Kingdom of Jolof (French: Djolof or Diolof), also known as Wolof
and Wollof, was a
West African rump state located in what is today the
nation of Senegal. For nearly two hundred years, the Serer rulers of
Jolof Empire collected tribute from vassal kings states who
voluntarily agreed to the confederacy. At the Battle of Danki, the
Buurba Jolof was defeated by the lord of
Kayor resulting in the rapid
disintegration of the empire. Jolof survived as a meager state, unable
to prosper from the Atlantic trade between its former vassal
territories and the Portuguese.
1 Mauretanian promise
Baol and Kayor
4 See also
In 1670, wandering Muslim clerics from
Mauretania stirred up a
rebellion against the
Wolof people by a ruse. They promised to show
the Wolof how to produce millet without the labor of planting. During
the ensuing rebellion, the Mauretanians invaded, killed the rulers of
Kayor and defeated the burba Jolof. However, when the
Mauretanians could not deliver on their promise, the Wolof restored
their rulers and drove the invaders out. This claim is questionable
because most rural Wolofs are great farmers who produce millet and
other crops. To believe that the Wolof would have fallen for such
tactic is most unlikely.[improper synthesis?] The Mauretanians still
remained a problem, however; and Waalo in particular suffered from
their constant raids.
Baol and Kayor
Cayor and Baol
Baol split from
Kayor under the teny (king) Lat Sukabe Fall.
The burba Jolof used this as an excuse to try and hem in his crumbling
empire and invaded Kayor. Sukabe, fearing for his own security,
Kayor and killed the burba Jolof in battle. He then annexed
Kayor creating a union of the two states that would last until his
death in 1702. Thereafter, the two states would be ruled by his sons.
By the late 18th century,
Kayor was pre-eminent again and annexed Baol
while inflicting serious defeats on the Muslim al-Mami of Futa Toro in
Around 1875, Ahmadu Shaykhu of the
Imamate of Futa Jallon
Imamate of Futa Jallon took his
jihad to Djolof. The empire was more or less annexed until 1890. From
then on, it was absorbed into the French colony administered from
Dakar. The state was formally extinguished in 1900.
Ahamdu Shaykou was from Fouta Toro, precisely from Wourou
List of rulers of Jolof
History of Senegal
History of the Gambia
Ogot, Bethwell A. (1999). General History of Africa V: Africa from the
Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Berkeley: University of
California Press. ISBN 0-520-06700-2.
^ Mwakikagile, Godfrey Ethnic Diversity and Integration in the Gambia
^ Levinson, David (1998). Ethnic Groups Worldwide: a Ready Reference
Handbook. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 162.
^ a b Stride, G.T. & C. Ifeka: "Peoples and Empires of West
Africa: West Africa in History 1000-1800" page 24.