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The Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
(Croatian: Kraljevina Hrvatska i Slavonija; Hungarian: Horvát-Szlavón Királyság; German: Königreich Kroatien und Slawonien) was a nominally autonomous kingdom within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, created in 1868 by merging the kingdoms of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia following the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement. It was associated with the Hungarian Kingdom
Hungarian Kingdom
within the dual Austro-Hungarian state, being within the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen or Transleithania. The kingdom was ruled by the Habsburg Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
(Kaiser und König) under his title as "King of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia". The King's appointed steward was the Ban of Croatia
Ban of Croatia
and Slavonia. Although it was under the suzerainty of the Crown of Saint Stephen, the Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia kept a significant level of self-rule. In 1918, the kingdom declared independence and reformed into the State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Government and politics

3.1 Political status 3.2 Parliament 3.3 Autonomous Government 3.4 Ban (viceroy)

4 Law 5 Counties 6 Symbols 7 Demographics

7.1 Nationality 7.2 Religion 7.3 Literacy

8 Military 9 Culture 10 Religion

10.1 Catholic Church 10.2 Judaism

11 Transportation 12 Sports 13 Legacy 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

Name[edit] Main article: Triune Kingdom

Ivan Mažuranić, Ban (viceroy) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
(in office 1873–1880)

The kingdom used the formal title of the Triune Kingdom
Triune Kingdom
of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia, thereby pressing its claim on the Kingdom of Dalmatia, but Dalmatia
Dalmatia
was a Kronland within the imperial Austrian part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
(also known as Cisleithania). The claim was, for most of the time, supported by the Hungarian government, which backed Croatia-Slavonia in an effort to increase its share of the dual state. The union between the two primarily Croatian lands of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
never took place, however.[7] According to the Article 53 of the Croatian–Hungarian Agreement, governing Croatia's political status in the Hungarian-ruled part of Austria-Hungary, the ban's official title was "Ban of Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia".[8][9] The laws passed in Croatia-Slavonia used the phrase "Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia".[10] In Hungarian, Croatia
Croatia
is referred to as Horvátország and Slavonia as Szlavónia. The combined polity was known by the official name of Horvát-Szlavón Királyság. The short form of the name was Horvát-Szlavónország and, less frequently Horvát-Tótország.[11][12] The order of mentioning Dalmatia
Dalmatia
was a contentious issue, as it was ordered differently in the Croatian and Hungarian language
Hungarian language
versions of the 1868 Settlement.[13] History[edit] Main article: Croatia
Croatia
in the Habsburg Empire The Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
was created in 1868, when the former kingdoms of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia were joined into one single kingdom (the full civil administration was introduced in the Kingdom of Slavonia in 1745 and it was, as one of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen, administratively included into both Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
and Kingdom of Hungary, but it existed virtually until 1868). The Croatian parliament, elected in a questionable manner, confirmed the subordination of Croatia-Slavonia to Hungary in 1868 with signing of Hungarian-Croatian union constitution called the Nagodba (Croatian–Hungarian Settlement, known also as Croatian–Hungarian Agreement or Hungarian-Croatian Compromise of 1868).[14] This kingdom included parts of present-day Croatia
Croatia
and Serbia
Serbia
(eastern part of Syrmia). After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
the only remaining open question of the new state was the status of Croatia, which would be solved with the Hungarian-Croatian Compromise of 1868 when agreement was reached between the Parliament of Hungary on one hand and the Parliament of Croatia-Slavonia on the other hand, with regard to the composition by a joint enactment of the constitutional questions at issue between them.[8] With this compromise the parliament of personal union[15] (in which Croatia-Slavonia had only twenty-nine, after 1881 – forty deputies) controlled the military, the financial system, Sea (Maritime) Law, Commercial Law, the law of Bills of Exchange and Mining Law, and generally matters of commerce, customs, telegraphs, Post Office, railways, harbours, shipping, and those roads and rivers which jointly concern Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia.[8] Similarly to these affairs, trade matters including hawking, likewise with regard to societies which do not exist for public gain, and also with regard to passports, frontier police, citizenship and naturalization, the legislation was joint, but the executive in respect of these affairs was reserved to Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.[8] In the end, fifty-five per cent of the total income of Croatia-Slavonia were assigned to the Joint Treasury ("Joint Hungarian-Croatian Ministry of Finance"). The kingdom existed until 1918 when it joined the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs, which together with the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
formed the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats
Croats
and Slovenes. The new Serb-Croat-Slovene Kingdom was divided into counties between 1918 and 1922 and into oblasts between 1922 and 1929. With the formation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
in 1929, most of the territory of the former Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
became a part of the Sava Banate
Sava Banate
and in 1939 autonomous Croatian Banate (Banovina of Croatia). Government and politics[edit] Political status[edit] Main article: Croatian–Hungarian Agreement

 

 

Austria-Hungary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austrian Empire

 

Kingdom of Hungary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

← common emperor-king, common ministries

← partner states

← autonomous territory

The Austro-Hungarian Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 created the Dual Monarchy. Under the Compromise, Austria and Hungary each had separate parliaments (the Imperial Council and the Diet of Hungary) that passed and maintained separate laws. Each region had its own government, headed by its own prime minister. The "common monarchy" consisted of the emperor-king and the common ministers of foreign affairs, defense and finance in Vienna. The Compromise confirmed Croatia-Slavonia's historic, eight-centuries-old relationship with Hungary and perpetuated the division of the Croat lands, for both Dalmatia
Dalmatia
and Istria
Istria
remained under Austrian administration (as Kingdom of Dalmatia and Margraviate of Istria).[16] At Franz Joseph's insistence, Hungary and Croatia
Croatia
reached the Compromise (or Nagodba
Nagodba
in Croatian) in 1868, giving the Croats
Croats
a special status in Hungary. The agreement granted the Croats
Croats
autonomy over their internal affairs. The Croatian ban would now be nominated by the Hungarian prime minister and appointed by the king. Areas of "common" concern to Hungarians
Hungarians
and Croats
Croats
included finance, currency matters, commercial policy, the post office, and the railroad. Croatian became the official language of Croatia's government, and Croatian representatives discussing "common" affairs before the Hungarian diet were permitted to speak Croatian.[17] A ministry of Croatian Affairs was created within the Hungarian government.[18] Although the Nagodba
Nagodba
provided a measure of political autonomy to Croatia-Slavonia, it was subordinated politically and economically to Hungary.[16] Parliament[edit] See also: Croatian Parliament See also: Political parties in Croatia
Croatia
§ Historical parties The Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
or the Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Diet (Croatian: Hrvatsko-slavonsko-dalmatinski sabor or Sabor Kraljevina Hrvatske, Slavonije i Dalmacije) had legislative authority over the autonomous issues according to the Croatian-Hungarian Settlement
Croatian-Hungarian Settlement
of 1868. A draft law (bill), approved by the Diet, became a statute (an act) after the royal assent (sanction). It also had to be signed by the Ban and the Minister of Croatian Affairs. The King had the power to veto all legislation passed by the Diet and also to dissolve it and call new elections. If the King had dissolved the Diet, he must have called new elections during the period of three months. The parliament was summoned annually at Zagreb
Zagreb
by the King or by the King especially appointed commissioner (usually the Ban). It was unicameral, but alongside 88 elected deputies (in 1888), 44 ex officio members were Croatian and Slavonian high nobility (male princes, counts and barons – similar to hereditary peers – over the age of 24 who paid at least 1000 forints (guldens) a year land tax), high dignitaries of the Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches and supreme county prefects (veliki župani) of all Croatian-Slavonian counties. Legislative term was three years, after 1887 – five years. The Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
elected twenty-nine (after reincorporation of Croatian Military Frontier
Croatian Military Frontier
and Slavonian Military Frontier
Slavonian Military Frontier
in 1881 – forty) deputies to the House of Representatives and two members (after 1881 – three) to the House of Magnates
House of Magnates
of the Diet of Hungary. The delegates of Croatia-Slavonia were allowed to use Croatian language
Croatian language
in the proceedings, but they voted personally. The Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
held independent elections for the Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
in 1865, 1867, 1871, 1872, 1878, 1881, 1883, 1884, 1887, 1892, 1897, 1901, 1906, 1908, 1910, 1911, 1913. Main political parties represented in the Parliament were People's Party (People's Liberal Party), Independent People's Party (after 1880), Croatian-Hungarian Party (People's Constitutional Party or Unionist Party) (1868–1873), Party of Rights, Pure Party of Rights (after 1895), Starčević's Party of Rights
Party of Rights
(after 1908), Serb Independent Party (after 1881), Croatian Peoples' Peasant Party (after 1904), Croat-Serb Coalition (after 1905) etc. Autonomous Government[edit] The Autonomous Government or Land Government, officially "Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Land Government"(Croatian: Zemaljska vlada or Kraljevska hrvatsko-slavonsko-dalmatinska zemaljska vlada) was established in 1869 with its seat in Zagreb
Zagreb
(Croatian Parliament Act No. II of 1869).[19] Until 1914 it possessed three departments:

Department of Internal Affairs (Croatian: Odjel za unutarnje poslove); Department of Religion and Education (Croatian: Odjel za bogoštovlje i nastavu); Department of Justice (Croatian: Odjel za pravosuđe). Department of National Economy was established in 1914 as a fourth department (Croatian: Odjel za narodno gospodarstvo)[16]

At the head of the Autonomous Government in Croatia-Slavonia stood the Ban, who was responsible to the Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Diet.[20] Ban (viceroy)[edit] Main article: Ban of Croatia

Banski dvori
Banski dvori
(Ban's Court), the palace of the Ban of Croatia, in Zagreb, today a seat of the Croatian Government.

The Ban was appointed by the King, on the proposal and under the counter-signature of the Joint Hungarian minister-president.[20] List of bans (viceroys) from 1868 until 1918:

1868 – 1871: Baron
Baron
Levin Rauch de Nyék 1871 – 1872: Koloman Bedeković
Koloman Bedeković
de Komor 1872 – 1873: Antun Vakanović
Antun Vakanović
acting 1873 – 1880: Ivan Mažuranić 1880 – 1883: Count
Count
Ladislav Pejačević
Ladislav Pejačević
de Virovitica 1883: Hermann Ramberg acting 1883 – 1903: Count
Count
Dragutin Khuen-Héderváry de Hédervár 1903 – 1907: Count
Count
Teodor Pejačević
Teodor Pejačević
de Virovitica 1907 – 1908: Aleksandar Rakodczay 1908 – 1910: Baron
Baron
Pavao Rauch
Pavao Rauch
de Nyék 1910 – 1912: Nikola Tomašić 1912 – 1913: Baron
Baron
Slavko Cuvaj
Slavko Cuvaj
de Ivanska 1913 – 1917: Baron
Baron
Ivan Skerlecz de Lomnica 1917 – 1918: Antun Mihalović

Law[edit] The supreme court of the Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia was the Table of Seven in Zagreb
Zagreb
("Table of Septemvirs" or "Court of Seven"; Croatian: Stol sedmorice), while the second-level court (court of appeal) was the Ban's Table or Ban's Court (Croatian: Banski stol) in Zagreb.[21] After the judicial reorganization of 1874 – 1886 (complete separation of judicial and administrative power, laws on judges' independence and judicial organization, the Organization of Courts of the First Instance Act of 1874 (with 1886 amendments), the Judicial Power Act of 1874 and the Judges' Disciplinary Responsibility (etc.) Act of 1874, the Croatian Criminal Procedure Act of 1875, the Croatian Criminal Procedure Press Offences Act of 1875) and reincorporation of Croatian Military Frontier
Croatian Military Frontier
and Slavonian Military Frontier
Slavonian Military Frontier
in 1881; courts of first instance were 9 royal court tables with collegiate judgeships (Croatian: kraljevski sudbeni stolovi in Zagreb, Varaždin, Bjelovar, Petrinja, Gospić, Ogulin, Požega, Osijek
Osijek
and Mitrovica; criminal and major civil jurisdiction; former county courts and Land Court/Royal County Court Table in Zagreb), approximately 63 royal district courts with single judges (Croatian: kraljevski kotarski sudovi; mainly civil and misdemeanor jurisdiction, former district administrative and judicial offices and city courts) and local courts (Croatian: mjesni sudovi), also with single judges, which were established in each municipality and city according to the Local Courts and Local Courts Procedure Act of 1875 as special tribunals for minor civil cases. The Royal Court Table in Zagreb
Zagreb
was also a jury court for press offences. Judges were appointed by the king, but their independence was legally guaranteed.[22] Counties[edit]

Counties of Croatia-Slavonia within the Austro-Hungary

In 1886, under Croatian ban Dragutin Khuen-Héderváry, Croatia-Slavonia was divided into eight counties (županije, known as comitatus):[23]

Modruš-Rijeka County Zagreb
Zagreb
County Varaždin
Varaždin
County Bjelovar-Križevci County Virovitica County Požega County Srijem County Lika-Krbava County

Lika-Krbava became a county after the incorporation of the Croatian Military Frontier
Military Frontier
into Croatia-Slavonia in 1881.[23] The counties were subsequently divided into a total of 77 districts (Croatian: kotari, similar to Austrian Bezirke) as governmental units. Cities (gradovi) and municipalities (općine) were local authorities.

The Coat of Arms of Croatia-Slavonia on the building of the Croatian Parliament

A patriotic badge from 1914 containing Croatian Coat of Arms

Symbols[edit] According to the Croatian–Hungarian Agreement
Croatian–Hungarian Agreement
in 1868:

Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
Dalmatia
can, within their own frontiers in their internal affairs, use their own combined colours and coat of arms, the latter, however, being surmounted by the Crown of St. Stephen.(Art. 61) The emblem of the Joint Affairs of the territories of the Hungarian Crown is formed by the combined arms of Hungary and of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. (Art. 62) At times when Joint Affairs are being debated, the combined Croatian-Slavonia-Dalmatian flag is to be hoisted beside the Hungarian flag, upon the building in which the Joint Parliament of the territories of the Hungarian Crown is being held. (Art. 63)[24][25]

Alternate flag, used internally "for autonomic affairs" by decree of the viceroy.[26]

Sculpture symbolizing the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
in Zagreb

Demographics[edit] Nationality[edit] In the 1910 census, the total population numbered 2,621,954, of the following nationalities:[27]

Croats: 1,638,354 (62.5%) Serbs: 644,955 (24.6%) Germans: 134,078 (5%) Hungarians: 105,948 (4.1%) Others: 98,619 (3.8%)

1875 data (without the Military Frontier)[28]

Croats
Croats
and Serbs
Serbs
1,032,000 Germans
Germans
31,700 Hungarians
Hungarians
12,000 Czechs
Czechs
and Slovaks
Slovaks
5,000 Italians 2,000 Slovenians
Slovenians
2,000 Others 2,000

Religion[edit] Data taken from the 1910 census.[27]

Roman Catholic: 1,877,833 Serbian Orthodox: 653,184 Protestant: 51,707 Uniate: 17,592

Literacy[edit] According to the 1910 census, illiteracy rate in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia was 45.9%. The lowest illiteracy was in Zagreb, Osijek
Osijek
and Zemun.

Illiteracy rates of Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
1880–1910[29]

Year Total illiteracy Males Females Total population

1880 73.9% 67.8% 79.9% 1,892,449

1890 66.9% 60.1% 73.5% 2,186,410

1900 54.4% 46.8% 61.8% 2,416,304

1910 45.9% 37.6% 53.7% 2,621,954

Military[edit]

Memorial to Croatian soldiers who fought in World War I

The Croatian Home Guard was the military of the Kingdom. Notable Croatians in the Austro-Hungarian Army
Austro-Hungarian Army
included Field Marshal
Marshal
Svetozar Boroević, commander of the Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops Emil Uzelac, commander of the Austro-Hungarian Navy
Austro-Hungarian Navy
Maximilian Njegovan
Maximilian Njegovan
and Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito
who later became Marshal
Marshal
and president of Yugoslavia.[30] Culture[edit] The modern University of Zagreb
Zagreb
was founded in 1874. The Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts and Matica hrvatska
Matica hrvatska
were the main cultural institutions in the kingdom. In 1911 the main cultural institution in the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Matica dalmatinska, merged with Matica hrvatska. Vijenac
Vijenac
was one of the most important cultural magazines in the kingdom. The building of the Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb
Zagreb
was opened in 1895. The Croatian National Theatre in Osijek
Osijek
was established in 1907. The Sisters of Charity Hospital in Zagreb
Zagreb
was the first established in the kingdom. Religion[edit] Catholic Church[edit] Roughly 75% of the population were Roman Catholic, with the remaining 25% Orthodox. The Catholic Church had the following hierarchy within the kingdom:

Dioceses Croatian name Est. Cathedral

Archdiocese of Zagreb Zagrebačka nadbiskupija 1093 Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral

Eparchy of Križevci
Eparchy of Križevci
(Greek-Catholic) Križevačka biskupija (Križevačka eparhija) 1777 Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Križevci

Diocese of Srijem Srijemska biskupija 4th century Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Đakovo

Diocese of Senj-Modruš Senjsko-modruška biskupija 1168 Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Senj

Judaism[edit] In 1890, there were 17,261 Jews living in the kingdom. In 1867 the Zagreb
Zagreb
Synagogue was built. Transportation[edit]

Part of a series on the

History of Croatia

Early history

Prehistoric Croatia Roman Pannonia Roman Dalmatia Origins of the Croats White Croatia White Croats

Middle Ages

Avar Khaganate Duchy of Dalmatian Croatia Duchy of Pannonian Croatia Southern Dalmatia March of Istria Kingdom of Croatia Union with Hungary Republic of Dubrovnik Republic of Poljica

Modernity

Ottoman Croatia Republic of Venice Kingdom of Croatia Croatian Military Frontier Illyrian Provinces Kingdom of Illyria Kingdom of Slavonia Kingdom of Dalmatia Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

20th century

World War I

State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs

Kingdom of Yugoslavia Banovina of Croatia

World War II

Independent State of Croatia Federal State of Croatia

Socialist Republic of Croatia

Contemporary Croatia

Independence War of independence Croatia
Croatia
since 1995

Timeline

Croatia
Croatia
portal

v t e

The first railway line opened in the kingdom was the Zidani Most-Zagreb- Sisak
Sisak
route which began operations in 1862. The Zaprešić-Varaždin- Čakovec
Čakovec
line was opened in 1886 and the Vinkovci- Osijek
Osijek
line was opened in 1910. Sports[edit] The Croatian Sports Association was formed in 1909 with Franjo Bučar as its president. While Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
had competed in the modern Olympics
Olympics
since the inaugural games in 1896, the Austrian Olympic Committee and Hungarian Olympic Committee
Hungarian Olympic Committee
held the exclusive right to send their athletes to the games. The association organized a national football league in 1912. Legacy[edit] In 1918, during the last days of World War I, the Croatian parliament abolished the Hungarian-Croatian personal union, and both parts of the Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia and the Kingdom of Dalmatia
Kingdom of Dalmatia
(excluding Zadar
Zadar
and Lastovo), became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs, which together with the Kingdom of Serbia, formed the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats
Croats
and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). The new Serb-Croat-Slovene Kingdom was divided into counties between 1918 and 1922 and into oblasts between 1922 and 1929. With the formation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
in 1929, most of the territory of the former Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
became a part of the Sava Banovina, and most of the former Kingdom of Dalmatia
Kingdom of Dalmatia
became part of the Littoral Banovina. On the basis of the political agreement between Dragiša Cvetković and Vlatko Maček (Cvetković-Maček Agreement) and the "Decree on the Banovina of Croatia" (Uredba o Banovini Hrvatskoj) dated 24 August 1939, the autonomous Banovina of Croatia
Croatia
(Banate of Croatia) was created by uniting the Sava Banovina, the Littoral Banovina, and districts Brčko, Derventa, Dubrovnik, Fojnica, Gradačac, Ilok, Šid and Travnik. Notes[edit]

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^ Biondich, Mark; Stjepan Radić, the Croat Peasant Party, and the politics of mass mobilization, 1904–1928; University of Toronto Press, 2000 ISBN 0-8020-8294-7, page 9 ^ Marcus Tanner, "A nation forged in war", Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-09125-7, page 99 ^ According to articles 56 and 57 of Nagodba
Nagodba
only official language in Croatia
Croatia
is Croatian (Po čl. 56. i 57. Hrvatsko-ugarske nagodbe u Hrvatskoj je u službenoj uporabi samo hrvatski jezik), Dragutin Pavličević, "Povijest Hrvatske", Naklada Pavičić, Zagreb, 2007, ISBN 978-953-6308-71-2, page 273 ^ 56. In the whole territory of Croatia-Slavonia the Croatian language is the language alike of the Legislature, the Administration and the Judicature. 57. Inside the frontiers of Croatia-Slavonia the Croatian language is prescribed as the official language for the organs of the Joint Government also. http://www.h-net.org/~habsweb/sourcetexts/nagodba2.htm – online text from Robert William Seton-Watson, "The Southern Slav Question and the Habsburg Monarchy", London, Constable and Co., 1911, ISBN 0-7222-2328-5, page 371 ^ Rothschild, Joseph (1974). East Central Europe Between the Two World Wars (3rd ed.). Volume 9. University of Washington Press. p. 155. ISBN 0-295-95357-8. ^ Biondich 2000, p. 15 ^ Ivo Goldstein, Nikolina Jovanović; Croatia: a history; C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 1999 ISBN 1-85065-525-1 ^ a b c d Constitution of Union between Croatia-Slavonia and Hungary ^ The Hungaro-Croatian Compromise (in Croatian) ^ Ines Sabotič, Stjepan Matković (April 2005). "Saborski izbori i zagrebačka izborna tijela na prijelazu iz 19. u 20. stoljeće" [Parliamentary Elections and Zagreb
Zagreb
Electoral Bodies at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries]. Drustvena istrazivanja: Journal for General Social Issues (in Croatian). Zagreb, Croatia: Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar. 14 (1-2 (75–76)): 168. ISSN 1330-0288. Retrieved 2012-08-22. [...] Zakona o izbornom redu za kraljevinu Dalmacije, Hrvatske i Slavonije CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ A Magyar Sz. Korona országai Magyarország, Horvát-Tótország és a Katonai Őrvidék új térképe Magyarország (map), 1877. Retrieved 25 December 2012. (in Hungarian) ^ Hivatalos Statistikai Közlemények. Kiadja: A Földmivelés-, Ipar- És Kereskedelemügyi Magyar Királyi Ministerium Statistikai Osztálya. Évf. 2. Füz. 1. 1869. p. 160.  ^ Mikuláš Teich, Roy Porter, The National Question in Europe in Historical Context, 1993, p.284 ^ Britannica 2009 Nagodba ^ State union between Hungary and Croatia-Slavonia was formally known as personal union, in reality it was real union with self rule for Croatia-Slavonia. ^ a b c Biondich 2000, p. 9 ^ History of Hungary ^ Trpimir Macan: Povijest hrvatskog naroda, 1971, p. 358-368 (full text of the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
in Croatian) ^ After the establishment of the Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Land Government (Royal Land Government or informally Autonomous Government), the Croatian Court Chancellery or (officially) Royal Croatian-Slavonian-Dalmatian Court Chancellery in Vienna (1862–1869) as supreme governmental body for Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia organized in accordance with the October Diploma
October Diploma
and the February Patent
February Patent
and the Royal Croatian-Slavonian Council of Lieutenancy in Zagreb (1861–1869) were abolished. ^ a b http://www.h-net.org/~habsweb/sourcetexts/nagodba3.htm The Hungaro-Croatian Compromise of 1868 (The Nagodba), III ^ Hrvatska pravna povijest 1790. – 1918., Croatian Supreme Court ^ Ivan Čepulo (April 2006). "Izgradnja modernog hrvatskog sudstva 1848 – 1918" [Building up of the Modern Croatian Judiciary 1848 – 1918]. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu: Collected Papers of Zagreb Law Faculty (in Croatian). Zagreb, Croatia: University of Zagreb, Law Faculty. 56 (2-3): 325–383. ISSN 0350-2058. Retrieved 2017-01-20.  ^ a b Biondich 2000, p. 11 ^ The Hungaro-Croatian Compromise of 1868 (The Nagodba), II ^ Croatia
Croatia
– Historical Flags (1848–1918), www.fotw.net ^ Ban (viceroy) Iván Skerlecz: "According to the § 61 article I from the year 1868 of Agreement and of decree of the Department of Interior of the Royal Country Government of November 16th, 1867, No. 18.307, red-white-blue tricolour is the civil flag in the Kingdoms of Croatia and Slavonia, which with the united Coat-of-Arms of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
Dalmatia
with the crown of saint Stephen on the top is official flag for usage in autonomous affairs. Above-mentioned civil flag may be used by everyone in appropriate way." "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-29.  [1] ^ a b Seton-Watson, Hugh (1945). Eastern Europe Between the Wars, 1918–1941 (3rd ed.). CUP Archive. p. 434. ISBN 1-00-128478-X. ^ Kroatien, Slavonien, Dalmatien Und Das Militargrenzland, p. 20. ^ Pokušaji smanjivanja nepismenosti u Banskoj Hrvatskoj početkom 20. stoljeća, p. 133-135 ^ Pero Simic: Tito, tajna veka Novosti; 2nd edition (2009) ISBN 978-8674461549

References[edit]

Biondich, Mark (2000). Stjepan Radić, the Croat Peasant Party, and the Politics of Mass Mobilization. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-8294-7.

External links[edit]

Croatia
Croatia
portal Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
portal

 "Croatia-Slavonia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). 1911. pp. 471–477.  Codex diplomaticus Regni Croatiae, Slavoniae et Dalmatiae, Internet Archive – digital library Euratlas Maps Erdélyi Magyar Adatbank Map Map Ethnic map

v t e

Subdivisions of Austria-Hungary

Cisleithania

Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of Bohemia Duchy of Bukovina Duchy of Carinthia Duchy of Carniola Kingdom of Dalmatia Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Austrian Littoral

Gorizia and Gradisca Istria Trieste

Margraviate of Moravia Duchy of Salzburg Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia Duchy of Styria County of Tyrol

Transleithania

Kingdom of Hungary Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia Fiume and its surroundings Military Frontier
Military Frontier
(1867–1882)

Condominiums

Province of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878–1918) Sanjak of Novi Pazar
Sanjak of Novi Pazar
(1878–1908) Carpathian passes (1918) Concession zone in Tianjin (1901–1917)

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Counties of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen

Kingdom of Hungary

Abaúj-Torna Alsó-Fehér Arad Árva Bács-Bodrog Baranya Bars Békés Bereg Beszterce-Naszód Bihar Borsod Brassó Csanád Csík Csongrád Esztergom Fejér Fogaras Gömör-Kishont Győr Hajdú Háromszék Heves Hont Hunyad Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Kis-Küküllő Kolozs Komárom Krassó-Szörény Liptó Máramaros Maros-Torda Moson Nagy-Küküllő Nógrád Nyitra Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun Pozsony Sáros Somogy Sopron Szabolcs Szatmár Szeben Szepes Szilágy Szolnok-Doboka Temes Tolna Torda-Aranyos Torontál Trencsén Turóc Udvarhely Ugocsa Ung Vas Veszprém Zala Zemplén Zólyom

Corpus separatum

Fiume

Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

Bjelovar-Križevci Lika-Krbava Modruš-Rijeka Požega Srijem Varaždin Virovitica Zagreb

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Croatia articles

History

Prehistoric Origins of Croats White Croatia Red Croatia Dalmatian Croatia Pannonian Croatia Pagania Zahumlje Travunija Medieval kingdom Personal union
Personal union
with Hungary Republic of Ragusa Croatia
Croatia
in the Habsburg Empire Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia State of Slovenes, Croats
Croats
and Serbs Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Banovina of Croatia

World War II

Independent State

Socialist Republic War of Independence Croatia
Croatia
since 1995 European Union

Geography

Climate Extreme points Islands Lakes Mammals Mountains Protected areas Rivers Topography

Politics

Administrative divisions

cities counties municipalities

Constitution Elections Foreign relations Government

Prime Minister

Human rights

LGBT

LGBT history Law enforcement Military Parliament Political parties President Security and intelligence

Economy

Brands Energy Gross domestic product (GDP) Industry Kuna (currency) National Bank Privatization Stock Exchange Telecommunications Tourism Transport

Society

Demographics Croats Women Education Ethnic groups Healthcare Languages Religion

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Cuisine Croatian language Literature Music Public holidays Radio stations Sport Television

Symbols

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national flag

Interlace Motto Name

Outline Index

Category Portal

Coordinates: 45°48′N 15°58′E / 45.800°N 15.967°E / 45

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