Jurakudai or Jurakutei (聚楽第) was a lavish palace constructed
at the order of
Toyotomi Hideyoshi in Kyoto, Japan. Construction began
in 1586, when Hideyoshi had taken the post of kanpaku, and required 19
months. The location is in present-day Kamigyō, on the site where the
Imperial palace had stood in the Heian period.
Hideyoshi moved to
Osaka Castle following completion,
just after his victory over the
Shimazu family in Kyūshū. He made it
the base for his administration.
In 1588, Hideyoshi held a lavish entertainment of the reigning Emperor
Go-Yōzei before the assembled daimyō. He also met Tokugawa Ieyasu
here. He provided quarters for
Sen no Rikyū within the grounds, and
hosted the famous Great Kitano Tea Ceremony in nearby Kitano in 1587.
Hideyoshi resigned the post of
Kanpaku in 1591, and his nephew
Toyotomi Hidetsugu assumed the position, taking residence at Jurakudai
with his another nephew, Toyotomi Hidekatsu. Hidetsugu hosted a second
visit by the same emperor. In 1594, construction began on Hideyoshi's
new Fushimi Castle, and when, in 1595, Hidetsugu was forced to commit
Jurakudai was dismantled, with many parts being
reassembled at Fushimi Castle.
Front gate of Myōkaku-ji
Said to have had gold leaf on the roofing tiles, the
extremely lavish. Although it was a residential palace, it had
defensive ramparts and moats typical of a castle. Some buildings of
Jurakudai survive, among them the Hiun-kaku at Nishi Hongan-ji,
Karamon at Daitoku-ji, and the front gate at Myōkaku-ji (all in
Recent excavations have yielded some tiles bearing gold leaf.
Media related to
Jurakudai at Wikimedia Commons
Discovery of tiles (in Japanese)
Coordinates: 35°01′30″N 135°44′45″E / 35.02500°N
135.74583°E / 3