Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь, IPA: [kɐˈzanʲ]; Tatar:
Казан) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of
Tatarstan, Russia. With a population of 1,143,535, it is the sixth
most populous city in Russia.
Kazan lies at the confluence of the
Volga and Kazanka Rivers in European Russia. The
Kazan Kremlin is a
World Heritage Site.
In April 2009, the Russian Patent Office granted
Kazan the right to
brand itself as the "Third Capital" of Russia. In 2009 it was
chosen as the "Sports capital of Russia" and it still is referred
to as such. The city hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade, 2014
World Fencing Championships, the 2015 World Aquatics Championships,
and is one of the host cities for the
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and
the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Kazan was visited by 2.1 million tourists, which is a 20%
increase in comparison with 2014. The
Kazan Kremlin was visited by 1.5
million tourists in 2015, and the city's hotel and entertainment
complex with an aquapark called "
Kazan Riviera" was visited by 1
2.1 Middle Ages
2.2 Russian Tsardom period
2.3 Russian Empire period
2.4 Soviet period
2.5 Modern period
2.5.1 Millennium of Kazan
3 Administrative and municipal status
3.1 City divisions
Kazan International Airport
4.2.3 Riverside station
4.2.4 Bus stations
4.2.6 Public transit
7 Central Kazan
7.2 Bistä, or Posad
7.3 Wooden Kazan
7.4 Other major buildings
9 Education and science
9.1 Primary and secondary education
9.2 Higher education
9.4 Public health
10 Government and administration
10.2 City Duma
10.3 Executive committee
10.4 Government of the Republic of Tatarstan
11.1 Notable athletes
11.3 Important events
12 International relations
12.1 Branch offices of embassies
12.3 Visa centers
12.4 Twin towns and sister cities
12.5 International organizations membership
13 Notable people
14 See also
16 Further reading
17 External links
The origin of the name
Kazan is uncertain. The most accepted legends
derive it from the Bulgar (and also modern Tatar) word qazan, which
means 'boiler' or 'cauldron'. One legend claims that the city was
named after the river Kazanka, which was named after the son of a
Bulgar governor dropped a copper cauldron into it. Other local
legends, including research by the
Tatar scholar Shigabetdin Marjani,
claim that the city was named for the resemblance of the hill on which
it sits to an upturned cauldron.
Kazan was a choice name for the male Turkic/
Mongol royalty, most
notably that of the
Mongol king, Qazan Khan. It is likely
that the city was named after a Mongol/Turkic khan by that name when
the city was founded or soon after.
History of Kazan
History of Kazan and Timeline of Kazan
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There is a long-running dispute as to whether
Kazan was founded by the
Volga Bulgars in the early
Middle Ages or by the Tatars of the Golden
Horde in the mid-15th century, as written records before the latter
period are sparse.
Iske Qazan may have been a Bulgar city on the site;
estimates of the date of its foundation range from the early 11th
century to the late 13th century. It was a border post between Volga
Bulgaria and two Finnic tribes, the Mari and the Udmurt. Another
vexatious question is where the citadel was built originally.
Archaeological explorations have produced evidence of urban settlement
in three parts of the modern city: in the Kremlin; in Bişbalta at the
site of the modern Zilantaw monastery; and near the Qaban lake. The
oldest of these seems to be the Kremlin.
Kazan existed in the 11th and 12th centuries, it could have been a
stop on a
Volga trade route
Volga trade route from
Scandinavia to Baghdad. It was a
trade center, and possibly a major city for Bulgar settlers in the
Kazan region, although their capital was further south at the city of
After the Mongols devastated the Bolğar and
Bilär areas in the 13th
century, either the surviving
Bulgars recuperated in numbers and were
assimilated by a small number of
Kipchaks from whom they adopted their
language (a position known as Bulgarism), or
Kipchaks and Bulgars
intermixed to create the modern
Kazan became a
center of a duchy which was a dependency of the Golden Horde. Two
centuries later, in the 1430s, Kipchak descendants of Genghis Khan,
such as Ghiasetdin of Kazan, usurped power from its
Some Tatars also went to Lithuania, brought by Vytautas the Great.
In 1438, as the
Golden Horde was beginning to break up,
the capital of the powerful Khanate of Kazan. The city bazaar, Taş
Ayaq (Stone Leg) became the most important trade center in the region,
especially for furniture. Craft-based manufacturing also thrived, as
the city gained a reputation for its leather and gold goods, as well
as for the opulence of its palaces and mosques. The citadel and Bolaq
channel were reconstructed, giving the city a strong defensive
Russians managed to occupy the city briefly several
Kazan Khanate was making constant plundering raids on Russia. Slavery
Kazan Khanate was legal. The number of slaves was up to 10% of the
population. Most of the slaves were Russian people who were captured
during raids. All captured men were forced to convert to Islam,
otherwise they could be killed or sold into slavery to other Muslim
Russian Tsardom period
Annunciation Cathedral of
Kazan Kremlin, 1561–1562
As a result of the
Siege of Kazan
Siege of Kazan in 1552,
Russia under Ivan the
Terrible conquered the city and massacred the majority of the
population. Also as a result of the
Siege of Kazan
Siege of Kazan 8,000 slaves
were set free. During the subsequent governorship of Alexander
Gorbatyi-Shuisky, most of the khanate's
Tatar residents were killed or
forcibly Christianized, the Kerashen Tatars. Mosques and palaces
were ruined. The surviving
Tatar population was moved to a place
50 kilometers (31 mi) away from the city and this place was
forcibly settled by Russian farmers and soldiers. Tatars in the
Russian service were settled in the
Tatar Bistäse settlement near the
city's wall. Later
Tatar merchants and handicraft masters also settled
there. During this period,
Kazan was largely destroyed as a result of
several great fires. After one of them in 1579, the icon Our Lady of
Kazan was discovered in the city.
In the early 17th century, at the beginning of the
Time of Troubles
Time of Troubles in
Russia, the Tsardom of
Kazan declared independence with the help of
the Russian population, but this independence was suppressed by Kuzma
Minin in 1612.
Russian Empire period
Kazan city map from the 19th century, Russian edition
In 1708, the Tsardom of
Kazan was abolished, and
Kazan became the seat
Kazan Governorate. After Peter the Great's visit, the city became a
center of shipbuilding for the Caspian fleet. The major Russian poet
Gavrila Derzhavin was born in
Kazan in 1743, the son of a poor country
Tatar ancestry though himself having a thoroughly Russian
Before the building of modern dams, low-lying areas were regularly
flooded in April and May.
Kazan suffered major fires in 1595, 1672,
1694, 1742, 1749, 1757 1744, 1815 and 1842.
Kazan was largely destroyed in 1774 as a result of the Pugachev revolt
(1774–1776), an uprising by border troops and peasants led by the
Don Cossack ataman (Captain) Yemelyan Pugachev, but the city, formerly
largely of timber construction, was soon afterwards rebuilt, using
stone and according to a grid pattern plan, during the reign of
Catherine the Great. Catherine also decreed that mosques could again
be built in Kazan, the first being Marjani Mosque.
At the beginning of the 19th century
Kazan State University
Kazan State University and
printing press were founded by Alexander I. It became an important
Oriental Studies in Russia. The
Qur'an was first printed in
Kazan in 1801.
Kazan became an industrial center and peasants migrated
there to join its industrial workforce. In 1875, a horse tramway
appeared; 1899 saw the installation of a tramway. After the Russian
Revolution of 1905, Tatars were allowed to revive
Kazan as a Tatar
cultural center. The first
Tatar theater and the first
Kazan became one of the revolution centers. In 1918,
the capital of the Idel-Ural State, which was suppressed by the
Bolshevist government. In the
Kazan Operation of August 1918, it was
briefly occupied by Czechoslovak Legions. In 1920
Kazan became the
Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In the 1920s and
1930s, most of the city's mosques and churches were destroyed, as
occurred elsewhere in the USSR. After the Treaty of
Rapallo (1922) until 1933, the German and the Russian army operated
Kama tank school in Kazan.
During World War II, many industrial plants and factories to the west
were relocated in Kazan, making the city a center of the military
industry, producing tanks and planes. After the war
as an industrial and scientific center. In 1979, the city's population
reached one million.
Dmitry Medvedev visits Kazan
In the late 1980s and in the 1990s, after the dissolution of the
Kazan again became the center of
Tatar culture and
identity, and separatist tendencies intensified. With the return of
Kazan became one of the most important centers of the
Russian Federation. The city went from 10th to 8th position in
population ranking of Russian cities. In the late 2000s, the city
earned the right to host both the
2013 Summer Universiade
2013 Summer Universiade and 2018
FIFA World Cup.
Millennium of Kazan
Since 2000, the city has been undergoing a total renovation. The
historical center—including the Kremlin—has been rebuilt, however
a large number of the city's historical districts were completely
demolished in the renovation.
Kazan celebrated its millennium in 2005,
after a city-organized historical commission settled on 1005 as the
official year of the city's founding. During the millennium
celebrations, one of the largest mosque in Russia, Qolsharif, was
dedicated in the
Kazan Kremlin, the holiest copy of Our Lady of Kazan
was returned to the city, the "Millennium Bridge" was inaugurated that
year, and the
Kazan Metro began operation. The government of the
Russian Federation released the Medal "In Commemoration of the 1000th
Anniversary of Kazan". In 2010, for the preparations to the 2013
Kazan began even more renovation by modernizing its
airport, fixing the streets, enhancing public transport, and adopting
Russian, English, and
Tatar languages in all transportation, large
stores, and shopping centers.
Administrative and municipal status
Kazan is the capital of the republic. Within the
framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city
of republic significance of Kazan—an administrative unit with the
status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the
city of republic significance of
Kazan is incorporated as
City districts of Kazan
Kazan is divided into seven districts:
Area (km²)
Main article: Economy of Kazan
Kazanorgsintez chemical plant
Kazan with local World trade center
Airplanes built by
Kazan Aircraft Production Association
Helicopter built by
Kazan is one of the largest industrial and financial centers of
Russia, and a leading city of the
Volga economic region
Volga economic region in
construction and accumulated investment. City's Gross Regional
Product had reached 380 billion rubles in 2011.(RUS) Казань
побила рекорд по инвестициям
Total banking capital of
Kazan banks is third in Russia.[citation
needed] The main industries of the city are: mechanical engineering,
chemical, petrochemical, light and food industries. An innovative
economy is represented by the largest IT-park in
Russia which is one
of the largest of its kind among Eastern Europe science parks.
Kazan ranks 174th (highest in Russia) in Mercer’s Worldwide Quality
of Living Survey.
In 2011 city organisations and businesses attract more than 87 billion
rubles for economy and social sphere development. This is 44% more
than 2010 number. In 2014 businesses attracts 86 billion rubles. Most
of them have been implemented in real economy sector.
Because of unstable economic situation within the country, there is a
decrease of investment rates in 2015 and according to the statistics
of the first part of the year it composed 51684.2 million rubles.
There are head offices of 6 companies that are in rating of top-500 in
terms of revenues in Russia. Total square of city business centres is
330 thousand square metres.
Innovative economy in
Kazan is represented by the biggest IT-park in
Russia and also the biggest technical park in Europe. The only one
online platform for governmental trade except the
Moscow one is
operated in Kazan. During post-soviet period
Kazan was the leader in
terms of house construction in Volga region and now it holds the
position and implement Republican program of liquidation of
dilapidated housing which was unique for Russia.
According to Forbes,
Kazan has a 15th place in "Best cities for
business in Russia" rating of 2010. Then in 2012
Kazan gets a 6th
place in Quality of city environment rating, which is made by Russian
Federation Ministry of Regional Development, Russian Alliance of
Engineers, Federal Construction Agency, Federal Service of Supervision
of Consumer Protection and Welfare and
Moscow Federal University.
Kazan International Airport
Night aerial view of radial Kazan
Kazan International Airport
Main railway station
Kazan International Airport
Kazan International Airport is located 26 kilometers (16 mi) from
the city center. It is a hub for
Tatarstan Airlines and
Enterprise and hosts eleven air companies. The airport is connected
with the city by bus route #97 and by a suburban train line.
There is also the
Kazan Borisoglebskoye airfield, home to Kazan
Aircraft Production Association, a major aircraft factory, famous in
the past as "Aircraft Plant 22" ("22nd Zavod").
Adjacent to it lies a huge aircraft engines plant ("16th Zavod"). It
produces versions of Tupolev 204 and 214 aircraft. In the past an
Ilyushin-62, four-engine Russian mainliner, Tupolev-160 "Black Jack"
supersonic strategic bomber and Tu-22M tactic bomber were also
produced here. Both these plants and adjacent workers' housing make a
whole city district known as "Aviastroitelny" ("Aircraft Builders").
Kazan is connected with Moscow, Ulyanovsk,
Yekaterinburg by train.
The main railway station
Kazan–Passazhirskaya is located in the city
centre and includes a main building (built in 1896), a commuter trains
terminal, a ticket office building and some other technical buildings.
Station serves thirty-six intercity trains and more than eight million
passengers per annum. The second terminus called "Kazan-2" is
situated in the northern part of the city.
Kazan also has nineteen
platforms for commuter trains.
This station serves intercity ships and commuter boats. Pneumocushion
boats are used in winter. Daily passenger turnover reaches 6 thousand.
There are two bus stations in Kazan—Central and Southern. Bus routes
Kazan with all districts of Tatarstan, Samara, Ufa, Tolyatti,
Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Cheboksary, Sterlitamak, Buzuluk, Baki, and
Aktobe. It is planned to build new stations in the East, West and
North districts instead of Central for relieving city centre.
There are federal highway connections to
Ul'yanovsk (R-241) and Igra (R-242). There are also
R-175 federal highway and "Northern Europe – Western China" (in
construction) route near the city.
There are five bridges across the Kazanka (Qazansu) river in the city,
and one bridge connecting
Kazan with the opposite bank of the Volga.
A single-line (with the north-southeast Central Line)
opened on 27 August 2005, the one new in post-Soviet
After a few extensions, The
Kazan Metro now has ten stations, crossing
the Kazanka river. Single trip costs 25 rub.
Kazan tram system was founded in 1899. 6 routes use 187 km
(116.20 mi) of lines and 197 tramcars. All trams are dark red
Single trip costs 25 rub. Rolling stock: LM-99, 71-608, 71-605.
Kazan trolleybus (electric bus) system was founded in 1948.
355 km (220.59 mi) of lines are used for 14 routes. All
trolleybuses are green Single trip costs 25 rub. Vehicles:
ZIU-682, Trolza-5275-05 "Optima", VMZ-5298.01-50 "Avangard".
Kazan bus system was totally renovated in 2007. 91 routes have an
aggregate length of 1,981 km (1,231 mi). All 1,444 buses are
colored red like in London. Single trip costs 25 rub. Unlike in most
Western cities, public bus routes are not municipal, operated by
private companies. Half of the buses are imported, produced by "Golden
Dragon", "Higer", "MAZ", "Yutong", "Hyundai"; other buses are mostly
Russian made "NefAZ".
Travel cards that work within the metropolitan area reduce travel to
15 rub on trolley buses and buses, and offer considerable discounts on
the metro line. These travel cards can be purchased from the post
On July 1, 2013 the Veli'k bicycle sharing system was launched in
Kazan. The system includes 7 self-service bicycle docking stations
distributed throughout the centre of
Kazan near the most popular city
destinations, and 100 bikes. The service is open to everyone from 16
years of age. To access the service, you have to complete a simple
sign-up procedure at www.Veli-k.ru, and buy a subscription for a
suitable period of time. The first 30 minutes of every journey is free
of charge. After the first half-hour, a service charge applies.
MAZ-103 low-entry bus
Trolza-5275 low-entry trolleybus
AKSM 843 tram
Kazan since 1800
Population: 1,143,535 (2010 Census); 1,105,289 (2002
Census); 1,094,378 (1989 Census).
Kazan metropolitan area's
population is 1.65 mln.
Rating of city population as on 1 January 2015
Place in the World
Place in Europe
Place in Former USSR
Place in Russia
Place in region
Kazan ethnic communities
Young women in the street, outside
The city's population consists mostly of ethnic
Russians (48.6%) and
ethnic Tatars (47.6%). The other ethnicities are Chuvash, Ukrainians,
Azerbaijanis, Vietnamese, and Jews.
Predominant faiths of
Kazan city are
Sunni Islam and Orthodox
Christianity, with Roman Catholicism, Protestantism,
Judaism and the
Bahá'í Faith also represented.
Russian language is widely spoken in the city.
Tatar is also
widely spoken, mainly by Tatars.
Kazan has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification
Dfb) with long, cold winters (colder than Moscow), and warm, often dry
summers. As a result of its far inland position, summers are extremely
warm for its latitude and winters are quite cold compared to areas
further west in Europe.
The warmest month is July with daily mean temperature near
20.2 °C (68.4 °F), and the coldest month is January, with
a daily mean of −10.4 °C (13.3 °F).
The city set its two hottest days on record during the 2010 Northern
Hemisphere summer heat waves. Temperatures reached +39 °C
(102 °F) in the hottest days during that time.
Climate data for Kazan
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)
Qolşärif Mosque grand mosque
Belltower of Epiphany Church
The city has a citadel (Russian: кремль, tr. kreml', or
sometimes Tatar: kirman), which was declared a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in
2000. Major monuments in the kremlin are the five-domed six-columned
Annunciation Cathedral (1561–62) and the mysterious leaning
Soyembika Tower, named after the last queen of
Kazan and regarded as
the city's most conspicuous landmark.
Also of interest are the towers and walls, erected in the 16th and
17th centuries but later reconstructed; the Qol-Şarif mosque, which
is already rebuilt inside the citadel; remains of the Saviour
Monastery (its splendid 16th-century cathedral having been demolished
by the Bolsheviks) with the Spasskaya Tower; and the Governor's House
(1843–53), designed by Konstantin Thon, now the Palace of the
President of Tatarstan.
Next door, the ornate baroque Sts-Peter-and-Paul's Cathedral on Qawi
Nacmi Street and Marcani mosque on Qayum Nasiri Street date back to
the 18th century.
Bistä, or Posad
Kazan is divided into two districts by the
Bolaq canal and
Lake Qaban. The first district (Qazan Bistäse or Kazanskiy Posad),
historically Russian, is situated on the hill, the second (İske Tatar
Bistäse or Staro-Tatarskaya Sloboda), historically Tatar, is situated
Bolaq and the Volga. Mosques, such as Nurullah, Soltan,
Bornay, Apanay, Äcem, Märcani, İske Taş, Zäñgär are in the
Tatar district. Churches, such as Blagoveschenskaya, Varvarinskaya,
Nikol'skaya, Tikhvinskaya, are mostly in the Russian part of the city.
The main city-centre streets are Bauman, Kremlyovskaya, Dzerzhinsky,
Tuqay, Puşkin, Butlerov, Gorkiy, Karl Marx and Märcani.
An old legend says that in 1552, before the Russian invasion, wealthy
Tatars (baylar) hid gold and silver in Lake Qaban.
In the beginning of the 1900s most of Central
Kazan was covered by
wooden buildings, usually consisting of two floors. There was a
historical environment of
Kazan citizens, but not the best place to
live in. During the Republican program "The liquidation of ramshackle
apartments" most of them (unlike other Russian cities), especially in
Central Kazan, where the land is not cheap, were destroyed and their
population was moved to new areas at the suburb of the city (Azino,
Azino-2, Quartal 39). Nearly 100,000 citizens resettled by this
Other major buildings
National Museum of the Tatarstan
Palace of agriculture
Pyramid concert hall
Temple of All Religions
Another significant building in central
Kazan is the former
"Smolentzev and Shmelev" tea house and hotel, now the Shalyapin Palace
Hotel. It is located at 7/80 Universitetskaya Street, at the corner of
Universitetskaya and Bauman. A major landmark of late-19th and
early-20th century commercial architecture, it consists of two
portions. The original portion, built for a merchant named Usmanov in
the 1860s, was bought by the inter-related families of Efim Smolentzev
and Pavel and Nikolai Shmelev in 1899. They operated a store
selling, among other things, tea. In 1910, the Smolentevs and Shmelevs
constructed another portion, designed by architect Vasili Trifonov,
and operated a hotel there. After the Russian Revolution, the
building eventually became the Hotel Soviet and after 2000 it was
heavily renovated to reopen as the Shalyapin Palace Hotel.
A panoramic view of
Kazan Kremlin, Vernicle temple and Kazanka river
Kazanka right bank
Both banks of Kazanka
Education and science
Primary and secondary education
Primary and secondary education system of
282 nurseries, most of which are municipal
178 schools, 2 of which are private
28 vocational technical schools
10 special colleges
There are also 49 music schools, 43 sports school, and 10 fine-arts
schools, including the
Kazan Art School
Kazan Art School founded in 1895.
See also: List of
Kazan Federal University
There are 44 institutes of higher education in Kazan, including 19
branches of universities from other cities. More than 140,000 students
are educated in the city.
Kazan Federal University
Kazan Federal University (founded in 1804)
is third oldest university in
Russia after Saint Petersburg State
University (1724) and
Moscow State University (1755). In 2009 KFU got
Federal status as main university of Volga Region. Some other
prominent universities are:
Kazan State Technical University
Kazan State Technical University – founded in 1932. In 2009 it got
status of National university
Kazan State Medical University
Kazan State Medical University – founded in 1814 as a department
Kazan State University
Kazan State Technological University
Kazan State Technological University – founded in 1919 on the base
of pre-existing vocational school
Kazan State Conservatory – founded in 1945
Volga Region State Academy of Physical Culture, Sport and Tourism -
founded in July, 2010 in the framework of the XXVII World Summer
Universiade Legacy. The branch, located in Naberezhnye Chelny, will
Main building of
Tatarstan Academy of Sciences
Kazan is a major scientific centre in Russia.
Kazan formed a big
number of scientific areas and schools (mathematical, chemical,
medical, linguistic, geological, geobotanical, etc.). Scientific
discoveries are a subject of special pride, including: the creation of
non-Euclidean geometry (Nikolai Lobachevsky), the discovery of the
chemical element ruthenium (Karl Ernst Claus), the theory about the
structure of organic compounds (Aleksandr Butlerov), the discovery of
the electron paramagnetic resonance (Yevgeny Zavoisky) and acoustic
paramagnetic resonance (Altshuler) and many others. The city hosts:
Kazan Science Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, since 1945. It
includes 5 academic institutions.
Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, since 1991. It includes 7 local
departments with 13 academic institutions (also, 21 organisations are
under the guidance of TAS) and one branch in Ulyanovsk.
1814 year is considered to be an official year of the beginning of
scientific medicine in Kazan. Exactly at that time University Hospital
was open. In 1930 Faculty of Medicine is separated from the Kazan
Federal University and holds a lot of specialized hospitals under its
Kazan becomes the largest public health center in
Russia. 120 medical organisations are operated in the city. Kazan
Interregional clinical-diagnostic center is the largest in Volga
region in cardiovascular and neurological diseases. The largest
Kazan is Republican Clinical Hospital.
Government and administration
Kazan town hall (before 1917 - the Hall of Nobility)
Cabinet of Ministers
See also: List of
İlsur Metşin became the mayor of
Kazan on November 17, 2005.
Kazan City Duma is a representative body of the city, elected every
four years and holds its sessions in
Kazan City Hall.
Executive committee is a municipal body of the executive organs
.[clarification needed] The committee's head is Denis Kalinkin.
Government of the Republic of Tatarstan
Tatarstan President's residence and administration (in
Kremlin), Tatarstan's Cabinet of Ministers and Council of State (on
Kazan rowing center
Kazan now is one of the most developed cities in
Russia in terms of
sport. The city has hosted two
Bandy World Championships, in 2005 and
2011, the World Summer Universiade 2013, the World Championship in
fencing in 2014, the Aquatics Championship FINA 2015, 2017 FIFA
Confederations Cup and other international competitions of various
levels. In the future the city will hold the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
The city of
Kazan is a leader in terms of winnings in various sports
including its most popular sports teams.
Russian Premier League
Ak Bars Kazan
Kontinental Hockey League
Minor Hockey League
Minor Hockey League
Minor Hockey League Division B
Bandy Super League
Volleyball Super League
Water Polo Championship
Alexander Burmistrov, hockey player
Viktor Kolotov, association football player
Ruslan Nigmatullin, association football player
Denis Arkhipov, hockey player
Svetlana Demina, sport shooter
Marat Safin, tennis player
Dinara Safina, tennis player
Alexander Fadeev, figure skater
Vastly Mosin, sport shooter
Kazan Arena – stadium with capacity 45,000, home ground for FC Rubin
Central stadium – Olympic stadium, capacity 30,133. Ex-home ground
for FC Rubin.
TatNeft Arena – indoor sporting arena, capacity 10,000. Home to HSC
Basket-Hall – indoor sporting arena, capacity 7,000 (large hall) and
1,500 (small hall). Home to BC UNICS
Volleyball Centre, capacity 4,600. Home to VC Zenit and WVC
Raketa and Trudovye Rezervy ice stadiums
Kazan is the host city for the 2013 Summer Universiade, 2015 World
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2018 FIFA
2016 – 28th International Olympiad in Informatics
2016 European Judo Championships
2014 European Badminton Championships
2011 European Weightlifting Championships
2005 and 2011
Bandy World Championship
2010 finswimming European championship
Branch offices of embassies
Branch Office of the Embassy of Belarus
Four consulates general are found in Kazan.
Consulate-General of Iran
Consulate-General of Turkey
Consulate-General of Hungary
Consulate-General of Kazakhstan
Italian Visa Center in Kazan.
Joint Visa Application Center of
European Union for:
Twin towns and sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia
Kazan is twinned with:
Al Qalyubiyah (Egypt), since 2001
Al Minufiyah (Egypt), since 1997
Antalya (Turkey), since 2003
Astana (Kazakhstan), since 2004
Braunschweig (Germany), since 1988
College Station, Texas, United States, since 1990
Donetsk (Ukraine), since 2002
Eskişehir (Turkey), since 1997
Hangzhou (China), since 2002
Istanbul (Turkey), since 2002
Tabriz (Iran), since 2009
Harare (Zimbabwe), since 2011
Shenzhen (China), since 2012
Guangzhou (China), since 2012
Ankara (Turkey), since 2013
Kazan has also partner relations with the following cities and
Almaty (Kazakhstan), since 1996
Arkhangelsk (Russia), since 1999
Astrakhan (Russia), since 1997
Baku (Azerbaijan), since 2003
Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan), since 1998
Chelyabinsk (Russia), since 2002
Evpatoria (Ukraine), since 1998
Ivanovo (Russia), since 1997
Jūrmala (Latvia), since 2002
Kabul (Afghanistan), since 2005
Krasnoyarsk (Russia), since 2001
Nizhny Novgorod (Russia), since 1997
Orenburg (Russia), since 2001
Samara (Russia), since 1998
Saratov (Russia), since 1999
Shumen Province (Bulgaria), since 2003
Tashkent (Uzbekistan), since 1998
Ufa (Russia), since 1999
Ulan-Ude (Russia), since 2003
Ulyanovsk (Russia), since 1998
Urbino (Italy), since 2001
Volgograd (Russia), since 2005
Yaroslavl (Russia), since 2003
Yoshkar-Ola (Russia), since 2002
Oryol (Russia), since 2010
Tlemcen (Algeria), since 2011
Verona (Italy), since 2011
Grozny (Russia), since 2012
Tyumen (Russia), since 2013
Gwangju (Korea), since 2013
Chengdu (China), since 2015
International organizations membership
Organization of World Heritage Cities
United Cities and Local Governments. Mayor of
Kazan is a co-president
Twin Cities International Association
Historic Cities International Association
General Conference of Mayors for Peace
Organisation of Islamic Capitals and cities (observer)
International Assembly of capitals and large cities of CIS
Kazan has an
Alliance française center.
Kazan has an American Corner.
Main article: List of people from Kazan
Rashid Nezhmetdinov, International Master and 5-time winner of the
Russian Chess Championship
Dayana Kirillova, singer who represented
Russia at the Junior
Eurovision Song Contest in 2013.
Sofya Gulyak, Pianist, only female winner of The Leeds Piano
Competition, in 2009.
Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral (Kazan)
^ a b c d e f Order #01-02/9
^  Archived December 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ a b c Law #46-ZRT
^ a b Official website of the Mayor of
Kazan (in Russian)
^ Official website of Kazan.
Kazan City Duma (in Russian)
^ площадь собственно города,
Федеральная служба государственной
^ a b c d
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011).
"Всероссийская перепись населения 2010
года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census,
vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись
населения 2010 года (2010 All-
Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June
^ Численность населения муниципальных
образований Республики Татарстан
^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the
2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please
note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the
infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity
proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
^ Правительство Российской
закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об
исчислении времени», в ред.
Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03
июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в
Федеральный закон "Об исчислении
времени"». Вступил в силу по
истечении шестидесяти дней после дня
официального опубликования (6 августа
2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская
газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian
Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31,
2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ
of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating
Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the
^ a b Шаймиев, Минтимер Шарипович;
Камиль Исхаков; Мансур Х Хәсәнов (September
10, 1999). "Выступления Президента РТ М.
Шаймиева, мэра г.Казани К.Исхакова и
президента АН РТ, академика М.Хасанова
на торжественном собрании по случаю
установления даты основания г.Казани".
Гасырлар авазы/Эхо веков (3/4). Retrieved
Russia — a thousand-year Russian city
^ Current local time in Kazan
Kazan officially becomes Russia's Third Capital". Pravda.
2009-04-03. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
^ Komsomolskaya Pravda:
Kazan - sports capital of
^ "List of Best Tatars". Mytopdozen.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
^ "2,1 млн. туристов посетили Казань в 2015
году www.tatar-inform.ru". tatar-inform.ru. Retrieved
^ "InTourist Kazan'". Legends about Kazan's foundation. Archived from
the original on October 27, 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
^ a b c
ХУДЯКОВ "Очерки по истории КАЗАНСКОГО
^ ПСРЛ, том XIII. Издание 1-е. Летописный
сборник, именуемый Патриаршею или
Никоновскою летописью. - С. 513, 515.
^ Putin joins
Tatarstan festivities BBC News 2005-08-26
^ Основные социально-экономические
показатели городов 2008
^ В строительство IT-парка вложили 3
^ Инновационный технопарк Идея Archived
February 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
^ NZ cities excel in quality of living - Mercer worldwide survey finds
Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "30 лучших городов для бизнеса — 2010".
Forbes. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
^ Мысько, Сергей Афанасьев, Влас.
"Казань оценили на "6 с плюсом"". БИЗНЕС
Online. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
^ ГЖД в 2006 году больше всего пассажиров
отправила со станции
Горький-Московский Archived August 24, 2011, at the
^ Выступление А. К. Абдулхакова на
аппаратном совещании 09.02.2009 «Об итогах
работы городского пассажирского
транспорта за 2008 год» Archived March 12, 2010, at
the Wayback Machine.
^ В 2008 году в Казани всеми видами
городского транспорта перевезено 319,9
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004).
"Численность населения России,
субъектов Российской Федерации в
составе федеральных округов, районов,
городских поселений, сельских
населённых пунктов – районных
центров и сельских населённых пунктов
с населением 3 тысячи и более
человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal
Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural
Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with
Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская
перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia
Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9,
^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись
населения 1989 г. Численность
наличного населения союзных и
автономных республик, автономных
областей и округов, краёв, областей,
районов, городских поселений и
сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989:
Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous
Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and
Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers].
Всесоюзная перепись населения
1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian).
Институт демографии Национального
Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at
the National Research University: Higher School of Economics].
Retrieved August 9, 2014.
^ Massive fire breaks out in
Kazan market. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
^ Funds raised to support
Vietnamese people in Kazan. Retrieved
^ Donation to
Vietnamese people in Kazan. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
^ (RUS) Новый облик Казани Archived March 1, 2007, at
the Wayback Machine.
^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Kazan" (in Russian). Weather and
Climate. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
Kazan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
^ "ИЗДАНИЯ ЦБС "Прогулки по городу"".
Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved
^ "До тысячелетия Казани осталось 36
дней. Гостиница "Совет"". Retrieved
2008-02-20. [permanent dead link]
^ Структура АНРТ Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback
^ Embassy of Belarus
^ Offices in
Kazan Archived September 24, 2006, at the Wayback
^ Visa Management Service. Filiali
^ Embassy of Finland
Kazan City Committee for external relations and tourism
^ "Braunschweigs Partner und Freundschaftsstädte" [
Partner and Friendship Cities]. Stadt
Braunschweig [City of
Braunschweig] (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-12-01.
^ "American Corners and Centers in Russia". Amcorners.ru. Retrieved
Министерство юстиции Республики
Татарстан. Приказ №01-02/9 от 4
февраля 2014 г. «Об утверждении реестра
единиц и населённых пунктов в
Республике Татарстан», в ред. Приказа
№01-02/160 от 11 марта 2015 г. «О
внесении изменений в Приказ
Министерства юстиции Республики
Татарстан от 04.02.2014 №01-02/9 "Об
единиц и населённых пунктов в
Республике Татарстан"». Опубликован:
Официальный сайт правовой информации
Министерства юстиции Республики
Татарстан (http://pravo.tatarstan.ru), 27 февраля 2014
г. (Ministry of Justice of the Republic of
Tatarstan. Order #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014
On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial
Units and Inhabited Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan, as
amended by the Order #01-02/160 of March 11, 2015 On
Amending the Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of
Tatarstan #01-02/9 of February 4, 2014 "On the Adoption of the
Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Inhabited
Localities in the Republic of Tatarstan". ).
Государственный Совет Республики
Татарстан. Закон №46-ЗРТ от 15
сентября 2004 г. «О границах территории
и статусе муниципального образования
города Казани», в ред. Закона №132-ЗРТ
от 26 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении
границ территорий отдельных
муниципальных образований и внесении
изменений в Законы Республики
Татарстан "О границах территории и
статусе муниципального образования
города Казани" и "Об установлении
границ территорий и статусе
"Лаишевский муниципальный район" и
муниципальных образований в его
составе"». Вступил в силу со дня
Опубликован: "Республика Татарстан",
№191, 21 сентября 2004 г. (State Council of the Republic of
Tatarstan. Law #46-ZRT of September 15, 2004
On the Borders of the Territory and the Status of the Municipal
Formation of the City of Kazan, as amended by the Law #132-ZRT
of December 26, 2014 On Changing the Borders of the
Territories of Various Municipal Formations and on Amending the Laws
Republic of Tatarstan
Republic of Tatarstan "On the Borders of the Territory and the
Status of the Municipal Formation of the City of Kazan" and "On
Establishing the Borders of the Territories and the Status of the
Municipal Formation of "Laishevsky Municipal District" and of the
Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the official
Álvarez Veinguer, Aurora (July 2007). "(Re)Presenting Identities:
National Archipelagos in Kazan". Nationalities Papers. 35 (3):
Smith-Peter, Susan (2016), "Enlightenment from the East: Early
Nineteenth Century Russian Views of the East from
Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, 13 (1): 318–338,
doi:10.17805/zpu.2016.1.29, archived from the original on May 5, 2016,
retrieved 5 May 2016 .
Edward Tracy Turnerelli, Kazan, the Ancient Capital of the Tartar
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kazan.
Official website of Kazan
Official website of
Kazan (in Russian)
Kazan weekend guide
Virtual Guide around Kazan
Kazan Times: Business and political news from Kazan, Tatarstan,
Russia and all over the World
Kazan city tourist portal
Kazan 1000 years old
The history of Islamic religion in Kazan
Kazan - Global Stroll
http://www.kazan-memory.uni-tuebingen.de/indexee.html – Student
project about Kazan's history (central aspects: memory, religion)
The architecture of
Kazan (in Russian)
Republic of Tatarstan
Republic of Tatarstan -
Kazan - photo galleries
Administrative divisions of the Republic of Tatarstan
Cities and towns
Capitals of the Republics of Russia
Turkic Capitals of Culture