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A khelrtva (Georgian: ხელრთვა) is a calligraphic monogram, seal or signature of the Georgian monarchs, patriarchs, royal and noble princes.[1][2][3]

Word "Khelrtva" literally means "to decorate, adorn or beautify with hand" in Georgian language, "kheli" meaning a hand and "rtva" meaning to decorate or adorn.

Khelrtva signatures were written in one of the three Georgian scripts, mostly in Nuskhuri and Mkhedruli scripts, though the monograms especially the royal ones were written in Asomtavruli script. Every Georgian monarch had its own individual khelrtva and was known as "საუფლოჲ ხელი" (sauploy kheli) literally meaning "Hand of the Lord". Tradition of khelrtvas are still in use in Georgia.[4]

Khelrtvas

Monarchs

David IV signature.svg
Khelrtva of King
David IV of Georgia
Tamar signature.svg
Khelrtva of Queen
Tamar of Georgia
George IV signature.svg
Khelrtva of King
George IV of Georgia
Archil of Imereti signature.svg
Khelrtva of King
Archil of Imereti
Vakhtang VI signature.svg
Khelrtva of King
Vakhtang VI of Kartli

Patriarchs

Anton II, Catholicos of Georgia. Signature svg.svg
Khelrtva of Patriarch
Anton II of Georgia
Ilia II of Georgia's signature.svg
Khelrtva of Patriarch
Ilia II of Georgia

Royal princes

Levan signature.svg
Khelrtva of
Prince Levan of Kartli
Prince David of Georgia signature.svg
Khelrtva of
Prince David of Georgia


See also

References

  1. ^ საგამომცემლო ლექსიკონი/ავტ.-შემდგ.: ვახტანგ დოხნაძე; [რედ.: მურმან სუხიშვილი ; მხატვ.: ვახტანგ რურუა]. - [მე-2 შესწ. და შევს. გამოც.]. - თბ.: საგამომც. საქმის სასწ. ცენტრი, 2006. - 305გვ.; 20სმ.. - ბიბლიოგრ.: გვ. 301-304. - ISBN 99928-998-1-6 : [ფ.ა.]
  2. ^ National Parliamentary Library of Georgia: ხელრთვა
  3. ^ ეროვნულ არქივში XI – XVIII საუკუნეების დოკუმენტებზე არსებული ხელრთვების კატალოგი მომზადდა National Archives of Georgia
  4. ^ Sinauridze, A. Hand of the Lord Karibche, 04.02.2010

External links