Juniperus foetidissima, with common names foetid juniper or stinking
juniper, is a juniper tree species in the
4 External links
The tree is native to southeastern Europe and Western Asia, from
Albania and northern Greece, southern Macedonia, across
Syria and the Lebanon, the
Caucasus mountains, the Alborz
mountains of northern Iran, and east to southwestern Turkmenistan.
There is also an isolated population in the Crimea.
A number of notably large specimens are specially protected in Turkey;
the largest is the Aslanardıçı ("Lion Juniper"), 25 m tall and 3.38
m trunk diameter, estimated to be 1,700 years old (Boscawen 1994).
Juniperus foetidissima is a medium-sized tree reaching 6–25 metres
(20–82 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft)
diameter. It has a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown.
The leaves are of two forms, juvenile needle-like leaves
8–10 mm long on seedlings and re-growth after branch damage,
and adult scale-leaves 2–3 mm long on older plants. It is
largely dioecious with separate male and female plants, but some
individual plants are monoecious, producing both sexes.
The cones are berry-like, 7–13 mm in diameter, blue-black with
a whitish waxy bloom, and contain 1-2 (rarely 3) seeds; they are
mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 2-3.5 mm long, and
shed their pollen in early spring.
It often occurs together with
Juniperus excelsa, being distinguished
from it by its thicker shoots 1.2–2 mm diameter
(0.7-1.3 mm diameter in J. excelsa), and green, rather than
grey-green, leaves. The crushed foliage has a strong foetid smell,
from which the species gets its name.
Juniperus foetidissima, in the Taurus Mountains, Turkey.
^ Farjon, A. (2013). "
Juniperus foetidissima". The
IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List of
Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T42234A2965043.
doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42234A2965043.en. Retrieved 8
Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "
List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for
Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 12 May 2006.
Adams, R. P. (2004). Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus.
Victoria: Trafford. ISBN 1-4120-4250-X.
Boscawen, A. (1994). Southwest Turkey. Int. Dendrol. Soc. Yearbk.
Farjon, A. (2005). Monograph of
Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal
Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-84246-068-4.
Juniperus foetidissima - information, genetic conservation units and
related resources. European Forest Genetic Resources Programme
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Plant List: kew-2332560