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Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɒpoʃvaːr]; German: Ruppertsburg; see also other alternative names) is a city in the southwestern part of Hungary, south from the Lake Balaton. It is one of the leading cities of Transdanubia
Transdanubia
and it is the capital of Somogy County. Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is the seat of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Kaposvár.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Coat of arms 3 Geography 4 History

4.1 Before the Hungarian land-taking 4.2 Middle Ages 4.3 Habsburg rule 4.4 Revolution and War of Independence of (1848–49) 4.5 Austro-Hungarian monarchy 4.6 20th century 4.7 21st century

5 Main sights 6 Famous people 7 Sports 8 Population

8.1 Demographics 8.2 Ethnic groups 8.3 Religions

9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns - sister cities

10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Etymology[edit] The name of the city derives from the words "kapu" and "vár", meaning gate and castle in Hungarian. So Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is the "Castle of gates". Experts believe that it is possible that the city used to have many gates. Different variants of the name include Turkish: Kapoşvar, Slovene: Rupertgrad and Croatian: Kapošvar. Coat of arms[edit] The shield of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
consists of the green hills which means the Somogy Hills and the three-towered castle with a huge metal gate. The Castle of Kapos could look like it. Geography[edit] The city is enclosed by the gentle knolls of the subregion called Outer Somogy on the north and by the bluff downhill forests of the other subregion Zselic on the south. Trade arrived by river, and the city also became a center of crossroads reaching into the region. Flood controls have been instituted on the river. Nowadays Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is a developing junction for rail- and public roads; it is closely connected to all the settlements of the agglomeration, as well as to those over the knoll. The European railway line from Budapest
Budapest
towards the Mediterranean leads through Kaposvár
Kaposvár
and other cities of the county. The city lies 186 km (116 mi) south‐west of Budapest, on both sides of the River Kapos on the Somogy Hills. The city is located about 50 km (31 mi) from the Lake Balaton
Lake Balaton
(on the road 67), 62 km (39 mi) from Pécs
Pécs
(on the road 66), 40 km (25 mi) from Szigetvár
Szigetvár
(on the road 67), 92 km (57 mi) from Szekszárd
Szekszárd
(on the road 65) and 72 km (45 mi) from Nagykanizsa
Nagykanizsa
(on the road 61). History[edit] Before the Hungarian land-taking[edit] According to legend, the city was founded on seven hills (like Rome and Lisbon). The area had already been inhabited by 5000 BCE. From around 400 BCE, Celtic tribes populated the area. From 9 AD to 107 AD, the city belonged to the Roman Pannonia. In the subsequent years, many people lived there. Mainly German and Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
were in that place. In 900, the conquering Hungarians
Hungarians
found Slavic and German villages in this land. After the conquest of the Hungarians, the tribe of Koppány
Koppány
settled down in Somogy. Middle Ages[edit]

The Kaposszentjakab
Kaposszentjakab
Abbey

The name of the settlement appeared first in 1009 as "Kapos", in Saint Stephen's memorandum of association, which fixed the borders of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Pécs. In 1061, Atha (Ottó), the lord lieutenant of Somogy founded a benedictine monastery, in which consecration King Salamon and Prince Géza took part. King Béla IV, after the Mongol invasion of Hungary, built strong castles. Kaposvár's first castle was built during his reign in the years of 1200. Despite this, the monastery and considerable settlement around the castle didn't come into existence yet, one reason being because the settlement was avoided by the commercial roads and on the other hand because the different clans fight didn't favour the development. The rectangular motte castle was reconstructed as a stone castle in the 15th century. Eventually, the period of local fighting was ended by the Turkish gunfire. In the decades after the Battle of Mohács, the neighbourhood was prowled by the troops of Suleiman. The Ottomans invested the castle of Kapos in September 1555 after a five-day siege. It was followed by a 131-year-old Turkish occupation. During this time, Kaposvár, despite being a small administrative center, worked rather as a military camp. Finally, the Christian troops liberated the castle of Kapos. The city and the surrounding area were freed from Ottoman rule in 1686. Habsburg rule[edit]

The City Hall of Kaposvár

After the years of thraldom, it seemed the development could start. The church was built up and the first guild was founded. But the beginning of the 18th century brought suffering and blows to the settlement instead the development. The Habsburgs
Habsburgs
in 1702 destroyed to the earth the Castle of Kapos. And the ruins were desolated during the Rákóczi's War of Independence. In the ruins some decades later a new country town was built. The resettlement of the city after the destruction was in connection to the name of the Esterházy family
Esterházy family
and the fortification of its economic and administrative rule. The city got the right to hold markets in 1703, in 1715 the first school was built up, in 1730 there were already 132 houses and a new church was ready in 1748. In 1749, Kaposvár
Kaposvár
was designated the county seat. In 1750, for good Kaposvár became the chief town of a county. More and more artisans and traders moved into the city and the number of the citizens during six decades doubled by 1780. During the 1800s, the city developed considerably, due to the importance of the railway line between Buda
Buda
and Zagreb. Kaposvár
Kaposvár
became an important industrial city. More importantly, from the 19th century, significant medical and cultural institutions were founded in Kaposvár. The "kis gymnasium" (the predecessor of the present Táncsics Mihály Secondary Grammar School), the Arany Oroszlán Pharmacy (Gold Lion) and the general hospital were built up, and the name of Dániel Berzsenyi
Dániel Berzsenyi
can be found among the County Library's readers, which was founded in 1816. The small county town started to become a civic town. The city center evolved with the county hall, the building of the town hall, the church, the Korona Hotel and the Dorottya-house. The National Casino of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
and the Horse Raiser Company were set up, and visitors to Kaposvár
Kaposvár
could walk on paved roads. Earl István Széchenyi
István Széchenyi
was elected to the first freeman of the town in 1835. Revolution and War of Independence of (1848–49)[edit] The Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Hungarian Revolution of 1848
didn't avoid the chief town of Somogy County. The citizens voted for the revolution. Although the kaiser's groups occupied the city for a short time, they couldn't supple the insurrectionist Kaposvár. The local citizens still sacrificed the bell of the church to make cannon. The sheriff of Kaposvár, the later commissary, Gáspár Noszlopy with its territorial army, liberated Somogy County
Somogy County
for three months. However the war of independence tumbled and Kaposvár
Kaposvár
was again under foreign occupation. Austro-Hungarian monarchy[edit]

The Convent

The Dorottya House (Csokonai Hotel)

The Cathedral of Kaposvár

The Dorottya Hotel

Although the oppression slowed down, it couldn't stop the development. The post office opened, and the country's first soap factory was founded. Thanks to Austrian growth brewer János Donner, a new city district - the present Donner - started to grow on the south side of River Kapos. The local public life bloomed, after the casino the set up of the chorus, and then the first weekly newspaper in 1866, the Somogy started on its way with its editor, the famous journalist István Roboz. One of Kaposvár's most blossoming times was after the conciliation. Thanks for mostly the railway building: until that time there were railroads only in the winger of the county, and the first engine arrived to Kaposvár
Kaposvár
in 1872. It opened the possibilities for the artisans and traders and the development of the city's economic life. In the years of 1890 the development of the infrastructure gave new movement to the city's development. Short train ways were built and they made the city for railway interchange. The railway network became wider, there were trying to bring in electricity, a telegraph office was created and they set up telephone connection with Pécs. At the beginning of the 1900s there were already eleven big industrial companies in the city, among them the sugar factory from the autumn 1894, which was then one of the most significant plant in the country, and the MIR Malom grain processing plant. By this time the agricultural character of the city reduced. But there was another, new project: with the growth of the population's number the city became larger and larger. The first important planned city development is in connection with István Németh, who was the mayor of the city between 1895 and 1911. For the citizens their environment became more and more important and thanks for the Kaposvári Szépítő Egyesület (Kaposvári Beautifying Association), the city became then a real "flowered city". The representatives of the culture had to keep step with the economic development. By that time the city has the right to keep high-school graduation in its secondary grammar school, there was a convent, a seminary and beside other institutions a day-nursery too. The first daily newspaper of the county, the Somogyi Hírlap came out from the printing-house in April 1904. In September 1911 the stone theater of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
was opened, which was then the country's biggest and most modern theater, where the most popular actors and actresses played. A new cultural trend born, the film: in the first decade of the 20th century there were already three cinemas. Newer and newer cultural and art associations were founded. A lot of famous artists settled down there, like József Rippl-Rónai, Endre Ady, István Fekete and Aurél Bernáth. 20th century[edit] The years of development ended with the start of World War I, in which - like in other important events of Hungarian history
Hungarian history
- the citizens, the soldiers of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
took their part. But the war brought hardship and dissatisfaction to the city. In the public life there were strikes and strengthening of left-wing ideas. The ideas of the Revolutions and interventions in Hungary
Hungary
(1918–20) found place in the public life. The first directorium and agricultural association were born here and the plants were socialized. However, the revolution fell and together with the war, the years of terror and the Treaty of Trianon brought a recession which from it slowly recovered from the years of 1930. Although the role of the railway transport diminished, bus transport started and in 1929 the airport was built in Taszár. From an industrial city Kaposvár
Kaposvár
became a commercial and administration center and the transformation of the cityscape reflected this change. It didn't just have flowers but was a clean, pleasant, civic town with restaurants, cafés and active cultural life. Thanks to József Adorján, Ferenc Csik
Ferenc Csik
and a number of Olympic sportmen the world got to know the city's sportlife. The national policy darkened more and more, the "happy peacetimes", the left-wing ideas and later the wind of the World War II
World War II
reached the city. Almost one thousand citizens died or disappeared during the fights. In 1944 the city was twice under foreign occupation. In March the German soldiers filed in Kaposvár. The Jews were deported, most of them died in Auschwitz. The frontline arrived here on 2 December when Soviet troops replaced the Germans. The life could start fast in the city because fortunately, the fights didn't cause remarkable destruction. Kaposvár
Kaposvár
always said to be an "insurrectionist" city and it chose again the policy of restart. The parties formed, like the Communist Party, but the Country Party had the biggest side. After the communist received the power the socialisations finished and the new kind of industrial expansion started, the socialist industrialisation. Its result was for example the textil factory, meat plant, electricity factory. But the small industries disappeared. In 1956 Kaposvár
Kaposvár
joined the revolution but on 4 November the soviet tanks clunked through the city's streets: the fall of the revolution and the sanctions had a lot of victim in Kaposvár. Between them the famous born of Kaposvár, the revolution's martyr prime minister, Imre Nagy. The chief city of the county woke up hardly after the flop. In the next decade the development of the industry and the flat construction started. From 1970 new subtopias built. The city's administrative boarder flared: in 1950 Kaposszentjakab, in 1970 Kaposfüred
Kaposfüred
and Toponár and in 1973 Töröcske joined the city. In 1971 the training-school and the agricultural technical institute became college. In the field of science and culture many person made famous the name of the city, not just in the country but beyond the borders too: the Archives of Somogy County, the Csiky Gergely Theatre, the Béla Vikár Choir, the Somogy Dance Group, and the Berzsenyi Company. The crisis of the 1980s, and the stop of the city's development made necessary changes. In the end of the decade - like so many times during its history - Kaposvár
Kaposvár
stood to the top of reforms. The maverick organisations were funded and a memorial tablet was put on Imre Nagy's house, as the symbol of new times. In 1990, Kaposvár became urban county and in 1993 an episcopal seat. 21st century[edit] Today Kaposvár
Kaposvár
- with its university, education system, and thousands of students - is a real school city. With the well-kept plazas, streets, and colourful flowerbeds it is the city of flowers. With its rippling wells it is the city of waterworks. With its lively cultural life, rich art programmes it is the city of festivals and the city of painters. With its wonderfully reborn downtown with the feeling of peaceful, Mediterranean atmosphere, the chief town of the county has become a real European city.[1] Main sights[edit]

City Hall of Kaposvár Cathedral of Kaposvár County Hall of Somogy Rippl-Rónai Museum - one of the biggest museums of Hungary Rippl-Rónai Villa - the house of the painter József Rippl-Rónai Csiky Gergely Theatre
Csiky Gergely Theatre
- one of the most famous and the biggest theatre of Hungary Dorottya House Vaszary Gallery - former Gallery of Somogy Palace of Culture of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(Szivárvány Kultúrpalota) - the home of the world famous Kaposfest[2] every August Árpád Együd Cultural Community Centre Archives of Somogy County Sport Museum of Somogy County St. Donat Chapel (Baroque, early 18th century) Ruins of Zselicszentjakab Abbey
Zselicszentjakab Abbey
(Romanesque and Gothic) Arany Oroszlán Pharmacy (Gold Lion) Former Convent - now it is the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
High School, Elementary School and Primary Art School and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kaposvár Stadion Kaposvár
Kaposvár
Rákóczi University of Kaposvár Lake Deseda Virágfürdő (Flower Spa and Waterpark)

Famous people[edit] See also: Category:People from Kaposvár. See also: Category:People from Somogy County.

Szabolcs Balajcza Benjamin Balázs István Bank Lukács Bőle György Buzsáki Győző Burcsa Ferenc Csik Zoltán Czibor Zoltán Farkas Zoltán Finta Péter Frankl István Gyenesei János Haraszti László Horváth Zoltán Jovánczai Moritz Kaposi Béla Király Béla Koplárovics Ernő Lendvai Attila May Imre Nagy Viktor Petrók Anna Pfeffer Gábor Reszli József Rippl-Rónai László Sótonyi János Vaszary Róbert Waltner

Sports[edit] Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is one of the "National City of Sport" in Hungary. The most popular sports in the city are football, volleyball and basketball. There are a lot of champion team in the city. The most famous sport team is the Kaposvári Rákóczi FC. Their home stadium is the Stadion Kaposvár
Kaposvár
Rákóczi. The biggest sporting event in the city is the Youth Football Festival[3] every summer. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1850 4,638 —    

1890 12,544 +170.5%

1900 18,630 +48.5%

1910 24,572 +31.9%

1920 30,096 +22.5%

1930 33,226 +10.4%

1941 33,515 +0.9%

1949 33,535 +0.1%

1960 43,428 +29.5%

1970 60,937 +40.3%

1980 72,374 +18.8%

1990 71,788 −0.8%

2001 68,697 −4.3%

2011 66,245 −3.6%

Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is the biggest city in Somogy County
Somogy County
and one of the biggest cities in Transdanubia. Demographics[edit]

Population total: 67 979 Area total: 113.59 km2 Populationrank: 13th Population density: 598.23 /km2

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group % of total

Hungarians 96.9

Romani 1.7

Germans 0.7

Poles 0.3

Croats 0.2

Others 0.2

Religions[edit]

Religion % of total

Roman Catholic 63,9

Calvinist 7,2

Lutheran 2,0

Atheist 14,9

Others 1,8

No answer, unknown 10,2

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Twin towns - sister cities[edit] Kaposvár
Kaposvár
is twinned with:

Bath, United Kingdom[4][5] Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania Darkhan, Mongolia Glinde, Germany Koprivnica, Croatia Saint-Sébastien-sur-Loire, France

Schio, Italy Tver, Russia Rauma, Finland
Finland
(partner town) Villach, Austria
Austria
(partner town) Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina[6]

Gallery[edit]

The city centre

Csiky Gergely Theatre

The railway station

The Hungarian Scientific Knowledge Society

Palace of Finances of Kaposvár

The portrait of Pál Esterházy, the generous espouser of the city

The County Hall of Somogy and the Rippl-Rónai Museum

A statue in the city centre

Arany Oroszlán (Golden Lion) Pharmacy

House for the homeland's petty bourgeois

The Rococo
Rococo
Maria Column is one symbol of the city

Police Office of Kaposvár

The monument of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956

Dániel Berzsenyi
Dániel Berzsenyi
Elementary School

Temesvár
Temesvár
street

House of József Rippl-Rónai

University of Kaposvár

Lake Deseda
Lake Deseda
is one of the most beautiful lakes of Somogy County

See also[edit]

University of Kaposvár Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Kaposvár Csiky Gergely Theatre Lake Deseda

References[edit]

^ "Kaposvár's history". Retrieved 2012-09-16.  ^ Kaposfest Archived 2013-06-07 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Youth Football Festival ^ "Bath's Twinning Associations". The Mayor of Bath. Archived from the original on 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2013-07-15.  ^ " Town
Town
Twinning". Bath and North East Somerset Council. Archived from the original on 27 October 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2007.  ^ " Mostar
Mostar
Gradovi prijatelji" [ Mostar
Mostar
Twin Towns]. Grad Mostar
Mostar
[Mostar Official City Website] (in Macedonian). Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaposvár.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kaposvár.

Official website in Hungarian and English Tourist Information Kaposfest Youth Football Festival Aerial photography: Kaposvár Slide show with music Video of the city centre

v t e

Towns and villages of Kaposvár
Kaposvár
District

City with county rights (1)

Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(district seat)

Towns (3)

Igal Kadarkút Nagybajom

Villages (74)

Alsóbogát Baté Bodrog Bárdudvarnok Büssü Bőszénfa Cserénfa Csoma Csombárd Csököly Ecseny Edde Felsőmocsolád Fonó Gadács Gige Gálosfa Gölle Hajmás Hedrehely Hencse Hetes Juta Jákó Kaposfő Kaposgyarmat Kaposhomok Kaposkeresztúr Kaposmérő Kaposszerdahely Kaposújlak Kazsok Kercseliget Kisasszond Kisgyalán Kiskorpád Kőkút Magyaratád Magyaregres Mernye Mezőcsokonya Mike Mosdós Nagyberki Orci Osztopán Patalom Patca Polány Pálmajor Rinyakovácsi Ráksi Simonfa Somodor Somogyaszaló Somogyfajsz Somogygeszti Somogyjád Somogyszil Somogysárd Szabadi Szenna Szentbalázs Szentgáloskér Szilvásszentmárton Sántos Taszár Újvárfalva Visnye Várda Zimány Zselickisfalud Zselickislak Zselicszentpál

v t e

Somogy County

City with county rights

Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(county seat)

Towns

Balatonboglár Balatonföldvár Balatonlelle Barcs Csurgó Fonyód Igal Kadarkút Lengyeltóti Marcali Nagyatád Nagybajom Siófok Tab Zamárdi

Large villages

Balatonszárszó Berzence

Villages

Ádánd Alsóbogát Andocs Babócsa Bábonymegyer Bakháza Balatonberény Balatonendréd Balatonfenyves Balatonkeresztúr Balatonmáriafürdő Balatonőszöd Balatonszabadi Balatonszemes Balatonszentgyörgy Balatonújlak Bálványos Bárdudvarnok Baté Bedegkér Bélavár Beleg Bodrog Böhönye Bolhás Bolhó Bonnya Bőszénfa Büssü Buzsák Csákány Cserénfa Csömend Csököly Csokonyavisonta Csoma Csombárd Csurgónagymarton Darány Drávagárdony Drávatamási Ecseny Edde Felsőmocsolád Fiad Főnyed Fonó Gadács Gadány Gálosfa Gamás Gige Gölle Görgeteg Gyugy Gyékényes Hács Hajmás Háromfa Hedrehely Hencse Heresznye Hetes Hollád Homokszentgyörgy Hosszúvíz Iharos Iharosberény Inke Istvándi Jákó Juta Kálmáncsa Kánya Kapoly Kaposfő Kaposgyarmat Kaposhomok Kaposkeresztúr Kaposmérő Kaposszerdahely Kaposújlak Karád Kastélyosdombó Kaszó Kazsok Kelevíz Kercseliget Kereki Kéthely Kisasszond Kisbajom Kisberény Kisbárapáti Kisgyalán Kiskorpád Kőkút Komlósd Kőröshegy Kötcse Kutas Kára Lábod Lad Lakócsa Látrány Libickozma Lulla Magyaratád Magyaregres Mernye Mesztegnyő Mezőcsokonya Mike Miklósi Mosdós Nágocs Nagyberki Nagyberény Nagycsepely Nagykorpád Nagyszakácsi Nemesdéd Nemeskisfalud Nemesvid Nikla Nyim Orci Ordacsehi Öreglak Őrtilos Osztopán Ötvöskónyi Pálmajor Pamuk Patalom Patca Patosfa Péterhida Pogányszentpéter Polány Porrog Porrogszentkirály Porrogszentpál Potony Pusztakovácsi Pusztaszemes Ráksi Rinyabesenyő Rinyakovácsi Rinyaszentkirály Rinyaújlak Rinyaújnép Ságvár Sántos Sávoly Segesd Sérsekszőlős Simonfa Siójut Som Somodor Somogyacsa Somogyaracs Somogyaszaló Somogybabod Somogybükkösd Somogycsicsó Somogydöröcske Somogyegres Somogyfajsz Somogygeszti Somogyjád Somogymeggyes Somogysimonyi Somogyszentpál Somogyszil Somogyszob Somogysámson Somogysárd Somogytúr Somogyudvarhely Somogyvámos Somogyvár Somogyzsitfa Szabadi Szabás Szántód Szegerdő Szenna Szenta Szentbalázs Szentborbás Szentgáloskér Szenyér Szilvásszentmárton Szőkedencs Szólád Szőlősgyörök Szorosad Szulok Tapsony Tarany Táska Taszár Teleki Tengőd Tikos Törökkoppány Torvaj Tótújfalu Újvárfalva Várda Varászló Vése Visnye Visz Vízvár Vörs Zákány Zala Zics Zimány Zselickisfalud Zselickislak Zselicszentpál

Other topics

History Geography Government Economy Culture Tourism

v t e

Largest cities in Hungary

1,000,000+

Budapest

200,000+

Debrecen

100,000+

Szeged Miskolc Pécs Győr Nyíregyháza Kecskemét

50,000+

Székesfehérvár Szombathely Szolnok Tatabánya Érd Kaposvár Sopron Veszprém Békéscsaba Eger Zalaegerszeg

v t e

Cities with county rights of Hungary
Hungary
(alphabetical order)

Békéscsaba
Békéscsaba
(Békés) Budapest
Budapest
(Pest) Debrecen
Debrecen
(Hajdú-Bihar) Dunaújváros
Dunaújváros
(Fejér) Eger
Eger
(Heves) Érd
Érd
(Pest) Győr
Győr
(Győr-Moson-Sopron) Hódmezővásárhely
Hódmezővásárhely
(Csongrád) Kaposvár
Kaposvár
(Somogy) Kecskemét
Kecskemét
(Bács-Kiskun) Miskolc
Miskolc
(Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) Nagykanizsa
Nagykanizsa
(Zala) Nyíregyháza
Nyíregyháza
(Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg) Pécs
Pécs
(Baranya) Salgótarján
Salgótarján
(Nógrád) Sopron
Sopron
(Győr-Moson-Sopron) Szeged
Szeged
(Csongrád) Szekszárd
Szekszárd
(Tolna) Székesfehérvár
Székesfehérvár
(Fejér) Szolnok
Szolnok
(Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok) Szombathely
Szombathely
(Vas) Tatabánya
Tatabánya
(Komárom-Esztergom) Veszprém
Veszprém
(Veszprém) Zalaegerszeg
Zalaegerszeg
(Zala)

Budapest
Budapest
(national capital)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130118585 GND: 4262919-6 BNF: cb1265

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