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King Wei of Qi (Chinese: 齊威王; pinyin: Qí Wēi Wáng), whose personal name was Tian Yinqi (田因齊), was the king of the northern Chinese state of Qi during the Warring States period, when Qi was one of the most powerful states in China. He reigned from 356 to 320 BC.[1] or according to another source from 378 to 343 BC.[2] His successor was King Xuan of Qi. In the Intrigues of the Warring States, the strategist Su Qin
Su Qin
is quoted as telling the king of Qin: "Kings Wei and Xuan of Qi were the worthiest rulers of their age. Their power was great and their lands were broad. Their states were wealthy and their citizens capable. Their generals were aggressive and their troops strong."[3] King Wei was judicious and measured in his actions toward his subordinates. At one point he was told repeatedly by his spies that one of his generals, Zhangzi, had surrendered to the enemy, Qin. King Wei refused to believe that Zhangzi had deserted. Sure enough, "a short while later it was reported that Qi had won a great victory. The king of Qin proclaimed himself a vassal of the western borders and made his apologies to Qi." King Wei said that he always knew Zhangzi was faithful and cited this story in his defence.[4] According to another story, King Wei proclaimed that "To all ministers, officers and citizens who criticize my faults in front me, they will get the highest reward; those who remonstrate with me in writing will be given the next highest reward, and to those who overhear criticism of me and convey it to my ears will go the least reward." It was said that initially, "the doorway to the king's chamber looked like a marketplace" but after a year, "none who spoke to the king had petitions to present" [because the problems had already been solved]. "When [the states of] Yan, Zhao, Han and Wei heard of this they all came to court at Qi." King Wei employed Sun Bin
Sun Bin
as chief military advisor. Sun Bin
Sun Bin
had been punished with mutilation of his knees in Wei at the instigation of his enemy Pang Juan. King Wei's commander Tian Ji recruited him to come to Qi. As Sun Bin
Sun Bin
could not sit on a horse, he refused when King Wei offered him the actual command of the army. Sun Bin
Sun Bin
wrote Sun Bin's Art of War, in which King Wei and Tian Ji question Sun Bin
Sun Bin
on strategy and tactics. Sun Bin
Sun Bin
was influential in devising the strategy for the Qi triumph at the Battle of Maling
Battle of Maling
in 342 BC, which considerably weakened the rival state of Wei. Pang Juan
Pang Juan
died there. "Late in his reign, he sent out armies against Qin and Zhao."[2] His son Tian Ying (田嬰) was the father of Lord Mengchang.[5] References[edit]

^ Lü, Buwei (2000). The Annals of Lü Buwei. Edited and translated by John Knoblock and Jeffrey Riegel. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. pp. Glossary, 782. ISBN 9780804733540.  ^ a b Sun, Bin; Dim Cheuk Lau; Roger T. Ames (2003). Sun Bin: The Art of War. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. p. 13.  ^ Crump, J.I. (1996) [1970]. Chan-kuo Ts'e. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan. p. 139.  ^ Crump, J.I. (1996) [1970]. Chan-kuo Ts'e. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan. p. 162.  ^ Shu, Xincheng (1936). Ci Hai. Hong Kong: Zhonghua Shuju. p. 910. 

King Wei of Qi House of Tian Born: c. 378 BC Died: 320 BC

Regnal titles

Preceded by Duke Huan of Tian Qi as Duke of Qi King of Qi 356–320 BC Succeeded by King Xuan of Qi

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Monarchs of Qi

House of Jiang

Duke Tai Duke Ding Duke Yǐ Duke Gui Duke Ai Duke Hu Duke Xian Duke Wu Duke Li Duke Wen Duke Cheng Duke Zhuang I Duke Xi Duke Xiang Wuzhi Duke Huan Wukui Duke Xiao Duke Zhao She Duke Yì Duke Hui Duke Qing Duke Ling Duke Zhuang II Duke Jing An Ruzi Duke Dao Duke Jian Duke Ping Duke Xuan Duke Kang

House of Tian

Duke Tai Yan Duke Huan King Wei King Xuan King Min Kin

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