Junia Calvina was a Roman noblewoman who lived in the 1st century AD.
The daughter of Aemilia Lepida and Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus,
Calvina belonged to two patrician houses: the gens Aemilia and gens
Junia respectively. She was also the great-great-granddaughter of the
Roman emperor Caesar
Augustus on her mother's side of the Imperial
family. As such, she was also related by blood to the gens Julia, the
aristocratic family of the Roman dictator Julius Caesar. Tacitus calls
Calvina "festivissima puella" and the Emperor Vespasian, in one of his
jokes, mentions her as living in AD 79.
Calvina was married to Lucius Vitellius, the brother of Aulus
Vitellius, in the 1st century AD. Despite, or rather because of their
blood relation to the first emperor of Rome, Calvina's close family
was often persecuted by their kinsmen, particularly the lineal
descendants of Livia Drusilla, Augustus' third wife and the first
Roman empress. Calvina and
Vitellius were divorced in AD 49 following
allegations of incest with her younger brother, Lucius Junius Silanus
Torquatus, who was forced to commit suicide shortly thereafter. In the
same year, Calvina was exiled from
Rome by Emperor Claudius, only to
be recalled a decade later by his successor, Nero.
After Nero's suicide in AD 68, the
Julio-Claudian dynasty collapsed
and gave way to the Roman civil war known as the Year of the Four
Emperors. By then Calvina was one of Augustus' few remaining
descendants who survived the fall of Rome's first Imperial dynasty.
^ Tacitus. Annals, Book XII, paragraph 4; Suetonius, Vespasian,