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Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
(関西国際空港, Kansai Kokusai Kūkō, colloquially known as Kankū (関空)) (IATA: KIX, ICAO: RJBB) is an international airport located on an artificial island in the middle of Osaka Bay
Osaka Bay
off the Honshu
Honshu
shore, 38 km (24 mi) southwest of Ōsaka Station,[3] located within three municipalities, including Izumisano (north),[4] Sennan (south),[5] and Tajiri (central),[6] in Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture, Japan. Kansai opened 4 September 1994 to relieve overcrowding at Osaka International Airport, which is closer to the city of Osaka
Osaka
and now handles only domestic flights. The Terminal 1 was designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano. The airport serves as an international hub for All Nippon Airways, Japan
Japan
Airlines, and Nippon Cargo
Cargo
Airlines, and also serves as a hub for Peach, the first international low-cost carrier in Japan. In 2016, 25.2 million passengers used the airport making it the 30th busiest airport in Asia and 3rd busiest in Japan. Freight volume was at 802,162 tonnes total, of which 757,414 t were international (18th in the world), and 44,748 t were domestic.[7] The 4,000 m × 60 m (13,123 ft × 197 ft) second runway was opened on 2 August 2007. As of June 2014[update], Kansai Airport has become an Asian hub, with 780 weekly flights to Asia and Australasia (including freight 119), 59 weekly flights to Europe and the Middle East (freight 5), and 80 weekly flights to North America (freight 42).[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Construction 1.2 Operation 1.3 Expansion 1.4 Relationship with Itami Airport

2 Terminals

2.1 Terminal 1 2.2 Terminal 2

3 Airlines and destinations

3.1 Passenger 3.2 Cargo

4 Ground transportation

4.1 Rail 4.2 Bus 4.3 Parking 4.4 Ferry service

5 Other facilities 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit]

3rd floor boarding lobby, part of the longest airport concourse in the world

In the 1960s, when the Kansai region
Kansai region
was rapidly losing trade to Tokyo, planners proposed a new airport near Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka. Osaka International Airport, located in the densely populated suburbs of Itami and Toyonaka, was surrounded by buildings; it could not be expanded, and many of its neighbours had filed complaints because of noise pollution problems.[citation needed] After the protests surrounding New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport), which was built with expropriated land in a rural part of Chiba Prefecture, planners decided to build the airport offshore. The new airport was part of a number of new developments to revitalize Osaka, which had been losing economic and cultural ground to Tokyo for most of the century.[9] Initially, the airport was planned to be built near Kobe, but the city of Kobe
Kobe
refused the plan, so the airport was moved to a more southerly location on Osaka
Osaka
Bay. There it could be open 24 hours per day, unlike its predecessor in the city. Construction[edit]

Satellite photo of Kansai Airport (lower-right island) in Osaka
Osaka
Bay. Kobe
Kobe
Airport is being built on the unfinished island near the middle of the photo. Central Osaka
Osaka
is in the upper-right corner, along with Osaka
Osaka
International.

Airport Map

An artificial island, 4 km (2.5 mi) long and 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide, was proposed. Engineers needed to overcome the extremely high risks of earthquakes and typhoons (with storm surges of up to 3 m (10 ft)). The water depth is 18 m on top of 20 m of soft Holocene
Holocene
clay which holds 70% water.[10][11][12][13] A million sand drains were built into the clay to remove water and solidify the clay.[12][13] Construction started in 1987. The sea wall was finished in 1989 (made of rock and 48,000 tetrapods). Three mountains were excavated for 21,000,000 m3 (27,000,000 cu yd),[citation needed] and 180,000,000 m3 (240,000,000 cu yd) was used to construct island 1.[11] 10 000 workers and 10 million work hours over three years, using eighty ships, were needed to complete the 30-metre (98 ft) (or 40 m)[11] layer of earth over the sea floor and inside the sea wall. In 1990, a three kilometer bridge was completed to connect the island to the mainland at Rinku Town, at a cost of $1 billion.[citation needed] Completion of the artificial island increased the area of Osaka Prefecture
Osaka Prefecture
just enough to move it past Kagawa Prefecture
Kagawa Prefecture
in size (leaving Kagawa as the smallest by area in Japan). The bidding and construction of the airport was a source of international trade friction during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone
Yasuhiro Nakasone
responded to American concerns, particularly from Senator Frank Murkowski, that bids would be rigged in Japanese companies' favour by providing special offices for prospective international contractors,[14] which ultimately did little to ease the participation of foreign contractors in the bidding process.[15] Later, foreign airlines complained that two-thirds of the departure hall counter space had been allocated to Japanese carriers, disproportionately to the actual carriage of passengers through the airport.[16] The island had been predicted to sink 5.7 m (19 ft) by the most optimistic estimate as the weight of the material used for construction compressed the seabed silts. However, by 1999, the island had sunk 8.2 m (27 ft) – much more than predicted. The project became the most expensive civil works project in modern history after twenty years of planning, three years of construction and fifteen billion (US) dollars of investment. Much of what was learned went into the successful artificial islands in silt deposits for New Kitakyushu Airport, Kobe
Kobe
Airport, and Chūbu Centrair International Airport. The lessons of Kansai Airport were also applied in the construction of Hong Kong International Airport.[17] In 1991, the terminal construction commenced. To compensate for the sinking of the island, adjustable columns were designed to support the terminal building. These are extended by inserting thick metal plates at their bases. Government officials proposed reducing the length of the terminal to cut costs, but architect Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
insisted on keeping the terminal at its full planned length.[18] The airport opened in 1994. On 17 January 1995, Japan
Japan
was struck by the Kobe
Kobe
earthquake, whose epicenter was about 20 km (12 mi) away from KIX and killed 6,434 people on Japan's main island of Honshū. Due to its earthquake engineering, the airport emerged unscathed, mostly due to the use of sliding joints. Even the glass in the windows remained intact. In 1998, the airport survived a typhoon with wind speeds of up to 200 km/h (120 mph).[citation needed] On 19 April 2001, the airport was one of ten structures given the "Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium" award by the American Society of Civil Engineers.[19] As of 2008[update], the total cost of Kansai Airport was $20 billion including land reclamation, two runways, terminals and facilities. Most additional costs were initially due to the island sinking, expected due to the soft soils of Osaka
Osaka
Bay. After construction the rate of sinking was considered so severe that the airport was widely criticized as a geotechnical engineering disaster. The sink rate fell from 50 cm (20 in) per year during 1994 to 7 cm (2.8 in) per year in 2008.[20] Operation[edit]

A Finnair
Finnair
MD-11
MD-11
and KLM
KLM
Boeing 777-200ER
Boeing 777-200ER
at KIX. The terminal building is in the background

4th floor ticketing hall, illustrating the terminal's airfoil roof

Opened on 4 September 1994, the airport serves as a hub for several airlines such as All Nippon Airways, Japan
Japan
Airlines, and Nippon Cargo Airlines. It is the international gateway for Japan's Kansai region, which contains the major cities of Kyoto, Kobe, and Osaka. Other Kansai domestic flights fly from the older but more conveniently located Osaka International Airport in Itami, or from the newer Kobe Airport. The airport had been deeply in debt, losing $560 million in interest every year. Airlines had been kept away by high landing fees (about $7,500 for a Boeing 747), the second most expensive in the world after Narita's. In the early years of the airport's operation, excessive terminal rent and utility bills for on-site concessions also drove up operating costs: some estimates before opening held that a cup of coffee would have to cost US$10.[21] Osaka
Osaka
business owners pressed the government to take a greater burden of the construction cost to keep the airport attractive to passengers and airlines.[22] On 17 February 2005, Chubu Centrair International Airport
Chubu Centrair International Airport
opened in Nagoya, just east of Osaka. The opening of the airport was expected to increase competition between Japan's international airports. Despite this, passenger totals were up 11% in 2005 over 2004, and international passengers increased to 3.06 million in 2006, up 10% over 2005. Adding to the competition was the opening of Kobe
Kobe
Airport, less than 25 km (16 mi) away, in 2006 and the lengthening of the runway at Tokushima Airport
Tokushima Airport
in Shikoku
Shikoku
in 2007. The main rationale behind the expansions was to compete with Incheon International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport
Hong Kong International Airport
as a gateway to Asia, as Tokyo area airports were severely congested. Kansai saw a 5% year-on-year increase in international traffic in summer 2013, largely supported by low-cost carrier traffic to Taiwan
Taiwan
and Southeast Asia overcoming a decrease in traffic to China and South Korea.[23] The airport authority was allotted 4 billion yen in government support for fiscal year 2013, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and Ministry of Finance have agreed to reduce this amount in stages through fiscal year 2015, although local governments in the Kansai region
Kansai region
have pressed for continued subsidies.[24] Kansai has been marketed as an alternative to Narita Airport for international travelers from the Greater Tokyo Area. By flying to Kansai from Haneda Airport
Haneda Airport
and connecting to international flights there, travelers can save the additional time required to get to Narita: up to one and a half hours for many residents of Kanagawa Prefecture and southern Tokyo. Expansion[edit]

Second phase of Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
under construction

The airport was at its limit during peak times, owing especially to freight flights, so a portion of Phase II expansion—the second runway—was made a priority.[25] Thus, in 2003, believing that the sinking problem was almost over, the airport operators started to construct a 4,000 m (13,000 ft) second runway and terminal. The second runway opened on 2 August 2007, but with the originally planned terminal portion postponed. This lowered the project cost to JPY¥910 billion (approx. US$8 billion), saving ¥650 billion from the first estimate.[26] The additional runway development, which was opened in time for the IAAF world athletics championships in Osaka, has expanded the airport size to 10.5 square kilometres (2,600 acres). The second runway is used for landings and when there are incidents prohibiting take off use of runway A. The new runway allowed the airport to start 24-hour operations in September 2007.[27][28] A new terminal building opened in late 2012.[29] There are additional plans for several new aprons, a third runway (06C/24C) with a length of 3,500 m (11,483 ft), a new cargo terminal and expanding the airport size to 13 km2 (5.0 sq mi). As of 2012[update], the Japanese government is postponing these plans for economic reasons. Relationship with Itami Airport[edit]

Kansai Airport in 2006

Since July 2008, Osaka Prefecture
Osaka Prefecture
governor Toru Hashimoto has been a vocal critic of Itami Airport, arguing that the Chuo Shinkansen
Chuo Shinkansen
maglev line will make much of its domestic role irrelevant, and that its domestic functions should be transferred to Kansai Airport in conjunction with upgraded high-speed access to Kansai from central Osaka.[30] In 2009, Hashimoto also publicly proposed moving the functions of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
to Kansai Airport as a possible solution for the political crisis surrounding the base.[31] In May 2011, the Diet of Japan
Japan
passed legislation to form a new Kansai International Airport Corporation using the state's existing equity stake in Kansai Airport and its property holdings at Itami Airport. The move was aimed at offsetting Kansai Airport's debt burden.[32] The merger of the Itami and Kansai airport authorities was completed in July 2012. Shortly following the merger, Kansai Airport announced a 5% reduction in landing fees effective October 2012, with additional reductions during overnight hours when the airport is underutilized, and further discounts planned for the future, including subsidies for new airlines and routes. As of October 2012[update] these moves were intended to bring Kansai's fees closer to the level of Narita International Airport, where landing fees were around 20% lower than Kansai's, and to improve competitiveness with other Asian hubs such as Incheon International Airport
Incheon International Airport
in Korea.[33] Since its formation, the new operating company has also made efforts toward international expansion, bidding for operating concessions at Yangon International Airport
Yangon International Airport
and Hanthawaddy International Airport in Myanmar.[34] KIAC conducted a public tender to sell the operating rights for Kansai and Itami Airport
Itami Airport
in May 2015. Orix
Orix
and Vinci SA
Vinci SA
were the sole bidder for the 45-year contract, at a price of around $18 billion.[35] The new operating company, Kansai Airports, took over on April 1, 2016.[36] It is 80% owned by Orix
Orix
and Vinci, with the remaining 20% owned by Kansai-based enterprises such as Hankyu Hanshin Holdings
Hankyu Hanshin Holdings
and Panasonic.[37] Terminals[edit]

Kansai International Airport's roof

Terminal 1 Interior Escalator

Terminal 1[edit] The main KIX passenger Terminal l is a single four-storey building designed by Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
Building Workshop ( Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
and Noriaki Okabe) and has a gross floor space of 296,043 square metres (3,186,580 sq ft). As of 2008[update], it is the longest airport terminal in the world[citation needed], at a total length of 1.7 km (1.1 mi) from end to end. It has a sophisticated people mover system called the Wing Shuttle, which moves passengers from one end of the pier to the other. The terminal's roof is shaped like an airfoil. This shape is used to promote air circulation through the building: giant air conditioning ducts blow air upwards at one side of the terminal, circulate the air across the curvature of the ceiling, and collect the air through intakes at the other side. Mobiles are suspended in the ticketing hall to take advantage of the flowing air. The ticketing hall overlooks the international departures concourse, and the two are separated by a glass partition. During Kansai's early days, visitors were known to throw objects over the partition to friends in the corridor below. The partition was eventually modified to halt this practice. Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 departures lobby

Terminal 2 Restricted area shops

Terminal 2 is a low-cost carrier (LCC) terminal designed to attract more LCCs by providing lower landing fees than Terminal 1. It is exclusively occupied by Peach. Other LCCs serving Kansai, such as Jetstar Airways, Jetstar Japan, and Cebu Pacific
Cebu Pacific
Air, use the main Terminal 1.[38] A significant expansion opened in January 2017; Spring Airlines plans to relocate its international flights to Terminal 2 in March 2017 ( Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
Japan
Japan
domestic flights will remain in Terminal 1).[39][40] Peach requested that Terminal 2 have a simplified design in order to minimize operating costs.[41] The terminal is a single-story building, thus eliminating the cost of elevators. Passageways to aircraft have no air conditioning.[42] The terminal also has no jet bridges, having one boarding gate for domestic departures and one boarding gate for international departures. In case of rain, passengers are lent umbrellas to use as they walk to the aircraft.[43] Terminal 2 is not directly connected to Terminal 1 or to Kansai Airport Station. Free shuttle buses run between the two terminals, and between Terminal 2 and the railway and ferry stations. It is also possible to walk between the terminals through the KIX Sora Park, a four-hectare park located adjacent to Terminal 2.[44] Airlines and destinations[edit] Passenger[edit]

Kansai airport passenger destinations

Airlines Destinations

AirAsia X Honolulu,[45] Kuala Lumpur–International

Air Busan Busan, Daegu[46]

Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Vancouver

Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Dalian, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin

Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle

Air India Delhi, Hong Kong, Mumbai

Air Macau Macau

Air New Zealand Seasonal: Auckland

Air Seoul Seoul–Incheon[47]

Aircalin Nouméa

All Nippon Airways Beijing–Capital, Dalian, Fukuoka, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Miyako, Naha, Qingdao, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Haneda Seasonal: Asahikawa, Memanbetsu

Asiana Airlines Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon Seasonal: Saipan

Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, Taipei–Taoyuan

Cebu Pacific Manila

China Airlines Kaohsiung, Tainan, Taipei–Taoyuan

China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Dalian,[48] Hangzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Yanji,[49] Yantai

China Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Pudong

China Southern Airlines Changsha, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Zhengzhou

Delta Air Lines Honolulu

Eastar Jet Busan, Seoul–Incheon

EgyptAir Charter: Cairo, Luxor[50]

Emirates Dubai–International

EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan

Finnair Helsinki

Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta

Hainan Airlines operated by Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou

Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu

Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong

HK Express Hong Kong

Japan
Japan
Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Sapporo–Chitose, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda

Japan
Japan
Airlines operated by Japan
Japan
Transocean Air Ishigaki, Naha

Jeju Air Busan, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon Seasonal: Muan (begins 30 April 2018)[51]

Jetstar Airways Cairns, Melbourne

Jetstar Asia Airways Clark,[52] Manila, Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan

Jetstar Japan Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Narita Seasonal: Manila, Taipei–Taoyuan

Jetstar Pacific Da Nang, Hanoi[53]

Jin Air Busan,[54] Seoul–Incheon

Juneyao Airlines Nanjing,[55] Shanghai–Pudong

KLM Amsterdam

Korean Air Busan, Jeju, Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon

Lufthansa Frankfurt

Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International

Okay Airways Tianjin

Peach Busan, Fukuoka, Hong Kong, Ishigaki, Kagoshima, Kaohsiung, Kushiro (begins 1 August 2018),[56] Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Naha, Niigata,[57] Sapporo–Chitose, Sendai, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita

Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila, Taipei–Taoyuan[58]

Qantas Sydney[59][60]

S7 Airlines Vladivostok[61]

Scoot Bangkok–Don Mueang, Honolulu, Kaohsiung, Singapore

Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao,[62] Ürümqi[62]

Shenzhen Airlines Beijing–Capital,[63] Nantong,[64] Shenzhen, Wuxi

Sichuan Airlines Chengdu

Singapore Airlines Singapore

Spring Airlines Chongqing, Luoyang, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an,[65] Yangzhou, Huai'an

StarFlyer Tokyo–Haneda

Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang

Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Tianjin Airlines Tianjin

Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung,[66] Taipei–Taoyuan

T'way Airlines Busan,[67] Daegu, Muan, Guam,[68] Jeju,[67] Seoul–Incheon

United Airlines Guam, San Francisco

Vanilla Air Amami Oshima,[69] Tokyo–Narita (ends 15 June 2018),[70] Taipei–Taoyuan

Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City

XiamenAir Fuzhou, Xiamen

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations

Air China
Air China
Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong

ANA Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Dalian, Naha, Qingdao, Saga, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Xiamen

Asiana Cargo Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon

Cargolux Luxembourg

Cargo
Cargo
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta

Cathay Pacific
Cathay Pacific
Cargo Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon

China Airlines
China Airlines
Cargo Anchorage, Los Angeles, Taipei–Taoyuan

China Cargo
Cargo
Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xiamen

China Postal Airlines Shanghai–Pudong

China Southern Cargo[71] Shanghai–Pudong

Cathay Pacific
Cathay Pacific
Cargo Hong Kong

DHL Aviation operated by Air Hong Kong Hong Kong

DHL Aviation operated by AeroLogic Leipzig/Halle

DHL Aviation operated by Kalitta Air Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong

EVA Air
EVA Air
Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan

FedEx
FedEx
Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Memphis, Oakland, Singapore, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita

Hong Kong Airlines
Hong Kong Airlines
Cargo Hong Kong

Korean Air
Korean Air
Cargo Seoul–Gimpo, Seoul–Incheon

Lufthansa
Lufthansa
Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk

National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Los Angeles

Nippon Cargo
Cargo
Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita

Polar Air Cargo Chicago–O'Hare, Shanghai–Pudong

Singapore Airlines
Singapore Airlines
Cargo Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Singapore

UPS Airlines Anchorage, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen

Yakutia Airlines Shanghai–Pudong

Ground transportation[edit]

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Rail[edit]

Haruka, JR West's Kansai Airport Limited Express

rapi:t, Nankai Railway's limited express train

Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
is connected only by the Sky Gate Bridge R, a road/railroad bridge to Rinku Town
Rinku Town
and the mainland. The lower railroad level of the bridge is used by two railroad operators: JR West and Nankai Electric Railway. JR West
JR West
operates the Haruka limited express train services for Kansai Airport Station from Tennōji, Shin-Ōsaka, and Kyoto
Kyoto
Station. JR West also offers "Kansai Airport Rapid" services for Kansai Airport Station from Ōsaka, Kyōbashi Station, and several stations on the way. Various connections, such as buses, subways, trams, and other railroads, are available at each station. Nankai operates the rapi:t, a limited express train service to Namba Station on the southern edge of downtown Osaka. Osaka
Osaka
Municipal Subway connections are available at Namba and Tengachaya Station. Bus[edit] Kansai Airport Transportation Enterprise[72] and other bus operators offer scheduled express bus services, called "Airport Limousines", for Kansai International Airport. Parking[edit] Two six story parking structures, called P1 and P2, are located above a railroad terminal station, while the other two level parking facilities, called P3 and P4, are situated next to "Aeroplaza", a hotel complex. The airport is only accessible from the Sky Gate Bridge R, a part of Kansai Airport Expressway. The expressway immediately connects to Hanshin Expressways Route 5, "Wangan Route", and Hanwa Expressway. Ferry service[edit] In July 2007, high-speed ferry service began. OM Kobe
Kobe
operates "Bay Shuttle" between Kobe
Kobe
Airport and KIX. The journey takes about thirty minutes. Other facilities[edit]

Kensetsu-to, the headquarters of Peach Aviation
Peach Aviation
and the Kansai International Airport Land Development Co., Ltd.

Sky Gate Bridge to the mainland

Kansai Airport Agency Company Building (航空会社北ビル, Kūkō Kaisha Kita Biru) – Houses the Kansai Airport Agency Co., Ltd. (株式会社 関西エアポートエージェンシー, Kabushiki Kaisha Kansai Eapōto Ējenshī)[73][74] Kensetsu-to (建設棟, Kensetsu-tō)

The head office of the Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Land Development Co., Ltd. (KALD, 関西国際空港用地造成株式会社 Kansai Kokusai Kūkō Yōchi Zōsei Kabushiki Kaisha) is on the fourth floor.[75] The Peach Aviation
Peach Aviation
head office is on the fifth floor.[76][77]

Aeroplaza (エアロプラザ, Earopuraza) is located on the west side of Kansai Airport Station. It includes a hotel, restaurants, rental car counters, and other businesses[78]

Hotel Nikko
Hotel Nikko
Kansai Airport (north portion of Kansai Airport)[4] Head office of Peach Aviation
Peach Aviation
was previously located on the third floor (central portion of Kansai Airport)[79][80]

Central power station (KEPCO) energy center, 40 MW JAL Cargo
JAL Cargo
import and export facilities (in southern portion)[5] Japan
Japan
Coast Guard Kansai airport Coast Guard air base Japan
Japan
Coast Guard Special Security Team Base Osaka
Osaka
international post office (As of 2010[update] carrying about 19,000 tonnes per year of international postal matter) Oil tanker berths (three berths) and Fuel Supply center Airport access bridge ("The Sky Gate Bridge R"), which as of 2011 is the longest[citation needed] truss bridge in the world at 3,750 m (12,303 ft). The double-decker bridge consists of a lower deck devoted to rail, with the upper for road.

See also[edit]

Osaka
Osaka
portal Aviation portal

References[edit]

^ "New Management Setup of Kansai Airport" (PDF). Kansai Airports. Kansai Airports. 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2016-04-24.  ^ " FedEx
FedEx
Opens North Pacific Regional Hub at Kansai International Airport". newswit.com. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.  ^ AIS Japan ^ a b Home Archived 8 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Hotel Nikko Kansai Airport. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. " Hotel Nikko
Hotel Nikko
Kansai Airport 1, Senshu-kuko Kita, Izumisano-shi, Osaka, 549-0001, Japan
Japan
" ^ a b "OSAKA KANSAI (Kansai International Airport)." JAL Cargo. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "Departure JAL Export Cargo
Cargo
Bldg. 1 Senshu Airport Minami, Sennan, Osaka
Sennan, Osaka
Arrival JALKAS Import Cargo
Cargo
Bldg. 1 Senshu Airport Minami, Sennan, Osaka" ^ "航空運送事業の許可について(Peach・Aviation 株式会社)." Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. 7 July 2011 ( Heisei
Heisei
23). Retrieved on 21 July 2011. "1.本社所在地 大阪府泉南郡田尻町泉州空港中1番地(関西空港内)" ^ Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Statistics Archived 29 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. – Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Co., Ltd. ^ Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
2014 summer Flight Schedules – Kansai International Airport Co., Ltd. ^ Osaka
Osaka
Journal; Impatient City's Mission: Steal Tokyo's Thunder, New York Times, 9 December 1989. ^ Peter Rice (4 September 1994). "Kansai International Airport terminal building". Engineering Timelines / Arup Group. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ a b c Mesri, G. (30 October 2014). "Settlement of the Kansai International Airport Islands (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0)". 141 (2). ASCE Library / Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering / Volume 141 Issue 2 - February 2015. doi:10.1061/(asce)gt.1943-5606.0001224. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ a b " Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Land Settlement - Why Settlement Occurs". Kansai. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ a b " Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Approach to Settlement - Condition of the Settlement". Kansai. Retrieved 24 March 2017.  ^ Some Minor Gains on Trade Conflicts, New York Times, 2 May 1987. ^ US Cancels A Plan To Begin Sanctions After Japan
Japan
Acts, New York Times, 27 October 1993. ^ Osaka
Osaka
Notebook, International Herald Tribune, 24 August 1992. ^ Sinking Feeling at Hong Kong Airport, International Herald Tribune, 22 January 1982. ^ Osaka
Osaka
Journal; Huge Airport Has Its Wings Clipped, New York Times, 3 July 1991. ^ U.S. Engineering Society names Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
a Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium Archived 13 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine. – Press release from American Society of Civil Engineers ^ " Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Land Co., Ltd - Technical Information - Approach to Settlement - Condition of the Settlement". Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ Will Fees Sink New Osaka
Osaka
Airport?, International Herald Tribune, 5 August 1994. ^ Pride and (Ouch!) Price: The $14 Billion Airport, New York Times, 16 December 1993. ^ "関空、夏季の国際線旅客5%増 台湾・東南ア顧客が増加見通し". 日本経済新聞. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.  ^ "関空支援を国に要望 促進協、ターミナル整備など". 日本経済新聞. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013.  ^ The reason for construction of The 2nd runway Archived 22 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.– Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Co., Ltd. ^ – Daily Yomiuri Online – Opening of new KIX runway celebrated ^ "Kansai opens its Second Runway", Airports – September/October 2007 (Key Publishing), P7 ^ "24 hours operation from 1st September 2007" from Sankei Newspaper (Japanese) on 24 August 2007. ^ KIX Terminal2 Archived 16 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Kansai-airport.or.jp (28 October 2012). Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ Airport wars roil Kansai region, Japan
Japan
Times ^ Will the U.S. Marines charge ashore at Kansai airport?, Japan
Japan
Today ^ 関空・伊丹統合法が成立 1兆円超す負債解消目指す, Asahi Shimbun ^ 関空、国際線着陸料5%下げ LCC誘致へ10月から, Nihon Keizai Shimbun ^ 新関空会社、ミャンマーの国際空港入札に参加 海外2カ所目, Nihon Keizai Shimbun ^ Fujita, Junko (22 May 2015). " Orix
Orix
only confirmed bidder for Kansai airport rights after more drop out". Reuters. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  ^ New Management Set-up of Kansai Airports ^ 伊藤, 正泰 (11 September 2015). "新関空会社とオリックス陣営、空港運営権の売却で大筋合意". The Nikkei. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  ^ Commercial offer to the fore as Kansai opens budget terminal. TheMoodieReport.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ "新ターミナルの利用は3月から 春秋航空、関空で". The Nikkei (in Japanese). 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2017-01-23.  ^ "関西国際空港|【Peach、春秋航空(国際線)をご利用のお客様へ】第2ターミナルビルご利用方法の変更について". www.kansai-airport.or.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-02-01.  ^ Kansai Airport opens new terminal for low-cost carriers – AJW by The Asahi Shimbun Archived 1 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Ajw.asahi.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ (in Japanese) :日本経済新聞. Nikkei.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ (in Japanese) :日本経済新聞. Nikkei.com. Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ Large "Ecopark" Outside Kansai Terminal 2 with Fields, "Ecofarm" and More – Airport News Japan. En.airportnews.jp (25 October 2012). Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ " AirAsia X
AirAsia X
proposes Honolulu launch in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 6 February 2017.  ^ " Air Busan
Air Busan
expands Daegu - Japan
Japan
service from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 22 November 2016.  ^ " Air Seoul
Air Seoul
files preliminary Osaka
Osaka
schedule from Sep 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 June 2017.  ^ Eastern "China Eastern revises Dalian – Osaka
Osaka
service in W17" Check url= value (help). routesonline. Retrieved 30 October 2017.  ^ China Eastern Adds Yanji – Osaka
Osaka
Service from July 2015 :: Routesonline ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270001/egypt-air-adds-charter-flights-to-japan-in-w16/?highlight=egypt ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277930/jeju-air-schedules-international-service-from-muan-in-2q18/ ^ "Jetstar Asia launches first direct service to Osaka
Osaka
from Clark". Jetstar.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.  ^ " Jetstar Pacific
Jetstar Pacific
plans Sep 2017 Osaka
Osaka
debut". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 June 2017.  ^ " Jin Air
Jin Air
Adds New Routes from Busan eff late-Sept 2015". Airlineroute.net. 24 August 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015.  ^ " Juneyao Airlines
Juneyao Airlines
Adds Nanjing – Osaka
Osaka
Route from Aug 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 17 June 2016.  ^ Peach begin service to Kushiro from 2018 ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275519/peach-adds-osaka-niigata-service-in-march-2018/ ^ " Philippine Airlines
Philippine Airlines
Files Preliminary Taipei – Osaka
Osaka
Schedule from late-June 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 22 February 2016.  ^ " Qantas
Qantas
to launch seasonal Sydney- Osaka
Osaka
flights". Australian Business Traveller. Retrieved 27 July 2017.  ^ " Qantas
Qantas
converts Sydney – Osaka
Osaka
to year-round service in 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ " S7 Airlines
S7 Airlines
adds Osaka
Osaka
service in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 4 January 2017.  ^ a b " Shandong Airlines
Shandong Airlines
Adds New Osaka
Osaka
Service from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ " Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
to Start Beijing - Osaka
Osaka
Flight from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ " Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
Expands Osaka
Osaka
Service in W15". Airlineroute.net. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.  ^ " Spring Airlines
Spring Airlines
Launches 4 New China – Osaka
Osaka
Routes in S15". Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "tigerair Taiwan
Taiwan
Adds Kaohsiung - Osaka; Bangkok Service Reductions from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.  ^ a b "T'Way Air boosts Osaka
Osaka
flights in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 8 May 2017.  ^ Tway ^ " Vanilla Air
Vanilla Air
adds Osaka
Osaka
– Amami Oshima service in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 10 January 2017.  ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277688/vanilla-air-ends-tokyo-osaka-service-in-mid-june-2018/ ^ China Southern launches Japanese route, Asian exports decline Air Cargo
Cargo
World News Archived 1 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Aircargoworld.com (30 August 2012). Retrieved on 16 August 2013. ^ "Kansai Airport limousine". Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "090406a.pdf Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.." Kansai International Airport Land Development Co., Ltd. Retrieved on 2 November 2011. "Kansai Airport Agency Company Building (4F) 1 Senshu-Kuko Kita, Izumisano, Osaka
Izumisano, Osaka
549-0001" ^ "会社情報 Archived 17 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.." Kansai Airport Agency. Retrieved on 2 November 2011. "〒549-0001 大阪府泉佐野市泉州空港北1番地航空会社北ビル4F" ^ "見学ホール Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.." Kansai International Airport
Kansai International Airport
Land Development Co., Ltd. Retrieved on 1 November 2011. "〒549–0001 大阪府泉佐野市泉州空港北一番地 建設棟4F" ^ "Privacy Policy." Peach Aviation. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "Peach Aviation Limited Kensetsu-to 5th floor, 1-Senshukuko-kita, Izumisano-shi, Osaka, Japan
Japan
549-8585" – Japanese: "〒549-8585 大阪府泉佐野市泉州空港北一番地 建設棟5階 Peach Aviation株式会社" ^ "About Us." Peach. Retrieved on 1 November 2011. "Izumisano-shi, Osaka, Japan
Japan
549-8585" Address in Japanese: "大阪府泉佐野市" ^ "Airport Facilities Information." Kansai International Airport. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "" ^ "Privacy Policy." Peach Aviation. Retrieved on 23 July 2011. "Personal information desk Peach Aviation
Peach Aviation
Limited Aeroplaza 3F, 1 Senshu-kuko-naka, Tajiricho, Sennan-gun, Osaka
Osaka
549-8585, Japan" – Japanese: "〒549-8585 大阪府泉南郡田尻町泉州空港中1 番地エアロプラザ3F Peach Aviation株式会社 個人情報取り扱い担当行き" ^ "About Us." Peach. Retrieved on 21 July 2011. "Tajiri-cho, Sennangun, Osaka, Japan" Address in Japanese: "本社所在地 大阪府泉南郡田尻町"

Further reading[edit]

Hausler, E. and N. Sitar. "Performance of Soil Improvement Techniques in Earthquakes." (Archive) (Report in Progress) Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California Berkeley.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kansai International Airport.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kansai International Airport.

(in English) KIX operations website KIX corporate website KIX development website Airport information for KIX Charts for KIX / RJBB History of KIX About the project of Kansai International Airport

v t e

Airports in Japan

1 Joint civil-military use

Major hubs

Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūbu Centrair) Osaka
Osaka
(Itami) Osaka
Osaka
(Kansai) Tokyo (Haneda) Tokyo (Narita)

International

Northern Japan

Akita Aomori Asahikawa Hakodate Kushiro Sapporo (New Chitose) Sendai

Central Japan

Hiroshima Ibaraki (Hyakuri)1 Fukuoka Kitakyushu Kōchi Komatsu1 Matsuyama Miho–Yonago1 Nagasaki Niigata Oita Okayama Saga1 Shizuoka Takamatsu Tottori Toyama

Southern Japan

Ishigaki (Painushima) Kagoshima Kumamoto Miyazaki Naha

Domestic

Aguni Amakusa Amami Chofu Fukushima Fukue Hachijojima Hanamaki Hateruma Iejima Iki Iwami Izumo Kamigoto Kerama Kikai Kitadaito Kobe Kōzushima Kumejima Matsumoto Memanbetsu Minami-Daito Misawa1 Miyakejima Miyako Monbetsu Nagoya
Nagoya
(Komaki) Nakashibetsu Nanki–Shirahama New Tanegashima Niijima Noto Odate–Noshiro Ojika Okadama1 Oki Okinoerabu Okushiri Oshima Rebun Rishiri Sado Shonai Tajima Tarama Tsushima Tokachi–Obihiro Tokunoshima Tokushima1 Wakkanai Yamagata Yakushima Yamaguchi Ube Yonaguni Yoron

General aviation

Fukui Hiroshima–Nishi Honda Kasaoka Kōnan Makurazaki Oitakenou Shimojishima1 Teshikaga Yao

Military

Akeno Asahikawa Ashiya Atsugi Chitose Futenma Gifu Hachinohe Hamamatsu Hōfu Hyakuri Iruma Iwakuni Kanoya Matsushima Metabaru Iwo Jima Kadena Kasumigaura Kasuminome Kisarazu Minami Torishima Nyutabaru Ōminato Ozuki Shimofusa Shizuhama Tachikawa Tateyama Tokachi Tsuiki Utsunomiya Yokota

Heliports

Camp Zama
Camp Zama
Kastner Komatsushima Maizuru Tokyo Tsukuba

Defunct

Ishigaki Kokura Yokosuka

Category Commons JP Phrase JP Basic WikiProject

v t e

FedEx
FedEx
Corporation

Established 1971

Founder

Frederick W. Smith

Subsidiaries

Express Ground Freight Custom Critical Office Trade Networks Supply Chain Corporate Services TechConnect SmartPost

Air hubs

Memphis Indianapolis Anchorage Oakland Newark Fort Worth Miami Paris Kansai Guangzhou Cologne Toronto

Flight accidents

Flight 14 Flight 80 Flight 630 Flight 647 Flight 705 Flight 910

Related

Flying Tiger Line American Freightways Asia Airfreight FedEx
FedEx
Institute of Technology KIAC FedEx
FedEx
Field FedEx
FedEx
Forum FedEx
FedEx
Racing Zapmail Cast Away

Annual Revenue $50.3 billion USD (2016) Employees 400,000 (2016) Stock Symbol FDX Website fedex.com Products Freight Forwarding Services, Logistics
Logistics
Services

v t e

Mass Transport in Keihanshin
Keihanshin
(Greater Osaka-Kyoto-Kobe)

JR West
JR West
lines ("Kinki Area")

 A  Hokuriku/Tōkaidō/San'yō)

Biwako JR Kyoto JR Kobe Akō Wadamisaki

 B  Kosei  C  Kusatsu  D  Nara  E  Sanin

Sagano

 F  Osaka
Osaka
Higashi  G  JR Takarazuka (Fukuchiyama)  H  Gakkentoshi (Katamachi)  H  JR Tozai  I  Kakogawa  J  Bantan  K  Kishin  L  Maizuru

 O  Osaka
Osaka
Loop  P  JR Yumesaki (Sakurajima)  Q  Yamatoji

Kansai

 R  Hanwa (Hagoromo)  S  Kansai Airport  T  Wakayama  U  Man-yo Mahoroba (Sakurai)  V  Kansai  W  Kisei

Subway systems

Osaka
Osaka
Metro (list of stations)

Midōsuji Tanimachi Yotsubashi Chūō Sennichimae Sakaisuji Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Imazatosuji New Tram

Kobe
Kobe
Municipal Subway

Seishin-Yamate Kaigan

Kyoto
Kyoto
Municipal Subway

Karasuma Tozai

Kobe
Kobe
New Transit

Port Island Line Rokko Island Line

Other major private rail operators

Hankyu

Hankyu
Hankyu
Kobe
Kobe
Main

Itami Imazu Koyo

Hankyu
Hankyu
Takarazuka Main

Minoo

Hankyu
Hankyu
Kyoto
Kyoto
Main

Senri Arashiyama

Hanshin

Hanshin Main Namba Mukogawa

Keihan

Keihan Main

Oto Nakanoshima Katano

Otsu Lines

■ Keishin ■ Ishiyama Sakamoto

Nankai

Nankai Main

Takashinohama Airport Tanagawa Kada Wakayamako

Koya

Shiomibashi

Kintetsu

 A  Namba/Nara

 G  Ikoma

 B  Kyoto/Kashihara

 H  Tenri  I  Tawaramoto

 C  Keihanna  D  Osaka

 J  Shigi

 F  Minami Osaka/Yoshino

 N  Domyoji  O  Nagano  P  Gose

Semi-major private rail operators

Semboku Rapid

Semboku Rapid Railway

Kitakyu

Namboku Line

Kōbe Rapid

Tōzai Line Namboku Line Hokushin Line

Sanyo

Sanyo Main Line Aboshi Line

Other railways

Shintetsu

Arima Line Sanda Line Kōen-Toshi Line Ao Line Shintetsu Namboku Line

Wakayama Railway Kishigawa Line Hankai Tram Osaka
Osaka
Monorail Hokushin Kyūkō Noseden

Myoken Line Nissei Line

Randen (Keifuku)

Arashiyama Tram Kitano Tram

Eizan Electric Railway

Eizan Main Line Kurama Line

Cable car and aerial tramways

Keihan Cable Car

Ikoma Cable Car Nishi-Shigi Cable Car Katsuragisan Ropeway

Kōyasan Cable Car

Eizan Cable Car Eizan Ropeway

Terminals

Rail

Osaka/Umeda/Nishi-Umeda/Higashi-Umeda/Kitashinchi Tennoji/ Osaka
Osaka
Abenobashi Namba/ Osaka
Osaka
Namba/JR Namba Kyōbashi Shin-Osaka Osaka
Osaka
Uehommachi Tsuruhashi Kyoto Kawaramachi/Gion-Shijō Sanjo Sannomiya

JR West others

Kintetsu Nara

Airports

Itami Kansai/Wing Shuttle Kobe Tokushima Airport

Ports

Port of Kobe Port of Osaka Sakai Himeji

Miscellaneous

Shinkansen Ferry Operators

Kanko Kisen Hankyu
Hankyu
Ferry Nankai Ferry Akashi-Awaji Ferry

Cards

ICOCA PiTaPa

Rail transport in Japan Osaka
Osaka
City Air Terminal (& Bus)

Japan
Japan
transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) a

.