Knox–Porter Resolution (42 Stat. 105) was a joint
resolution of the
United States Congress
United States Congress signed by President Warren G.
Harding on July 2, 1921, officially ending
United States involvement
in World War I. The documents were signed on the estate of Joseph
Sherman Frelinghuysen, Sr. in Raritan, New Jersey.
Memorial plaque marking Frelinghuysen estate site and signing of the
Knox–Porter resolution on July 2, 1921.
On November 19, 1919, and again on March 19, 1920, the United States
Senate voted against ratifying the Treaty of Versailles, forestalling
American participation in the League of Nations. In a speech on April
12, 1921, before a special congressional session, President Harding
reconfirmed American opposition to the League of Nations, calling on
Congress to pass a peace resolution independent of the League. Senator
Philander C. Knox
Philander C. Knox of
Pennsylvania introduced a resolution the
following day, and it passed the Senate in late April.
United States House of Representatives had its own slightly
different resolution introduced by Representative Stephen G. Porter,
Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. Passage of the House
resolution was delayed in deference to negotiations between the Allies
and Germany over a reparations settlement. In late June the House and
Senate reconciled their differences, and the Knox–Porter joint
resolution passed Congress on July 1. Harding signed the resolution at
the Frelinghuysen estate the next day. "War with Germany ended as
it began, by Congressional declaration and Executive signature on
^ "Historic Sites". Somerset County Business Partnership. Archived
from the original on 2008-03-29. Retrieved 2008-07-02. In 1921,
President Warren G. Harding, visiting the estate of his friend, Sen.
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, in Raritan, finished his golf game, returned
to the mansion, and signed the Knox-Porter Resolution, officially
ending World War I.
^ "Knox-Porter Resolution". Encyclopædia Britannica. The Knox-Porter
Resolution, ending the state of war between the
United States and the
Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary), was signed (July 2,
1921) by President
Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding at the... access-date=
requires url= (help)
^ a b Wimer, Kurt; Wimer, Sarah (1967). "The Harding Administration,
the League of Nations, and the Separate Peace Treaty". The Review of
Politics. 29 (1): 13–24. doi:10.1017/S0034670500023706.
JSTOR 1405810. .
^ Staff (July 3, 1921). "HARDING ENDS WAR; SIGNS PEACE DECREE AT
SENATOR'S HOME. Thirty Persons Witness Momentous Act in Frelinghuysen
Living Room at Raritan". The New York Times.
Treaty of Versailles
1921 U.S.–German Peace Treaty
1921 U.S.–Austrian Peace Treaty
1921 U.S.–Hungarian Peace Treaty
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