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The Kantō region
Kantō region
(関東地方, Kantō-chihō) is a geographical area of Honshu, the largest island of Japan.[3] The region includes the Greater Tokyo Area
Greater Tokyo Area
and encompasses seven prefectures: Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Tokyo, Chiba, and Kanagawa. Within its boundaries, slightly more than 45 percent of the land area is the Kantō Plain. The rest consists of the hills and mountains that form the land borders. In official census count on October 1, 2010 by the Japan Statistics Bureau, the population was 42,607,376[4] amounting to approximately one third of the total population of Japan.

Contents

1 History 2 Subdivisions

2.1 North and South 2.2 East and West 2.3 Inland and Coastal 2.4 Greater Kantō

3 Cities 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

History[edit] The heartland of feudal power during the Kamakura period
Kamakura period
and again in the Edo period, Kantō became the center of modern development. Within the Greater Tokyo Area
Greater Tokyo Area
and especially the Tokyo- Yokohama
Yokohama
metropolitan area, Kantō houses not only Japan's seat of government but also the nation's largest group of universities and cultural institutions, the greatest population, and a large industrial zone. Although most of the Kantō plain is used for residential, commercial, or industrial construction, it is still farmed. Rice is the principal crop, although the zone around Tokyo
Tokyo
and Yokohama
Yokohama
has been landscaped to grow garden produce for the metropolitan market. A watershed moment of Japan's modern history took place in the late Taisho period: the Great Kantō earthquake
Great Kantō earthquake
of 1923. The quake, which claimed more than 100,000 lives and ravaged the Tokyo
Tokyo
and Yokohama areas, occurred at a time when Japan
Japan
was still reeling from the economic recession in reaction to the high-flying years during World War I. Operation Coronet, part of Operation Downfall, the proposed Allied invasion of Japan
Japan
during World War II, was scheduled to land at the Kantō plain. Most of the United States military
United States military
bases on the island of Honshū
Honshū
are situated on the Kantō plain. These include Naval Air Facility Atsugi, Yokota Air Base, Yokosuka Naval Base, and Camp Zama. The name Kantō literally means "East of the Barrier". The name Kantō is nowadays generally considered to mean the region east (東) of the Hakone
Hakone
checkpoint (関所). An antonym of Kantō, "West of the Barrier" means Kansai region, which lies western Honshu
Honshu
and was the center of feudal Japan. After the Great Kantō earthquake
Great Kantō earthquake
many people in Kantō started creating art with different varieties of colors. They made art of earthquake and small towns to symbolize the small towns destroyed in the quake.

Map of Mt. Nikkō, in the Kantō region

Subdivisions[edit] North and South[edit] The most often used subdivision of the region is dividing it to "North Kantō" (北関東, Kita-Kantō), consisting of Ibaraki, Tochigi, and Gunma Prefectures, and "South Kantō" (南関東, Minami-Kantō), consisting of Saitama (sometimes classified North),[citation needed][by whom?] Chiba, the Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis (sometimes singulated),[citation needed] and Kanagawa Prefectures.[citation needed] South Kantō is often regarded as synonymous with the Greater Tokyo
Tokyo
Area. As part of Japan's attempts to predict earthquakes, an area roughly corresponding to South Kantō has been designated an 'Area of Intensified Observation' by the Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction.[5] The Japanese House of Representatives' divides it into the North Kantō (北関東, Kita-Kantō) electorate which consists of Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma and Saitama Prefectures, Tokyo
Tokyo
electorate, and the South Kantō (南関東, Minami-Kantō) electorate which consists of Chiba, Kanagawa and Yamanashi Prefectures. (Note that Yamanashi is out of Kantō region
Kantō region
in the orthodox definition.) Keirin's South Kantō (南関東, Minami-Kantō) consists of Chiba, Kanagawa and Shizuoka Prefectures. East and West[edit] This division is not often but sometimes used.

East Kantō (東関東, Higashi-Kantō): Ibaraki, Tochigi and Chiba Prefectures. West Kantō (西関東, Nishi-Kantō): Gunma, Saitama, Tokyo, Kanagawa (and sometimes Yamanashi) Prefectures.

Inland and Coastal[edit] This division is sometimes used in economics and geography. The border can be modified if the topography is taken for prefectural boundaries.

Inland Kantō (関東内陸部, Kantō nairiku-bu): Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama (and sometimes Yamanashi) Prefectures. Coastal Kantō (関東沿岸部, Kantō engan-bu): Ibaraki, Chiba, Tokyo
Tokyo
and Kanagawa Prefectures.

Greater Kantō[edit] The Japanese national government defines the National Capital Region (首都圏, Shuto-ken) as Kantō region
Kantō region
plus Yamanashi Prefecture. Japan's national public broadcaster NHK
NHK
uses Kantō-kō-shin-etsu (関東甲信越) involving Yamanashi, Nagano and Niigata Prefectures for regional programming and administration. Cities[edit] The Kantō region
Kantō region
is the most highly developed, urbanized, and industrialized part of Japan. Tokyo
Tokyo
and Yokohama
Yokohama
form a single industrial complex with a concentration of light and heavy industry along Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay. Other major cities in the area include Kawasaki (in Kanagawa Prefecture); Saitama (in Saitama Prefecture); and Chiba (in Chiba Prefecture). Smaller cities, farther away from the coast, house substantial light and automotive industries. The average population density reached 1,192 persons per square kilometre in 1991. See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Geography of Japan Kantō dialect Kantō Fureai Trail, aka Capital Region Nature Trail, a collection of hiking trails circumnavigating the entire Kantō Region

Notes[edit]

^ https://resources.realestate.co.jp/news/international-comparison-of-gdp-of-japans-prefectures-tokyos-gdp-is-bigger-than-indonesias/ ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2015-11-01.  ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kantō" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, pp. 478-479, p. 478, at Google Books ^ "政府統計の総合窓口". E-stat.go.jp. Retrieved 2012-12-31.  ^ Avances en prevención de desastres sísmicos en Japón. Outline of countermeasures for the Tōkai earthquake (Section B) N Honda, published March 1994, accessed 2011-03-25

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kantō region.

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies document "Kanto".

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 254173172 GND: 48433

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