The Info List - José Argüelles

José Argüelles, born Joseph Anthony Arguelles (/ɑːrˈɡweɪ.ɪs/; January 24, 1939 – March 23, 2011),[1][2] was an American New Age author and artist. He was the founder of Planet Art Network and the Foundation for the Law
of Time. He held a Ph.D. in Art History
Art History
and Aesthetics
from the University of Chicago
University of Chicago
and taught at numerous colleges, including Princeton University, the University of California, Davis, the San Francisco Art Institute, and Evergreen State College. As one of the originators of the Earth Day
Earth Day
concept (due in part to the influence of astrologer Dane Rudhyar), Argüelles founded the first Whole Earth Festival
Whole Earth Festival
in 1970, at Davis, California. He is best known for his leading role in organizing the 1987 Harmonic Convergence event, for inventing (with the assistance of his wife Lloydine) the perpetual Dreamspell
calendar in 1992,[3] and for the central role that he played in the emergence of the 2012 phenomenon. Towards the end of his life, Argüelles focused on issue of consciousness, elaborating the concept of a noosphere (based on the work of Teilhard de Chardin
Teilhard de Chardin
and Vladimir Vernadsky) as a global work of art. Specifically, he envisioned a "rainbow bridge" encircling the Earth.[4]


1 Personal life 2 Influences 3 Artist 4 Spiritual Leader 5 The Law
of Time 6 Criticism 7 Planet Art Network 8 First Noosphere World Forum 9 Bibliography 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Personal life[edit] Argüelles' parents came from Europe to Mexico then moved to Minnesota in the United States
United States
before his birth. His father was from Spain
and his mother was from Germany. José (born Joseph) was the twin brother of the poet Ivan Argüelles and the uncle of the linguist Alexander Argüelles. José Argüelles
José Argüelles
married twice and was the father of two children, Josh and Tara, by his first wife, writer and artist Miriam Tarcov. His second wife was Lloydine Burri. After concluding his teaching career in California, Argüelles lived in Boulder, Colorado, Hawaii, Australia, New Zealand, and Ashland, Oregon. In the year 1999 he met Stephanie South who became his biographer. Influences[edit] Argüelles' principal teacher and mentor was the unconventional Tibetan Buddhist and former monk Chögyam Trungpa, with whom he studied at Naropa University
Naropa University
(then the Naropa Institute) in the mid-1970s. Astrologer
Dane Rudhyar was also one of Argüelles' most influential mentors.[5] Argüelles cited several Native American and New Age
New Age
influences, among them Hopi
elders Dan Katchongva and Thomas Banyacya and Lakota medicine man Arvol Looking Horse as well as part- Cheyenne
author Frank Waters; part-Lakota, former Mormon, Beat Generation
Beat Generation
poet Tony Shearer; Anishinaabe
spiritual leader Vincent La Duke (a.k.a. Sun Bear); Chuluaqui Quodoushka founder Harley Reagan; Brooke "Medicine Eagle" Edwards; and Diane Fisher (a.k.a. Dhyani Ywahoo).[5] Argüelles' significant intellectual influences included Theosophy and the writings of Carl Jung
Carl Jung
and Mircea Eliade. Later in his life, Argüelles adopted the "Banner of Peace" from a design created by the Russian painter, explorer, and mystic Nicholas Roerich to accompany the adoption of the Roerich Pact
Roerich Pact
for protecting cultural properties during wartime. Artist[edit] As a painter and visual artist, he provided illustrations for numerous books, as well as mural paintings at different universities. However, his scope as an artist included his education as an Art History Professor, and his views on art as a "psychophysical aesthetic" can be found in his doctoral dissertation Charles Henry and the Formation of a Psychophysical Aesthetic (Chicago University Press, 1972). When teaching as an untenured assistant professor at the University of California, Davis, one of his final exams to his students was to create "something they believed in"[5] - this became a living art event which eventually became the basis for the annual Whole Earth Festival, still held today at the University of California, Davis. After experimenting with LSD
in the mid-1960s, Argüelles produced a series of psychedelic art paintings[6] that Humphrey Osmond—who originally coined the word "psychedelic"—named these "The Doors of Perception" (after Aldous Huxley's 1954 book of the same name, itself a title drawn from William Blake's early 19th-century work Milton a Poem). In a 2002 interview, Argüelles says of his artwork, "as fantastic as painting was, it was a limited medium in terms of audience."[7] Argüelles viewed his role as a visionary, saying "My job as a visionary is to envision the best possible outcome for humanity."[5] He dedicated much of his life to promoting an alternative calendar based on a cycle of 13 months of 28 days each, which he believed would help bring about world peace. He coined the slogan "Time is Art" for the Planetary Art Network (PAN) slogan, suggesting that time is a vehicle for our creative experience. Spiritual Leader[edit] José Argüelles
José Argüelles
was the principal organizer of the Harmonic Convergence event on August 16–17, 1987, said to have been the first globally synchronized meditation event. It focused on dates that had been identified by Tony Shearer in his book Lord of the Dawn (1971), a collection of poems in honor of the Aztec
deity Quetzalcoatl (associated with the planet Venus) and describing major cycles of time. Argüelles' The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology (1987), was published in conjunction with the Harmonic Convergence. In it, Argüelles described a numerological system combining elements taken from the pre-Columbian Maya calendar
Maya calendar
with the I Ching
I Ching
and elements of shamanism. These were interspersed with parallel concepts drawn from modern sciences such as "genetic codes" and "galactic convergences".[8] The book popularized the concept of Hunab Ku, associating the Colonial Maya concept of "One God" with an Aztec design from a woven rug Argüelles had obtained in a marketplace in Oaxaca, Mexico. Argüelles (who called himself Valum Votan), working together with his wife Lloydine (a.k.a. Bolon Ik), produced a calendar and divination system Dreamspell: The Journey of Timeship Earth
2013 and a game/tool Telektonon: The Talking Stone of Prophecy. The former, based on the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
with special emphasis on the 260-day tzolk'in count, was the source of Argüelles' 13 Moon/28 Day Calendar. This calendar begins on July 26 (heliacal rising of the star Sirius) and runs for 364 days. The remaining date, July 25, is celebrated in some quarters as the "Day out of Time/Peace through Culture Festival".[9] - celebrated in over 90 countries around the world. Argüelles attributed the origins of the calendar to "Galactic Mayas," who he believed were ancient astronauts that had visited the ancient Mayas and taught them elements of civilization. One of their leaders was an individual he called Pacal Votan, known to Mayanists as K'inich Janaab' Pakal, who was buried in an elaborate tomb at the site of Palenque. (Telektonon was Argüelles' term for a stone speaking tube in the pyramid where Pakal is entombed.) The Law
of Time[edit] In Time and the Technosphere (2002), Argüelles devises and promotes a notion that he calls the " Law
of Time", in part framed by his interpretations of how Maya calendrical mathematics functioned. In this notional framework Argüelles claims to have identified a "fundamental law" involving two timing frequencies: one he calls "mechanised time" with a "12:60 frequency", and the other "natural [time] codified by the Maya [that is] understood to be the frequency 13:20".[10] To Argüelles, "the irregular 12-month [Gregorian] calendar and artificial, mechanised 60-minute hour" is a construct that artificially regulates human affairs, and is out-of-step with the natural "synchronic order". He proposes the universal abandonment of the Gregorian calendar and its replacement with a thirteen moon, 28 day calendar, in order to "get the human race back on course" by the adoption of this calendar of perfect harmony so the human race could straighten its mind out again."[11] Criticism[edit] Some critics claim[who?] Argüelles co-opts an ancient tradition by recasting it in New Age
New Age
terms, but he explained that his tools and calendar were not intended to be the same as the Maya calendar. Argüelles' approach is actually a form of syncretism. Many of Dreamspell's influences come from non-Maya sources, such as the 13-month/28-day calendar, a magic square devised by Benjamin Franklin, the I Ching, numerology, and assorted mystical and pseudoarchaeological works such as Erich von Däniken's Chariots of the Gods? (1970), which emphasizes theories of ancient astronauts.[12] Argüelles' calendar is based on a different day-count than the traditional Maya calendar. For example, in the traditional count January 1, 2005 is 5 Muluk, while in the Dreamspell
it is 2 Etznab. This is attributed to a change of 52 days in the count that Argüelles made to accommodate a "Time Shift' in 1992. As mathematician Michael Finley notes:

"Since the 365 day Maya haab makes no provision for leap years, its starting date in the Gregorian Calendar
Gregorian Calendar
advances by one day every four years. The beginning of Argüelles' year is fixed to July 26. Thus his count of days departs from the haab as it was known to Maya scribes before the Spanish conquest. Argüelles claims that the Thirteen Moon Calendar is synchronized with the calendar round. Clearly, it is not."[13]

Argüelles' 13 Moon Calendar with a July 26 new year maintained the same symmetrical cross-referencing of year bearers the ancient Maya used. The first day of the year in both the 13 Moon Calendar and the Maya’s Haab always begins on one of only four glyphs, called year bearers. In the Mayan calendar the first day of the year on the Haab consistently corresponds with one of four glyphs derived from the tzolk'in, called "year bearers." The year-bearer glyph from the tzolk'in is used to identify the character of the 365-day year that follows. In this way the tzolk'in and haab' are continuously cross-patterned with each other in an ongoing matrix, but fully synchronize only once in 52 years. In defense Argüelles has stated that the 13 moon 28 day synchronometer (calendar) is "correct and biologically accurate for the whole planet." [1] Planet Art Network[edit] Argüelles co-founded the Planet Art Network (PAN) with Lloydine in 1983 as an autonomous, meta-political, worldwide peace organization engaging in art and spirituality. Active in over 90 countries, PAN identifies the Roerich Pact
Roerich Pact
and has adopted its associated Banner of Peace as a symbol for "Peace Through Culture". The Planet Art Network operates as a network of self-organized collectives, centralized by a shared focus of promoting the worldwide adoption of Argüelles' Dreamspell
13-Moon/28 day Calendar. The network upholds the slogan "Time is Art", suggesting that time is a vehicle for our creative experience, instead of the familiar saying "Time is Money". The British anthropologist Will Black conducted research into Jose’s Arguelles’ Planet Art Network for several years. In his book Beyond the End of the World: 2012 and Apocalypse (2010), Black documents a general loss of interest in Dreamspell
and in PAN in recent years. Black points out that, as general interest in the 2012 phenomenon increased as a result of the proximity of the supposed "end date," the significance of PAN and the value placed on Arguelles’ ideas waned. Although Argüelles and his Dreamspell
system were instrumental in encouraging people to consider the meaning of 2012, further investigation by individuals tended to provoke questioning of the Dreamspell. First Noosphere World Forum[edit] At the time of his death, he was the director of the Noosphere II project of the Foundation's Galactic Research Institute, inclusive of the First Noosphere World Forum, a project that involves creating a dialogue that unifies a network of organizations working to promote a positive shift of consciousness by 2012 with the vision of the whole earth as a work of art. Bibliography[edit]

Argüelles, José (1972). Mandala. Shambhala Publications.  Argüelles, José (1975). The Transformative Vision: Reflections on the Nature and History of Human Expression. Shambhala Publications.  Argüelles, José (1987). The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology. Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. ISBN 0-939680-38-6.  Argüelles, José (1988). Earth
Ascending: An Illustrated Treatise on Law
Governing Whole Systems. Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. ISBN 0-939680-45-9.  (note - the 1st edition of this book was published in 1984, prior to The Mayan Factor, by Shambhala Publications) Argüelles, José (1989). Surfers of the Zuvuya: Tales of Interdimensional Travel. Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. ISBN 0-939680-55-6.  Argüelles, José; Arguelles, Miriam (1995). Mandala. Chogyam Trungpa (Foreword). Shambhala. ISBN 1-57062-120-9.  Argüelles, José (1996). The Arcturus Probe: Tales and Reports of an Ongoing Investigation. Light Technology Publishing. ISBN 0-929385-75-6.  Argüelles, José (1996). The Call of Pacal Votan: Time is the Fourth Dimension. Altea Publishing. ISBN 0-9524555-6-0.  Argüelles, Jose (2002). Time and the Technosphere: The Law
of Time in Human Affairs. Inner Traditions/Bear & Company. ISBN 1-879181-99-1.  Argüelles, Jose (2011). Manifesto for the Noosphere: The Next Stage in the Evolution of Human Consciousness. North Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-58394-303-8. 

Articles and Anthologies

Argüelles, Jose (1995). GALACTIC HUMAN HANDBOOK: Entering the New Time - Creating Planetary Groups, Part 2. Altea Publications. ISBN 0-9524555-5-2.  (Part 1 was written by Sheldan Nidle, and a printing error resulted in some missing and duplicated pages in Part 1 of some early editions.)


^ Fox, Margalit (April 2, 2011). "José Argüelles, New Ager Focused on Time, Dies at 72". The New York Times.  ^ "Valum Votan/José Arguelles Has Ascended". http://www.lawoftime.org/. Retrieved 26 March 2011.  External link in publisher= (help) ^ Dreamspell: The Journey of Timeship Earth
2013 ^ Argüelles, José (2011), Manifesto for the Noosphere: The Next Stage in the Evolution of Human Consciousness, New York: Evolver Editions ^ a b c d South, Stephanie (2009) 2012: Biography of a Time Traveler - the Journey of Jose Argüelles, Pompton Plains, NJ: New Page Books ^ Arguelles, Jose Mandala
1972 (The psychedelic mandala-like paintings of Jose Argüelles are reproduced on color plates in the back of the book) ^ Moynihan 2002 ^ Hess 1993: 72 ^ Mutch, Stella. "A Day Out of Time". Going Coastal Magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-08-18. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  ^ Terminology and statements in quotation marks taken from 2002 interview with Argüelles, as transcribed in Moynihan (2002) ^ Moynihan (2002) ^ Feder 1990: 189; Hess 1993: 72–73 ^ Quotation is from Finley (2002)


Anastas, Benjamin (2007-07-01). "The Final Days" (reproduced online). The New York Times. The New York Times
The New York Times
Company. Retrieved 2008-05-18.  Barkun, Michael (2003). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. Berkeley: University of California
Press. ISBN 0-520-23805-2. OCLC 51305869.  Feder, Kenneth L. (1990). Frauds, myths, and mysteries: science and pseudoscience in archaeology. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing. ISBN 0-87484-971-3. OCLC 20692716.  Finley, Michael (2002). "Jose Arguelles' Calendrical Dreams". The Real Maya Prophecies: Astronomy in the Inscriptions and Codices. Maya Astronomy. Archived from the original on 2009-05-23. Retrieved 2007-09-24.  Hess, David J. (1993). Science in the New Age: the paranormal, its defenders and debunkers, and American culture. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-13820-8. OCLC 27811150.  Lamy, Philip (2001). "Ufology". In Brenda E. Brasher. Encyclopedia of Fundamentalism. New York: Routledge. pp. 410–413. ISBN 0-415-92244-5. OCLC 46792684.  Moynihan, Michael (November–December 2002). " Visionary of the New Time: Michael Moynihan Speaks With José Argüelles" (online republication). New Dawn magazine. 75. Retrieved 2009-06-15.  Sitler, Robert K. (February 2006). "The 2012 Phenomenon New Age Appropriation of an Ancient Mayan Calendar". Novo Religio. Berkeley: University of California
Press. 9 (3): 24–38. doi:10.1525/nr.2006.9.3.024. OCLC 86912726.  South, Stephanie (March 2009). 2012: Biography of a Time Traveler, The Journey of Jose Arguelles. New Jersey: New Page Books. ISBN 978-1-60163-065-0. OCLC 2008054800.  Upton, Charles (2001). The System of Antichrist: Truth & Falsehood in Postmodernism
& the New Age. Ghent, NY: Sophia Perennis. ISBN 0-900588-30-6. OCLC 45799654.  York, Michael (1995). The Emerging Network: A Sociology of the New Age and Neo-Pagan Movements. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-8000-2. OCLC 31604796. 

External links[edit]

Foundation for the Law
of Time Noosphere Forum 13 moon calendar counterresponses to Argüelles' defense of his interpretation Distinguishing Dreamspell
from the Maya calendar the Key to Dreamspell, another critical analysis refuting the claims made Planet Art Network Video interview with Valum Votan
on YouTube
by the Transcendent Nation Foundation on the question of "how to save the world"

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Non-exclusive Themes

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Proponents or individual influences

José Argüelles Richard Bach Alice Bailey Annie Besant Helena Blavatsky William Bloom Gregg Braden Rhonda Byrne Eileen Caddy Marjorie Cameron Lee Carroll Edgar Cayce Deepak Chopra Andrew Cohen Benjamin Creme Aleister Crowley Scott Cunningham Adi Da Ram Dass Wayne Dyer Werner Erhard Marilyn Ferguson Debbie Ford Gandalf Linda Goodman Glenda Green Alex Grey Michael Harner Esther Hicks Barbara Marx Hubbard David Icke Timothy Leary John Lilly Max Freedom Long Shirley MacLaine Leon MacLaren Terence McKenna Corinne McLaughlin Michael Mirdad Tony Nader Mariam Nour Leonard Orr Jack Parsons Daniel Quinn Rajneesh James Redfield Wilhelm Reich Jane Roberts Helena Roerich Mark Satin Helen Schucman John Selby Ravi Shankar David Spangler Joshua David Stone Ingo Swann Michael Talbot William Thetford Eckhart Tolle Neale Donald Walsch Ken Wilber Stuart Wilde Marianne Williamson Robert Anton Wilson Oprah Winfrey Fred Alan Wolf Roger Woolger Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

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Advaita Vedanta Animism Anthroposophy Ariosophy Ascended Master Teachings Astrology Beat Generation Buddhism Cannabis culture Cognitive science Conspiracy theories Discordianism Eight-circuit model of consciousness Entheogens Esalen Institute Esoteric Christianity Esotericism Freemasonry Fringe science Gay liberation Gnosticism Hermeticism Hinduism Hippie
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 45207099 LCCN: n50030503 ISNI: 0000 0001 0894 2623 GND: 123371805 SUDOC: 071580255 BNF: cb16238493t (data) NDL: 00511758 BNE: XX964627 SN