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Kalavryta
Kalavryta
(Greek: Καλάβρυτα) is a town and a municipality in the mountainous east-central part of the regional unit of Achaea, Greece. The town is located on the right bank of the river Vouraikos, 24 kilometres (15 miles) south of Aigio, 40 km (25 miles) southeast of Patras
Patras
and 62 km (39 miles) northwest of Tripoli. Notable mountains in the municipality are Mount Erymanthos
Mount Erymanthos
in the west and Aroania
Aroania
or Chelmos
Chelmos
in the southeast. Kalavryta
Kalavryta
is the southern terminus of the Diakopto- Kalavryta
Kalavryta
rack railway, built by Italian engineers between 1885 and 1895.

Contents

1 History 2 Historical population 3 Landmarks 4 Administration

4.1 Subdivisions 4.2 Province

5 Notable persons 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Kalavryta
Kalavryta
is built near the ancient city of Cynaetha. During the late Middle Ages, the town was the centre of the Barony of Kalavryta
Kalavryta
within the Frankish Principality of Achaea, until it was reconquered by the Byzantines in the 1270s. After that it remained under Byzantine control until the fall of the Despotate of the Morea to the Ottoman Turks in 1460. With the exception of a 30-year interlude of Venetian control, the town remained under Turkish rule until the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
in 1821, in whose early stages Kalavryta
Kalavryta
figures prominently: it was here that on 21 March 1821 the flag of the revolt was raised at the monastery of Agia Lavra by bishop Germanos III of Old Patras.

Mt Chelmos
Chelmos
near Kalavryta.

Kalavryta.

At the end of 1943, near Kalavryta, 81 German soldiers, led by Hauptmann Johannes Schober, were captured by Greek Partisans. Four Germans were killed on the spot.Three were taken to hospital at Kalavryta
Kalavryta
but were later shot by the furious partisans.The rest were initially treated as prisoners of war, until most were shot dead and some plunged over the cliff near Mazi from the force of the shots. Two German prisoners survived the execution and raised the alarm on the following day 8 December 1943. On 13 December 1943, in retribution for the killing of the captured German soldiers, what is commemorated as the Massacre of Kalavryta, German troops ordered all male residents of Kalavryta, aged 14 years and up, to gather in a field just outside the village. There, they machine-gunned down 696 of them. Only 13 survived. After that they burnt down the town before they left and the next day they burnt down the Monastery
Monastery
of Agia Lavra, birthplace of the Greek War of Independence. Post-war, the federal Government of Germany offered gestures of atonement in the form of free school books for the high school, scholarships for orphans of the massacre and the building of a retirement home. However, no German commanders, (e.g. Major Ebersberger who carried out the destruction of Kalavryta; Hauptmann Dohnert who led the firing party), were ever brought to justice for their crimes. Historical population[edit]

Kalavryta
Kalavryta
municipality & municipal unit

Year Community Municipal unit Municipality

1981 2,015 - -

1991 2,111 8,306 -

2001 1,942 8,580 -

2011 1,829 6,011 11,045

Landmarks[edit]

The memorial site.

View of the Cathedral.

The railway station.

In Kastria, in the municipal unit of Kleitoria, there is the famous cave system Spilaio ton Limnon ("Cave of the Lakes") which is filled with beautiful lakes and strange rock formations. Kalavryta
Kalavryta
has a ski centre which is located east of town, on the slopes of Chelmos. The monastery of Agia Lavra
Agia Lavra
is located on a hill 4 km (2 mi) southwest of Kalavryta. Another famous monastery nearby is Mega Spilaio which is located 8 km (5 mi) northeast. Administration[edit] The municipality Kalavryta
Kalavryta
was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Aroania Kalavryta Kleitoria Paion

The municipality has an area of 1,058.147 km2, the municipal unit 531.797 km2.[3] Subdivisions[edit] The municipal unit of Kalavryta
Kalavryta
is divided into the following communities:

Ano Vlasia Ano Lousoi Doumena Drosato Flampoura (Flampoura, Neochori, Ortholithi) Goumenissa Kalavryta
Kalavryta
(Kalavryta, Avlonas, Vrachni, Krastikoi, Moni Agias Lavras, Souvardo) Kallifoni Kandalos Kato Lousoi (Kato Lousoi, Lousiko) Kato Vlasia
Kato Vlasia
(Kato Vlasia, Menychtaiika, Metochi) Kato Zachlorou Kerpini Kertezi Korfes Kouteli Kryoneri Lagovouni Lapanagoi Manesi Kalavryton (Manesi, Boumpoukas) Mikros Pontias (Mikros Pontias, Karousi, Lompokas, Megas Pontias) Petsakoi (Petsakoi, Bosi) Plataniotissa (Plataniotissa, Digela, Spartinou) Priolithos Profitis Ilias (Profitis Ilias, Mouriki) Rogoi Sigouni (Sigouni, Lefki) Skepasto Trechlo (Trechlo, Lapatheia) Valta Vilivina

Province[edit] The province of Kalavryta
Kalavryta
(Greek: Επαρχία Καλαβρύτων) was one of the provinces of Achaea. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[4] It was abolished in 2006. Notable persons[edit]

Asimakis Fotilas
Asimakis Fotilas
(1761–1835) politician and revolutionary leader Anastasios Charalambis, military officer, PM of Greece

See also[edit]

List of settlements in Achaea

References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.  ^ "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03.  (39 MB) (in Greek) (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kalavryta.

Municipality of Kalavryta
Kalavryta
(in Greek) Museum of the Sacrificed People of Kalavryta[full citation needed]

Places adjacent to Kalavryta

Leontio Aigio Diakopto

Tritaia, Farres

Kalavryta
Kalavryta
(munic. unit)

Akrata

Aroania

Kleitoria

v t e

Administrative division of the Western Greece
Greece
Region

Area 11,350 km2 (4,380 sq mi) Population 679,796 (as of 2011) Municipalities 19 (since 2011) Capital Patras

Regional unit of Achaea

Aigialeia Erymanthos Kalavryta Patras West Achaea

Regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania

Agrinio Aktio-Vonitsa Amfilochia Missolonghi Nafpaktia Thermo Xiromero

Regional unit of Elis

Ancient Olympia Andravida-Kyllini Andritsaina-Krestena Ilida Pineios Pyrgos Zacharo

Regional governor Apostolos Katsifaras
Apostolos Katsifaras
(reelected 2014) Decentralized Administration Peloponnese, Western Greece
Greece
and the Ionian

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Kalavryta

Municipal unit of Aroania

Agrampela Agridi Alestaina Anastasi Aroania Desino Kamenianoi Lechouri Livartzi Plaka Psofida Seires

Municipal unit of Kalavryta

Ano Vlasia Ano Lousoi Doumena Drosato Flampoura Goumenissa Kalavryta Kallifoni Kandalos Kato Lousoi Kato Vlasia Kato Zachlorou Kerpini Kertezi Korfes Kouteli Kryoneri Lagovouni Lapanagoi Manesi Mikros Pontias Petsakoi Plataniotissa Priolithos Profitis Ilias Rogoi Sigouni Skepasto Trechlo Valta Vilivina

Municipal unit of Kleitoria

Agios Nikolaos Ano Kleitoria Armpounas Drymos Filia Glastra Kastelli Kastria Kleitor Kleitoria Krinofyta Lefkasio Lykouria Pankrati Planitero Tourlada

Municipal unit of Paion

Amygdalea Chovoli Dafni Nasia Paos Pefko Skotani

v t e

Former provinces of Greece

Grouped by region and prefecture

Attica

East and West Attica

Attica

Piraeus

Aegina Hydra Kythira Piraeus Troizinia

West Attica

Megaris

Central Greece

Boeotia

Livadeia Thebes

Euboea

Chalcis Istiaia Karystia

Phocis

Dorida Parnassida

Phthiotis

Domokos Locris Phthiotis

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki

Arnaia Chalkidiki

Imathia

Imathia Naousa

Kilkis

Kilkis Paionia

Pella

Almopia Edessa Giannitsa

Serres

Fyllida Serres Sintiki Visaltia

Thessaloniki

Lagkadas Thessaloniki

Crete

Chania

Apokoronas Kissamos Kydonia Selino Sfakia

Heraklion

Kainourgio Malevizi Monofatsi Pediada Pyrgiotissa Temenos Viannos

Lasithi

Ierapetra Lasithi Mirampello Siteia

Rethymno

Agios Vasileios Amari Mylopotamos Rethymno

East Macedonia and Thrace

Evros

Alexandroupoli Didymoteicho Orestiada Samothrace Soufli

Kavala

Kavala Nestos Pangaio Thasos

Rhodope

Komotini Sapes

Epirus

Ioannina

Dodoni Konitsa Metsovo Pogoni

Thesprotia

Filiates Margariti Souli Thyamida

Ionian Islands

Corfu

Corfu Paxoi

Kefallinia

Ithaca Kranaia Pali Sami

North Aegean

Lesbos

Lemnos Mithymna Mytilene Plomari

Samos

Ikaria Samos

Peloponnese

Arcadia

Gortynia Kynouria Mantineia Megalopoli

Argolis

Argos Ermionida Nafplia

Laconia

Epidavros Limira Gytheio Lacedaemon Oitylo

Messenia

Kalamai Messini Pylia Trifylia

South Aegean

Cyclades

Andros Kea Milos Naxos Paros Syros Thira Tinos

Dodecanese

Kalymnos Karpathos Kos Rhodes

Thessaly

Larissa

Agia Elassona Farsala Larissa Tyrnavos

Magnesia

Almyros Skopelos Volos

Trikala

Kalampaka Trikala

West Greece

Achaea

Aigialeia Kalavryta Patras

Aetolia-Acarnania

Missolonghi Nafpaktia Trichonida Valtos Vonitsa-Xiromero

Elis

Elis Olympia

West Macedonia

Kozani

Eordaia Kozani Voio

Note: not all prefectures were subdivid

.