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KAMAZ (Russian: Камский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗ, translit. Kamskiy Avtomobilny Zavod, lit. 'Kama Automobile Plant') is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. It is famous for its cab over trucks. KAMAZ is a portmanteau which stands for a factory on Kama River. KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including the CIS, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
a record fourteen times. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia
Russia
and the CIS. The factory produces 43,000 trucks a year (2014).[3] Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army.

Contents

1 History 2 Group structure

2.1 Owners and management 2.2 Subsidiaries

3 Competition 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

KamAZ-53501

KamAZ-6560

USSR 1974 postage stamp featuring a KamAZ
KamAZ
truck

In 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party and the USSR Council of Ministers was approved which envisaged construction of a complex of heavy duty truck production plants. 70 potential sites to locate the facilities were investigated. Choice went in favor of Naberezhnye Chelny, then a small town on the Kama River. Its advantages were obvious. So far as its geographical situation was concerned, Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
was right in the center of the former Soviet Union. The navigable rivers – the Kama River
Kama River
and the Volga River – as well as proximity of the railway line, were central to meeting all the logistical needs of the construction site for materials, raw materials, equipment, components while, going forward, to meeting the need to ship ready-made trucks to customers. The fact that the huge construction company “KamGESenergostroy” existed in the region allowed construction of plant buildings and apartment blocks for prospective KAMAZ employees to be completed. Workers and engineers, representing more than 70 ethnicities, converged on Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
to fuse into a “melting pot” of the construction project personnel. Orders placed by KAMAZ to procure construction materials and equipment were filled by all the ministries and departments, a total of over 2000 enterprises. Over 100,000 personnel were employed at the construction site itself. The would-be truck plant was being provided with the most state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment by the contemporary standards. More than 700 international firms were among equipment vendors for KAMAZ facilities, including such globally known corporations as Swindell-Dressler, Holcroft, CE-Cast, Ingersoll Rand, Ex-Cello (U.S.A.), Hueller-Hille, Liebherr (West Germany), Morando, Fata (Italy), Renault (France), Sandvik (Sweden), Komatsu and Hitachi (Japan). On December 13, 1969, ground was broken and the first bucket of soil was excavated at the construction site of the Kama River
Kama River
Truck
Truck
Plant which was rated for production of 150,000 heavy duty trucks and 250,000 engines per year. The Complex of Plants on the Kama River sprawled over a vast territory measuring 57 square km. Concurrent to construction of the truck plant, huge social challenges were tackled. Hundreds of thousands of people were provided by KAMAZ with comfortable housing, modern educational facilities, kindergartens and creches, hospitals and clinics, numerous cultural, sporting, recreational and leisure centers. KAMAZ was instrumental in transforming the Kama River
Kama River
Area into a powerful industrial and scientific research hub and developing the infrastructure for the suburban agricultural zone. Every year the population of the city grew by another 30-40 thousand or so. Whereas before construction of KAMAZ got underway, 27,000 residents had lived in Naberezhnye Chelny, the current population has now reached more than half a million. Group structure[edit] Owners and management[edit] The main shareholders of Kamaz
Kamaz
are the state corporation Rostec (49.9%), Avtoinvest Limited (23.54%), a Cyprus-registered company whose main beneficiaries have never been officially disclosed, and Daimler (15%).[2] After the Panama Papers
Panama Papers
leak it was alleged that this Cyprus-based company can be traced to Sergei Roldugin, a concert cellist and personal friend of Vladimir Putin.[4] At the same time, a 4% stake in the company is publicly traded on the Moscow Exchange,[5] leading the company to have many minority shareholders (more than 76,000 individuals in 2007).[6] In early March, 2008 the Board of Directors of KAMAZ was elected, which included 15 people, including:[7] The mayor of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny
Naberezhnye Chelny
(April 2010 - Prime Minister of Tatarstan) - Ildar Khalikov, head of the management Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) - Ivan V. Aksenov, and the Director-General of the "Russian Technologies State Corporation" Sergey Chemezov. Subsidiaries[edit] KAMAZ Publicly Traded Company has more than 110 subsidiaries and affiliates, it owns shares in the authorized capital of more than 50 different companies and businesses. Together they form KAMAZ Group. The group includes:

Truck
Truck
Assembly Plant (Naberezhnye Chelny) Metallurgical Complex, KAMAZ PTC

KAMAZ Foundries (now one of the largest in Russia[8]) KAMAZ Forge KAMAZ Truck
Truck
Assembly Plant

KAMAZ Press and Stamping Plant Engine Plant, KAMAZ PTC Remdiesel (Engine Re-Manufacture Plant) KAMAZ Trade and Finance Company JSC Neftekamsk
Neftekamsk
Automotive
Automotive
Plant (NEFAZ) - manufactures buses and vehicles on KAMAZ chassis Auto Trailer Plant OJSC (formerly СЗАП (En:SZAP) of Stavropol) KAMAZ Technical Service OJSC KAMAZ Auto Technology RIZ OJSC (formerly of KAMAZinstrumentspetsmash) KIP Master OJSC KAMAZ-FINANCE KAMAZ-CAPITAL KAMAZ R & D Center

The main production facilities of the plant are located in the industrial area of Naberezhnye Chelny. Nefaz buses are produced in Neftekamsk
Neftekamsk
(Bashkortostan). There are also foreign manufacturing facilities in the following locations: Vietnam, India, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(KAMAZ-Engineering JSC). Competition[edit] Kamaz
Kamaz
vehicles have won the truck category of the Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
15 times as of 2018.[9] All 14 of the 2010 Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
stages in the truck category were won by Kamaz
Kamaz
trucks. See also[edit]

List of Kamaz
Kamaz
vehicles

References[edit]

^ a b c https://www.kamaz.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=download&event2=%2Fupload%2Fiblock%2F0ef%2F0ef9e6e4dca253ef2c2993300cb7cf25.pdf&event3=&goto=%2Fupload%2Fiblock%2F0ef%2F0ef9e6e4dca253ef2c2993300cb7cf25.pdf; financial statement. ^ a b "Крупным совладельцем «Камаза» оказался Виталий Мащицкий". Vedomosti. 22 May 2016. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2017.  ^ "Новости. ОАО "КАМАЗ"". Kamaz.net. Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2009-07-14.  ^ Thompson, David (3 April 2016). "Panama Papers: Putin associates linked to 'money laundering'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2017.  ^ "Коэффициент free-float (доля ценных бумаг в свободном обращении) по состоянию на 28.08.2017". Московская Биржа. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017.  ^ Stolyarov, Gleb; Fedorinova, Yulia (2007-05-17). ""Kamaz" does not pay the Federal Property Management Agency". Vedomosti, № 88 (1862) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ www.dp.ru (7 March 2008). ""KAMAZ" approved candidates to the Board". Business Petersburg (Online) / Moscow / (in Russian). ISSN 1606-1829. [permanent dead link] ^ KAMAZ-Metallurgy Archived 2013-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. / / ROSFINPROM. ^ "Russian Kamaz
Kamaz
Master occupies 2015 Dakar Rally's entire podium". Russian News Agency "TASS". 17 January 2015. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to KamAZ
KamAZ
vehicles.

Official website KAMAZ's channel on YouTube

v t e

Kama Automobile Plant (KamAZ) vehicles

Flatbed trucks

KamAZ-4310 KamAZ
KamAZ
43105 KamAZ-43114 KamAZ-43118 KamAZ-5320 KamAZ
KamAZ
53205 KamAZ-53208 KamAZ
KamAZ
53212 KamAZ
KamAZ
53215 KamAZ
KamAZ
53229 KamAZ
KamAZ
5325 KamAZ
KamAZ
65117

Tractor units

KamAZ
KamAZ
4410 KamAZ-44108 KamAZ
KamAZ
5410 KamAZ
KamAZ
54112 KamAZ
KamAZ
54115 KamAZ
KamAZ
5460-046-22 KamAZ-5460-066-33 KamAZ-5490 KamAZ
KamAZ
6460 KamAZ-65116 KamAZ-65225 KamAZ
KamAZ
65226

Tippers

KamAZ-43255 KamAZ-45141 KamAZ
KamAZ
53605 KamAZ
KamAZ
5410 KamAZ
KamAZ
55102 KamAZ-5511 KamAZ
KamAZ
55111 KamAZ
KamAZ
65111 KamAZ
KamAZ
65115 KamAZ
KamAZ
6520 KamAZ
KamAZ
65201 KamAZ
KamAZ
6522 KamAZ-6540

Sport

KamAZ-4326-9 KamAZ-4911 KamAZ
KamAZ
49250 KamAZ-49252 KamAZ-49255 KamAZ-49256 KamAZ
KamAZ
635050

Medium-duty trucks

KamAZ-4308 KamAZ-43253

Rough terrain trucks

KamAZ-4310 KamAZ
KamAZ
43105 KamAZ
KamAZ
43106 KamAZ-43114 KamAZ
KamAZ
43115 KamAZ-43118 KamAZ-4326 KamAZ
KamAZ
43261 KamAZ
KamAZ
4350 KamAZ
KamAZ
43501 KamAZ
KamAZ
43502 KamAZ-4355 KamAZ
KamAZ
53228 KamAZ
KamAZ
5350 KamAZ
KamAZ
53501 KamAZ-6350 KamAZ
KamAZ
63501 KamAZ
KamAZ
65224 KamAZ
KamAZ
6560 KamAZ
KamAZ
7560

Buses

KamAZ-5262 KamAZ
KamAZ
5297

Buses
Buses
on electricity

KamAZ-2257E NEFAZ-52994E KamAZ
KamAZ
"Shuttle"

Armored cars

KamAZ-43269 KamAZ-63968 Bulat (APC)

Very heavy transporters

KAMAZ 7850

v t e

Rostec

Holdings

Concern Avtomatika KRET High Precision Systems Kalashnikov Concern Nacimbio

Microgen

Oboronprom RT-Avto RT-Chemcomposite Ruselectronics Russian Helicopters‎ Security Technologies Shvabe Holding Stankoprom Techmash Technodinamika United Engine Corporation Uralvagonzavod

Directly controlled

AvtoVAZ Elektronika Central Scientific Research Institute Kaliningrad Amber Combine Kamaz Novikombank Rosoboronexport Technopromexport VSMPO-AVISMA Technodinamika

Other

All-Russian Institute of Light Alloys Platon (toll system) Sibselmash TsNIITochMash Zhukovsky International Airport

v t e

Daimler AG

Divisions and subsidiaries

Cars

Current Mercedes-Benz Mercedes-AMG Mercedes-Maybach Smart

Trucks and vans

Current BharatBenz Freightliner Manufacturing Commercial Vehicles Master Motors (80%) Mercedes-Benz Mitsubishi Fuso Truck
Truck
and Bus (85%) Western Star Defunct American LaFrance Sterling Trucks

Buses

Current BharatBenz Freightliner Manufacturing Commercial Vehicles Master Motors Mercedes Benz Mitsubishi Fuso Truck
Truck
and Bus Setra/EvoBus Thomas Defunct Orion

Motorsport

Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains

Other

Alliance Truck
Truck
Parts car2Go Daimler Financial Services

Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
Bank

Detroit Diesel Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
India Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
Mexico

Shareholdings and joint ventures

Automotive
Automotive
Fuel Cell Cooperation (50.1%) Beijing Benz
Beijing Benz
(50%) Denza
Denza
(50%) Tognum
Tognum
AG (50%) Fujian Benz
Fujian Benz
(50%) Here (33%) Airbus
Airbus
(22.41%) Kamaz
Kamaz
(10%) MV Agusta
MV Agusta
(25%) Tesla Motors
Tesla Motors
(10%) Tata Motors
Tata Motors
(7%) Aston Martin
Aston Martin
(5%)

Predecessors

Benz & Company (1883–1926) Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
AG (1890–1926) Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
AG (1926–98) DaimlerChrysler AG (1998–2007)

Technologies

Active Cylinder Control BlueTec

People

Wolfgang Bernhard Karlfried Nordmann Andreas Renschler Hans Scherenberg Jürgen E. Schrempp Karl Wilfert Joachim Zahn Dieter Zetsche

Other

DaimlerChrysler–Mitsubishi alliance BeiBen Truck

Category Commons

v t e

Automotive
Automotive
industry in Russia

Automotive
Automotive
industry Economy of Russia Transport in Russia

Mass-market

Avtotor AvtoVAZ

GM-AvtoVAZ2 Lada Lada
Lada
Izhevsk PSA Bronto VIS

Derways GAZ
GAZ
Group

GAZ Bus Division UralAZ

Kamaz

NefAZ

Renault Russia Sollers

Ford Sollers2 Sollers-Isuzu2 Naberezhnye Chelny UAZ

Volgabus

Special
Special
vehicles

BAZ Kombat Armouring Silant TREKOL Uralvagonzavod VMZ Yarovit

Former1

NAMI

NATI

GolAZ ZiL

Defunct

AMUR Avtokam AvtoKuban AZLK

Moskvitch

Doninvest

TagAZ

Fiat-Sollers2 KZKT Marussia Motors SeAZ SOK Yo-Mobile

1 the company is no longer in the automotive manufacturing busines

.