HOME
The Info List - Kadi Burhan Al-Din





Kadi Ahmad Burhan al-Din (, ; died 1398) was an Oghuz. vizier and atabegatabeg to the Eretnid
Eretnid
rulers of Anatolia. In 783 AH (1381–1382), he took over Eretnid
Eretnid
lands and claimed the title of sultan for himself. He is most often referred to by the title kadi, or Islamic judge, his first position under the Eretnids.

Contents

1 Origin and early career 2 Reign 3 Poetry 4 Biography 5 References

Origin and early career[edit] He was born on 8 January 1345 in Kayseri. His father, Muhammad Shams al-Din, like his grandfather and great-grandfather, was a kadi, descended from the Oghuz Turkish tribe of Salur.[1] His father gave him his first education, which he furthered in Egypt, Damascus, and Aleppo. When he returned to his hometown in 1364/65, one year after his father's death, the local ruler, the Eretnid
Eretnid
Giyath al-Din Muhammad, so esteemed his education and character that he gave the young man not only the post of kadi, but also the hand of his daughter.[1] Despite this unusual favour, Burhan al-Din secretly participated in the rebellion of the local magnates (beys) in which Giyath al-Din was killed in 1365.[1] The latter's successors were incompetent, and Burhan al-Din rose further to the posts of vezir and atabeg, before proclaiming himself as the sovereign sultan of the Eretnid
Eretnid
domains in 1381/82.[1] Reign[edit] The Eretnid
Eretnid
sultanate he inherited had a large Turkmen and Mongol population but also contained many of the older, established urban centers of the Seljuks of Rum and Ilkhanid Anatolia. The sultanate resembled these older states more than the Turkmen beyliks then ascendant in other parts of Anatolia.[2] The Kadi’s eighteen-year rule was not peaceful. He challenged the Turkmen Karamanids
Karamanids
and Beylik of Erzincan and twice fought Kötürüm Bayezid, Jandarid bey of Kastamonu. In 1387, he was defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt. The Ottoman Sultan
Sultan
Bayezid I, accompanied by his vassal the Byzantine Emperor Manuel II Palaeologos, campaigned against Burhan al-Din in 1391, but was defeated at the Battle of Kırkdilim.[3] He met his end in 1398 at the hands of the Ak Koyunlu and was succeeded by his son Zayn al-‘Abidin, who ruled for a short time between 1398 and 1399.[4] His türbe, or mausoleum, survives in Sivas.[5] Poetry[edit] He was an outstanding poet, who wrote primarily in Persian.[6] Qāżi Aḥmad Borhān al-Din played significant role in the development of the Azeri Turkish poetry.[7][8] Biography[edit] 'Aziz ibn Ardashir Astarbadi, a companion of Kadi Burhan al-Din, wrote a Persian language
Persian language
history of his rule called Bazm-u Razm which was edited by M. F. Köprülüzade in 1928. An analysis and commentary has been provided by H. H. Giesecke, Das Werk des ‘Azīz ibn Ardašīr Astarābādi (Leipzig, 1940). References[edit]

^ a b c d Rypka, J. (1960). "Burhãn al-Dīn". In Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 1327–1328. ISBN 90-04-08114-3.  ^ Claude Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey: A general survey of the material and spiritual culture and history c. 1071-1330 (New York: Taplinger, 1968), pp. 362-3. ^ Elizabeth A. Zachariadou, "Manuel II Palaeologos on the Strife between Bāyezīd and Kādī Burhān Al-Dīn Ahmad" Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. 43, No. 3. (1980), p. 471. ^ Stephen Album, A Checklist of Islamic Coins, 2nd ed. (1998), p. 114. ^ Bernard McDonagh, Blue Guide Turkey, 2nd ed. (London: A&C Black, 1995), p. 585. ^ Cahen, Pre-Ottoman Turkey, p. 363. ^ Azeri Turkish Literature. Encyclopædia Iranica ^ https://www.princeton.edu/~turkish/aatt/azeri.htm, American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages

v t e

States in late medieval Anatolia
Anatolia
(after 1071)

Muslim states

Ahis Akkoyunlu Alaiye Artuqids Aydınids Canik Chobanids Çubukoğulları Danishmends Dilmaç Beylik of Dulkadir Eretnids Erzincan Eshrefids Germiyanids Hacıemir Hamidids İnal Isfendiyarids Kadi Burhan al-Din Kara Koyunlu Karamanids Karasids Ladik Mengujekids Menteshe Ottoman Empire Pervâneoğlu Ramazanids Shah-Armens Sultanate of Rum Sahib Ataids Saltukids Sarukhanids Tacettinids Tanrıbermiş Teke Tzachas

Christian states

Byzantine Empire Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Empire of Nicaea Empire of Trebizond Knights Hospitaller Latin Empire Philaretos Brachamios Zaccaria family

v t e

Azerbaijani literature

Epic and legends

Köroğlu Book of Dede Korkut Ashik

Genres

Medieval

Izzeddin Hasanoglu Nasir Bakuvi Kadi Burhan al-Din Darir of Arzurum Jahan Shah
Jahan Shah
Haqiqi Habibi Qasem-e Anvar Khasta Qasim Imadaddin Nasimi Yaqub bin Uzun Hasan Shah Ismail I Hagiri Tabrizi Kishvari Muhammad Fuzuli Shah Tahmasp I Mahammad Amani Saib Tabrizi Qovsi Tabrizi Roohi Bagdadi Masihi Tarzi Afshar Fatma Khanum Ani

Modern

Molla Panah Vagif Molla Vali Vidadi Mirza Shafi Vazeh Firidun bey Kocharli Khurshidbanu Natavan Abbasgulu Bakikhanov Mirza Fatali Akhundov Gasim bey Zakir Ali bey Huseynzade Seyid Azim Shirvani Hasan bey Zardabi Mirza Alakbar Sabir Seyid Abulgasim Nabati Zeynalabdin Shirvani Heyran Khanim Ali Mojuz Fazil Khan Sheyda Jalil Mammadguluzadeh Nariman Narimanov Jafargulu agha Javanshir Abdurrahim bey Hagverdiyev Ismayil bey Gutgashynly Sakina Akhundzadeh Hashim bey Vazirov Mehdigulu Khan Vafa Suleyman Sani Akhundov Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli Mammed Said Ordubadi Najaf bey Vazirov Ashig Alasgar Mahammad Hadi Abbas Sahhat Abdulla Shaig Huseyn Javid Jafar Jabbarly Ali Nazmi Mikayil Mushfig Samad Vurgun Aliagha Vahid Mirza Khazar Mir Jalal Pashayev Ahmad Javad Habib Saher

Contemporary

Suleyman Rustam Ali Nazem Ganjali Sabahi Ilyas Afandiyev Rasul Rza Nigar Rafibeyli Mirza Ibrahimov Almas Ildyrym Mirvarid Dilbazi Ismayil Shykhly Manaf Suleymanov Baba Punhan Anar Rzayev Fikrat Goja Bahar Shirvani Nusrat Kasamanli Elchin Afandiyev Khalil Rza Uluturk Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh Gholam-Hossein Sa'edi Mammad Araz Magsud Ibrahimbeyov Rustam Ibragimbekov Chingiz Abdullayev Natig Rasulzadeh Afag Masud Farhad Ebrahimi Akram Aylisli Ramiz Rovshan Naser Manzuri Samad Behrangi Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar Madina Gulgun Samin Baghtcheban Jabbar Baghtcheban Sahand Yadollah Maftun Amini Mehdi Huseyn Isa Mughanna Vagif Samadoghlu Heidar Abbasi Qilman Ilkin Vidadi Babanli Elchin Safarli Hamid Notghi Gholamhossein Bigdeli Rasoul Yunan Hidayet Lala Hasanova Gasham Najafzadeh Ali Akbar Seymur Baycan

Notes

Azerbaijani is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Republic of Azerbaijan
and one of the official languages of the Republic of Dagestan. It is also widely spoken in Iran, particularly in Iranian Azerbaijan. It is also spoken in some parts of Turkey, Russia
Russia
and Georgia.

v t e

Anatolian Beys

First period (11th–12th centuries)

Danishmend Gazi Gazi Gümüshtigin Yağıbasan Saltuk II Melike Mama Hatun
Melike Mama Hatun
(khatun) Sökmen el-Kutbî Sökmen ibn Artuq Ilghazi Belek Ghazi Togan Arslan Tzachas

Second period (13th–15th centuries)

Hüsamettin Çoban Yaman Candar İsfendiyar Bey Gazi Chelebi Nure Sofi Karaman Bey Mehmet I of Karaman Güneri of Karaman Mahmut of Karaman Musa of Karaman Ibrahim I of Karaman Halil of Karaman Ahmet of Karaman Alaattin Ali of Karaman Şemseddin of Karaman Süleyman of Karaman Mehmet II of Karaman Bengi Ali of Karaman Ibrahim II of Karaman Ishak of Karaman Pir Ahmet of Karaman Kasım of Karaman Süleyman of Germiyan Yakup II of Germiyan Dündar of Hamidoğlu Umur of Aydın Junayd of Aydın İlyas Bey of Saruhan Mesut of Menteshe Bozkurt of Dulkadir Shah Budak Kadi Burhan al-Din

Seljuks of Anatolia, Ottoman Empire, Akkoyunlu
Akkoyunlu
and Karakoyunlu excluded

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79262869 LCCN: n80022863 ISNI: 0000 0001 1772 0571 GND: 103377891 SE

.