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KALEVI-LIIVA are sand dunes in Jõelähtme Parish in Harju County
Harju County
, Estonia
Estonia
. The site is located near the Baltic coast, north of the Jägala village and the former Jägala concentration camp . It is best known as the execution site of up to 2,000 Jewish and Roma Holocaust victims.

CONTENTS

* 1 Execution site * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

EXECUTION SITE

The Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva
site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews
Jews
transported to Estonia
Estonia
for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.

The mass execution were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews
Jews
arrived at the Raasiku railway station, one from Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt
on September 5, 1942, and another from Germany in mid-September. The trains carried over 2,000 people, mainly German and Czechoslovakian Jews
Jews
, about 450 of whom were selected for forced labor and interned at the Jägala concentration camp , the rest were transferred by bus to Kalevi-Liiva and immediately executed.

The Estonians in charge of the executions, Aleksander Laak , Ain-Ervin Mere and Ralf Gerrets , were implicated in the Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia
Estonia
in 1961 and charged with murdering up to 5,000 German and Czechoslovakian Jews
Jews
and Gypsies in 1942-1943.

Estimates of the total number of victims vary. The two memorial stones on the site cite 6,000 Jews
Jews
and 2,000 Roma. Contemporary sources estimate at least 1,700 (probably 1,754) Jews
Jews
killed at Kalevi-Liiva, other known victims include forty Gypsies and a number of "political prisoners " of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.

SEE ALSO

* Ain-Ervin Mere * Collaboration during World War II * Holocaust
Holocaust
trials in Soviet Estonia
Estonia
* History of the Jews
Jews
in Estonia
Estonia
* Judenfrei * Occupation of Estonia
Estonia
by Nazi Germany

REFERENCES

* ^ Estonian reference Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Anton Weiss-Wendt Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust
Holocaust
2009. p.

.