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Kandy
Kandy
(Sinhalese: මහනුවර Mahanuwara, pronounced [mahanuʋərə]; Tamil: கண்டி, pronounced [ˈkaɳɖi]) is a major city in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
located in the Central Province. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka.[1] The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy
Kandy
plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy
Kandy
is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province. Kandy is the home of The Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
Relic (Sri Dalada Maligawa), one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 1988.[2]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Founding 2.2 Kandyan Kingdom 2.3 Colonial era 2.4 Contemporary Kandy

3 Geography and climate

3.1 Topography 3.2 Climate

4 Cityscape

4.1 Neighbourhoods 4.2 Wards

5 Government 6 Demographics

6.1 Census of population (2012) 6.2 Population by ethnicity according to urban area (2007)

7 Economy 8 Health care 9 Infrastructure

9.1 Transportation

9.1.1 Air 9.1.2 Roads 9.1.3 Rail

9.2 Architecture

9.2.1 Palace of the Tooth relic 9.2.2 Royal Palace 9.2.3 Lankatilaka Temple 9.2.4 Gadaladeniya Temple

9.3 Parks and gardens

10 Education

10.1 Primary and secondary education 10.2 Tertiary education

11 Culture

11.1 Leisure and entertainment 11.2 Literature, film and television 11.3 Culinary 11.4 Music 11.5 Sport

12 Twin towns and sister cities 13 Notable people 14 See also 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

Etymology[edit] The city and the region has been known by many different names and versions of those names. Some scholars suggest that the original name of Kandy
Kandy
was Katubulu Nuwara located near present Watapuluwa. However, the more popular historical name is Senkadagala or Senkadagalapura, officially Senkadagala Siriwardhana Maha Nuwara (meaning 'great city of Senkadagala of growing resplendence'), generally shortened to 'Maha Nuwara'. According to folklore, this name originated from one of the several possible sources. One being the city was named after a brahmin with the name Senkanda who lived in a cave near by, and another being a queen of Vikramabahu III was named Senkanda, and after a coloured stone named Senkadagala. The Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy
has also been known by various names. The English name Kandy, which originated during the colonial era, is derived from an anglicised version of the Sinhalese Kanda Uda Rata (meaning the land on the mountain) or Kanda Uda Pas Rata (the five counties/countries on the mountain). The Portuguese shortened this to "Candea", using the name for both the kingdom and its capital. In Sinhalese, Kandy
Kandy
is called Maha nuwara, meaning "Great City" or "Capital", although this is most often shortened to Nuwara.[3] History[edit] See also: History of Sri Lanka Founding[edit] Historical records suggest that Kandy
Kandy
was first established by the Vikramabahu III (1357–1374 CE), who was the monarch of the Kingdom of Gampola, north of the present city, and named Senkadagalapura at the time. Kandyan Kingdom[edit] Main article: Kingdom of Kandy

The Royal Palace of Kandy

Part of a series on the

History of Kandy

Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy
(1469–1815)

Founding Sinhalese–Portuguese War Kandyan Treaty of 1638 Portuguese Ceylon Treaty of Batticaloa Kandyan Wars

Colonial Kandy
Kandy
(1815–1948)

Kandyan Convention Matale
Matale
Rebellion South East Asia Command

Kandy
Kandy
(1948–present)

Modern Kandy

See also

An Historical Relation of the Island Ceylon List of Kandyan monarchs History of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
portal

v t e

Sena Sammatha Wickramabahu (1473–1511) was the first king of the Kingdom of Kandy, he was a royal from the Kotte Royal Blood line and ruled Kandy
Kandy
as a semi-independent kingdom under the Kingdom of Kotte, making it the new capital of the Kandyan Kingdom. Sena Sammatha Wickramabahu was followed by his son Jayaweera Astana (1511–1551) and then by Karaliyadde Bandara (1551–1581) who was succeeded by his daughter Dona Catherina of Kandy
Dona Catherina of Kandy
(1581–1581). Dona Catherina was succeeded by Rajasinha I. Rajasinha I
Rajasinha I
however, preferred to rule the hill country from the Kingdom of Sitawaka
Kingdom of Sitawaka
on the west of the island. A period of turmoil for power ended with the ascent to the throne by Konappu Bandara who came to be known as Vimaladharmasuriya I. Having embraced Buddhism, he consolidated his authority further by bringing the tooth relic of the Lord Buddha to Kandy
Kandy
from a place called Delgamuwa.[3] In 1592 Kandy
Kandy
became the capital city of the last remaining independent kingdom in the island after the coastal regions had been conquered by the Portuguese. Several invasions by the Portuguese were repelled, most notably in the campaign of Danture. After the Sinhalese–Portuguese War
Sinhalese–Portuguese War
and the establishment of Dutch Ceylon, attempts by the Dutch to conquer the kingdom were repelled. The kingdom tolerated a Dutch presence on the coast of Sri Lanka, although attacks were occasionally launched. The most ambitious offensive was undertaken in 1761, when King Kirti Sri Rajasinha attacked and overran most of the coast, leaving only the heavily fortified Negombo
Negombo
intact. When a Dutch retaliatory force returned to the island in 1763, Kirti Sri Rajasinha abandoned the coastline and withdrew into the interior. When the Dutch continued to the jungles the next year, they were constantly harassed by disease, heat, lack of provisions, and Kandyan sharpshooters, who hid in the jungle and inflicted heavy losses on the Dutch.

Dutch map of Kandy
Kandy
approximately 1765

The Dutch launched a better adapted force in January 1765, replacing their troops' bayonets with machetes and using more practical uniforms and tactics suited to jungle warfare. The Dutch were initially successful in capturing the capital, which was deserted, and the Kandyans withdrew to the jungles once more, refusing to engage in open battle. However, the Dutch were again worn down by constant attrition. A peace treaty was signed in 1766. The Dutch remained in control of the coastal areas until 1796, when Great Britain took them over (while the Netherlands
Netherlands
under French control) due to the Kew letters
Kew letters
during the Napoleonic wars. British possession of these areas was formalized with the treaty of Amiens in 1802. The next year the British also invaded Kandy
Kandy
in what became known as the First Kandyan War, but were repulsed. As the capital, Kandy
Kandy
had become home to the relic of the tooth of the Buddha which symbolizes a 4th-century tradition that used to be linked to the Sinhalese monarchy, since the protector of the relic was the ruler of the land. Thus the Royal Palace and the Temple
Temple
of the Tooth were placed in close proximity to each other. The last ruling dynasty of Kandy
Kandy
were the Nayaks. Kandy
Kandy
stayed independent until the early 19th century. In the Second Kandyan War, the British launched an invasion that met no resistance and reached the city on February 10, 1815. On March 2, 1815, a treaty known as the Kandyan Convention
Kandyan Convention
was signed between the British and the Radalas (Kandyan aristocrats). With this treaty, Kandy
Kandy
recognized George III as its King and became a British protectorate. The last king of the kingdom Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
was captured and taken as a royal prisoner by the British to Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort
in southern India along with all claimants to the throne. Some of the family members were also exiled to Tanjore
Tanjore
(now known as Thanjavur, in Tamil Nadu). Their erstwhile living place is still referred to as " Kandy
Kandy
Raja Aranmanai" on the eastern part of Thanjavur town on Old Mariamman Koil Road.

Temple
Temple
of the tooth. Kandy, Sri Lanka

Colonial era[edit]

The Kandyan Convention
Kandyan Convention
signed between the British and the Kandyan Chiefs in 1815.

Colombo
Colombo
Street in Kandy, 1895

Street leading to Dalada Malagawa - Temple
Temple
of the Sacred Tooth 1895

Kandy
Kandy
street scene 1895

During the British period in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
the history of Kandy
Kandy
and its townscape witnessed rapid and drastic change and particularly after the Uva Rebellion. Sir Lowry is noted for recording in his Gazetteer "The story of English rule in the Kandyan country during the rebellion of 1818 cannot be related without shame...Hardly a member of the leading families remained alive...Those whom the sword and the gun had spared, cholera and small pox and privations had slain by the hundreds...Others became ignorant and apathetic. Any subsequent development efforts of the government for many years were only attempts begun and abandoned".[3] The first time Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
fully fell into the hands of a foreign power was in Kandy
Kandy
with the signing of the Kandyan Convention
Kandyan Convention
in 1815 at the Sri Dalada Maligawa. The king, Vikrama Rajasinha
Vikrama Rajasinha
of Kandy
Kandy
who was of South Indian
South Indian
ancestry faced powerful opposition from the Sinhalese chieftains and sought to reduce his power. A successful coup was organized by the Sinhalese chieftains in which they accepted the British crown as their new king. This ended over 2500 years of Sri Lankan monarchs and the line of Kandyan monarchs and Rajasinha was taken as prisoner. By 2 March 1815 the islands sovereignty was under that of the British Empire. The treaty was not signed by the deposed King but by members of his court and other dignitaries of the Kandyan Kingdom.

Kandy
Kandy
and environs, incl the Royal Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya, ca 1914

In 1848 led by Gongalegoda Banda and Puran Appu saw the rebellion known as the Matale
Matale
Rebellion. Prior to that the city and the country had been under British rule for 32 years, in which the British had expropriated the common land of the peasantry and reduced them to extreme poverty. The Kandyan villagers were forced to abandon their traditional way of life and become wage-workers in the abominable conditions that prevailed on these new estates and plantations that had been introduced, despite all the pressure exerted by the colonials the Kandyans refused. This forced the British to bring in hundreds of thousands of Tamil coolies from southern India. The Rebellion began on the 26 July 1848 with Gongalegoda Banda, crowned as king, and Puran Appu, as prime minister, and their main objective to capture Kandy back from the British. The Matale Rebellion
Matale Rebellion
was a peasant revolt in the hands of the Common people, the Kandyan leadership being totally wiped out after the Uva Rebellion, marked the first step in a transition from the classic feudal form of anti-colonial revolt to modern independence struggles. The leadership was for the first time passed from the Kandyan provinces into the hands of ordinary people or non-aristocrats. In 1944, during World War II, the South East Asia Command
South East Asia Command
of the allies was moved to Kandy, where it remained till the end of the war. Contemporary Kandy[edit] It is the second-largest city of the island and the capital of Central Province of modern Sri Lanka. Its geographic location has made it a major transportation hub in the island: while Kandy
Kandy
being the gateway to the Central Highlands[4] of Sri Lanka, the city can be reached by major motorways in every direction of the island. The railway line from Colombo, the sea port on the western coast runs via Kandy
Kandy
to the farthest point of Badulla[5] in the Central Highlands. The main roads Colombo- Kandy
Kandy
and Kandy-Nuwara Eliya[6] are two of the most scenic roads of Sri Lanka; Colombo-Kandy[7] road passes through rubber plantations and rice paddies, Kandy- Nuwara Eliya
Nuwara Eliya
road cuts through paddy fields and seamless tea plantations. Both roads claw their way up winding, rounding over the rings of hills. Currently feasibility studies are afoot for another highway between Colombo
Colombo
and Kandy
Kandy
via Kadawata and the scenic city of Katugastota. Geography and climate[edit] Main articles: Geography of Kandy
Geography of Kandy
and Geography of Sri Lanka

Kandyan terrain

Topography[edit] Kandy
Kandy
is located in the mountainous and thickly forested interior of the island. The city is located in between multiple mountain ranges including the Knuckles mountain range
Knuckles mountain range
and the Hanthana Mountain Range, giving the city an elevation of 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level. It lies adjacent to the artificial Kandy Lake
Kandy Lake
and south of Udawatta Kele Sanctuary.Today Udawatte Kele is reducing its area. Climate[edit] In Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, its climate is tropical rainforest (Af).[8] With Kandy
Kandy
located in the centre of the island and in a high elevation, the city has a relatively wetter and cooler temperatures than that of the tropical climate of the rest of the country, especially the coastal regions. Nuwara Eliya
Nuwara Eliya
is south to it and has a cooler climate due to its higher elevation. The city has its dry season from January through to April.[9] From May through to July and October to December the region experiences its monsoon season, during this time the weather is rough and unstable. The island being in the northern hemisphere gives Kandy
Kandy
it coldest month in January and its hottest in July. From March through the middle of May is the intermonsoonal period, during this time there is light rain and strong humidity.[10] The humidity is generally between 70% to 79%.[11]

Climate data for Kandy

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 27 (81) 28 (82) 30 (86) 30 (86) 29 (84) 28 (82) 27 (81) 28 (82) 28 (82) 28 (82) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28.1 (82.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 23.1 (73.6) 24.1 (75.4) 25.4 (77.7) 25.9 (78.6) 25.6 (78.1) 24.8 (76.6) 24.3 (75.7) 24.4 (75.9) 24.3 (75.7) 24.3 (75.7) 24 (75) 23.7 (74.7) 24.49 (76.06)

Average low °C (°F) 18 (64) 18 (64) 18 (64) 20 (68) 20 (68) 20 (68) 20 (68) 19 (66) 19 (66) 19 (66) 19 (66) 18 (64) 19 (66)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 79 (3.11) 74 (2.91) 71 (2.8) 188 (7.4) 144 (5.67) 132 (5.2) 128 (5.04) 113 (4.45) 155 (6.1) 264 (10.39) 296 (11.65) 196 (7.72) 1,840 (72.44)

Average rainy days 6 5 8 14 11 15 14 13 13 17 16 14 146

Mean daily sunshine hours 7 8 8 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6.5

Source #1: Weather2Travel for highs, lows and sunshine,[12] Climate-Data.org for daily mean temperatures (altitude: 518m)[8]

Source #2: World Climate Guide,[13] HolidayCheck.com,[14] World Climate[15]

Cityscape[edit]

Sketch of the town of Kandy
Kandy
and surrounding country for about three miles, in the year of 1815.

The city of Kandy
Kandy
lies at an elevation of 465 metres (1,526 ft) above sea level. Its plan developed around two open spaces: an elongated square, at the end of which are the administration buildings of the old capital, and an artificial lake that is quadrangular in form. A public garden adds to the openness of the city's spatial organization. Kandy
Kandy
has now grown out to encompass Peradeniya, home to the University of Peradeniya
Peradeniya
and the Botanical Gardens, Katugastota
Katugastota
to the north, and east to Kundasale, Tennekumbura and Gurudeniya.

Aerial view of Kandy
Kandy
city.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Downtown Kandy

Ampitiya Ampitiya North Ampitiya South Anniwatta Aruppola East Asgiriya Bahirawakanda Bogambara Bogodawatta Bowala Buwelikada Dangolla Deiyannewelle Etamoragodawatta Colony Gannoruwa West Gelioya Heenagama Katugastota Katukele Kosgaspitiya Kotugodella Lewella Madawala Mahaiyawa Malwatta Mapanawatura Mavilmada Menikkumbara Mulgampola Navayalatenna Nittawela Nuwara Dondawala Peradeniya Polgolla Siyabalapitiya Siyambalagastenna Suduhumpola East Suduhumpola West Talwatta Udamadapola Watapuluwa Wattarantenna Wewelpitiya Yatiwawala

Wards[edit] Kandy
Kandy
has 24 wards:[16][17] Government[edit]

Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council

Type

Type

Local authority

Leadership

Mayor

Mahindra Ratwatte Since 8 October 2011

Deputy Mayor

Sena Dissanayake Since 8 October 2011

Municipal Commissioner

Chandana Tennakoon

Seats 24

Elections

Voting system

open list proportional representation system

Last election

Sri Lankan local government elections, 2011

Website

www.kandywhc.org

Main article: Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council Kandy
Kandy
is a charter city, with a Mayor Council form of government. The Mayor of Kandy
Mayor of Kandy
and the councillors are elected through local government elections held once in five years. Head of administration is the Municipal Commissioner, who handles day-to-day operations of the 16 departments that it is made up of. The Kandy Municipal Council governs the City of Kandy, it was established under the Municipalities Ordinance of 1865. The inaugural meeting had been held on 20 March 1866. The Kandy Town Hall was established in the present premises known as the Dunuwille Walawwe in 1870.[18] The Government Agent of the Central Province had presided over the council until 1939 when the Mayor was elected. The first elected mayor was Sir Cuda Ratwatte. With further amendments to the ordinance in 1978 the Mayor became the Executive Head whilst the Commissioner was the Administrative head. Presently the Council consists of 24 members. The Governing Party, United National Party
United National Party
has 14 and the opposition 10. The Council meets once a month to review the progress and decide on the implementation of its projects. Five standing committees of the Council, namely Finance, Law, Works, Sports and Welfare Services (Pre-Schools, Library), also meet monthly to evaluate and recommend to Council relative matters for approval. Demographics[edit] Main articles: Demographics of Kandy
Demographics of Kandy
and Demographics of Sri Lanka Kandy
Kandy
is a Sinhala majority city; there are sizable communities belonging to other ethnic groups, such as Moors and Tamils. The city remains an important religious centre of the Sinhalese and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, namely those belonging to the Theravada school. The Catholic Church
Catholic Church
has a diocese headquartered in the city. Census of population (2012)[edit]

Ethnicity in Kandy
Kandy
(2012)

Population

Percent

Sinhalese

74.55%

Sri Lankan Moors

10.90%

Sri Lankan Tamils

9.59%

Indian Tamils

3.53%

Others

1.43%

Ethnicity Population % Of Total

Sinhala 118,209 74.55

Sri Lankan Moors 17,282 10.90

Sri Lankan Tamils 15,203 9.59

Indian Tamils 5,601 3.53

Other (including Burgher, Malay) 2,269 1.43

Total 158,564 100

Source:statistics.gov.lk Population by ethnicity according to urban area (2007)[edit]

Ethnicity in Kandy
Kandy
(2007)

Population

Percent

Sinhalese

70.48%

Sri Lankan Moors

13.93%

Sri Lankan Tamils

8.57%

Indian Tamils

4.77%

Others

2.26%

Ethnicity Population % Of Total

Sinhala 77,560 70.48

Sri Lankan Moors 15,326 13.93

Sri Lankan Tamils 9,427 8.57

Indian Tamils 5,245 4.77

Other (including Burgher, Malay) 2,489 2.26

Total 110,049 100

Source:statistics.gov.lk Economy[edit] It is the second-largest city of the island and the capital of Central Province of Sri Lanka. Many major corporations have large branch offices in Kandy
Kandy
and many industries include textiles,Sri Lankan Gemstone, furniture, information technology and jewellery are found there. Many agriculture research centers are located throughout the city. Health care[edit] The Teaching Hospital, Kandy
Teaching Hospital, Kandy
is the second largest medical institution in Sri Lanka, established and administered under the purview of the Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
which is a key Government Hospital maintained by the Sri Lankan Government.[19] The Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya
Peradeniya
is one of the prime tertiary care hospitals in the country, located along the A1 highway connecting Kandy
Kandy
and Colombo, near the Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya. The Dental Hospital Peradeniya
Peradeniya
and Sirimavo Bandaranayaka Children's Hospitals are located adjacent to the Peradenyia Teaching Hospital.[20] Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] Main articles: Transport in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and List of Bus
Bus
routes in Kandy Kandy
Kandy
has a public transport system based primarily on buses. The bus service is operated both by private companies and the government's own Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Transport Board (SLTB). The Kandy
Kandy
Multimodal Transport Terminal (KMTT) after constructed will integrate a major bus terminal to the Kandy
Kandy
railway station. KMTT will handle about 2,000 bus departures, up to 3,000 further through-services, and about 320,000 passenger movements on a daily basis.EoIs from consultants for Design, Construction Supervision and Contract Administration of the project were called in 2016.[21] Air[edit] Main article: Kandy
Kandy
Airport The proposed Kandy Airport in the nearby area of Kundasale will create a direct air link to Bandaranaike International Airport
Bandaranaike International Airport
in Colombo.[22] The new airport will act as catalyst to the tourism industry in Sri Lanka. Roads[edit]

A-Grade highways

A1 highway ( Kandy
Kandy
road) connects Colombo
Colombo
with Kandy. A9 highway connects Jaffna
Jaffna
with Kandy. A26 highway connects Padiyathalawa with Kandy
Kandy
via Mahiyangana. A10 highway connects Puttalam
Puttalam
with Kandy
Kandy
via Kurunegala
Kurunegala
and Katugastota.

High-speed expressways

Colombo
Colombo
Kandy
Kandy
high-speed elevated expressway running 115 km is currently under construction, providing a high-speed link between the two largest economic centers.

Rail[edit]

Matale
Matale
Line of the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Railways connects Kandy
Kandy
by way of Peradeniya
Peradeniya
and Matale. It connects to the Main Line that links Colombo and Badulla

Architecture[edit] Main articles: Architecture of Kandy
Kandy
and Architecture of Sri Lanka

Kandy
Kandy
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
marker

Sacred City of Kandy

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site

The Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
Relic in Kandy

Criteria Cultural: iv, vi

Reference 450

Inscription 1988 (12th Session)

Palace of the Tooth relic[edit] On the north shore of the lake, which is enclosed by a parapet of white stone dating to the beginning of the 19th century, are the city's official religious monuments, including the Royal Palace and the Temple
Temple
of the Tooth, known as the Dalada Maligawa (daḷadā māligāva). Reconstructed in the 18th century, the Dalanda Maligawa is built on a base of granite that was inspired by the temples of Sri Lanka's former capital city, Anuradhapura. An array of materials (limestone, marble, sculpted wood, ivory, etc.) contribute to the richness of this temple. Throughout this small holy city, a number of recent Buddhist monasteries can be found. The monumental ensemble of Kandy
Kandy
is an example of construction that associates the Royal Palace and The Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
(Palace of the tooth relic) is the place that houses the Relic of the tooth of the Buddha. Originally part of the Royal Palace complex of the Kandyan Kingdom, it is one of the holiest places of worship and pilgrimage for Buddhist around the world. It was last of a series of temples built in the places where the relic, the actual palladium of the Sinhalese monarchy, was brought following the various relocations of the capital city. The Palace of the Tooth relic, the palace complex and the holy city of Kandy
Kandy
are associated with the history of the dissemination of Buddhism. The temple is the product of the last peregrination of the relic of the tooth of Buddha and the testimony of a religion which continues to be practiced today. Royal Palace[edit] The Royal Palace of Kandy
Royal Palace of Kandy
is the last Royal Palace built in the island. Although only part of the original palace complex remain. The Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
was part of this complex, due to the ancient tradition that stated that the monarch is the protector of the relic though which the ruler of the land. It today houses the National Museum Kandy
Kandy
which holds an extensive collection of artifacts from both the Kandy
Kandy
Kingdom and the British colonial rule. Lankatilaka Temple[edit] Main article: Lankatilaka Vihara The Lankatilaka Temple
Temple
is considered to be one of the best preserved examples of traditional Sinhalese temple architecture. Built on a rock, the temple is reached by a long series of rock cut steps. An arched passage of the image house leads through a Mandapa (hall) into the inner sanctum which is richly decorated with beautiful floral designs. The two side walls and the ceiling are decorated with paintings. In the inner sanctum is a colossal seated image of the Buddha. Gadaladeniya Temple[edit] Main article: Gadaladeniya Vihara The Gadaladeniya Temple's design is of South Indian
South Indian
origin with a Devale attached to it, similar in character to the Natha Devale and the Gedige of Adahana Maluwa. The main shrine room has a seated Buddha statue and the remains of some paintings of the Gampola
Gampola
period. Among other important temples around Kandy[23] are Dodanwala Devalaya (shrine), Embekka Devalaya
Embekka Devalaya
(shrine), Galmaduwa Vihara temple, Handagala Vihara temple, Medawala Vihara and Nalanda Gedige. Parks and gardens[edit]

Peradeniya
Peradeniya
Botanical garden

The Royal Botanical Garden, Peradeniya
Peradeniya
is situated about 5 km to the west of the city centre at Peradeniya
Peradeniya
and is visited by 2 million people per year.[24] It is the largest botanical garden on the island extending to 147 acres (59 ha) and containing over 4000 species of plants.[24] Knuckles Mountain Range
Knuckles Mountain Range
in Kandy
Kandy
is a world heritage site of UNESCO. Alagalla Mountain Range
Alagalla Mountain Range
also named in English as Potato Range both famous for trekking in Sri Lanka. The Udawatta Kele (Udawatta Forest) is a protected sanctuary situated in the heart of the city, just north of Temple
Temple
of the Tooth. Known as "Uda Wasala Watta" in Sinhalese meaning, "the garden situated above the royal palace" it was designated as a forest reserve in 1856, and it became a sanctuary in 1938. The Royal Palace Park, known as Wace Park
Wace Park
is a small park that overlooks Kandy Lake
Kandy Lake
and most of the city. In the park is a Japanese field gun which was captured by the British 14th Army in Burma
Burma
during World War II
World War II
and presented to the city of Kandy
Kandy
by Lord Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia Theatre. Education[edit] Main article: Education in Sri Lanka

A traditional lion statue in front of the senate building of the university

Primary and secondary education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Central Province, Sri Lanka Kandy
Kandy
is home to some of the island's oldest and leading schools.

Dharmaraja College Good Shepherd Convent ( Kandy
Kandy
Convent) Girls' High School, Kandy Hillwood College Hemamali Girls' College Kingswood College Mahamaya Girls' College, Kandy Ranabima Royal College St. Anthony's College, Kandy St. Sylvester's College Trinity College Kandy Vidyartha College Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College

Tertiary education[edit] The county's second oldest university, University of Peradeniya
Peradeniya
is situated in Peradeniya, while The Open University of Sri Lanka, Kandy Study Centre is also situated in Polgolla, a suburb of Kandy. The Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology has a centre in the city. Most of the private sector higher educational institutions also have their branches in Kandy.[25] The Geology Department at the University of Peradeniya
Peradeniya
in Kandy
Kandy
is the only Earth Science Department in Sri Lanka, having grown out of the Faculty of Science, with a long and distinguished history. Kandy
Kandy
is also home to the Institute of Fundamental Studies (IFS). IFS is the premier institute of basic and applied research in Sri Lanka. IFS also trains around 32 graduate students at any given time. Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of Sri Lanka Leisure and entertainment[edit]

Elephants at the Esala Perahera

Kandyans do many things for leisure and entertainment in the city. Kandy
Kandy
is very popular due to the annual procession known as the Esala Perahera, in which one of the inner caskets used for covering the tooth relic of Buddha is taken in a grand procession through the streets of the city. This casket is taken on a royal tusker. The procession includes traditional dancers and drummers, flag bearers of the provinces of the old Kandyan kingdom, the Nilames (lay custodians of temples ) wearing their traditional dresses, torch bearers and also the grandly attired elephant. This ceremony which is annually held in the months of July or August, attracts large crowds from all parts of the country and also many foreign tourists. Kandy City Centre is commercial and shopping complex open in 2005[26] at Dalada Veediya.[27] Is the most modern commercial complex in Sri Lanka. The complex is studded with ultra modern features, also incorporating traditional architecture of Kandy
Kandy
during the medieval period of Sri Lanka. The city centre is host to several leading banks, a fully equipped supermarket, modern restaurants, an entertainment zone, a well designed state of the art food court, Sri Lanka's leading book shops, flora and an ayurweda site. There is a five-level car park outside that is the largest car park in Kandy. Literature, film and television[edit] Much of the 1984 film Indiana Jones and the Temple
Temple
of Doom was shot in Kandy. Culinary[edit] Kandy
Kandy
has a modest range of restaurants, as well as an abundance of confectioneries. A range of cuisines is available, including Sri Lankan, Indian, Chinese, European and some multinational fast food outlets such as Pizza Hut, and KFC. Music[edit] Kandy
Kandy
gave birth to the pioneer Grunge
Grunge
outfit Paranoid Earthling, which was the first rock band to emerge from the Hill Capital. Kandy is also the stronghold for Black metal
Black metal
bands like Pariah Demise, Forlorn Hope and some Thrash metal
Thrash metal
bands like the pioneers of Thrash metal in Kandy
Kandy
Forsaken and Ancient Curse. Sport[edit] Main articles: Sport in Central Province, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and Sport in Sri Lanka Kandy
Kandy
has established a proud record of producing some of the top most sports people in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
for a wide range of sports such as cricket, rugby union, Association football, swimming, hockey, athletics, table tennis, boxing, swimming, basketball, golf and even baseball, which has only been introduced into Kandy
Kandy
recently. Kandy
Kandy
has produced national captains of cricket and rugby, and athletes that play at the highest level of all sports. Unlike the rest of the country rugby is the most popular sport in the region. This is because of the local rugby union club, Kandy
Kandy
Sports Club being the reigning Club Rugby Champions in the national league for almost a decade, as well as the fondness and support the local schools treat the sport with. The Singer Sri Lankan Airlines Rugby 7's tournament is an annual international rugby union event held at the local Bogambara Stadium, attracting nations from all over the world. Cricket
Cricket
is widely played in Kandy
Kandy
with the city having three first class teams in the Premier Trophy, Saracens, Kandy
Kandy
Cricket
Cricket
Club and Kandy
Kandy
Youth Cricket
Cricket
Club, as well as being the main city for the Sri Lankan Premier League side Kandurata Kites. Kandy
Kandy
is host to the Sri Lanka national cricket team with two Test status grounds, Asgiriya International Stadium and the newly built state of the art Pallekele International Cricket
Cricket
Stadium. Both stadiums have held World Cup matches. Other Cricket
Cricket
playing venues are Katugastota
Katugastota
Oval (St.Anthony's College ground), Lake View ground at Dharmaraja College and Police ground Kandy. Sports like Hockey, volleyball, the national sport of Sri Lanka, and Association football
Association football
however has not taken off in Kandy
Kandy
as much as other sports, due to the lack of proper playing fields, funding and support and Cue games
Cue games
like billiards and snooker have hardly anyone playing. However Basketball, Table tennis, badminton and even swimming are popular due to the high participation of students and schools.[28] Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

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The City of Kandy
Kandy
has a sister city relationship with:

Country City

 Thailand Ayudhya Ayutthaya 2013[29]

 China Chengdu Sichuan 2015[30]

Notable people[edit]

Rajasinha I, king Jean Arasanayagam, Sri Lankan poet Fredrick de Silva, politician Stanley Peiris, musician Rookantha Gunathilake, musician Sachini Ayendra Stanley, former Miss Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(2003) and actress Ruwan Kalpage, former cricketer and current fielding coach of Sri Lankan Cricket
Cricket
Team Sarath Amunugama, Member of Parliament Lalith Dissanayake, politician Mahindananda Aluthgamage, Member of Parliament and former sports minister Muttiah Muralitharan, retired cricketer Kumar Sangakkara, retired cricketer and former captain of Sri Lanka national cricket team

Main page: Category:People from Kandy See also[edit]

Esala Perahera Kingdom of Kandy World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka

References[edit]

^ "Major Cultural Assests/Archaeological Sites". Department of Archaeology Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2010.  ^ "Sacred City of Kandy". UNESCO. Retrieved 2017-05-01.  ^ a b c " Kandy
Kandy
Map". SriLankanMap. Retrieved 23 June 2011.  ^ "Central highlands (Hill country) of Sri Lanka". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ "Badulla, Central Highlands of Sri Lanka". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ " Kandy
Kandy
- Nuwara Eliya
Nuwara Eliya
Road". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ " Colombo
Colombo
- Kandy
Kandy
Road". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ a b "Climate: Kandy
Kandy
CP (altitude: 518m) - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 December 2013.  ^ " Kandy
Kandy
Weather". eZeeStay. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2011.  ^ " Kandy
Kandy
Weather and When to Go". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 22 June 2011.  ^ "Kandy". tsitours. Retrieved 22 June 2011.  ^ "Best Weather in Kandy, Sri Lanka". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 12 November 2013.  ^ www.worldclimateguide.co.uk. " Kandy
Kandy
Climate Guide, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
- World Climate Guide".  ^ Temperature Kandy
Kandy
- climate Kandy
Kandy
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
(Inside) - weather Kandy Archived 25 January 2013 at Archive.is ^ "World Climate: N07E080 - Weather history for travel real estate and education".  ^ "City Profile". Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.  ^ "City History". Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014.  ^ "The History of the Municipal Council". 19 June 2009. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2010.  ^ . kandy-hospital.health.gov.lk http://www.kandy-hospital.health.gov.lk.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ . peradeniya-hospital.health.gov.lk http://www.peradeniya-hospital.health.gov.lk.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Consultancy for KMTT design and construction supervision" (PDF).  ^ Maryam Azwer (5 August 2012). " Kandy Airport Most Likely In Kundasale – Chief Minister". The Sunday Leader. Archived from the original on 11 December 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2012.  ^ " Temple
Temple
Excursions Around Kandy, Sri Lanka". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ a b Royal Botanic Gardens Peradeniya
Peradeniya
Official Guide Map 2013 ^ "University of Peradeniya".  ^ http://www.pfik.org ^ "Sri Dalada Maligawa". Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ Marikar, Hafiz. "A Look At Sports In Kandy". The Sunday Leader. Retrieved 22 June 2011.  ^ Wimalasurendre, Cyril (22 August 2013). " Kandy
Kandy
becomes Ayoddhya's sister city". The Island. Retrieved 5 May 2016.  ^ Wimalasurendre, Cyril (7 April 2015). " Kandy
Kandy
ties up with sister city in China". The Island. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Seneviratna, Anuradha (2008). The Kandy
Kandy
Asala Perahara. Sri Lanka: Vijitha Yapa Publications. ISBN 978-955-665-017-4.  Seneviratna, Anuradha (1999). World Heritage City of Kandy, Sri Lanka: Conservation and Development Plan. Sri Lanka: Central Cultural Fund. ISBN 955-613-126-4.  Seneviratna, Anuradha (2008). Gateway to Kandy
Kandy
- Ancient monuments in the central hills of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka: Vijitha Yapa Publications. ISBN 955-665-031-8.  Seneviratna, Channa (2004). Kandy
Kandy
at War: Indigenous Military Resistance to European Expansion in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
1594-1818. Manohar. ISBN 81-7304-547-X. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kandy.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kandy.

Kandy
Kandy
- The Hill Capital Bahirawa Kanda Kandy : The Legend of a Dreaded Demon[permanent dead link] Kandy
Kandy
city website Official UNESCO
UNESCO
website entry The Kandy
Kandy
News Online Edition Elephant
Elephant
on street in Kandy

v t e

Kandy

History

Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kandy
(List of Kandyan monarchs) Battle of Gannoruwa Kandyan Treaty of 1638 Keppetipola Disawe Kandyan Wars Uva Rebellion Matale
Matale
Rebellion Kandyan Convention Radala

Government

Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council Kandy
Kandy
Town Hall Mayor of Kandy Kandy
Kandy
CBD Kandy
Kandy
City Centre

Geography

Kandy
Kandy
Lake Kandy
Kandy
Plateau Kandy
Kandy
District

Buildings and landmarks

Historical

Temple
Temple
of the Tooth Royal Palace of Kandy Natha Devale, Kandy Malwathu Maha Viharaya Asgiri Maha Viharaya National Museum of Kandy President's Pavilion Queen's Hotel, Kandy

Parks and Gardens

Botanical Garden of Peradeniya Wace Park Udawatta Kele Sanctuary

Culture

Esala Perahera Esala Mangallaya Relic of the tooth of the Buddha

Sports

Kandurata cricket team Asgiriya Stadium Bogambara Stadium Singer Sri Lankan Airlines Rugby 7's Kandy
Kandy
Sports Club

Education

University of Peradeniya List of schools in Kandy

v t e

Landmarks in Kandy

Note: this includes landmarks in Kandy
Kandy
and its fringe areas

City Precincts

Kandy
Kandy
CBD Royal Palace of Kandy University of Peradeniya

Shopping

Kandy
Kandy
City Centre Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Market Royal Mall Torrington Shopping Complex

Entertainment

Bradby Shield Encounter Dharmaraja–Kingswood Cricket
Cricket
Encounter Esala Mangallaya Esala Perahera Trinity-Antonian Cricket
Cricket
Encounter

Public Galleries

D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library Kandy
Kandy
Garden Club International Buddhist Museum National Museum of Kandy Relic of the tooth of the Buddha Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
Museum Ceylon Tea Museum

Institutions

2nd Volunteer Battalion Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sinha Regiment Asgiriya Maha Vihara Buddhist Publication Society District Secretariat, Kandy General Post Office Institute of Fundamental Studies Kandyan Art Association & Cultural Centre Kandy
Kandy
Court Complex Kandy
Kandy
Municipal Council Malwatte Maha Vihara Mayor of Kandy List of schools in Kandy Teaching Hospital Kandy

Structures

Bahirawakanda
Bahirawakanda
temple Bogambara Prison Degaldoruwa Raja Maha Vihara Kandy
Kandy
Clock Tower Kandy
Kandy
Post Office Kandy
Kandy
Town Hall The Kandy
Kandy
House Natha Devale, Kandy Old Kandy
Kandy
Post office President's Pavilion Queen's Hotel, Kandy Sri Dalada Maligawa St. Paul's Church, Kandy Suisse Hotel

Sports Stadia

Asgiriya Stadium Bogambara Stadium Nittawela Rugby Stadium Pallekele International Cricket
Cricket
Stadium Victoria Golf & Country Resort

Parks/Spaces

Arthur's seat British Garrison Cemetery Kandy
Kandy
War Cemetery Central Highlands of Sri Lanka Dorwin reservoir E. L. Senanayake Children's Park George E. De Silva Park Kandy
Kandy
Lake Hanthana Mountain Range Alagalla Mountain Range Knuckles mountain range Mahaweli River Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya Udawatta Kele Sanctuary Wales Park

Transport

Asgiriya railway station D.S. Senanayake Veediya Kandy
Kandy
bus station Kandy
Kandy
railway station Katugastota
Katugastota
railway station Mahiyawa railway station Peradeniya
Peradeniya
Junction railway station Sangaraja Mawatha Sarasavi Uyana railway station Sirimavo Bandaranaike Mawatha Sri Dalada Veediya William Gopallawa Mawatha Yatinuwara Veediya

See also Events in Kandy

v t e

Provincial capitals of Sri Lanka

Colombo Kandy Galle Jaffna Trincomalee Kurunegala Anuradhapura Badulla Ratnapura

v t e

Sri Lankan cities with a 50,000+ population

500,000 and more

Colombo

200,000–499,999

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Moratuwa

50,000–249,999

Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Negombo Kandy Kalmunai Vavuniya Galle Trincomalee Batticaloa Jaffna Katunayake Dambulla Kolonnawa Anuradhapura Ratnapura

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Sri Lanka

National capitals#

Colombo* (Commercial) Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
(Administrative)

Municipal councils

Kandy* Anuradhapura* Galle* Jaffna* Ratnapura* Badulla* Kurunegala*

Kaduwela Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Moratuwa Negombo Kalmunai Batticaloa Matara Gampaha Matale Akkaraipattu Bandarawela Nuwara Eliya Dambulla Hambantota

Urban councils

Trincomalee*

Ambalangoda Ampara Balangoda Beruwala Boralesgamuwa Chavakachcheri Chilaw Embilipitiya Eravur Gampola Haputale Hatton-Dickoya Hikkaduwa Horana Ja-Ela Kadugannawa Kalutara Kattankudy Katunayake
Katunayake
Seeduwa Kegalle Kesbewa Kinniya Kolonnawa Kuliyapitiya Maharagama Mannar Minuwangoda Nawalapitiya Panadura Peliyagoda Point Pedro Puttalam Seethawakapura Talawakelle-Lindula Tangalle Valvettithurai Vavuniya Wattala Wattegama Weligama

Note: * also a Provincial capital, # also a Municipal council

v t e

World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka

Anuradhapura Central Highlands Galle
Galle
and its Fortifications Golden Temple
Temple
of Dambulla Kandy Polonnaruwa Sigiriya Sinharaja Forest Reserve

v t e

Topics on Central Province, Sri Lanka

History

History of Kandy History of Matale History of Nuwara Eliya Pre-kingdom Kandy Kingdom of Kandy Kandyan Treaty of 1638 Portuguese period in Ceylon Kandyan Wars Colonial Kandy Kandyan Convention Kandyan Convention Matale
Matale
Rebellion South East Asia Command

Government

Central Provincial Council Provincial Governor Chief Minister General elections Electoral districts

Kandy Matale Nuwara Eliya

Geography

National Parks Provincial parks Rivers Natural History

Economy

Agriculture Transportation

Highways Railways

Buildings and Structures Tourism

Demographics

Demographic history Religion Language demographics

Culture

Architecture Art Cinema Education Literature Music Sport Dance Cuisine Festivals

Symbols

Flag Motto Coat of arms

Communities

Districts Cities Towns

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 261686973 GND: 4109992-8 BNF:

.