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Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva
are sand dunes in Jõelähtme Parish
Jõelähtme Parish
in Harju County, Estonia. The site is located near the Baltic coast, north of the Jägala village and the former Jägala concentration camp. It is best known as the execution site of up to 2,000[citation needed] Jewish and Roma Holocaust
Holocaust
victims.

Contents

1 Execution site 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Execution site[edit] The Kalevi-Liiva
Kalevi-Liiva
site served as the execution and burial site for trainloads of Central European Jews
Jews
transported to Estonia
Estonia
for extermination. Other victims include Gypsies and political prisoners of mainly Estonian and Russian origin. The mass execution were carried out by Estonian Nazi collaborators under German supervision. At least two trainloads of Jews
Jews
arrived at the Raasiku
Raasiku
railway station, one from Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt
on September 5, 1942, and another from Germany in mid-September. The trains carried over 2,000 people, mainly German and Czechoslovakian Jews, about 450 of whom were selected for forced labor and interned at the Jägala concentration camp, the rest were transferred by bus to Kalevi-Liiva and immediately executed. The Estonians
Estonians
in charge of the executions, Aleksander Laak, Ain-Ervin Mere and Ralf Gerrets, were implicated in the Holocaust
Holocaust
trials in Soviet Estonia
Estonia
in 1961 and charged with murdering up to 5,000 German and Czechoslovakian Jews
Jews
and Gypsies in 1942-1943.[1] Estimates of the total number of victims vary. The two memorial stones on the site cite 6,000 Jews
Jews
and 2,000 Roma. Contemporary sources estimate at least 1,700 (probably 1,754) Jews
Jews
killed at Kalevi-Liiva, other known victims include forty Gypsies and a number of "political prisoners" of mainly Estonian and Russian origin.[2] See also[edit]

Ain-Ervin Mere Collaboration during World War II Holocaust
Holocaust
trials in Soviet Estonia History of the Jews
Jews
in Estonia Judenfrei Occupation of Estonia
Estonia
by Nazi Germany

References[edit]

^ Estonian reference Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Anton Weiss-Wendt Murder Without Hatred: Estonians
Estonians
and the Holocaust 2009. p. 238:

External links[edit]

Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes in Estonia Der Holocaust
Holocaust
und die Konzentrationslager in Estland Zeugenaussagen über die Massenerschießungen Kalevi-Liiva Kalevi-Liiva Milline fashismiohvrite mälestusmärk? Kalevi_Liiva, 1992 Kalevi-Liiva, 2005 Kalevi-Liiva, 2005

Coordinates: 59°28′49.38″N 25°14′59.44″E / 59.4803833°N 25.2498444°E / 59.4803833; 25.2498444

v t e

The Holocaust
Holocaust
in Estonia

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia Ukraine

Crimes

Kalevi-Liiva

Prominent victims

Zelig Kalmanovich Wolf Durmashkin

Major perpetrators

Hans Aumeier Karl Jäger Ernst Kaltenbrunner Aleksander Laak Hinrich Lohse Ain-Ervin Mere Alfred Rosenberg Martin Sandberger Rudolf Joachim Seck Franz Walter Stahlecker

Nazi occupation and organizations

Einsatzgruppen Reichskommissariat Ostland

Notable collaborators

Karl Linnas Evald Mikson

Concentration camps

Klooga Jägala Vaivara

Documentation

Jäger Report Judenfrei

Concealment

Sonderaktion 1005

War crimes investigations and trials

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Holocaust
Holocaust
trials in Soviet Estonia Estonian International Commission

Righteous Among the Nations

Uku Masing Eha Masing Polina Lentsman

Related articles

History of the Jews
Jews
in Estonia Estonia
Estonia
in World War II Occupation of Estonia
Estonia
by Nazi Germany

v t e

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Einsatzkommandos

People

Director

Reinhard Heydrich Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

Humbert Achamer-Pifrader Walther Bierkamp Horst Böhme Erich Ehrlinger Wilhelm Fuchs Heinz Jost Erich Naumann Arthur Nebe Otto Ohlendorf Friedrich Panzinger Otto Rasch Heinrich Seetzen Franz Walter Stahlecker Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski Rudolf Batz Ernst Biberstein Wolfgang Birkner Helmut Bischoff Paul Blobel Walter Blume Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock Otto Bradfisch Werner Braune Friedrich Buchardt Fritz Dietrich Karl Jäger Friedrich Jeckeln Waldemar Klingelhöfer Wolfgang Kügler Walter Kutschmann Rudolf Lange Gustav Adolf Nosske Hans-Adolf Prützmann Walter Rauff Martin Sandberger Hermann Schaper Karl Eberhard Schöngarth Erwin Schulz Franz Six Eugen Steimle Eduard Strauch Martin Weiss Udo von Woyrsch

Other members

August Becker Lothar Fendler Joachim Hamann Emil Haussmann Felix Landau Albert Widmann

Collaborators

Viktors Arājs Herberts Cukurs Antanas Impulevičius Konrāds Kalējs Algirdas Klimaitis

Groups

German

SS RSHA SD Orpo 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz Sonderdienst

Non-German

Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
(Belarusian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian) Arajs Kommando Lithuanian Security Police Rollkommando Hamann TDA Ypatingasis būrys

Crimes

Belarus

Łachwa Ghetto Minsk Ghetto Slutsk Affair

Estonia

Kalevi-Liiva

Latvia

Burning of the Riga synagogues Dünamünde Action Jelgava Pogulianski Rumbula Liepāja (Šķēde)

Lithuania

Ninth Fort Kaunas June 1941 Kaunas 29 October 1941 Ninth Fort
Ninth Fort
November 1941 Ponary

Poland

Operation Tannenberg Intelligenzaktion AB-Aktion Operation Reinhard

Russia

Gully of Petrushino Zmievskaya Balka Lokot Autonomy

Ukraine

Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobycz Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa

Records

The Black Book Commissar Order Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Generalplan Ost Jäger Report Korherr Report Special Prosecution Book-Poland
Special Prosecution Book-Poland
(Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen) Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
reports

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Harju County
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