Kalyan is a city in the
Thane District of
Maharashtra state in Konkan
division. It is also known for being the Mumbai region's exit station
India and South India.
Kalyan is within the administrative division (tahsil) at a taluka
level of the
Kalyan and its neighboring township of
Dombivli jointly form the
Dombivli Municipal Corporation,
abbreviated as KDMC. It is considered a part of the Mumbai
Metropolitan Region, along with Vitthalwadi, Bhiwandi, Thane,
Ulhasnagar and the municipal councils of
Ambernath and Badlapur.
Kalyan is the 7th biggest city in
Maharashtra and 28th in the country.
2 Around Kalyan
2.1 Durgadi Fort
6 Civic amenities
8 Educational institutions
11 External links
In pre-independent India, the administration spelled
Kallian, Callian and sometimes as callianee. The city has been
attacked by various foreign armies including the Mughal, the
Portuguese and the British. The Maratha's were held in high regard by
the locals for being the only line of defense against
Walter Hamilton, a foreign visitor passing through
Callianee as follows in his 1820 book A Geographical, Statistical, and
Historical Description of Hindustan, and the Adjacent Counties, Volume
2 on page 150:
A post 1857 map by John Tallis focused on the events of the Rebellion.
The author spells
Kalyan as "Calliannee".
India, by Edward Weller, for the Weekly Dispatch Magazine, c.1859.
"India," 1861, a map by J. and C. Walker. Spelled as "Killiannee".
"India", by Alexander Keith Johnson, from his "Royal Atlas of Modern
Geography," London, 1873. Spelled "Kalyan".
Leipzig: Verlag con Velhagen & Klasing, 1881. Spelled as "Kalyan"
Letts's Popular Atlas, 1883 (Letts & Co., London), Spelled
Cram atlas map, 1885. Spelled as "Callian".
A Documented Map of
Kalyan area 1955 from the US military. Spelled
Anandibai Joshi graduated from Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania
(WMC) in 1886. Seen here with
Kei Okami (center) and Tabat Islambooly
(right). All three completed their medical studies and each of them
was the first woman from their respective countries, obtaining a
degree in Western medicine.
Anandi Gopal Joshi, a Women from
Kalyan along with Kadambini Ganguly
was one of the first two Indian women to obtain a degree in Western
medicine in 1886. She is also believed to be the first
Hindu woman to
set foot on American soil.
Kalyan's Durgadi Fort entrance
The city of
Kalyan was surrounded by a fort wall, the construction of
which began during Shah Jahan's reign and was completed during
Aurangzeb's reign in 1694 A.D. This city wall, which ran in excess of
2000 yards, 2123 to be precise, was guarded by 4 gates and 11 towers.
The fort wall enclosed an area of 70 acres and on a high mound near
Kalyan creek, where the current Ganesh ghat stands, was a fine
fort since as early as 1570.
The wall of the fort along the top of the inner bank of the ditch,
and, near the north end, had a gateway known as the Delhi or Killyacha
Marathas (1760–72), a new gate about 150 feet (46 m)
to the south of the Ganesh gate was opened near the mansion of Ramji
Mahadeo Biwalkar, the Peshwa's Governor. In the citadel of the fort
Marathas built a small wooden temple of Durgadevi behind the mosque,
and called the fort Durgadi Killain honorr of the goddess, a name
which it still bears. The fort measures 220 feet (67 m) in length
and somewhat less in breadth. Under the English rule, the fort wall
was dismantled and stones carried to build the
and a dwelling for the customs inspector in the west of the Kalyan
fort. The gate to the north-west is almost the only trace of the fort
wall, which is of rough stone masonry. During 1876 the original idol
of the goddess Durga was stolen.
Kala Talao, a historic lake
The majority of
Kalyan Citizens are Hindus with a fair minority of
Climate data for Kalyan
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source: Government of Maharashtra
Kalyan Station in the year 1945
Auto-rickshaws are an important mode of transport. 200,000 Kalyan
citizens travel daily by auto-rickshaw
Kalyan Junction is on the rail line between Mumbai and Karjat/Kasara.
Kalyan Junction serves as an important railway station at the node of
Kalyan Railway JN
With more than 700,000 population.
Kalyan is a part of
Municipal Corporation established in 1983 with municipalities of
Ambernath and 81 villages. It was then one of the
largest urban local body in
Mumbai Metropolitan Region
Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) and in
the state with the area around 209 km2. Government of Maharashtra
has taken decision to delete major area of the corporation limits on
different occasion. Presently the total area of the corporation has
remained to the tune of 67 km2.
Prime residential areas in Kalyan. 1. Rambaug- Rambaug is also famous
as the heart of the city. The railway station is 3 minutes walk from
Rambaug. Major banks and hospital are close by. Rambaug has 6 lanes
from lane 0 to lane 5. Rambaug lane number 5 is famous for "Sri Vani
Vidyashala High School" Literacy rate in Rambaug is 100. Rambaug is
the only place in
Kalyan which remains connected even in traffic
chaos. Property prices are heavy due to connectivity advantage.
2.Par-naka, Lal-Chowki, Dudh-Naka, Gandhi Chowk, Tilak Chowk:
This area is also known as the 'Old Kalyan' or 'जुनं
कल्याण' .This area or locality is where people are
residinginm the 19th and 20th Century.This area is located to the
north-west of the
Kalyan Station on the west side.This area now also
has many structures which are having historical importance and houses
which were built in the 1900s called Wada's (वाडा).Today, also
one can take horse-carts from
Kalyan Station for coming to this area
through their numbers have dwindled over the years.Lal-Chowki has good
connectivity to Railway Station as well as to the other parts of the
city as it has Rickshaw stand and the Buss stop where City and State
buses stop.Many Schools and Colleges are here. IES's Subhedar Wada
School is also one of the many schools in this area. This area has
become the 'Cultural Centre' for present
Kalyan City as all festivals
are celebrated with great enthusiasm at Tilak Chowk.Many Residential
buildings are there in this area.It is also one of the many silence
zones which are there in the city, declared by Municipal
Corporation.Dr. Anandibai Joshi, the first Indian Women doctor also
used to reside in this area at Parnaka. Dudh-Naka is famous for its
milk production and sales in
Kalyan City.Gandhi Chowk is famous for
its Merchants.This area is one of the most 'literate' areas Kalyan
city has at present.
3. Ammu Nagar in
Kalyan west is centrally located prime residential
area because of its proximity to important places ….
5 minutes drive from
Kalyan Railway Station, 7 minutes drive from
Shahad Railway Station, 10 minutes from
Vithalwadi Railway Station.
10 minutes drive from Khadakpada, Godrej Hills,
Walkable distance from all major banks, all major coaching classes,
K.M Agrawal College Birla College & School, Lourdes School, Holy
Cross Convent School,
Municipal Commissioners Bungalow, DCP Bungalow,
Sub-Registrar Office I & II, Income-Tax Office, Central Excise
office, Dy.RTO etc.
Near proposed KDMT bus depot.
4. Godrej Hills-It is a prime residential area in
5. Right at NH 222, is coming up a new development by Kalyan's most
renowned developer. The new development would be spread across 9-acres
and would be the first luxury address of Kalyan. Post this, NH 222
would host major residential portions of Kalyan
6. Shivaji Chowk, is the busiestfour-wayy roundabout where all the
major markets are located. SinceKalyann is going under major
developments, nicer infrastructure is expected to tun up in this area.
Kalyan JN during the 26 July floods
Electric supply: The township receives its electric supply from the
Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited
Roads: The inner arterial roads and the main routes through the city
have been developed by the MSRDC.
Water supply: The city has good water sources in and around it, which
includes the Ulhas river in its vicinity, lakes in the central areas,
and high storage tanks. the city boasts of an eco friendly wastewater
treatment plant and a water cleaning plant near Gandhare
KDMC is a municipal corporation in
Thane district of Maharashtra
state, India. A municipal corporation formed in 1983 to administer the
twin townships of
Kalyan and Dombivli. The municipal corporation has a
population 1,193,266 (2001 census). Due to its highly educated
population it is often called the second cultural capital of
Maharashtra after Pune.
Kalyan was famous as a port since ancient
times. Records of its existence as a premier port in the region have
been found in ancient Greek manuscripts.
Dombivli station is about
48 km from CSMT station along the central railway and is
connected to all parts of
Maharashtra by rail as well as road. Kalyan
is one of the most important junctions in
India with most of the
outstation trains stopping at it. Nearest airport is Mumbai airport
which is 40 km away. The corporation is governed by Bombay
Municipal Corporation Act 1949. Following authorities are
given charge to carry out the provisions of the act, namely - 1. A
Corporation. 2. A Standing Committee. 3. Ward Committees 4. Municipal
Commissioner Both the cities are divided into 107 wards. Municipal
Corporation consists of Councillors elected directly at Ward
Elections. The number and boundaries of the Wards into which the City
is divided is specified by the State Election Commissioner. There are
five Councillors nominated by the Corporation. As per the provisions
of the Act, the total number of Councillors is 112. The Corporation
elects one of its members as the
Mayor and another to be the Deputy
Mumbai University Affiliated Colleges and School-cum-Colleges
Birla College of Arts, Science & Commerce
Kalyan Public School (LKPS),
Holy Cross Convent High School & Jr. College,
St. Jude's High School,
Millennium English High School,
Model English High School,
Sri Vani Vidyashala High School
Sacred Heart School
Podar International School
Kalyan - West
Central Railway School ,
Kalyan - West
Lourdes High School,
Kalyan - West
S.B.Divya English High School,
Shree Sai Samarth Shikshan Prasarak Mandal,
Ideal English High School, Kalyan
Guru Nanak English High School & Junior College Of Commerce,
Balak Mandir Oak High School, Kalyan(west)
National Urdu high school
^ Eron, Carol (1979). "Women in Medicine and Health Care". In O'Neill,
Lois Decker. The Women's Book of World Records and Achievements.
Anchor Press. p. 204. ISBN 0-385-12733-2. First
^ "Historical Photos Depict Women Medical Pioneers". Public Radio
International. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
^ "Anandabai Gopal Joshi....A forgotten Indian icon". Deshdaaz. 29
^ Page no. 120, The Gazetteers of Bombay Presidency,
Thane 3rd Edition
(Rikṣācālakāṃvirōdhāt Pravāsāṃcā Ēlgār)" (in Marathi).
Kalyan, Thane: Sakal Publications. 24 February 2015. p. 6.
^ "Mumbai CST-bound local train derails near Kalyan, 1 killed". Zee
Media. Essel. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
^ KDMC. "History of Kalyan" (PDF). kdmc.gov.in. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 17 June 2012.
^ kalyancity.com. "Government in Kalyan". kalyancity.com.
Dombivli Municipal Corporation
History of Kalyan::
Kalyan City History
Mumbai metropolitan area
Suburbs in Raigad district