Kaddi (کڈی) (also known as Kaday or کډے in Pashto) is a small village in the Swabi District"> Swabi District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The inhabitants belong to Aba Khel subtribe of Mandanr Yusafzai Pathans who occupy Swabi and Mardan districts of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The major khel living in Kaddi include Balar Khel, Taju Khel, Zakarya Khel, Khan Khel and Panj Pao.
The name Kaddi appears to be derived from Kada which in Pashto refers to a place lower than normal in height. Historically Kaddi had a great natural lake with seasonal birds from Siberia flocking in winter. Majority of the lake was converted into residential area. The present population of Kaddi is likely to have settled here in late 17th century as a spill over from the nearby town Zaida with which they still maintain close economic links.
Having an area of about 2 square km, Kaddi is situated to the south of Panj Pir and is bounded on its west by Nullah Badrai and a few small hills. An irrigation canal runs through Kaddi on its western side which has been beautifully siphoned to pass under Badrai. The feature is locally known as Badrai sepun.jpg">"Sepun" (Pashto:سیپن). The estimated population of Kaddi is about 6500 in which most are farmers by profession. Some people are working in government services and overseas as well. The main source of income is Government service and employment abroad along with farming. There are three government and two private schools in the village. The literacy rate is around 61%.
The people in Kaddi belong to Usi Khel, Aba Khel subtribe of Mandanr Yusafzai. The Khel include Balar Khel, Taju Khel, Panj Pao and Zakarya Khel. Some other families are also settled in Kaddi along with Yusafzai tribe including Jadoon and Awan families.
a. Tura Baz Khan: He came from Hund as the chieftain of the village. His descendants are therefore also known as Khan Khel. The lineage is traced to Balar as follow: Balar Khan --> Rana Khan --> Zabita Khan --> Buland Khan --> Tura Baz Khan.
b. Buchi Khan: Four sons of Buchi Khan; Khanzada, Azeem Khan, Hurmat & Umar came to Kaddi from Zaida leaving their fifth brother Zareef behind. Descendents of the former two at present constitute Balar Khel proper. The lineage of Buchi Khan can be traced to Balar in fourth generation as follows: Balar Khan --> Rana Khan --> Dargayi --> Buchi Khan
c. Sadr Khan: Sadr Khan came to Kaddi from Zaida leaving his two brothers Mehmood Khan and Daem Khan in Zaida. They live in an area between Balar Khel and Zakarya Khel and are closely associated to both Khel. The lineage of Sadr Khan can be traced to Balar as follows: Balar Khan --> Rana Khan --> Dargayi --> Muhammad Khan --> Sadr Khan
(The latter two have been described in the Land Compilation Book of 1872 as to be unable to trace their lineage to Balar. However names of Buchi Khan and Muhammad Khan can be found in Balar Khel located in Zaida.)
d. Kalu Khan: Descendants of Kalu Khan live in association with Taju Khel. He came to Kaddi from Panj Pir where his grandfather Moiz Ullah Khan had come from Hund as chieftain of the village. They are therefore in fact Khan Khel Balar Khel presently living in association with Taju Khel. The lineage of Kalu Khan can be traced to Balar as follows: Balar Khan --> Rana Khan --> Zabita Khan --> Buland Khan --> Moiz Ullah Khan --> Fateh Ali Khan --> Kalu Khan
e. Associated Balar Khel: Apart from the four families mentioned above there are few associated families living in close association with Balar Khel though not genealogically related to Balar Khan. These include Jadoon and Awan families.
As per the Britannica Encyclopaedia's 11th Edition, Taju Khel or Tajo Khel are the sub tribe of Yousafzai. They live in many parts of Pakistan and India including Kaddi, Zaida, Marghuz, Lahor, Beka, Sala, Haryan in Pakistan and Bhopal, Delhi, Agraa and Pathan Kot in India. Some Taju Khel in Swabi still have strong family terms with their relatives in India. They are the descendents of Doran Khan. Furthur more according to Roshan Khan the author of 'The History of Yousafzai' Taju Khel along with four other brothers came to current swabi roughly around 16th century from Afghan province Kundooz. Currently the estimated population of Taju Khel globally is around 100,000 to 170,000 but these figures are merely speculative and can vary exponentially.
According to a renowned elder and historian of Yaqubi village Taju Khel, Zakarya Khel, Panj Pao and Balar Khel were all brothers along with Taus Khani, Bazid Khel and Ayub Khel. He further believes that all these brother along with their ancestors formed Aba Khel but like all other chaotic and questionable history of Pashtun tribes, this still has long way to get approved and recognized as History.
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history of panjpao will come on screen very soon insha-ALLAH
The young generation has interest in cricket while the traditional sports of the village include Kabaddi and Makha. Latter is an archery sport in which a long arrow (Pashto: Ghashay) is used along with a long bow (Pashto:Leenda). The arrow has a saucer shaped metallic plate (Pashto:tubray) at its distal end. The archers play in teams and attempt to hit a small white wooden target called takai surrounded by a circular ring called kwaara. The target is secured in fresh clay placed at some height a few meters away from the archer. Pictures of the sport at village Kaddi have been placed in the gallery.
View of village Kaddi from Tur Ghund Hill.
The traditional archery sport of Pathans called Makha. Target is being prepared.
Makha - The archer is preparing to take the shot. A friend is helping him.
Makha - Archer positioning and starting to aim at the target.
Makha - Archer aiming at the target.
Makha - Target successfully hit.
Donkeys carrying sand across nullah Badrai at village Kaddi.
School children of Govt Primary School Kaddi at a mobile tuckshop near the school.
The wooden bridge at nullah Badrai at village Kaddi.
A scenic view of Panj Pir Hill from village Kaddi.
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