Kohalpur (कोहलपुर) is a municipality in Banke
District in the
Bheri Zone in mid-western Nepal. The municipality was
established on 18 May 2014 merging the existing two Village
Development Committees i.e.
Rajhena and Kohalpur. The town is in
East-West highway and one of the fastest developing places in Nepal. A
Nepalgunj is on South (16 km), with
(135 km) to west in Dang District and further 6 km is the
Indian border. In fact it is a growing city in the western region of
Nepal. It has a junction to diverse the roadway transport to east,
west, north and south from the city.
It is accessible by air (
Nepalgunj Airport) and by road (535 km
west of Kathmandu).
This town shouldn't be confused with another city Kolhapur, situated
Maharashtra state, India.
2 Administrative Structure
5.1 Culture and ethnicities
8 Infrastructure and Basic Services
9 Political Context
12 See also
Kohalpur is second municipality in the Banke District, with the first
As a municipality,
Kohalpur will assume greater local government
autonomy and greater financial resources as part of the central
governments' effort to promote decentralized power.
The municipality status of
Kohalpur has been repeatedly stalled due to
the failure to ratify the national constitution. A fourth deadline to
ratify the constitution was missed on 27 May 2012.
Kohalpur is within the Banke District. The DDC (District Development
Committee) of the
Banke District was recently assumed by a Local
Development Officer appointed by the government.
Kohalpur has been
declared as a municipality, but this has not been officiated in the
absence of a ratified national constitution. Currently, it remains as
a Village Development Committee (VDC), with 9 wards, each with a Ward
Citizen Forum (WCF) serving as a community-level authority.
The VDC of
Kohalpur has been managed over the last 5-year transition
period, by a government nominated and appointed secretary. Projects of
urban development within the district are prioritized and approved by
the District Council before implementation. Although the community
does not have legal power, CBOs play a crucial role in Kohalpur's
development. Through the WCF, they collaborate with the VDC and other
organizations to carry out projects at the local level.
Kohalpur there is also autonomous area called Town Development
Committees (TDC). The purpose of TDC in
Nepal is to organise people
structurally at local level and creating a partnership between the
community and the public sector for improved service delivery system.
A TDC has a status as an autonomous institution and authority for
interacting with the more centralised institutions of governance in
Nepal. In doing so, the TDC has an element of control and
responsibility in development, and also ensures proper utilization and
distribution of state funds and a greater interaction between
government officials, NGOs and agencies. The TDC within a given area
will discuss education, water supply, basic health, sanitation and
income and will also monitor and record progress which is displayed in
Kohalpur is located in the
Banke District in the Mid-West Region of
Nepal (Therai region), with a total area of 2816.6 hectares. The
climate is subtropical and the temperature varies between a maximum of
46 °C and minimum of -2 °C.
Kohalpur has a total forest area of 1025.1 hectares which is connected
with the Bardia National Park in the Bardiya District. The forest area
is currently threatened by deforestation; 16,20 hectares were
deforested in 2010. The land of the Village Development Committee
Kohalpur designated for agriculture is 1452.8 hectares, from
that area 91% is used in agricultural purposes. The population
affected by flooding is located near the Dudhuwa River, which crosses
Kohalpur in the south-north direction. Around 185.8 hectares
of the VDC are affected by flooding.
Now Sikta Irrigation Project is Launching which come from Rapti River.
People who are farmer of expected from this project. This project is
ambitious project of Nepal.
As per data issued by Central Bureau of Statistics for the year
2011-12 the total population of
Kohalpur VDC is 36,019 out of which
male population is 17,449 and female population of 18,570. It is the
most densely populated VDC after
Nepalgunj Municipality. Kohalpur's
population is composed primarily of Tharu community who are the
original inhabitants and immigrants from the hilly area of
well as neighbouring districts.
Culture and ethnicities
Kohalpur's population comprises 39 different castes; the main ones in
terms of population size are the Chetri (24%), Tharu (19%) and Barhmim
The predominant religion in Kohalpur's population is Hindu (96.80%),
followed by Islam (2.14%), Christianity (0.89%) and Buddhism (0.17%).
The main activity of the working population of
Kohalpur is involved in
agriculture and livestock (52.88%); the rest of the population earn
their life in day labour (21.90%), business (11.27%), government and
non- government organization work (13.86%) and small industry (0.09%).
In terms of education,
Kohalpur has a normal literacy rate. The
Municipality has three college campuses, six higher secondary (10+2)
units, four lower secondary units (1-7) and 12 primary (1-5) schools.
The Medical College is one of the most important education centres of
Kohalpur; it receives students from India, Sri Lanka and from all
around the country.
Some reputated schools and college are listed below:-
Tribhuwan Higher secondary school
Shree Ram Janaki Higher secondary school
Gorkha united public Higher secondary school
Takshyasila Higher secondary school
Noble English Medium Secondary School
Infrastructure and Basic Services
The health infrastructure facilities include the Medical College,
located on the west side of the VDC, one Health post, one Sub-Health
post and 13 private medical centres. Basic services do not cover all
of Kohalpur's population and are sometimes limited to the planned area
of the VDC, which is in Ward Number 3. There is no official solid
waste management system in Kohalpur; garbage collection, disposal and
treatment are services that should be developed and provided for the
population. Regarding water infrastructure, 68% of the VDC households
have water pipelines while 31.15% use hand pump systems to obtain
underground water; the rest of the households use other sources. In
terms of sanitation, of the total 4735 households in
1548 do not have a toilet. Septic tanks are used by 2046 households,
841 use temporary toilets, 131 have biogas toilets and 169 units are
connected to a collecting open canal. The existing central electricity
Kohalpur VDC covers 87% of the households, 13% are without
electricity and use kerosene. A small part of the remaining households
use alternative environmentally friendly sources such as solar panels
Due to political changes and the generated instability in
the past middle century, people from the hill area migrated to the
Terai region. Kohalpur's population is composed in part by this
population and others which arrived looking for better opportunities
due to the fertile agricultural conditions of the land.
The current political situation in
Kohalpur is tied to the country's
status. In the present time, local authorities are not elected by
citizen vote; they are nominated and designated by the government.
Consequent to the political instability coming from the national
government, there is high political turnover in the local official
institutions; most of the appointed officials are recent to their
chairs and it is difficult to control and have continuity for steering
processes. Citizen participation in official political processes is
currently dependent on the upcoming national constitution; in the
meanwhile, the VDC affirms to work on the identification system for
To Promote local culture
Kohalpur has two F.M. Radio Station Community
radio namely Pratibodh F.M. - 102.4& Radio
And also there are many local as well as national newspaper publishers
Kathmandu Post etc.
For television here are 3 cable operators they are:-
Bageshowri Cable pvt. Ltd
Super Vision Cable pvt. Ltd
Madhyapachim Cable pvt. Ltd
And Now the heart of
Kohalpur media i.e
Kohalpur Television has been
re-established from kartik,1 2073. It is the Local form of Nepal
^ Profile of
Kohalpur VDC. 2010.
^ Gaviria, G., Lee, J., Ospina, P., Soloman, S. and Suharyanto I.
(2012). 'Kohalpur: strategic transition from VDC to municipality and
potentials for sustainable growth along a strategic highway junction',
in Urban Management 2012 Applied Research Project: Four Case Studies
in Nepal. Berlin: Technische Universitat Berlin. CS1 maint:
Multiple names: authors list (link)
^ Gurubacharya, Binaj. "
Nepal Fails to Agree on Constitution". AP.
Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May