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Kaveri
Kaveri
(anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Tamil Nadu. It is the third largest after Godavari and Krishna in south india and the largest in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
which on its course, bisects the state into North and South. Originating in the foothills of Western Ghats
Western Ghats
at Talakaveri, Kodagu
Kodagu
in Karnataka
Karnataka
it flows generally south and east through Karnataka
Karnataka
and Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu. Amongst the river valleys, the Kaveri
Kaveri
delta forms one of the most fertile regions in the country. The Kaveri
Kaveri
basin is estimated to be 81,155 square kilometres (31,334 sq mi) with many tributaries including Harangi, Hemavati, Kabini, Bhavani, Arkavathy, Lakshmana Tirtha, Noyyal
Noyyal
and Arkavati. The river's basin covers three states and a Union Territory as follows: Tamil Nadu, 43,856 square kilometres (16,933 sq mi); Karnataka, 34,273 square kilometres (13,233 sq mi); Kerala, 2,866 square kilometres (1,107 sq mi), and Puducherry, 160 square kilometres (62 sq mi).[4] Rising in southwestern Karnataka, it flows southeast some 800 kilometres (500 mi) to enter the Bay of Bengal. In Mandya
Mandya
district it forms the island of Shivanasamudra, on either side of which are the scenic Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
Falls that descend about 100 metres (330 ft).[5] The river is the source for an extensive irrigation system and for hydroelectric power.[6] The river has supported irrigated agriculture for centuries and served as the lifeblood of the ancient kingdoms and modern cities of South India. Access to the river's waters has pitted Indian states against each other for decades.

Contents

1 River course

1.1 Tributaries

2 Irrigation 3 Water sharing 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

River course[edit] After the river leaves the Kodagu
Kodagu
hills and flows onto the Deccan plateau, it forms two islands in mandya district's Srirangapatna
Srirangapatna
and Shivanasamudra. First, comes the Srirangapatna
Srirangapatna
which forms the sangam and then comes Shivanasamudra. At Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
the river drops 98 metres (320 ft), forming the famous Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
Falls known separately as Gagana Chukki and Bhara Chukki.[7] Asia's first hydroelectric plant (built in 1902) was on the left falls and supplied power to the city of Bangalore. In its course through Karnataka, the channel is interrupted by 12 "anekattu" (dams) for the purpose of irrigation. From the Anekattu at Madadkatte, an artificial channel is diverted at a distance of 116 kilometres (72 mi), irrigating an area of 4,000 hectares (10,000 acres), and ultimately bringing its water supply to the town of Mandya. Three kilometres away from Srirangapatna, the Kaveri
Kaveri
is the basis for the Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary. Near Srirangapatna
Srirangapatna
is also an aqueduct, the Bangara Doddi Nala, which was constructed in the 17th century by the Wodeyar
Wodeyar
maharaja of Mysore, Ranadhira Kantirava, in memory of his favourite consort. It is said to be the only aqueduct where the water from a river, dammed upstream, is carried by the aqueduct over the very same river few miles downstream[citation needed]. This aqueduct also served as a motorable bridge until 1964.The kabini river tributary of Kaveri
Kaveri
joins Kaveri
Kaveri
at Tirumakudal Narasipura where triveni sangama takesplace along with mythological river Spatika. The Moyar River
Moyar River
is an east flowing river originates in the Mudumalai, Bandipur, and Wayanad National Parks draining the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Karnataka
Karnataka
and is one of the tributaries to the Kaveri
Kaveri
River. The river enters Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
through Dharmapuri district
Dharmapuri district
leading to the flat plains where it meanders. It drops into the Hogenakkal Falls
Hogenakkal Falls
just before it arrives in the town of Hogenakkal in Tamil Nadu. The three minor tributaries, Palar, Chinnar and Thoppar enter into the Kaveri
Kaveri
on her course, above Stanley Reservoir
Stanley Reservoir
in Mettur, where the dam has been constructed. It then flows further through the length of Erode district where the river Bhavani, running through the breadth of the district, merges with it. The confluence of the rivers Kaveri, Bhavani and Akash Ganga (mythological) is at the exact place of Bhavani, Tamil Nadu Kooduthurai or Tiriveni Sangamam, Northern part of Erode
Erode
City. While passing through Erode, two more tributaries merge. Thirumani Mutharu joins it in a village called Kududurai in Namakkal District. Noyyal
Noyyal
and Amaravathi join it in Karur district
Karur district
before it reaches Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
district. Here the river becomes wide, with a sandy bed, and flows in an eastern direction until it splits into two at upper Anicut about 14 kilometres (9 mi) west of Tiruchirappalli. The northern branch of the river is called the Kollidam
Kollidam
while the southern branch retains the name Kaveri
Kaveri
and then goes directly eastwards into Thanjavur
Thanjavur
District. These two rivers join again and form the Srirangam
Srirangam
island that is a part of the city of Tiruchirapalli. The fourth oldest functional dam[8] Grand Anicut
Grand Anicut
or Kallanai was present at this place. From Thanjavur, the river splits and goes to few places in the Delta Kaveri. Tributaries[edit]

Harangi River Hemavati River Lakshmana Tirtha Kabini
Kabini
River Shimsha River Bhavani
Bhavani
River Sarabanga River Noyyal
Noyyal
River Amaravati
Amaravati
River

Irrigation[edit] The primary uses of Kaveri
Kaveri
is providing water for irrigation, water for household consumption and the generation of electricity. An estimate at the time of the first Five Year Plan puts the total flow of the Kaveri
Kaveri
at 15 cubic kilometres (12,000,000 acre⋅ft), of which 60 percent was used for irrigation. [9] The Torekadanahalli pumpstation sends 540 million litres (19,000,000 cu ft) per day of water from Kaveri
Kaveri
100 kilometres (62 mi) to Bangalore.[10][11]

Stanley Reservoir
Stanley Reservoir
formed by Mettur
Mettur
Dam, the largest dam in Tamil Nadu

The water for the Kaveri
Kaveri
is primarily supplied by monsoon rains. Dams, such as the Krishna Raja Sagara
Krishna Raja Sagara
Dam, Mettur
Mettur
Dam, and those on its tributaries such as Gorur dam, Harangi dam, Kabini
Kabini
dam, Amaravati
Amaravati
dam and Banasura Sagar Dam
Banasura Sagar Dam
store water from monsoon periods and release the water during the dry months. Even so, during the months of February–May, water levels are often quite low, and some channels and distributaries riverbeds may become dry. Flow generally begins to increase in June or July. However, in some years when rains are light, the low river level can lead to agricultural distress in areas dependent upon the Kaveri
Kaveri
for irrigation.[citation needed] The hydroelectric plant built on the left of Sivanasamudra Falls on the Kaveri
Kaveri
in 1902 was the first hydroelectric plant in Asia.[5] The Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
has a capacity of 49 tmc ft.[12] and the Mettur
Mettur
Dam which creates Stanley Reservoir
Stanley Reservoir
has a capacity of 93.4 tmc ft. (thousand million cubic ft) In August 2003, inflow into reservoirs in Karnataka
Karnataka
was at a 29-year low, with a 58% shortfall.[13] Water stored in Krishna Raja Sagara amounted to only 4.6 tmc ft.[13] Water sharing[edit] Further information: Kaveri River
Kaveri River
water dispute As per Supreme Court order (16 feb 2018) Karnataka
Karnataka
will get 284.75 tmc ft, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
177.25 tmc ft, Kerala
Kerala
30 tmc ft and Puducherry
Puducherry
7 tmc ft, and 14 tmc ft will be reserved for environmental protection.. Gallery[edit]

Talakaveri
Talakaveri
(in Kodagu), Karnataka: origin of the river

Kaveri
Kaveri
in Bhagamandala
Bhagamandala
(in Kodagu)

Kaveri
Kaveri
near Kushalnagar
Kushalnagar
(in Kodagu)

Kaveri
Kaveri
in Mysore
Mysore
district, Karnataka

Kaveri
Kaveri
at Srirangapatna, Karnataka

Kaveri
Kaveri
at Sivanasamudra, Karnataka

Kaveri
Kaveri
near Gosai Ghat, Mysore

Kaveri
Kaveri
near Mekedaatu, Karnataka

Hogenakkal Waterfalls in Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu

Kaveri River
Kaveri River
as seen from State Highway 20, near the Mettur
Mettur
Dam, Tamil Nadu.

Kaveri River
Kaveri River
at Erode, Tamil Nadu

Kaveri
Kaveri
near Pallipalayam, Tamil Nadu

Kaveri
Kaveri
river at Thiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu

Kaveri
Kaveri
and Thiruvarangam
Thiruvarangam
island, Tamil Nadu

Kaveri
Kaveri
river seen near Thiruvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu

Mouth of River Cauvery, Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu

See also[edit]

List of rivers of India Kaveri
Kaveri
Pushkaram

References[edit]

^ "INTEGRATED HYDROLOGICAL DATA BOOK" (PDF). Central Water Commission, India. p. 92. Retrieved 14 November 2017.  ^ Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (10 September 2005). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 13 October 2013.  ^ "Gauging Station - Data Summary". RivDis. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.  ^ "INTEGRATED HYDROLOGICAL DATA BOOK" (PDF). Retrieved 6 September 2012.  ^ a b "World Waterfall Database". Retrieved 9 November 2006.  ^ "Shivasamudram Falls". cauvery.com. Retrieved 11 November 2006.  ^ The Cauvery Trail : Kaveri
Kaveri
has many religious and tourism spots between KRS and Mettur
Mettur
Archived 2 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.water-technology.net/features/feature-the-worlds-oldest-dams-still-in-use/ ^ http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/1st/1planch26.html ^ "PINCHme: Try products from leading brands for FREE!".  ^ http://www.tce.co.in/infra/watersupply/bangalore.pdf#search=%22halli%20pipeline%20Bangalore%22[permanent dead link] ^ "Corporation urged to chalk out water policy for Mysore
Mysore
city". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 26 March 2006.  ^ a b "Cauvery reservoirs' inflow hits record low". Deccan Herald. Bangalore. 2 August 2003. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 

14 Journey with River Kaveri
Kaveri
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Evul2SL4XKI&t=172s External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaveri.

Cauvery Presentation on the Cavery River Kaveri
Kaveri
Pushkaralu Kaveri Pushkaram
Kaveri Pushkaram
2017 Journey with River Kaveri : Talakaveri
Talakaveri
to Poompuhar : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Evul2SL4XKI&t=172s

v t e

Kaveri

Tributaries

Amaravati Arkavathy Bhavani Chinnar Hemavati Honnuhole Kabini Kollidam Kudamurutti Lakshmana Tirtha Noyyal Pambar Shimsha Vennar

Dams

Banasura Sagar Dam Kallanai Dam Krishna Raja Sagara
Krishna Raja Sagara
Dam Mettur
Mettur
Dam Upper Anaicut Lower Anaicut

Features

Bay of Bengal Deccan plateau Hogenakal Falls Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
Falls Western Ghats

Cities and towns

Bhagamandala Bhavani Chidambaram Erode Karaikal Karur Kodumudi Kodagu Kudavasal Kumbakonam Kushalanagara Mannargudi Mandya Mayiladuthurai Mettur Mysore Nagapattinam Nannilam Papanasam Puhar Peralam Sakleshpur Sikkal Sirkali Srirangam Srirangapatna Swamimalai Talakad Talakaveri Thanjavur Tharangambadi Tirunallar Thiruvaiyaru Thiruvarur Thiruveezhimizhalai Tiruchirapalli Vaitheeswarankoil

Riparian states and territories

Karnataka Kerala Puducherry Tamil Nadu

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Karnataka

Rivers

Amarga Amarja Arkavathy Bhadra Chakra Chitrvathi Chulki Nala Dandavathi Gangavalli Ghataprabha Gurupura Hemavati Honnuhole Kabini Kali Karanja Kaveri Kedaka Krishna Kubja Kumaradhara Lakshmana Tirtha Malaprabha Manjira River Netravati Palar Panchagangavalli Papagni Penna Ponnaiyar Shambavi Sharavathi Shimsha Souparnika Tunga Tungabhadra Varada Varahi Vedavathi Vrishabhavathi

Waterfalls

Abbey Bandaje Barkana Chunchanakatte Devaragundi Godchinamalaki Gokak Hanumangundi Hebbe Irupu Jaladurga Jog Kalhatti Kuchikal Magod Mallalli Muthyalamaduvu Sathodi Shivanasamudra
Shivanasamudra
or Cauvery Shivganga Unchalli Vajrapoha Varapoha

Lakes

Harangi Hebbal Hesaraghatta Honnamana Kere Karanji Krishna Raja Sagara Kukkarahalli Lingambudhi Pampa Sarovar Shanti Sagara Thippagondanahalli Vibhutipura

Beaches

Gokarna Murudeshwara Karwar Kapu Kudle Maravanthe NITK Beach Panambur Someshwar St. Mary's Islands Tannirbhavi Trasi

Dams

Almatti Basava Sagar Bhadra Dam Harangi Kadra Kanva Kodasalli Krishna Raja Sagara
Krishna Raja Sagara
/ KRS Linganamakki Raja Lakhamagowda Renuka Sagara Shanti Sagara Supa Tungabhadra Mari Kanive

See also

Kerala Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Maharashtra

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Tamil Nadu

Rivers

Adyar Amaravathi Arasalar Bhavani Cheyyar Chittar Cooum Kaveri Kedilam Kodaganar Kodavanar Kokkiliyar Kollidam Kosasthalaiyar Manimuthar Manjalar Moyar Nadari Nambiyar Nanganjiyar Noyyal Pachaiyar Pahrali Palar Parambikulam Periyar Ponnaiyar Siruvani Swetha Thamirabarani Vaigai Vaippar Vasishta Vellar Vennaaru

Lakes

Ambattur Lake Berijam Lake Chembarambakkam Lake Kaliveli Lake Kodaikanal Lake Perumal Eri Porur Lake Pulicat Lake Red Hills Lake Sholavaram Lake Singanallur Lake Valankulam Lake Veeranam Lake Velachery Lake Pykara Ooty Lake

Waterfalls

Agaya Gangai Ayyanar Catherine Courtallam Hogenakkal Kiliyur Kumbakkarai Law's Katary Kalhatti Kutladampatti Monkey Sengupathi Siruvani Suruli Thalaiyar Tirparappu Ullakaarvi Vaideki Vattaparai

Beaches

Edward Elliot's Golden Beach Marina Silver Beach

Dams/ Reservoirs

Aathupalayam Dam Aliyar Reservoir Amaravathi Dam Bhavanisagar Dam Grand Anicut Kamarajar Sagar Dam Karuppanadhi Dam Kodiveri Dam Krishnagiri Dam Lower Anaicut Manimuthar Dam Mettur
Mettur
Dam Mukkadal Dam Nallathangal Dam Orathuppalayam Dam Papanasam
Papanasam
dam Pechiparai Reservoir Perunchani Dam Sathanur Reservoir Servalar dam Solaiyar Dam Vaigai Dam Varattu Pallam Dam Upper Anaicut Upper Bhavani

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of the Indian subcontinent

Inland rivers

Beas Betwa Bhagirathi Brahmaputra Chambal Chenab Damodar Godavari Gandaki Ganges Ghaghara Indus Jhelum Kali Kaveri Kosi Krishna Luni Mahanadi Mahaweli Meghna Narmada Padma Ravi Sarasvati Sankosh Sharda Son Sutlej Tapti Yamuna

Inland lakes, deltas, etc.

Ganges
Ganges
Basin Ganges
Ganges
Delta Indus Delta Dal Lake Pookode Lake Skeleton Lake Chilika Lake Lake Powai Borith Lake Saiful Muluk Gosaikunda Nizam Sagar Red Hills Lake Malampuzha Kerala
Kerala
backwaters Pulicat Lake

Coastal

Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Mannar Laccadive Sea Palk Strait

Categories

Lakes of Bangladesh / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan Reservoirs and dams in India Rivers of Bangladesh / Bhutan / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 241192873 GN

.