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Jutland
Jutland
(/ˈdʒʌtlənd/; Danish: Jylland [ˈjylanˀ]; German: Jütland [ˈjyːtlant]), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula (Latin: Cimbricus Chersonesus; Danish: Den Kimbriske Halvø; German: Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of Northern Europe
Northern Europe
that forms the continental portion of Denmark
Denmark
and part of northern Germany. The names are derived from the Jutes
Jutes
and the Cimbri, respectively. Jutland's terrain is relatively flat, with open lands, heaths, plains and peat bogs in the west and a more elevated and slightly hilly terrain in the east.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Danish part 1.2 German part

1.2.1 Cities

2 Geology 3 History

3.1 Battle of Jutland

4 Culture

4.1 Dialect

5 See also 6 References

Geography[edit]

Dunes on Jutland's northwest coast.

Jutland
Jutland
is a peninsula bounded by the North Sea
North Sea
to the west, the Skagerrak
Skagerrak
to the north, the Kattegat
Kattegat
and Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
to the east and Germany
Germany
to the south. Geographically and historically, Jutland comprises the regions of South Jutland, West Jutland, East Jutland (including Mols) and North Jutland
Jutland
(including Himmerland, Vendsyssel and Thy). There are several historical subdivisions and regional names, some of which are still occasionally encountered today. They include Nørrejyllland, Sydvestjylland, Nordvestjylland and Slesvig. Politically, Jutland
Jutland
currently comprises the three contemporary Danish Administrative Regions of North Denmark
Denmark
Region, Central Denmark
Denmark
Region and the Region of Southern Denmark, along with portions of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. Historically, Jutland
Jutland
was regulated by the Law Code of Jutland
Code of Jutland
(Jyske Lov). This civic code covered the Jutland
Jutland
Peninsula from the area north of the River Eider to Funen
Funen
as well as the North Jutlandic Island and other smaller islands. The Danish part of Jutland
Jutland
is currently divided into three administrative regions: North Denmark
Denmark
Region, Central Denmark
Denmark
Region and Region of Southern Denmark.[1] These three regions have a total area of 29,775 km2 (11,496 sq mi), a population of 2,599,104 (2016)[2] and a population density of 84 per km2 (218 per sq.mi.). The northernmost part of Jutland
Jutland
is separated from the mainland by the Limfjord, a narrow stretch of water which bisects the peninsula from coast to coast following a flood in 1825.[3] This area is called the North Jutlandic
Jutlandic
Island, Vendsyssel-Thy (after its districts) or simply Jutland
Jutland
north of the Limfjord; it is only partly co-terminous with the North Jutland
Jutland
region. The islands of Læsø, Anholt and Samsø
Samsø
in Kattegat
Kattegat
and Als at the rim of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
South are administratively and historically tied to Jutland
Jutland
although the latter two are also regarded as traditional districts of their own. Inhabitants of Als would agree to be South Jutlanders, but not necessarily Jutlanders.[citation needed] The Danish Wadden Sea Islands
Danish Wadden Sea Islands
and the German North Frisian Islands stretch along the southwest coast of Jutland
Jutland
in the German Bight. Danish part[edit]

Flensburg
Flensburg
has the largest Danish minority of any city in Germany.

The largest cities in the Danish section of Jutland
Jutland
are as follows:

Aarhus Aalborg Esbjerg Randers Kolding Horsens Vejle Herning Silkeborg Fredericia

Aarhus, Silkeborg, Billund, Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle, Fredericia
Fredericia
and Haderslev, along with a number of smaller towns, make up the East Jutland
Jutland
metropolitan area. Administratively, Danish Jutland
Jutland
comprises three of Denmark's five regions, namely the Region Nordjylland, Region Midtjylland and the western half of Region of Southern Denmark, which includes Funen. The five administrative regions came into effect on 1 January 2007, following a structural reform.[4] German part[edit] Main article: Schleswig-Holstein

Kiel
Kiel
is the largest city on the German side of the Jutland
Jutland
Peninsula.

The southern third of the Jutland
Jutland
peninsula is made up of the German Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein. Schleswig- Holstein
Holstein
has two parts: the former duchies of Schleswig (Danish fief) and Holstein
Holstein
(German fief), both of which have passed back and forth between Danish and German rulers several times. The last adjustment of the Danish–German border followed the Schleswig Plebiscites
Schleswig Plebiscites
in 1920 and resulted in Denmark's regaining Northern Schleswig
Northern Schleswig
(Danish: Nordslesvig or more commonly today: Sønderjylland). The historical southern border of Jutland
Jutland
is the River Eider, which is also the border between the former duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, as well as the historical border between the Danish and German realms from c. 800 to 1864. Although most of Schleswig- Holstein
Holstein
is geographically part of the Jutland
Jutland
peninsula, most German residents there would not identify themselves with Jutland
Jutland
or even as "Jutlanders", but rather with North Germany
Germany
(German: Norddeutschland) and Schleswig-Holstein, considering themselves Northern Germans (German: Norddeutsche) and Schleswig-Holsteiner. The medieval Code of Jutland
Code of Jutland
applied for Schleswig until 1900 when it was replaced by the Prussian Civil Code. Some rarely used clauses of the Jutlandic
Jutlandic
Code still apply north of the Eider, but not south of the Eider.[citation needed] Cities[edit] The largest cities in the German part of Jutland
Jutland
or the Jutland Peninsula are Hamburg, Kiel, Lübeck, Flensburg
Flensburg
and Neumünster.[citation needed] Geology[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2017)

History[edit] Main articles: History of Denmark
Denmark
and History of Schleswig-Holstein

Military stratagem in the Maneuver against the Romans by Cimbri
Cimbri
and Teutons
Teutons
circa 100 B.C.

Jutland
Jutland
has historically been one of the three lands of Denmark, the other two being Scania
Scania
and Zealand. Before that, according to Ptolemy, Jutland
Jutland
or the Cimbric Chersonese was the home of Teutons, Cimbri
Cimbri
and Charudes. Many Angles, Saxons
Saxons
and Jutes
Jutes
migrated from Continental Europe
Continental Europe
to Great Britain
Great Britain
starting in c. 450 AD. The Angles
Angles
themselves gave their name to the new emerging kingdoms called England (i.e., "Angle-land"). Saxons
Saxons
and Frisii
Frisii
migrated to the region in the early part of the Christian era. To protect themselves from invasion by the Christian Frankish emperors, the Danes built the Danevirke, a wall stretching across South Jutland
Jutland
from the North Sea
North Sea
to the Baltic Sea, beginning in the 8th century. The pagan Saxons
Saxons
inhabited the southernmost part of the peninsula at the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
until the Saxon Wars
Saxon Wars
in 772-804 AD in the Nordic Iron Age, when Charlemagne
Charlemagne
violently subdued them and forced them to be Christianised. Old Saxony
Old Saxony
was politically absorbed into the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Abodrites (or Obotrites), a group of Wendish Slavs
Slavs
who pledged allegiance to Charlemagne
Charlemagne
and who had for the most part converted to Christianity, was moved into the area to populate it.[5] Old Saxony
Old Saxony
was later on referred to as Holstein. To speed transit between the Baltic and the North Sea, canals have been built across the peninsula, notably the Eider Canal
Eider Canal
in the late 18th century and the Kiel
Kiel
Canal, completed in 1895 and still in use. Battle of Jutland[edit] During the First World War, the Battle of Jutland
Battle of Jutland
in the North Sea west of Jutland
Jutland
was one of the largest naval battles in history. In this pitched battle, the British Royal Navy
Royal Navy
engaged the Imperial German Navy, leading to heavy casualties and losses of ships on both sides. The British fleet sustained greater losses, but remained in control of the North Sea, so in strategic terms, most historians regard Jutland
Jutland
either as a British victory or as indecisive.[6] Culture[edit] Dialect[edit] Main article: Jutlandic See also: Danish language
Danish language
§ Dialects The distinctive Jutish (or Jutlandic) dialects differ substantially from standard Danish, especially West Jutlandic
Jutlandic
and South Jutlandic. Dialect
Dialect
usage, although in decline, is better preserved in Jutland than in eastern Denmark, and Jutlander speech remains a stereotype among many Copenhageners and eastern Danes. See also[edit]

Geography portal Denmark
Denmark
portal

Zealand Funen
Funen
(Fyn)

References[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Jutland.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jutland.

^ "The North Denmark
Denmark
Region". Retrieved 22 March 2015.  ^ "Danmarks Statistikbank". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 2016-03-30.  ^ "Fishery Before the flood the land was connected to the west. History". Retrieved 30 March 2016.  ^ "Strukturreform" (in Danish). Danske Regioner. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014.  ^ Nugent, Thomas (1766). The History of Vandalia, Vol. 1. London. pp. 165–66. Retrieved 6 January 2017.  ^ "The Battle of Jutland". History Learning Site. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 

 "Jutland". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th

.