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KARL JäGER (help ·info ) (20 September 1888 – 22 June 1959) was a Swiss -born mid-ranking official in the SS of Nazi Germany
Germany
and Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
leader who perpetrated acts of genocide during the Holocaust .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and career * 2 Mass murders in eastern Europe * 3 The Jäger Report * 4 Escape, capture, and suicide * 5 Notes and references

EARLY LIFE AND CAREER

Jäger was born in Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
, Switzerland
Switzerland
. In World War I
World War I
he joined the German army, where he received the Iron Cross
Iron Cross
(1st Class) and other awards. After World War I, Jäger, an orchestrion maker by profession, obtained a managerial position with the Weber orchestrion factory in Waldkirch . He joined the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in 1923 (serial no. 359269) and founded the local party chapter, as a result of which he became known as "Waldkirch's Hitler". The Weber company went bankrupt in 1931, and he was unemployed for several years, but – according to his own claims – he spurned unemployment support from the government of the Weimar Republic, which he despised. By 1934, he had used up all his savings, and his wife Emma separated from him, though their divorce was not formalized until 1940. He joined the SS as early as 1932 (serial no. 62823), but his rise within the SS under Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
began only in 1935.

He was assigned to Ludwigsburg , then to Ravensburg in 1935, and to Münster in 1938, where he was named head of the local office of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD). During the invasion of the Netherlands on 10 May 1940, Jäger was named commander of Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
3, a unit of Einsatzgruppe A.

MASS MURDERS IN EASTERN EUROPE

Jäger was instrumental in the brutal and systematic destruction of the Jewish community of Lithuania
Lithuania
. From July 1941 until September 1943 Jäger served as commander of the SD Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
3a, a sub-unit of Einsatzgruppe A under Franz Walter Stahlecker , in Kaunas . Under Jäger's command, the Einsatzkommando, with the help of Lithuanians, shot Jewish men, women and children indiscriminately. It perpetrated the Ninth Fort massacres of November 1941 .

During this time, reports detailing calculated acts of mass murder were routinely submitted to his superiors. Some of these reports survived the war and are collectively referred to as the "Jäger Report ". Reassigned back to Germany
Germany
near the end of 1943, Jäger was appointed commander of the SD in Reichenberg in the Sudetenland
Sudetenland
. Einsatzgruppen killing people in 1942 in the Ukraine at Ivangorod . Jäger organized thousands of murders like these.

THE JäGER REPORT

The actions by Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
3, including the Rollkommando Hamann killing squad were tallied by Jäger himself. The report keeps an almost daily running total of the liquidations of 137,346 people. The " Jäger Report " provides a detailed account of the murderous rampage of this "special squad" in Nazi-occupied Lithuania.

ESCAPE, CAPTURE, AND SUICIDE

Jäger escaped capture by the Allies when the war ended, assumed a false identity, and was able to assimilate back into society as a farm hand until his report was discovered in March 1959. Arrested and charged with his crimes, Jäger committed suicide by hanging himself in prison in Hohenasperg while he was awaiting trial in June 1959.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D Vincas Bartuseviécius; Joachim Tauber; Wolfram Wette (2003). "Jägers Karriere in der SS 1936–1941". Holocaust in Litauen: Krieg, Judenmorde und Kollaboration im Jahre 1941. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. pp. 80–82. ISBN 3412139025 . Retrieved 22 July 2013. * ^ Friedlander, Henry (1995). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia To The Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press . p. 289.

* Klee, Ernst , Dressen, Willi, and Riess, Volker, "The Good Old Days" – The Holocaust
The Holocaust
as Seen by its Perpetrators and Bystanders, (translation by Deborah Burnstone) MacMillan, New York, 1991 ISBN 0-02-917425-2 , originally published as (in German) Klee, Ernst , Dreßen, Willi, and Rieß, Volker (Hrsg.): Schöne Zeiten. Judenmord aus der Sicht der Täter und Gaffer. S. Fischer, Frankfurt / Main 1988. ISBN 978-3-10-039304-3 * (in German) Krausnick, Helmut, and Wilhelm, Hans-Heinrich: Die Truppe des Weltanschauungskrieges. Die Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD 1938–1942. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-421-01987-8 * (in German) Seljak, Anton: Monolithisches Leitbild und soziale Heterogenität einer Elite. Untersuchungen zum Ordensgedanken der SS und zur sozialen Stratifikation des SS-Führerkorps. Including a socio-biographical excursus on Karl Jäger. Universität Basel, 1992 (vgl. "Alexandria": Online-Katalog (OPAC) des Bibliotheksverbunds der Schweizerischen Bundesverwaltung) * (in German) Stang, Knut: Kollaboration und Massenmord. Die litauische Hilfspolizei, das Rollkommando Hamann und die Ermordung der litauischen Juden. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1996, ISBN 3-631-30895-7

* v * t * e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Lithuania
Lithuania

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Poland Russia Ukraine

PEOPLE

PERPETRATORS

* Algimantas Dailidė * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Joachim Hamann * Karl Jäger * Bruno Kittel * Algirdas Klimaitis * Hinrich Lohse * Franz Murer * Helmut Rauca * Adrian von Renteln * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Martin Weiss

Victims and resistance

* Chaim Yellin * Alexander Bogen * Josef Glazman * Jay M. Ipson * Zelig Kalmanovich * Abba Kovner * Ephraim Oshry * Abraham Sutzkever * Elchonon Wasserman * Yitzhak Wittenberg * Jacob Wygodzki * See also: Songs of the Vilna Ghetto

RESCUERS

* Kazys Binkis * Petronėlė Lastienė * Karl Plagge * Antanas Poška * Ona Šimaitė * Chiune Sugihara * Jan Zwartendijk * See also: List of Lithuanian Righteous Among the Nations

GROUPS

PERPETRATORS

* Einsatzgruppen * Police Battalions * Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

RESISTANCE

* Fareinigte Partizaner Organizacje

EVENTS

* Jäger Report * Kaunas
Kaunas
June 1941 * Kaunas
Kaunas
29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

PLACES

* HKP 562 forced labor camp * Kailis forced labor camp * Kovno Ghetto * Lukiškės Prison * Marcinkonys Ghetto * Ninth Fort * Šiauliai Ghetto * Švenčionys Ghetto * Vilna Ghetto

* Occupation of Lithuania
Lithuania
by Nazi Germany
Germany
* History of the Jews in Lithuania
Lithuania

* v * t * e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Latvia

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Lithuania
Lithuania
Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

CRIMES

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

VICTIMS

* Jewish people of Latvia * Gypsies * Joseph Carlebach
Joseph Carlebach
* Simon Dubnow * Else Hirsch

PERPETRATORS

* Alois Brunner
Alois Brunner
* Rudolf Batz * Fritz Dietrich * Otto-Heinrich Drechsler * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Heinz Jost
Heinz Jost
* Konrāds Kalējs * Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner
* Wolfgang Kügler * Rudolf Lange * Hinrich Lohse * Friedrich Panzinger * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Eduard Roschmann * Alfred Rosenberg
Alfred Rosenberg
* Martin Sandberger * Albert Sauer * Rudolf Joachim Seck * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Eduard Strauch
Eduard Strauch

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen * Reichskommissariat Ostland * Rollkommando Hamann

COLLABORATORS Individuals Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Kārlis Lobe Organizations Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
Latvian Auxiliary Police Schutzmannschaft

GHETTOS AND CAMPS

* Daugavpils Ghetto * Jungfernhof concentration camp
Jungfernhof concentration camp
* Kaiserwald concentration camp * Riga Ghetto * Salaspils concentration camp
Salaspils concentration camp

DOCUMENTATION

* Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report

CONCEALMENT

* Sonderaktion 1005

WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen trial * Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Jānis Lipke * Roberts Sedols

MEMORIALS

* Bikernieki Memorial

RELATED ARTICLES

* The Holocaust
The Holocaust
* Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany
Germany

* v * t * e

Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Wilhelm Fuchs
Wilhelm Fuchs
* Heinz Jost
Heinz Jost
* Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner
Wolfgang Birkner
* Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
* Erwin Schulz
Erwin Schulz
* Franz Six
Franz Six
* Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch
Eduard Strauch
* Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann
Emil Haussmann
* Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs * Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* Schutzmannschaft (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs Kommando
Arajs Kommando
* Lithuanian Security Police * Rollkommando Hamann * TDA * Ypatingasis būrys

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto
Łachwa Ghetto
* Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas
Kaunas
June 1941 * Kaunas
Kaunas
29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * Intelligenzaktion
Intelligenzaktion
* AB-Aktion * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino
Gully of Petrushino
* Zmievskaya Balka
Zmievskaya Balka
* Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Drohobycz * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms * Mizocz Ghetto
Mizocz Ghetto
* Odessa

RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order
Commissar Order
* Einsatzgruppen trial * Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special