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Kenitra
Kenitra
(Moroccan Arabic: قْنيطره‬, Qniṭra; Arabic: القنيطرة‎, al-Qonayṭéra, the little bridge) is a city in northern Morocco, formerly (1932–1956) known as Port
Port
Lyautey. It is a port on the Sbu river, has a population in 2014 of 431,282,[2] is one of the three main cities of the Rabat-Sale- Quneitra
Quneitra
region and the capital of Kenitra
Kenitra
Province. During the Cold War
Cold War
Kenitra's U.S. Naval Air Facility served as a stopping point in North Africa.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ancient history 1.2 Colonial and recent history 1.3 U.S. Naval Base

2 Climate 3 Population 4 Areas and neighborhoods 5 Education

5.1 Primary and secondary schools 5.2 Colleges and universities

6 Transportation 7 Sports

7.1 Quneitra
Quneitra
Athletic Club, KAC 7.2 Basketball 7.3 Surf and water sports 7.4 Tennis 7.5 Equitation sports 7.6 Sport of athletics

8 Natives from Kenitra 9 See also 10 Notes and references 11 External links

History[edit] Ancient history[edit] Further information: Thamusida The history of the city begins with the foundation of a trading-post by the Phoenicians, known back then as Thamusida. Under the Antonine dynasty, a Venus temple was built there. Before the French protectorate, there was only Kasbah Mahdiyya
Kasbah Mahdiyya
in the area where the modern city can today be found. Colonial and recent history[edit] In March 1912 the French government and the Sultan of Morocco, Abd al-Hafid, signed the Treaty of Fez. Because of his growing unpopularity, the Sultan asked the French government for protection against the Berber rebel tribes surrounding Fez. France appointed Hubert Lyautey
Hubert Lyautey
resident-general in Morocco. General Lyautey restored peace and order to the country after crushing the tribal uprising. After safely moving the Sultan from Fez to the current capital city, Rabat, Lyautey began his task of civilian administration.

Sebou River
Sebou River
- Corniche

One of the first preoccupations of General Lyautey was to build ports along the inhabitable Atlantic coast where there were no natural harbors. He established Kenitra
Kenitra
in 1912 as a French military fort and town. The port at Kenitra, at the mouth of the Sebou river, was opened in 1913.[3] It soon became the best river port in Morocco.[4] Kenitra draws its name from a culvert built at Fouarat lake upstream of the kasbah. This culvert was destroyed in 1928. In 1933, the French officially named the locale " Port
Port
Lyautey". It was renamed "Quneitra" in 1956 as Morocco
Morocco
gained its independence. Quneitra
Quneitra
has grown rapidly to be a shipping centre for agricultural produce (mainly fruit), fish, timber, and lead and zinc ores. The city’s industrial area lies upstream of the port. U.S. Naval Base[edit]

Air base of Kenitra: Public works and maintenance department

In November 1942, after Operation Torch, the Americans captured the Port
Port
Lyautey French fighter base as a military base, named Craw Field. The Navy ran the base until 1947, when the State Department negotiated reversion of control to France. In 1950, a $23,000,000 expansion was authorized, but then the Korean War
Korean War
diverted resources. In the 1950s, nearly 10,000 persons were on the base making it the largest aggregation of Americans in any one overseas base outside Japan. Later, the base at Kenitra
Kenitra
was expanded to become a U.S. Naval Air Station.[5] The base was shared by both the USA and Morocco
Morocco
through the Cold War. A small Navy communications out-station at Sidi Yahia closed in the late 1970s. The Air Station was closed in 1991. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kenitra

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 17.3 (63.1) 18.1 (64.6) 19.5 (67.1) 20.6 (69.1) 22.8 (73) 24.8 (76.6) 27.4 (81.3) 27.9 (82.2) 27.1 (80.8) 24.7 (76.5) 21.1 (70) 18.0 (64.4) 22.4 (72.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.3 (54.1) 13.3 (55.9) 14.4 (57.9) 15.7 (60.3) 18.1 (64.6) 20.6 (69.1) 23.0 (73.4) 23.3 (73.9) 22.2 (72) 19.4 (66.9) 15.9 (60.6) 13.0 (55.4) 17.6 (63.7)

Average low °C (°F) 7.2 (45) 8.5 (47.3) 9.3 (48.7) 10.9 (51.6) 13.4 (56.1) 16.3 (61.3) 18.6 (65.5) 18.7 (65.7) 17.4 (63.3) 14.1 (57.4) 10.7 (51.3) 8.0 (46.4) 12.8 (55)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 97.6 (3.843) 94.6 (3.724) 74.9 (2.949) 67.3 (2.65) 37.8 (1.488) 5.8 (0.228) 0.4 (0.016) 0.6 (0.024) 10.7 (0.421) 63.0 (2.48) 130.0 (5.118) 135.9 (5.35) 718.6 (28.291)

Average precipitation days 12.3 12.7 12.2 11.0 7.6 2.9 0.3 0.7 2.8 8.6 13.3 14.0 98.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 165.0 170.4 229.8 255.8 296.7 302.9 326.5 312.8 263.8 227.2 174.6 161.4 2,886.9

Source: NOAA[6]

Population[edit]

Population of Quneitra
Quneitra
province from 1982 to 2014

1982 1994 2004 2010 2014

188,194 292,453 359,142 931,027 1,061,432

Areas and neighborhoods[edit]

Mdina

Khabazate The Cigogne The cite

Modern city

Mimosa Ville Haute

Popular districts

Saknia Wuled Oujih Maghrib al Arabi

Residential districts

Bir Rami Ismailia Val fleury

Education[edit] Primary and secondary schools[edit] There is a French international school, Groupe scolaire Honoré-de-Balzac, serving moyenne section through collège (junior high school).[7] Colleges and universities[edit]

Université Ibn-Tofail (ar) (UIT)[8] ENCG Kénitra (École nationale de commerce et de gestion de Kénitra (fr)) HECI Kénitra (Hautes Etudes Commerciales et Informatiques) ENSA Kénitra (École nationale des sciences appliquées de Kénitra)

Transportation[edit]

The National Route 1 and the A1 motorway pass through Kenitra
Kenitra
and connect it to Rabat- Salé
Salé
in the south-west and to Larache
Larache
in the north-east. The city is served by two railway stations: Kenitra-Ville and Kenitra-Medina. A shuttle train, TNR, connects the city, every 30 minutes, to Rabat
Rabat
and Casablanca. A high-speed rail line to Tangier
Tangier
is planned to be completed in 2018.[9][better source needed] (See Kenitra–Tangier high-speed rail line.)

Sports[edit] Quneitra
Quneitra
Athletic Club, KAC[edit] Main article: KAC Quneitra In 1938, a group of Kenitra
Kenitra
natives created KAC. This group of soccer lovers wanted to resist French domination in sports in Morocco. The team, made entirely of Kenitra
Kenitra
natives, succeeded in reaching the premier Moroccan soccer league in 1956. In 1960, KAC won its first championship league of Morocco. KAC embarked in a journey of glories by winning the 1973-81-82 championship leagues and the 1961 throne cup. Ahmed Souiri was a long-time manager and coach. KAC has produced many international players. Bouliahiaoui and Khalifa were among the players who helped the Moroccan national soccer team qualify for the second round of the World Cup finals in Mexico in 1986. Mohammed Boussati still holds a national record of goals by scoring 25 goals in one soccer championship season in 1981-82. Its home is the Kenitra
Kenitra
Municipal Stadium which has a capacity of 15,000 people.[10] Basketball[edit] The KAC Kénitra was very successful during the 70s and 80s. Surf and water sports[edit] In Kenitra
Kenitra
there exit some clubs of surfing and kayaking. Tennis[edit] The city owns a tennis club with its tennis courts. Equitation sports[edit] The city owns a equitation sports club with its competition fields. Sport of athletics[edit] Ttbd Natives from Kenitra[edit] Kenitra
Kenitra
was the birthplace of:

Saïd Aouita, Olympic athlete Amina Aït Hammou, Olympic athlete Youssef Chippo, International football player Margie Cox, American R&B Singer Mohamed Sijelmassi, writer and physician David Bitan, Israeli politician

See also[edit]

Bouknadel Battle for Port
Port
Lyautey

Notes and references[edit]

^ "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014" (in Arabic and French). High Commission for Planning, Morocco. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2017.  ^ "Population légale d'après les résultats du RGPH 2014 sur le Bulletin officiel N° 6354". hcp.ma (in Arabic). Retrieved 2015-07-11.  ^ Kénitra depuis 1912 (in French) ^ In Morocco
Morocco
by Edith Wharton, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1920 ^ "History of Port
Port
Lyautey".  ^ " Kenitra
Kenitra
Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 16, 2015.  ^ "Groupe scolaire Honoré-de-Balzac". AEFE. Retrieved June 16, 2016.  ^ "Wayback Machine". 6 February 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2006. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ " Morocco
Morocco
awards Tangier- Kenitra
Kenitra
high-speed line contract", railway-technology.com, 8 April 2013. ^ "Stade Municipal de Kénitra – StadiumDB.com". stadiumdb.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kenitra.

Entry in Lexicorient Pictures of U.S. Naval base facilities in Kenitra Histoire de Kenitra
Kenitra
/ Port-Lyautey en images de 1911 au 1956

Coordinates: 34°15′N 6°35′W / 34.250°N 6.583°W / 34.250; -6.583

v t e

Kénitra Province

Capital: Kenitra

Municipalities

Kenitra Mehdya Sidi Slimane Sidi Yahya El Gharb Souk El Arbaa

Rural communes

Ameur Seflia Arbaoua Azghar Bahhara Oulad Ayad Ben Mansour Beni Malek Boumaiz Chouafaa Dar Bel Amri Haddada Kariat Ben Aouda Kceibya Lalla Mimouna M'Saada Mnasra Mograne Moulay Bousselham Oued El Makhazine Oulad Ben Hammadi Oulad H'Cine Oulad Slama Sfafaa Sidi Allal Tazi Sidi Boubker El Haj Sidi Mohamed Lahmar Sidi Taibi Souk Tlet El Gharb

v t e

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
region

Capital: Rabat

Provinces and Prefectures

Kénitra Province Khémisset Province Sidi Kacem
Sidi Kacem
Province Sidi Slimane Province Rabat
Rabat
Prefecture Salé
Salé
Prefecture Skhirate- Témara
Témara
Prefecture

Cities

Khemisset Sidi Taibi Dar Gueddari Had Kourt Jorf El Melha Kenitra Khnichet Lalla Mimouna Mechra Bel Ksiri Mehdya Moulay Bousselham Ouazzane Oulad Slama Rabat Salé Sidi Allal Tazi Sidi Kacem Sidi Slimane Sidi Yahya El Gharb Skhirat Souk El Arbaa Témara Tiflet

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 148294228 GN

.