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Khövsgöl (Mongolian: Хөвсгөл) is the northernmost of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The name is derived from Lake Khövsgöl.

Contents

1 Geography and History 2 Population

2.1 Famous Khövsgölians

3 Livestock 4 Transportation 5 Administrative Subdivisions 6 Notes and references 7 External links

Geography and History[edit]

Lake Khövsgöl

The Aimag is largely mountainous. The south and southwest are dominated by the round-topped Tarvagatai, Bulnain and Erchim sub-ranges of the Khangai massif. The areas west and north of Lake Khövsgöl are formed by the alpine Khoridol Saridag, Ulaan Taiga, and Mönkh Saridag
Mönkh Saridag
mountains. The center and east are less mountainous, but still hilly. Within Mongolia, the region is well known for its natural environment,[citation needed] and Lake Khövsgöl
Lake Khövsgöl
is one of the country's major tourist attractions. The largest forest areas of Mongolia
Mongolia
are located around and to the north of the lake, extending the south-siberian Taiga. The aimag was founded in 1931. Khatgal was the administrative center until 1933, since then it has been Mörön. Population[edit]

Khövsgöl aimag population [1][2][3][4][5]

1956 census 1960 est. 1963 census 1969 census 1975 est. 1979 census 1981 est. 1989 census 1992 est. 1996 est. 1998 est. 2000 census 2003 est. 2005 est. 2007 est.

58,200 64,000 63,700 74,800 82,300 88,200 91,100 101,800 119,133 113,312 117,123 117,914 124,126 123,416 123,275

The region is home to many ethnic minority groups: Darkhad, Khotgoid, Uriankhai, Buriad, and Tsaatan. Both the Darkhad and Tsaatan
Tsaatan
are famous for their practice of shamanism.

Ethnic minority groups in Khövsgöl (self-identification), 2000 census[6]

Group Population Percentage

Darkhad 16,268 13.8%

Khotgoid 6229 5.3%

Uriankhai 3036 2.6%

Buriad 996 0.84%

Tsaatan 269 0.23%

Total population 117914 100%

Famous Khövsgölians[edit]

Sums of Khövsgöl Aimag

Famous people from Khuvsgul include:

Chingünjav, leader of an anti- Manchu
Manchu
rebellion in 1756/57, Öndör Gongor, was a very tall man in early-20th century Mongolia, Jalkhanz Khutagt Damdinbazar, a prime minister of Mongolia
Mongolia
in the early 1920s, Gelenkhüü, an inventor and hero of local folklore. Oyungerel Tsedevdamba, activist, first Mongolian to graduate from Stanford

Henning Haslund-Christensen, a Danish traveller and explorer, spent one or two years in a place that today is in Erdenebulgan sum in the early 1920s. Some locals believe that Alan Gua, a female ancestor of Genghis Khan, hails from what is now Chandmani-Öndör. Livestock[edit] In 2007, the aimag was home to about 3.43 million heads of livestock, among them about 1,510,000 goats, 1,442,000 sheep, 322,000 cattle and yaks, 150,000 horses, 2,350 camels, and 652 reindeer.[5] Transportation[edit] The Mörön Airport
Mörön Airport
(ZMMN/MXV) has one paved runway. It offers regular flights from and to Ulaanbaatar, and also serves as intermediate stop into the western Aimags. The Khatgal Airport
Khatgal Airport
(HTM) only runs scheduled flights from and to Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
in summer, offering a more direct approach to Lake Khövsgöl for the tourists. The road distance from Mörön
Mörön
to Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
is 690 km. A new paved road finished in fall 2012 now connects Mörön
Mörön
to Khatgal on Lake Khövsgöl. Administrative Subdivisions[edit]

The Sums of Khövsgöl Aimag

Sum Mongolian Population 1987 (approx.)[7] Population 1994 [8] Population 2000[9] Population 2005[10] Population 2009[11] Sum centre population (2009)[11] Area (km²)[5] Density (/km²)

Alag-Erdene Khatgal Алаг-Эрдэнэ Хатгал 2,300 7,000[12] 2,809 3,756 2,825 2,498 2,992 2,831 2,980 2,952 744 2,952 3,591.5 911,4 0.83 3.24

Arbulag Арбулаг 3,100 4,272 4,487 4,164 3,989 728 3,529.21 1.13

Bayanzürkh Баянзүрх 3,300 4,180 4,202 3,863 3,964 742 4,299.14 0.92

Bürentogtokh Бүрэнтогтох 3,800 5,043 4,678 4,251 4,245 735 3,768.60 1.12

Chandmani-Öndör Чандмань-Өндөр 2,100 2,891 3,063 2,944 3,006 1,018 4,487.54 0.67

Erdenebulgan Эрдэнэбулган 2,300 3,086 2,739 2,849 2,763 1,060 4,694.38 0.59

Galt Галт 4,400 5,573 5,328 4,876 5,132 777 3,596.83 1.43

Ikh-Uul Их-Уул 3,200 3,767 3,959 4,126 4,170 1,387 2,023.82 2.06

Jargalant Жаргалант 3,700 4,866 5,086 5,109 5,183 1,315 2,549.28 2.03

Khankh Ханх n.a. 2,227 2,140 2,346 2,460 1,422 5,498.71 0.45

Mörön Мөрөн n.a. 27,230 28,147 35,872 36,082 36,072 102.90 350.55

Rashaant Рашаант 2,500 3,195 3,280 3,559 3,501 987 1,982.52 1.77

Renchinlkhümbe Рэнчинлхүмбэ 3,900[13] 4,040 4,284 4,614 4,740 825 8,448.34 0.56

Shine-Ider Шинэ-Идэр 3,900 4,616 4,348 4,068 3,824 1,718 2,053.56 1.86

Tarialan Тариалан 4,800 6,122 6,070 5,936 6,085 3,272 3,430.67 1.77

Tömörbulag Төмөрбулаг 3,100 4,084 4,171 4,353 4,174 613 2,521.72 1.66

Tosontsengel Тосонцэнгэл 2,800 3,683 4,161 3,615 4,144 1,166 2,042.23 2,03

Tsagaannuur Цагааннуур 900 1,248 1,317 1,405 1,547 708 5,408.30 0.29

Tsagaan-Uul Цагаан-Уул 4,300 5,547 5,696 5,145 5,332 940 5,866.3 0.91

Tsagaan-Üür Цагаан-Үүр 2,000 2,590 2,421 2,442 2,459 946 8,735.33 0.28

Tsetserleg Цэцэрлэг 4,400 5,591 5,876 4,693 4,766 807 7,451.62 0.64

Tünel Түнэл 2,900 3,579 3,556 3,465 3,528 1,105 3,577.33 0.99

Ulaan-Uul Улаан-Уул 2,700 3,396 3,726 3,898 4,118 1,386 10,057.52 0.41

Notes and references[edit]

^ Statoids (Gwillim Law) web page ^ National Statistical Office Archived 2007-06-07 at the Wayback Machine. ^ National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
1981 ^ , GeoHive: Global Statistics ^ a b c Khövsgöl Aimag Statistical Yearbook 2007[permanent dead link] ^ M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
2001, p. 7, 35, 68, 148, 166, 190 ^ Khövsgöl Aimgiin Atlas, Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
1988,p.6 ^ [1] ^ M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
2001,passim ^ Rural Poverty Reduction Programme: official site Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Khövsgöl Aimak Statistical Yearbook 2009[permanent dead link] ^ population in 1990, acc. to M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli ^ incl. parts of Khankh

External links[edit]

Mongolia
Mongolia
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khövsgöl Aimag.

Places adjacent to Khövsgöl Province

  Buryatia
Buryatia
and  Tuva,  Russia

 Khövsgöl Province

 Zavkhan Province  Arkhangai Province  Bulgan Province

v t e

Administrative divisions of Mongolia

Aimags (provinces)

Arkhangai Bayankhongor Bayan-Ölgii Bulgan Darkhan-Uul Dornod Dornogovi Dundgovi Govi-Altai Govisümber Khentii Khovd Khövsgöl Ömnögovi Orkhon Övörkhangai Selenge Sükhbaatar Töv Uvs Zavkhan

Municipality

.