Juste Daniel Olivier (October 18, 1807 - January 7, 1876), Swiss poet,
was born in
Eysins in the canton of Vaud; he was brought up as a
peasant, but studied at the college of Nyon, and later at the academy
Though originally intended for the ministry, his poetic genius
(foreshadowed by the prizes he obtained in 1825 and 1828 for poems on
Marcos Botzaris and Julia Alpinula respectively) inclined him towards
literary studies. He was named professor of literature at Neuchâtel
(1830), but before taking up the duties of his post made a visit to
Paris, where he completed his education and became associated with
Sainte-Beuve, especially from 1837 onwards. He professed history at
Lausanne from 1833 to 1846, when he lost his chair in consequence of
the religious troubles.
He then went to Paris, where he remained till 1870, earning his bread
by various means, but being nearly forgotten in his native land, to
which he remained tenderly attached. From 1845 till 1860 (when the
magazine was merged in the Bibliothèque universelle) Olivier and his
wife wrote in the Revue suisse the Paris letter, which had been
started by Sainte-Beuve in 1843, when Olivier became the owner of the
periodical. He also wrote for the Revue des deux Mondes, which
published his correspondence with Sainte-Beuve. After the war of
1870 he settled down in Switzerland, spending his summers at his
beloved Gryon, and died at
Geneva on 7 January 1876.
Besides some novels, a semi-poetical work on the Canton of
vols., 1837-1841), and a volume of historical essays entitled Études
d'histoire nalionale (1842), he published several volumes of poems,
Deux Voix (1835), Chansons lointaines (1847) and its continuation
Chansons du soir (1867), and Sentiers de montague (Gryon, 1875).
His younger brother, Urbain Olivier, was also a writer.
Eugène Rambert (1877), republished in his Ecrivains de la
Suisse romande (1889), and also prefixed to his edition of Olivier's
Œuvres choisies (Lausanne, 1879).
Juste Olivier (1807-1876), Bibliothèque Cantonale et Universitaire
Lausanne (in French)
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Olivier, Juste
Daniel". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University
Press. pp. 88–89.
ISNI: 0000 0001 1567 0590
BNF: cb12174853t (data)