HOME
The Info List - Kish Island


--- Advertisement ---



Kish (Persian: کیش‎ (Kīsh)  listen (help·info)) is a 91.5-square-kilometre (35.3 sq mi) resort island in the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
off the southern coast of Iran. It is part of the Bandar Lengeh County in Hormozgān Province
Hormozgān Province
of Iran. Owing to its free trade zone status, the island is touted as a consumer's paradise, with numerous malls, shopping centres, tourist attractions, and resort hotels.[1] It has an estimated population of 26,000 residents and about 1 million visitors annually.[2] Kish Island
Kish Island
is the third most-visited vacation destination in Southwest Asia, after Dubai
Dubai
and Sharm el-Sheikh.[3][clarification needed] Tourists from many—but not all—foreign nations wishing to enter Kish Free Zone from legal ports are not required to obtain any visa prior to travel. For those travelers, upon-arrival travel permits are stamped valid for 14 days by Kish officials.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate, nature, and geobotany 2.2 Weather 2.3 Tourist attractions

3 Economy 4 Education 5 Sports 6 Major Kish Island
Kish Island
projects

6.1 International Oil Bourse 6.2 Ocean Water Park 6.3 Kish Hidden Pearl 6.4 Kish Dolphin
Dolphin
Park 6.5 Kish Aquarium

7 Gallery 8 Twin towns – sister cities 9 See also 10 Notes 11 External links

History[edit] See also: History of Iran Kish Island
Kish Island
has been mentioned in history variously as Kamtina, Arakia (Ancient Greek: Αρακία), Arakata, and Ghiss. Kish Island's strategic geographic location served as a way-station and link for the ancient Assyrian and Elamite civilizations when their primitive sailboats navigated from Susa
Susa
through the Karun River
Karun River
into the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
along the southern coastline, passing Kish, Qeshm, and Hormoz islands. When these civilizations vanished, Kish Island's advantageous position was lost and for a period it was subjected to turmoil and the tyranny of local potentates and other vendors. With the establishment of the Achaemenid
Achaemenid
dynasty, the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
was profoundly affected. Kish was, in particular, economically and politically linked with the civilization of the Medes, Persians when they were at the height of their power. In the shadow of the empire, the islands in the Gulf became prosperous, navigation in the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
was expanded, and better vessels were used to carry passengers and goods. Navigational aids, including lighthouses, were set up to facilitate navigation in the Persian Gulf. In 325 BC, Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
commissioned Nearchus
Nearchus
to set off on an expeditionary voyage to the Sea of Oman
Sea of Oman
and the Persian Gulf. Nearchus's writings on Arakata contain the first-known mention of Kish Island in antiquity.[1] When Marco Polo
Marco Polo
visited the Imperial court in China, he commented on the Emperor's wife's pearls; he was told that they were from Kish.[2] In the 1970s, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, turned the island into a luxury resort for the international elite and a tourism hotspot, complete with a Grand Casino (renamed as the Shayan International Hotel after the Iranian Revolution). Kish Airport
Kish Airport
was designed to handle the Concorde. After the Islamic Revolution, Kish Island became a duty-free shopping center. Kish Island
Kish Island
is the last known location of Robert Levinson, a "former F.B.I. agent turned private investigator" who disappeared there on 9 March 2007.[4] Geography[edit] See also: Geography of Iran

Kish Island, Persian Gulf.

Kish is located in the Persian Gulf, 19 km (12 mi) from mainland Iran
Iran
and has an area of approximately 91 km2 (35 sq mi) with an outer boundary of 40 km (25 mi) and a nearly elliptical shape. Along Kish's coast are coral reefs and many other small islands. The island is positioned along the 1,359 km (844 mi) long Iranian coastline north of the Persian Gulf, at the first quarter from the Hormuz entrance to the Persian Gulf. The island is 15.45 km (9.60 mi) wide from its west coast to its east coast (the distance between Mariam Complex and Hoor field). Its maximum width extending from the southern shorelines to the northern shorelines is 7.5 km (4.7 mi) (the distance between Gomrok Port and the lighthouse). The island's surface is flat, lacking mountains or even high hills. Kish International Airport
Kish International Airport
is built in the center on an elevated area 35–40 m (115–131 ft) above sea level. Its highest surface inclination extends from the airport to the shores near Shayan hotel. Climate, nature, and geobotany[edit] Kish, like the other Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
Islands, especially the islands in the Strait of Hormuz, is located on a narrow strip of tropical vegetation in the Northern Hemisphere, with the Persian plateau
Persian plateau
to the north and the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
to the south. In addition to its special geographic and climatic attributes, Kish, like other nearby islands, such as Forur, Hendurabi, Shatuar, and Lavan, and even Qeshm, is under the sway of the semi-equatorial climate dominating this band of vegetation.

Kish's environment.

Weather[edit] Kish has a very dry semi-equatorial climate. Over an 8 year span, the median annual rainfall in Kish was 145 mm (5.7 in) (54% in winter, 28% in autumn, and 14% in summer) and the median annual temperature was 26.6 °C (79.9 °F). The relative atmospheric humidity in Kish makes it like a sea island except in cold seasons. The humidity is approximately 60% for most of the year. In the months from October to April, Kish's weather is mild, ranging from 18 °C (64 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F). The statistical data in the Kish free zone's archives shows that the island's temperature varies from very hot to moderately hot, accompanied by relatively high humidity, often interspersed by heavy rains of short durations in certain seasons. With the exception of some southeastern coastal areas and a few other islands in the Persian Gulf, Kish Island
Kish Island
has the most sunny hours in the region, roughly 3,100 hours per year. Based on climatological classification and general weather conditions, Kish's proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and its exposure to high tropical pressure systems, as well as its position amidst hot and shallow waters, means the island tends to be hot and humid most of the year.[5] Tourist attractions[edit] See also: Tourism
Tourism
in Iran

The Greek Ship.

Though Kish is a small island, it has numerous tourist attractions.

Kish map

The Greek Ship
Greek Ship
is the wreck of a 1943 cargo steamship, the Koula F, on a beach on Kish's southwest coast.[6] She was originally a British ship, Empire Trumpet, and was built in Scotland.[6] In 1966, she ran aground and all attempts to salvage her failed.[6] When Koula F's crew abandoned her, they set her on fire,[citation needed] and all that remains is her steel hull. Another attraction is the ancient underground aqueduct, also called the 'Underground City', which is partly open for tourists. It was built about 1,000 years ago for transportation and water supply across the different parts of the island. Other attractions include the beaches, which have a bluish tint, and the long shoreline that sees many tourists visit during the winter season. The water is so clear that fish can be seen swimming in the sea all year long.

Dariush Grand Hotel
Dariush Grand Hotel
in Kish

Economy[edit] See also: Economy of Iran, Communications in Iran, and Foreign Direct Investment in Iran Since the mid-1990s, the Iranian government has embarked on an aggressive promotional and developmental campaign to position Kish as a rival to Dubai
Dubai
and to Doha. The campaign has included massive construction projects and programs designed to attract foreign investment and trade. Within the area of the Kish Free Zone, as it is known, the standard laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
are far more relaxed than on the mainland. This has resulted in significant increases in mostly domestic tourism, as well as the abundance of international trade on the island. Kish's population includes significant numbers of both Muslims
Muslims
and Christians. In 2009, the total foreign trade of the Kish Free Zone was approximately $9.2 billion per annum.[7] Fifteen percent of all imports to Iran
Iran
are through Kish.[8] Investment incentives in the Kish free trade zone include:

15 years tax-exemption; no entry visa requirement; 100% foreign ownership possible; flexible monetary & banking services; extended legal guarantees & protection.

Besides the existing Iranian Oil Bourse, a new exchange, the Kish Stock Exchange was inaugurated in 2010 to facilitate foreign investment and monetary activities.[9] Education[edit] See also: Education in Iran

Kish Island
Kish Island
Bird Garden, 2014

Kish is home to Kish University, founded in 1996, which now has 360 students. The importance of public education from the lowest to the highest levels as a main element in the steady development of Kish is now being paid special attention. Some of the most important activities include supporting and expanding existing educational centres, creating new educational centres, using new technology in developing educational activities, exploiting creditable national and international educational experiences, creating the foundations for all social classes to benefit from educational possibilities, developing applied sciences regionally, and promoting university education levels through holding courses with creditable universities at home and abroad. To promote the quality and quantity of education, KFZO, the Kish Free Zone Organization, has created educational spaces by building new schools and giving priority to technical and vocational courses. These facilities have been located so as to make them easily accessible, especially for the local population. They include:

Kish Institute of Arts and Sciences (teaching foreign languages); Kish Institute of Graph-Rayaneh (teaching computing); Parto Institute (teaching English); Sadaf Cultural Centre; Mir Mohana Cultural Centre; Sana'ei Cultural Centre;[10] and Kish Institute of Science and Technology.

In 2005, Kish had over 4658 square metres of educational space, a 40% increase compared to the beginning of 2001. With this as well as the better living conditions of families in Kish, the number of students at each level is on the increase. Sports[edit] See also: Sport in Iran

Scuba diving on Kish Island.

Jet skiing at Kish Island.

Kish Island
Kish Island
hosts numerous international sporting events, including the Fajr International Squash Championship, which is part of the Professional Squash Association's annual tour. Kish also holds Iran's Traditional and Heroic Games Contests, annually attracting over 17 countries worldwide. As part of the Flower of the East project, Kish will have an 18-hole championship golf course based on PGA standards and a 9-hole course for beginners. Kish is home to a multi-purpose Olympic stadium seating 1,200 spectators which caters for 11 sports, including volleyball, basketball, handball, futsal, gymnastics, wrestling, taekwondo, judo, karate and chess. All of these are supervised by professional and international coaches. The island attracts top national football teams and clubs who often use Kish as a summer training camp, taking advantage of its high quality facilities, good weather and tranquil environment. The island itself has a professional football team, Kish Air
Kish Air
FC, which plays in the Hormozgan Provincial League. The Kish Karting Track is one of the largest in Southwest Asia
Southwest Asia
and one of the first of its kind in Iran. A great array of water sports are also offered in Kish, including snorkeling and scuba diving, jet skiing, water skiing, parasailing, windsurfing, and fishing, as well as sailing and cruising on jet boats, sea skiffs, pedal boats, and banana boats, among many kinds of watercraft. Recently, Ocean Water Park, the first Iranian-themed and outdoor water park, was officially opened at Kish Island; it offers 14 water rides, four swimming pools, and other attractions. Kish Island
Kish Island
has three international standard volleyball courts and hosted the 2006 Asian Beach Volleyball Championship. Kish was host to an officially sanctioned FIVB
FIVB
beach volleyball event, the Kish Island
Kish Island
Open 2016, which ran from February 15 to 17. Qualification rounds at the 2017 FIVB
FIVB
Beach Volleyball World Tour event took place on Kish from 15 to 18 February.[11] Major Kish Island
Kish Island
projects[edit] International Oil Bourse[edit] The International Oil Bourse
International Oil Bourse
is a commodity exchange which opened on February 17, 2008. Ocean Water Park[edit] Ocean Water Park
Ocean Water Park
is a 5.6 hectare water park; it is the first Iranian themed water park and outdoor water park located at Kish Island. It was opened in January 2017 and currently has 13 rides, four swimming pools and a spa in addition to numerous restaurants, non-alcoholic bars, coffee shops, and shopping areas. Kish Hidden Pearl[edit] In 1999, a project to build an underground complex was begun by 300 artists and excavation workers. After deep excavations, rigid coral ceilings were discovered. These were incorporated into the final design. Once completed, the project will include restaurants, tourist resorts, and underground therapeutic mud pools.

Kish Dolphinarium.

Kish Dolphin
Dolphin
Park[edit] The Dolphin
Dolphin
Park is a 70-hectare (170-acre) park located at the southeast corner of Kish Island. It is surrounded by over 22,000 palm trees and includes a dolphinarium, butterfly garden, silkworm compound, bird garden, artificial rain forest, volcanic mountain, orchid garden, and cactus garden. The dolphinarium includes the largest man-made pool on the island and it exhibits dolphins, sea lions, and white whales.[12] The Bird Garden in the park is home to more than 57 species of birds and other animals from around the world, including pelicans, ostriches, blue-and-yellow macaws, storks, toco toucans, turacos, swans, African penguins, and marsh crocodiles.[13] Kish Aquarium[edit] The Art Center on the island includes an aquarium that displays marine species unique to the Persian Gulf.[14] Gallery[edit]

A beach in Kish Island

Azad University
Azad University
of Kish

Sunset on Kish Island

Pardis Market

A water cooling storage building (Abanbar)

A hotel in Kish Island

There are bike paths all over the Kish Island

Sarah Residence in Kish Island

Sea side

Dariush hotel

A street of Kish Island

Kish Island
Kish Island
Qanat

Kish birds

A shopping mall in Kish

Beach of Kish

Traditional dance

Kish in Nowruz

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Langkawi, Malaysia
Malaysia
(since 2009)[15][better source needed]

See also[edit]

Iran
Iran
portal

Bandar Lengeh Chabahar free trade-industrial zone, another free trade zone in Iran Economy of Iran Flower of the East, a luxury hotel development on Kish Island Foreign Direct Investment in Iran Iran
Iran
airshow, a semi-regular international airshow held on Kish Island Kish Air, a domestic airline serving Kish Island Robert Levinson, a former FBI agent who disappeared on Kish Island

Notes[edit]

^ Brian Nicholson and Sundeep Sahay (2003). Building Iran's Software Industry: An Assessment of Plans and Prospects sing the Software Export Success Model (PDF). Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, UK. ISBN 1904143377.  ^ " Iran
Iran
builds 1st solar hotel on Kish". Press TV. 2007-10-30. Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2010-04-19.  ^ "Press TV". Press TV. 2010-12-06. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-07.  ^ Meier, Barry (3 June 2016). "A Reporter Is an Unlikely Keeper of Secrets in the Case of a Missing C.I.A. Consultant". Times Insider. The New York Times. Retrieved 14 January 2018.  ^ "Kish Free Zone Organization – سازمان منطقه آزاد کیش". Kish.ir. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2010-04-19.  ^ a b c Cameron, Stuart; Robinson, George; Stewart, Gavin. "SS Empire Trumpet". Clydebuilt Ships Database. Retrieved 10 April 2013.  ^ Iran
Iran
Daily – Domestic Economy – 01/24/09[dead link] ^ "News Headlines". Cnbc.com. 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2012-03-07.  ^ "Fars News Agency :: New Stock Exchange Kicks off Work in Southern Iran". English.farsnews.com. 2010-12-24. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-03-07.  ^ "Kish Free Zone Organization – سازمان منطقه آزاد کیش". Kish.ir. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2010-04-19.  ^ [1] ^ " Dolphin
Dolphin
Park Complex". kish.ir. Kish Free Zone Organization. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "Bird Garden". kish.ir. Kish Free Zone Organization. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "Aquarium". kish.ir. Kish Free Zone Organization. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "Iran, Malaysian islands are 'twinned'". Presstv.com. 2009-08-18. Archived from the original on February 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kish Island.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kish Island.

Iran
Iran
Free Zones official website Kish Free Zone Organization Iran's Official Universal Tourism
Tourism
Portal Information and Pictures of Kish (in Persian) Hamid-Reza Hosseini, Findings of Kish in Persian More pictures of Kish Island

Videos

Kish Island
Kish Island
PressTV
PressTV
(2010)

v t e

Hormozgan Province

Capital

Bandar Abbas

Counties and cities

Abumusa County

Abu Musa

Bandar Abbas
Bandar Abbas
County

Bandar Abbas Fin

Bandar Lengeh
Bandar Lengeh
County

Bandar Charak Bandar Lengeh Kish Kong

Bashagard County

Sardasht

Bastak
Bastak
County

Bastak Jenah Kukherd

Hajjiabad County

Fareghan Hajjiabad

Jask
Jask
County

Jask

Khamir County

Bandar Khamir Ruydar

Minab
Minab
County

Hasht Bandi Minab Senderk Sirik

Parsian County

Parsian

Qeshm
Qeshm
County

Dargahan Hormuz Qeshm Suza

Rudan
Rudan
County

Rudan Ziarat-e Ali

Sights

Boz Dam Caravanserai
Caravanserai
of Bastak Castle of Aamaj Castle of Siba Dariush Grand Hotel Dasak Mountain Fort of Our Lady of the Conception Geno Biosphere Reserve Hara forests
Hara forests
of Qeshm Harireh Hindu Temple, Bandar Abbas The Historic Bath of Siba Khe Aab Mountain Kish Island

Greek Ship

Lashtan Castle, Bandar Lengeh Mehran River Nakh Mountain Paraw Kukherd Portuguese Castle, Qeshm
Qeshm
Island Takhti Stadium Terenah Zeer Mountain

populated places

List of cities, towns and villages in Hormozgan Province

See also

Greater and Lesser Tunbs Hendurabi Hengam Island Hormuz Island Larak Island Lavan Island Shidvar Island Sirri Island Strait of Hormuz

v t e

Iranian islands in the Persian Gulf

Abbasak Island Abu Musa
Abu Musa
Island Buneh Island Dara Island Farsi Island Forur Bozorg Island Forur Koochak Island Forurgan Island Germ Island Greater and Lesser Tunbs Hendurabi
Hendurabi
Island Hengam Island Hormuz Island Jonobi Island Kharg Island Kish Island Larak Island Lavan Island Nakhiloo Island Ommolkorm Island Qabre Nakhoda Island Qeshm
Qeshm
Island Rostam Island Shif Island Shidvar Island Sirri Island Shomali Island Smaller Bent Island

v t e

Kish Island
Kish Island
topics

History Geography Government Culture

Strait of Hormuz Nearchus Sharif University of Technology International Campus – Kish Island

Towns Buildings Places Structures

Harireh Dariush Grand Hotel Greek Ship Kish Dolphin
Dolphin
Park

Economy Trade Commerce

Kish Free Zone Iranian oil bourse Kish Stock Exchange Visa run Kish Gas Field

Transport

Kish International Airport Kish Air

Sister cities

.