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Khong Tayiji (Mongolian: ᠬᠤᠩ ᠲᠠᠶᠢᠵᠢ, хун тайж;Manchu: ᡥᠣᠩ ᡨᠠᡳᠵᡳ, Hong Taiji) also spelled Qong Tayiji, is a title of the Mongols. Khong Tayiji derives from Chinese Huangtaizi (皇太子; crown prince). At first it also meant crown prince in Mongolian. It was originally given only to descendants of Genghis Khan. In the Mongol tradition, a khan was unable to appoint the successor, instead the successor was elected in the kurultai after the khan's death. However Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
(who founded the Yuan Dynasty) broke this tradition, and installed his second son Zhenjin (Chingem) as Crown Prince. After Chingem died in 1286, the seal of Crown prince
Crown prince
was passed to Chingem's third son Temür in 1293. However, Temür was never formally appointed as the Crown Prince and still not the definite successor. He was only confirmed as successor in a kurultai held after Kublai's death. The Khong Tayiji became sub-Khan when Altan Khan
Altan Khan
of the Tümed tümen installed the Khong Tayiji as assistant khan. This convention of a sub-khan spread throughout the Mongol world.[citation needed] In 1630s the head of the Dzungars
Dzungars
was given the title of Baatur Khong Tayiji by the 5th Dalai Lama. Thereafter the style "Khong Tayiji" was adopted by Dzungar leader Tsewang Dorji Namjil, son of Galdan Tseren.[1] As the Dzungars
Dzungars
got stronger, the title rose in importance. By the mid-18th century it was ranked higher than that of khan among the Oirats, because of the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
appointment of too many local chieftains as khans.[citation needed]

Contents

1 References

1.1 Citations 1.2 Sources

2 See also

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Perdue 2009, p. 270.

Sources[edit]

Book

Perdue, Peter C (2009). China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-04202-5. 

See also[edit]

Jasagh Mongolian nobility

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Khagan Khan Khatun Taishi Jinong Khong Tayiji Noyan Tarkhan Councellor Wang

Köke Temür Arugjtai Bahamu Toghan taishi Örüg Temür Khan Bek Arslan Unebolad wang Altan Khan

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