The Info List - Kabaddi

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7 per side

Mixed gender Yes, separate competitions

Type Team sport, Contact sport

Equipment None

Venue Kabaddi


Country or region worldwide (most prominent in South Asia)

Olympic Demonstration sport : 1936 Olympics

is a contact team sport. It is popular in South Asia
South Asia
and is the state game of the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Telangana[1] and is the national sport of Bangladesh.[2] Kabaddi
is played between two teams of seven players; the object of the game is for a single player on offence, referred to as a "raider", to run into the opposing team's half of a court, tag out as many of their defenders as possible, and return to their own half of the court, all without being tackled by the defenders. Points are scored for each player tagged by the raider, while the opposing team earns a point for stopping the raider. Players are taken out of the game if they are tagged or tackled, but can be "revived" for each point scored by their team from a tag or tackle. The game is known by its regional names in different parts of the subcontinent, such as kabaddi or chedugudu in Andhra Pradesh, kabaddi in Karnataka, Kerala
and Telangana, hadudu in Bangladesh, bhavatik in Maldives, kauddi or kabaddi in the Punjab region, hu-tu-tu in Western India
and hu-do-do in Eastern India
and chadakudu in South India.


1 History 2 Variation

2.1 Standard style 2.2 Circle Style

3 International competitions

3.1 Kabaddi
World Cup 3.2 Asian Games 3.3 Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
League 3.4 Women’s Kabaddi

4 Popularity 5 In popular culture 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Kabaddi, originated in ancient Tamil region, which is predominantly present day Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and parts of other South Indian states[3][4]. Tamil empire spread this game to South East Asia during their sea trade. The word kabaddi was derived from the Tamil word “kai-pidi” (கைபிடி) meaning “to hold hands”. Kabaddi
received international exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, demonstrated by India. The game was introduced in the Indian National Games at Calcutta
in 1938. In 1950 the All India
Federation (AIKF) came into existence and framed the rules. Kabaddi
was introduced to and popularised in Japan
in 1979 by Sundar Ram of India, who toured Japan on behalf of Asian Amateur Kabaddi
Federation for two months to introduce the game. In 1979, matches between Bangladesh
and India
were held across India. The first Asian Kabaddi
Championship was held in 1980 and India
emerged as champion, beating Bangladesh
in the final. The other teams in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia, and Japan. The game was included for the first time in the Asian Games
Asian Games
in Beijing in 1990 where seven teams took part. it is now played nationally or internationally throughout the world. Variation[edit] Standard style[edit]

The kabaddi court

In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 by 13 metres (33 ft × 43 ft) in case of men and 8 by 12 metres (26 ft × 39 ft) in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20 minute halves, with a 5 minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides. During each play, known as a "raid", a player from the attacking side—known as the "raider"—runs into the opposing team's side of the field and attempts to tag as many of the seven defending players as possible. For a raid to be eligible for points, the raider must cross the baulk line in the defending team's territory, and return to their half of the field without being tackled. Whilst doing so, the raider must also loudly chant the word "kabaddi", confirming to referees that their raid is done on a single breath without inhaling. A 30-second shot clock is also enforced on each raid. A point is scored for each defender tagged. If the raider steps beyond the bonus line marked in enemy territory, they earn an additional point. If the raider is successfully stopped, the opposing team earns a point instead. All players tagged are taken out of the game, but one is "revived" for each point a team scores from a subsequent tag or tackle (bonus points do not revive players). Players who step out of bounds are also out. A raid where no points are scored by the raider is referred to as an "empty raid". By contrast, a play where the raider scores three or more points is referred to as a "super raid". If a team gets all seven players on the opposing team out at once, an "All Out" is scored for two bonus points, and they are automatically revived. Additional rules are used in the Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
League; if a team has two empty raids in a row, the next raider must score a point on their next raid or else they will be out ("do-or-die raid"). Additionally, when a defending team has less than four players left on the field, tackles are worth 2 points ("super tackle").[5] [6][7][8] Circle Style[edit]

Circle Kabaddi

There are four major forms of kabaddi played in India
which are recognised by the amateur federation. In Sanjeevani kabaddi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out – one out. The game is played over 40 min with a 5 min break between halves. There are seven players on each side and the team that outs all the players on the opponent’s side scores four extra points. In Gaminee style, seven players play on either side and a player put out has to remain out until all his team members are out. The team that is successful in ousting all the players of the opponent’s side secures a point. The game continues until five or seven such points are secured and has no fixed time duration. Amar style resembles the Sanjeevani form in the time frame rule. But, a player who is declared out doesn’t leave the court, but instead stays inside, and the play goes along. For every player of the opposition touched “out”, a team earns a point.[9] Punjabi kabaddi is a variation that is played on a circular pitch of a diameter of 22 metres (72 ft).[10] International competitions[edit] The following competitions are played in standard format, for that of circle style kabaddi, see Punjabi kabaddi Kabaddi
World Cup[edit] Main article: Kabaddi
World Cup (Standard style) The standard style Kabaddi
World Cup, is an outdoor international kabaddi competition conducted by the International Kabaddi
Federation (IKF), contested by men’s and women’s national teams. The competition has been previously contested in 2004, 2007 and 2016. All the tournaments have been won by India. India
defeated Iran by 38-29 in the final of championship game to clinch the title of 2016 Asian Games[edit]

Pictogram of kabaddi

Play media

(video) Kabaddi
being played in Japan, 2015

Main article: Kabaddi
at the Asian Games Kabaddi
has been played at the Asian Games
Asian Games
since 1990. The Indian team has won all seven Gold medals, with Bangladesh
being second most successful at the game. Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
League[edit] Main article: Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
League The Pro Kabaddi League
Pro Kabaddi League
was established in 2014 ; the league modeled its business upon that of the Indian Premier League
Indian Premier League
of Twenty20
cricket, with a large focus on marketing, the backing of local broadcaster Star Sports, and changes to the sport’s rules and its presentation to make it more suitable for a television audience.[11] The PKL quickly became a ratings success on Indian television; the 2014 season was watched by at least 435 million viewers over the course of the season, and the inaugural championship match was seen by 86.4 million viewers.[12][13] Women’s Kabaddi
Challenge[edit] Main article: Women's Kabaddi
Challenge Women’s Kabaddi
Challenge is a Kabaddi
league in India
started like Pro Kabaddi League
Pro Kabaddi League
for women’s. Three teams took part in inaugural season in 2016 and the league was played across seven cities in India. The first season was played in 2016, from 28 June to 31 July and was broadcast by Star Sports
Star Sports
in India. The final was scheduled along with men’s version on 31 July. Final was conducted between Storm Queen and Fire Birds. Storm Queens produced a last second turnaround to defeat Fire Birds 24-23 in the final.

A Kabaddi
match at 2006 Asian Games.

Popularity[edit] Kabaddi
is a popular sport in South Asia. The Kabaddi
Federation of India
(KFI) was founded in 1950, and it compiled a standard set of rules. The governing body for kabaddi in Pakistan is Pakistan Kabaddi Federation. In Bangladesh, a variation of kabaddi called ha-du-du is popular. Ha-du-du has no definite rules and is played with different rules in different areas. Kabaddi
is the National Game of Bangladesh and the Amateur Kabaddi
Federation of Bangladesh
was formed in 1973. In Iran, the Community of Kabaddi
was formed in 1996, in the same year they joined the Asian Kabaddi
Federation and in 2001 they joined the International Kabaddi
Federation. The Iran Amateur Kabaddi
Federation was formed in 2004. Kabaddi
is one of the national sports of Nepal. Kabaddi
is played and taught at a very early age in most primary schools beginning in the third grade or so in most Nepali schools. Kabaddi
was also played by the British Army
British Army
for fun, to keep fit and as an enticement to recruit soldiers from the British Asian community. Kabaddi
was brought to the United Kingdom by Indian and Pakistani immigrants. The governing body for kabaddi in the United Kingdom is the England Kabaddi
Federation UK. In popular culture[edit]

Films depicting kabaddi

Kudumba Thalaivan
Kudumba Thalaivan
(1962) Little Buddha
Little Buddha
(1993) Pardes (1997) Hu Tu Tu
Hu Tu Tu
(1999) Kabaddi
(2003) Okkadu
(2003) Ghilli
(2004) Ajay (2006) Kabaddi
(2009) Vennila Kabadi Kuzhu (2009) Bheemli Kabadi Jattu
Bheemli Kabadi Jattu
(2010) Chal Dhar Pakad (2010) Kabaddi
Ik Mohabbat (2010) Kabaddi Once Again
Kabaddi Once Again
(2012) Badlapur Boys
Badlapur Boys
(2014) Tevar
(2015) Thoppil Joppan
Thoppil Joppan
(2016) Georgettan's Pooram (2017) "bathhi kabaddi league "(2017)

Anime and manga depicting kabaddi

Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu
Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu
(2003) Gintama
(2006) Teekyu
(2013) Durarara!!×2 Shō (2015) Chio's School Road
Chio's School Road

Dramas depicting kabaddi

Bitter Sweet (2015) Azhagiya Tamil Magal
Azhagiya Tamil Magal
(2017) "Varanasi kabbadi league "(2017) Super Kabaddi
League Pakistan (2017)

See also[edit]

Punjabi Kabaddi Kabaddi
in India


^ "A tale of kabaddi, Bangladesh's national sport". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 31 July 2017.  ^ Faroqi, Gofran (2012). "Kabadi". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
(Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.  ^ "BRIEF HISTORY OF INDIAN TRADITIONAL SPORTS (KABADDI)". Retrieved 13 Sep 2017.  ^ "Definition of 'kabaddi'". Retrieved 13 Sep 2017.  ^ "Rules of Kabaddi". International Kabaddi Federation (IKF). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2014.  ^ " Kabaddi
World Cup 2016: A handy guide to the format, rules and how the sport works". Firstpost. 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2017-10-29.  ^ " Kabaddi
101: Raid, defend, revive, repeat". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2017-10-29.  ^ "Everything you need to know about Kabaddi". The Indian Express. 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2017-10-29.  ^ " Kabaddi
In India: Origins, success and current pitiable state". Sportskeeda.com. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2015.  ^ Kissa 2 Kabaddi
da. Sarwan Singh Sangam Publications. ISBN 93-83654-65-1.  ^ " Kabaddi
gets the IPL treatment". BBC News. Retrieved 22 October 2016.  ^ " Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
league viewership second only to IPL". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 October 2016.  ^ "Simple, visceral, fun: why the ancient sport of kabaddi is enjoying a resurgence". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kabaddi.

- World Kabaddi
Videos International Kabaddi Federation official website Asian Amateur Kabaddi
Federation official website Amateur Kabaddi
Federation of India
(AKFI) official website A Game Called Kabbadi – slideshow by The New York Times

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International kabaddi

International Kabaddi

National Teams

Men's Teams

Afghanistan Argentina Australia Bangladesh Canada China Denmark England Germany India Iran Italy Japan South Korea Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malaysia Nepal Norway New Zealand Pakistan Poland Scotland Sierra Leone Spain Sri Lanka Thailand Turkmenistan United States Vietnam West Indies

Women's Teams

Azerbaijan Bangladesh Canada England India Indonesia Iran Italy Japan Kenya South Korea Malaysia Mexico Nepal New Zealand Pakistan Sri Lanka Chinese Taipei Thailand Turkmenistan United States

International Tournaments

Men's Kabaddi
World Cup (Standard style)

2004 2007 2016

Men's Kabaddi
World Cup (Circle style)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2016

Women's Kabaddi
World Cup (Circle style)

2012 2013 2014 2016


Asian Kabaddi
Championship Asia Kabaddi
Cup (Circle style) Asian Games Asian Beach
Games Asian Indoor Games World Kabaddi
League Pro Kabaddi UK Kabaddi

Multi Sport

Asian Games

1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Asian Indoor Games

2007 2009 2013

South Asian Games

1985 1987 1989 1993 1995 1999 2004 2006 2010 2016

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