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The Info List - Juniperus Foetidissima





Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima, with common names foetid juniper or stinking juniper, is a juniper tree species in the Cupressaceae
Cupressaceae
family.

Contents

1 Distribution 2 Description 3 References 4 External links

Distribution[edit] The tree is native to southeastern Europe and Western Asia, from southern Albania
Albania
and northern Greece, southern Macedonia, across Turkey
Turkey
to Syria
Syria
and the Lebanon, the Caucasus
Caucasus
mountains, the Alborz mountains of northern Iran, and east to southwestern Turkmenistan. There is also an isolated population in the Crimea. A number of notably large specimens are specially protected in Turkey; the largest is the Aslanardıçı ("Lion Juniper"), 25 m tall and 3.38 m trunk diameter, estimated to be 1,700 years old (Boscawen 1994). Description[edit] Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima is a medium-sized tree reaching 6–25 metres (20–82 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) diameter. It has a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown. The leaves are of two forms, juvenile needle-like leaves 8–10 mm long on seedlings and re-growth after branch damage, and adult scale-leaves 2–3 mm long on older plants. It is largely dioecious with separate male and female plants, but some individual plants are monoecious, producing both sexes. The cones are berry-like, 7–13 mm in diameter, blue-black with a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 1-2 (rarely 3) seeds; they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 2-3.5 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It often occurs together with Juniperus
Juniperus
excelsa, being distinguished from it by its thicker shoots 1.2–2 mm diameter (0.7-1.3 mm diameter in J. excelsa), and green, rather than grey-green, leaves. The crushed foliage has a strong foetid smell, from which the species gets its name.

Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima, in the Taurus Mountains, Turkey.

References[edit]

^ Farjon, A. (2013). " Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima". The IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42234A2965043. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42234A2965043.en. Retrieved 8 November 2017. 

Conifer Specialist Group (1998). " Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima". IUCN
IUCN
Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 12 May 2006.  Adams, R. P. (2004). Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus. Victoria: Trafford. ISBN 1-4120-4250-X. Boscawen, A. (1994). Southwest Turkey. Int. Dendrol. Soc. Yearbk. 1993: 105-128. Farjon, A. (2005). Monograph of Cupressaceae
Cupressaceae
and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-068-4.

External links[edit]

Gymnosperm Database: Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima - information, genetic conservation units and related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme (EUFORGEN)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juniperus
Juniperus
foetidissima.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1669527 Conifers.org: Juniperus_foetidissima EoL: 1034928 EPPO: IUPFD GBIF: 2684648 GRIN: 20834 IPNI: 262220-1 ITIS: 822544 IUCN: 42234 Plant
Plant
List: kew-2332560 PLANTS: JUFO2 Tropicos: 9400099

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