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The Kalpa Sūtra
Kalpa Sūtra
(Sanskrit: कल्पसूत्र) is a Jain text containing the biographies of the Jain
Jain
Tirthankaras, notably Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
and Mahavira.[1] Traditionally ascribed to Bhadrabahu, which would place it in the 4th century BCE.[2], it was probably put to writing only after 980 or 993 years after the Nirvana(Moksha) of Mahavira.

Contents

1 History 2 Importance 3 See also 4 References

4.1 Citations 4.2 Sources

5 External links

History[edit] Within the six sections of the Jain
Jain
literary corpus belonging to the Svetambara
Svetambara
school, it is classed as one of the Cheda Sūtras. This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the mid-15th century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting. The oldest surviving copies are written on paper in western India in the 14th century. Kalpasutra is ascribed to Bhadrabahu, traditionally said to have composed it some 150 years after the Nirvāṇa (death) of Mahavira.[2] It was compiled probably during the reign of Dhruvasena, 980 or 993 years after the Nirvana of Mahavira.[3] Importance[edit] The book is read and illustrated in an eight-day-long festival of Paryushan
Paryushan
by Jain
Jain
monks for general people. Only Monks can read this scriptures as in Jainism, this book has very high spiritual values.

Kalpasutra folio on Mahavira
Mahavira
Nirvana. Note the crescent shaped Siddhashila, a place where all siddhas reside after Nirvana.

See also[edit]

Parshvanatha Neminatha

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Jacobi, Hermann; Ed. F. Max Müller (1884). Kalpa Sutra, Jain
Jain
Sutras Part I, Sacred Books of the East, Vol. 22. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.  ^ a b "Mahavira." Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2006. Answers.com 28 Nov. 2009. http://www.answers.com/topic/mahavira ^ Kailash Chand Jain
Jain
1991, p. 75.

Sources[edit]

Dundas, Paul (2002) [1992], The Jains (Second ed.), Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26605-X  Jain, Kailash Chand (1991), Lord Mahāvīra and His Times, Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 978-81-208-0805-8  "The Kalpa Sûtra" translated in English by Hermann Jacobi is published by Motilal Banarsidass
Motilal Banarsidass
Publishers in Delhi in " The Sacred Books of the East" (Vol 22) (1989) ISBN 81-208-0123-7

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kalpa Sutra.

Translations

Kalpa Sutra text (1884 English translation) The Kalpa sutra, and Nava tatva (1848 English translation)

v t e

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