adorning entrance wall of Kolarmma Temple
A sculpture adorning interior gate of Kolarmma Temple
Hyder Ali Tomb is also found. Islamic religion also plays a very
important role. Many Dargahs are also found like Khutub Gowri Dargah
in heart of the city, A Dargah above the Antaraganga Hill, etc.,
Number of mosques are also found all over Kolar.
Kolar you can find both the streams of Christianity, like Roman
Catholic and Protestants. Both have their own church. Catholic Church
is located near mekke Circle and Methodist or Protestant church
located exactly opposite to Shri T. Chennayya Rangamandir or T.
The Member of Parliament is K.H. Muniyappa.
Varthur Prakash is the local member of the
As of the[update] 2011 census,
Kolar city municipality had a
population of 183,462. The municipality had a sex ratio of 978
females per 1,000 males and 11.5% of the population were under six
years old. Effective literacy was 84.02%; male literacy was 87.28%
and female literacy was 80.69%.
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya – The architect of modern Karnataka
and of the Brindavan Gardens
D. V. Gundappa
D. V. Gundappa –
Masti Venkatesha Iyengar:
Kannada poet and recipient of Jnanpith Award
K. C. Reddy : First Chief Minister of Karnataka, (then Mysore
Hyder Ali: Father of Tipu Sultan
K. Pattabhiraman: freedom fighter, Sarvodaya Nayaka (Leader),
lawyer and Member of Legistive Assembly of Mysore (MLA) in 1951. One
of the four Independent candidates who won from Mysore State during
that elections, amidst a near sweep by Indian National Congress (INC).
He was slated to be the first Chief Minister of Mysore but due to
K. C. Reddy became the first CM. One of
extensions named after him - "Pattabhiraman Extension" which was
previously called Old Extension.
K. H. Muniyappa: Member of Parliament from Kolar
Soundarya, One of the most versatile actresses in Indian film industry
and household name in South
India was from mulbagilu a few kilometers
away from kolar.
A.N.Prahlada Rao highest Crossword writer in India
Kolar has transportation amenities such as Buses, Taxis, and Auto
Kolar also has a local transportation facility " Antaragange Kolara
Nagara Sarige" which was inaugurated in July 2012 but Govt has stopped
this services and utilizing these buses for rural areas.So Governing
bodies must look into it.
The district headquarters has a railway station connecting two
Bangalore - Via Bangarpet
Chikkaballapura - Via Srinivaspura
Central Govt has proposed to construct new railway line between
Kolar-Whitefield and Kolar-
Mulbagal but both Govt must show interest
in these projects which boosts up the industrial growth around the
Kolar will be electrified which is
sanctioned during Budget 2018-19.
Improvement of The City
. Most of the old buildings are getting demolished and new buildings
are getting constructed.
. To avoid accidents, The police department has introduced the traffic
light signals at KSRTC Bus Station Road and Mekke Circle.
. A 4-way lane is being built at Tekal Road, Petechamanahalli
Major Hospitals and Medical colleges and other colleges located in
Here is a list of hospital and Medical college located in Kolar
1.'Dr.T.Thimmaiah Institute of Technology', Oorgaum post, KGF, kolar
2.Sri Gokula College Of Arts , Science and Management Studies , Gokula
Nagar, NH-75 , Bypass Road ,
3. sahyadri PU college Tekal road,kolar
4. Sahyadri Degree college Tekal road,
Kolar 3.Sri Ramanamaharshi
Vidyalaya Vijayanagar gardens kolar
5. Sri RV international School NH75 kolar
6.Excellent PU college ,sahyadri college road, Kolar
7. E.T.C.M Mission Hospital - Bangarapet circle road, Kanakanapalya,
8. S.N.R. Hospital - Bangarapet road, Opp. Mahila Samaja School,
Doomlight Circle, Kolar
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College - Next to Horticulture college,
10. R.L.Jalappa teaching Hospital and Research center - Next to
11.Chowdeshwari Hospital - Opp. Anur Hardware, KSRTC Bus Station Road,
12. Arogya Hospital. Doom Light Circle Kolar
A New Government Medical College is going to be established in Vemagal
Village, Which is about 17 Kilometers From Kolar
13.C. Byre Gowda Institute of Technology,Thoradevanda Halli [p],Kolar
to Srinivaspur Road,KOLAR- 563 101.
14. Janatha High School,Kembodi,kolar-mulbagul Road.
15. College of Horticulture, Jack Garden, Tamaka, NH4, Kolar. It is a
constituent College of University Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot
16. Zonal Horticultural Research Station (ZHRS) Hogalagere,
17. St.Anne's High school
18. Manipal hospital, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
19 . patanjali argogya kendra #23 kanakappa compound 3rd cross
kanakanapalya kolar 09448661740.9483420964
20. Chinmaya Vidyalaya, PC Extension Kolar
21. Raj Diet clinic - clinic for diet therapy and nutrition, No. 40,
1st cross, S.G.Layout, Pete chamana halli, Kolar
22.Sambhram Instiute Of Medical Sciences And Research, Chaitanyapuram,
Kolar Gold Fields, Karnataka-563115
23. Govt. First Grade College (Govt. College for Boys), Kolar
24. Govt. College for Women, Kolar
Industrial areas located in Kolar
Narasapura Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (National Highway 75)
Tamaka Industrial Area - 5 Kilometers (NH75 )
Vemagal Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (
Bangalore International Air
Malur Industrial Area - 30 Kilometers (Hosur Road)
Wistron Infocomm Pvt ltd which manufactures
Apple Inc products in
India is going to set up their new plant in
Kolar and other Major
Honda received incentives from the state government to
manufacture motorcycles and it becomes the World's largest two wheeler
manufacturing plant and also consists of major industries like Scania
India Pvt Ltd, Mahindra Aerospace, Glaxo Smith
Kline(GSK) a pharmaceutical company,Tata Power, Mitsubishi
Electric,Cerebra e-waste recycler plant,Prakash Buses,Lumax, Exedy had
setup their plants around the city. Central Govt has proposed to setup
Rail Coach Factory in 2011 but the progress is nill
^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of
India 2011; Cities
having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar
General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March
^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kolar
^ K Narasimhamurthy (2 September 2011). "A teacher whose name is
synonymous with the village". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23
^ Vishwa Kundapura (15 August 2007). "Vidurashwath epitomises the
sacrifice made by Kolar". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23 December
^ "A singing freedom fighter". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23
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