The Info List - Kazys Binkis

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KAZYS BINKIS (1893–1942) was a Lithuanian poet, journalist, and playwright. He used the pseudonyms K.Alijošius, K. Papilietis, Kazys, Kazys Roviejietis, Nedarbininkas, Neklaipėdietis, Nelatvis, Nepartyvis, Ras Desta, Riza Chanas and others.


* 1 Biography * 2 Literary works * 3 Righteous Among the Nations * 4 References * 5 External sources


Kazys Binkis
Kazys Binkis
was born on November 16, 1893 in the village of Gudeliai in the district of Biržai. He attended primary school at Papilys , graduating in 1908; he studied at the Saulė (The Sun), taking courses for teachers and at Biržai progymnasium . In 1910 he entered the school of agriculture in Voronec (near Švenčionys
), but for the lack of funds moved to Vilnius
in 1913 and began to prepare himself privately for matriculation examinations. In 1909 K.Binkis began to publish prose and verse in Viltis (The Hope), Vaivorykštė (The Rainbow), and Pirmasis baras (The First Field). In 1915 he graduated from the teachers' courses of the Lithuanian Committee in Vilnius
and became a teacher at Papilys. In 1918 Binkis was elected a chairman of the Biržai District Council . In 1919 he was appointed a secretary of editorial board of the journal Liepsna (The Flame) in Vilnius. In the same year he moved to Kaunas
. There he worked at the press bureau, volunteered for the Geležinis Vilkas (The Iron Wolf) regiment and participated in concerts. In 1920-1923 he studied, with interruptions, literature and philosophy at Berlin University
Berlin University
. At the same time he took part in the literary movement Keturi vėjai (The Four Winds), being the leader of the budding Lithuanian futurism (1922–1928).

He made his living from literary work. In 1922, together with other authors, he published an almanac The Prophet of the Four Winds; in 1924 he organized a journal Keturi vėjai. He edited anthologies of Lithuanian folk poetry and songs. He also worked at the Society of Lithuanian Writers ; for some years was a member of its board. He was a contributor to Literatūros naujienos (The News of Literature) and worked as a journalist.

Binkis died on April 27, 1942 in Kaunas, and is buried at Petrašiūnai Cemetery
Petrašiūnai Cemetery


The heritage of Binkis's works is not large, but in all fields he achieved significant results. He wrote humorous and satirical poems, rhymed feuilletons, and published poetry books for children.

In 1920 his first collection of poems Eilėraščiai (The Poems) was published. This collection of lyrical poems is one of the best works of Lithuanian poetry of this era. During his studies in Berlin Binkis was influenced by modernist poetry; this led him to found the modernist Keturi vėjai (Four Winds) literary movement. Keturi vėjai did not leave great literary works but broke the routine, brought new literary forms, and this way made big impact on Lithuanian poetry. In 1923 (second edition in 1926) he published his second, futurist, collection of poems 100 Pavasarių (One Hundred Springs). From 1927 to 1931 Binkis published humorous poems in various periodicals; some of them were published as separate books - Tamošius Bekepuris ir kitos Alijošiaus dainuškos was published in 1928, Kriaučius Motiejus (Tailor Motiejus) was published in 1947.

He debuted as a play writer in 1938 with a piece Atžalynas (The Undergrowth). Encouraged by the success of his debut, he started writing a new play Generalinė repeticija (Dress Rehearsal) which he did not complete. Generalinė repeticija had bigger ambitions, a different form, and composition. Generalinė repeticija was first time staged abroad, in Hanau
camp in 1948, and was published in 1958 in Pergalė journal. In Lithuania it was staged for the first time in 1959 (Ostrauskas:1997).


During the Nazi occupation Binkis hid Lithuanian Jews
Lithuanian Jews
in his home. At the Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
memorial in Jerusalem
, there is a tree planted, commemorating Sofia and Kazys Binkis
Kazys Binkis
as among the "Righteous Among the Nations " (number 660).


* ^ A B C LMS IC: Classic Lithuanian Literature Anthology: Kazys Binkis (about the author) at antologija.lt * ^ Ostrauskas, Kostas. Žodžiai ir žmonės: Straipsniai, atsiminimai, laiškai. – Vilnius: Vaga 1997. * ^ Kazys Binkis
Kazys Binkis
– his activity to save Jews' lives during the Holocaust
, at Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem


Poems by Kazys Binkis
Kazys Binkis

* v * t * e

The Holocaust
in Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine



* Algimantas Dailidė * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Joachim Hamann * Karl Jäger
Karl Jäger
* Bruno Kittel * Algirdas Klimaitis * Hinrich Lohse
Hinrich Lohse
* Franz Murer * Helmut Rauca * Adrian von Renteln * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker
Franz Walter Stahlecker
* Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

* Chaim Yellin * Alexander Bogen * Josef Glazman * Jay M. Ipson * Zelig Kalmanovich * Abba Kovner * Ephraim Oshry * Abraham Sutzkever
Abraham Sutzkever
* Elchonon Wasserman * Yitzhak Wittenberg * Jacob Wygodzki * See also: Songs of the Vilna Ghetto


* Kazys Binkis * Petronėlė Lastienė * Karl Plagge
Karl Plagge
* Antanas Poška * Ona Šimaitė * Chiune Sugihara
Chiune Sugihara
* Jan Zwartendijk * See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations



* Einsatzgruppen
* Police Battalions * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys
Ypatingasis būrys


* Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje


* Jäger Report
Jäger Report
* Kaunas
June 1941 * Kaunas
29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 * Ponary


* HKP 562 forced labor camp
HKP 562 forced labor camp
* Kailis forced labor camp * Kovno Ghetto * Lukiškės Prison
Lukiškės Prison
* Marcinkonys Ghetto * Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
* Šiauliai Ghetto * Švenčionys
Ghetto * Vilna Ghetto
Vilna Ghetto

* Occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany * History of the Jews in Lithuania
History of the Jews in Lithuania


* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 37287870 * LCCN : n92009455 * ISNI : 0000 0001 0888 8452 * SUDOC : 165727780 * BNF : cb101959