Jutland (/ˈdʒʌtlənd/; Danish: Jylland [ˈjylanˀ]; German:
Jütland [ˈjyːtlant]), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian
Peninsula (Latin: Cimbricus Chersonesus; Danish: Den Kimbriske Halvø;
German: Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of
Northern Europe that
forms the continental portion of
Denmark and part of northern Germany.
The names are derived from the
Jutes and the Cimbri, respectively.
Jutland's terrain is relatively flat, with open lands, heaths, plains
and peat bogs in the west and a more elevated and slightly hilly
terrain in the east.
1.1 Danish part
1.2 German part
3.1 Battle of Jutland
5 See also
Dunes on Jutland's northwest coast.
Jutland is a peninsula bounded by the
North Sea to the west, the
Skagerrak to the north, the
Baltic Sea to the east and
Germany to the south. Geographically and historically, Jutland
comprises the regions of South Jutland, West Jutland, East Jutland
(including Mols) and North
Jutland (including Himmerland, Vendsyssel
and Thy). There are several historical subdivisions and regional
names, some of which are still occasionally encountered today. They
include Nørrejyllland, Sydvestjylland, Nordvestjylland and Slesvig.
Jutland currently comprises the three contemporary Danish
Administrative Regions of North
Denmark Region, Central
and the Region of Southern Denmark, along with portions of the German
state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Jutland was regulated by the Law
Code of Jutland
Code of Jutland (Jyske
Lov). This civic code covered the
Jutland Peninsula from the area
north of the River Eider to
Funen as well as the North Jutlandic
Island and other smaller islands.
The Danish part of
Jutland is currently divided into three
administrative regions: North
Denmark Region, Central
and Region of Southern Denmark. These three regions have a total
area of 29,775 km2 (11,496 sq mi), a population of
2,599,104 (2016) and a population density of 84 per km2 (218 per
The northernmost part of
Jutland is separated from the mainland by the
Limfjord, a narrow stretch of water which bisects the peninsula from
coast to coast following a flood in 1825. This area is called the
Jutlandic Island, Vendsyssel-Thy (after its districts) or simply
Jutland north of the Limfjord; it is only partly co-terminous with the
The islands of Læsø, Anholt and
Kattegat and Als at the
rim of the
Baltic Sea South are administratively and historically tied
Jutland although the latter two are also regarded as traditional
districts of their own. Inhabitants of Als would agree to be South
Jutlanders, but not necessarily Jutlanders.
Danish Wadden Sea Islands
Danish Wadden Sea Islands and the German North Frisian Islands
stretch along the southwest coast of
Jutland in the German Bight.
Flensburg has the largest Danish minority of any city in Germany.
The largest cities in the Danish section of
Jutland are as follows:
Aarhus, Silkeborg, Billund, Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle,
Fredericia and Haderslev, along with a number of smaller towns, make
up the East
Jutland metropolitan area.
Jutland comprises three of Denmark's five
regions, namely the Region Nordjylland, Region Midtjylland and the
western half of Region of Southern Denmark, which includes Funen. The
five administrative regions came into effect on 1 January 2007,
following a structural reform.
Main article: Schleswig-Holstein
Kiel is the largest city on the German side of the
The southern third of the
Jutland peninsula is made up of the German
Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein. Schleswig-
Holstein has two parts:
the former duchies of Schleswig (Danish fief) and
fief), both of which have passed back and forth between Danish and
German rulers several times. The last adjustment of the
Danish–German border followed the
Schleswig Plebiscites in 1920 and
resulted in Denmark's regaining
Northern Schleswig (Danish:
Nordslesvig or more commonly today: Sønderjylland).
The historical southern border of
Jutland is the River Eider, which is
also the border between the former duchies of Schleswig and Holstein,
as well as the historical border between the Danish and German realms
from c. 800 to 1864. Although most of Schleswig-
geographically part of the
Jutland peninsula, most German residents
there would not identify themselves with
Jutland or even as
"Jutlanders", but rather with North
Germany (German: Norddeutschland)
and Schleswig-Holstein, considering themselves Northern Germans
(German: Norddeutsche) and Schleswig-Holsteiner.
Code of Jutland
Code of Jutland applied for Schleswig until 1900 when it
was replaced by the Prussian Civil Code. Some rarely used clauses of
Jutlandic Code still apply north of the Eider, but not south of
the Eider.
The largest cities in the German part of
Jutland or the Jutland
Peninsula are Hamburg, Kiel, Lübeck,
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January
Main articles: History of
Denmark and History of Schleswig-Holstein
Military stratagem in the Maneuver against the Romans by
Teutons circa 100 B.C.
Jutland has historically been one of the three lands of Denmark, the
other two being
Scania and Zealand. Before that, according to Ptolemy,
Jutland or the Cimbric Chersonese was the home of Teutons,
Jutes migrated from
Continental Europe to
Great Britain starting in c. 450 AD. The
Angles themselves gave their
name to the new emerging kingdoms called England (i.e., "Angle-land").
Frisii migrated to the region in the early part of the
Christian era. To protect themselves from invasion by the Christian
Frankish emperors, the Danes built the Danevirke, a wall stretching
Jutland from the
North Sea to the Baltic Sea, beginning
in the 8th century.
Saxons inhabited the southernmost part of the peninsula at
Baltic Sea until the
Saxon Wars in 772-804 AD in the Nordic Iron
Charlemagne violently subdued them and forced them to be
Old Saxony was politically absorbed into the
Carolingian Empire and Abodrites (or Obotrites), a group of Wendish
Slavs who pledged allegiance to
Charlemagne and who had for the most
part converted to Christianity, was moved into the area to populate
Old Saxony was later on referred to as Holstein.
To speed transit between the Baltic and the North Sea, canals have
been built across the peninsula, notably the
Eider Canal in the late
18th century and the
Kiel Canal, completed in 1895 and still in use.
Battle of Jutland
During the First World War, the
Battle of Jutland
Battle of Jutland in the North Sea
Jutland was one of the largest naval battles in history. In
this pitched battle, the British
Royal Navy engaged the Imperial
German Navy, leading to heavy casualties and losses of ships on both
sides. The British fleet sustained greater losses, but remained in
control of the North Sea, so in strategic terms, most historians
Jutland either as a British victory or as indecisive.
Main article: Jutlandic
Danish language § Dialects
The distinctive Jutish (or Jutlandic) dialects differ substantially
from standard Danish, especially West
Jutlandic and South Jutlandic.
Dialect usage, although in decline, is better preserved in Jutland
than in eastern Denmark, and Jutlander speech remains a stereotype
among many Copenhageners and eastern Danes.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Jutland.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jutland.
^ "The North
Denmark Region". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
^ "Danmarks Statistikbank". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved
^ "Fishery Before the flood the land was connected to the west.
History". Retrieved 30 March 2016.
^ "Strukturreform" (in Danish). Danske Regioner. 27 January 2014.
Retrieved 9 August 2014.
^ Nugent, Thomas (1766). The History of Vandalia, Vol. 1. London.
pp. 165–66. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
^ "The Battle of Jutland". History Learning Site. Retrieved
"Jutland". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th