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John Ridley
John Ridley
IV[1] (born October 1965)[2] is an American screenwriter, film director, novelist, and showrunner, known for 12 Years a Slave, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. He is also the creator and showrunner of the critically acclaimed anthology series American Crime. His most recent work is the documentary film Let It Fall: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
1982–1992.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Filmography

3.1 Movies 3.2 Television

4 Works and publications

4.1 Novels 4.2 Graphic novels 4.3 Stage plays 4.4 Essays

5 Personal life 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life[edit] Ridley was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin,[2] and was raised from the age of seven in Mequon, Wisconsin,[3][4] with an ophthalmologist father, John Ridley, III, and a mother, Terry Ridley, who was a special education teacher[1] for Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Public Schools.[3][5] He has two sisters and is the middle sibling.[3] Ridley graduated from Homestead High School in Mequon, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
in 1982.[3] He enrolled in Indiana University
Indiana University
but transferred to New York University.[3] Ridley is Christian.[6] Career[edit] Following college, Ridley performed standup comedy in New York City, with appearances on a David Letterman
David Letterman
late-night talk show and The Tonight Show.[3] Moving to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 1990, he began writing for such television sitcoms as Martin, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, and The John Larroquette Show.[3] After both writing and directing his film debut, the 1997 crime thriller Cold Around the Heart, he and Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
co-adapted Ridley's first novel, Stray Dogs (still unpublished when Stone bought the rights[7]) into the 1997 Stone-directed film U Turn, which was released slightly earlier than Cold Around the Heart. Ridley went on to write the novels Love Is a Racket and Everybody Smokes in Hell. His novel Spoils of War was adapted into the 1999 David O. Russell-directed Three Kings. Ridley's original script was rewritten by Russell and Ridley, with Ridley receiving a "story by" credit negotiated among himself, Russell, and the releasing studio, Warner Bros.[8] Ridley then became a writer and a supervising producer on the NBC
NBC
crime drama Third Watch. His other novels are The Drift, Those Who Walk in Darkness, and A Conversation with the Mann.[3] He also wrote the graphic novel The American Way.[9] His work as screenwriter also includes 12 Years a Slave,[10] Red Tails, and Undercover Brother. His script for 12 Years a Slave won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay,[11] making Ridley the second African American
African American
to win the award, after Geoffrey S. Fletcher (for Precious, based on the novel Push by Sapphire).[10][12] As of April 2015, he was developing an ABC television series involving an existing Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
character.[13] Filmography[edit] Movies[edit]

Year Feature film Credit/Role Notes

1997 U Turn Writer

1997 Cold Around the Heart Writer/Director Urbanworld Film Festival Jury Prize for Best Director

1999 Three Kings Writer (Story) Nominated—Golden Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay (shared with David O. Russell) Nominated—Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay (shared with David O. Russell)

2002 Undercover Brother Writer Nominated—Black Reel Award for Best Screenplay

2012 Red Tails Writer

2013 Jimi: All Is by My Side Writer/Director

2013 12 Years a Slave Writer Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay African-American Film Critics Association Award for Best Screenplay Alliance of Women Film Journalists
Alliance of Women Film Journalists
Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Black Reel Award for Best Screenplay Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Screenplay Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Screenplay Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Houston Film Critics Society Award for Best Screenplay Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay International Online Film Critics' Poll Award for Best Adapted Screenplay NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Writing in a Motion Picture Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Adapted Screenplay San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Adapted Screenplay St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Screenplay Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated—AACTA International Award for Best Screenplay Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated—Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay Nominated— London Film Critics' Circle Award for Best Screenplay Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated— Vancouver Film Critics Circle Award for Best Screenplay

2016 Ben-Hur Writer

2017 Let It Fall: Los Angeles
Los Angeles
1982–1992 Director/Producer

Television[edit]

Year TV series Credit / Role Notes

1993 Martin Writer

1994 The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Writer

1995 The John Larroquette Show Writer

1995 The Show Writer

1998 Team Knight Rider Writer

1995 Trinity Writer

1999–2004 Third Watch Writer

2003 Platinum Writer / Director

2003 Static Shock Writer

2004 Justice League Writer

2005 Barbershop: The Series Writer

2005 The Wanda Sykes Show Writer

2015–2017 American Crime Creator / Writer / Director NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Director in a Drama Series Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Limited Series, Movie, or Dramatic Special

2016 Lady Dynamite Himself Episode: "White Trash"

2017 Guerrilla Producer / Writer / Director

Works and publications[edit] Novels[edit]

Ridley, John. Stray Dogs. New York: Ballantine Books, 1997. ISBN 978-0-345-41345-1 Ridley, John. Love Is a Racket: A Novel. New York: Knopf, 1998. ISBN 978-0-375-40142-8 Ridley, John. Everybody Smokes in Hell. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999. ISBN 978-0-375-40143-5 Ridley, John. A Conversation with the Mann: A Novel. New York: Warner Books, 2002. ISBN 978-0-446-52836-8 Ridley, John. The Drift. New York: Knopf, 2002. ISBN 978-0-375-41182-3 Ridley, John. Those Who Walk in Darkness. New York: Warner Books, 2003. ISBN 978-0-446-53093-4 Ridley, John, and Patricia R. Floyd. What Fire Cannot Burn. Prince Frederick, MD: Recorded Books, 2011, 2007. ISBN 978-1-456-10151-0

Graphic novels[edit]

Ridley, John, and Ben Oliver. The Authority: Human on the Inside. La Jolla, CA: WildStorm Productions, 2004. 978-1-401-20070-1 Ridley, John. The Razor's Edge: Warblade #5. DC Comics. 2005. Ridley, John, Georges Jeanty, and Karl C. Story. The American Way. La Jolla, Calif: WildStorm/DC Comics, 2007. ISBN 978-1-401-21256-8

Stage plays[edit]

Ridley, John. Ten Thousand Years. 2005 (world premiere).

Essays[edit]

Ridley, John. "The Manifesto of Ascendancy for the Modern American Nigger." Esquire, December 2006, Volume 146, Issue 6.

Personal life[edit] Ridley is married to wife Gayle, a former script supervisor.[4][7] They have two children.[14] References[edit]

^ a b Reardon, Patrick T. (September 24, 1998). "John Ridley's Childhood Was Sunny, But His Novels Explore A Dark World". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 19, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015.  ^ a b Bozzola, Lucia. "John Ridley". AllMovie
AllMovie
/ Rovi
Rovi
via The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h Chandler, Kurt (January 31, 2008). "How to be a Famous Hollywood Writer". Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Magazine. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ a b Dudek, Duane (January 16, 2014). "Mequon native Ridley talks Oscar nominations for '12 Years A Slave'". Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ Bence, Susan (4 March 2014). "Oscar Winner John Ridley's Father Talks About Life Before Desegregation" (Audio). WUWM
WUWM
Milwaukee. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  Audio archived on January 28, 2015. ^ Zeitchik, Steven, "A ‘Ben-Hur’ for our time", Portland Press Herald, August 21, 2016: "Downey and Burnett are staunch Catholics; Ridley is also a devout Christian, Huston and Bekmambetov, who was raised in a communist country, are more secular; Daniel and MGM principal Gary Barber are Jewish." ^ a b "John Ridley, Easy Writer". Entertainment Weekly. October 8, 1999. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ "John Ridley, Easy Writer", Entertainment Weekly, October 8, 1999, p. 2. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. ^ Gross, Terry (May 2, 2007). "A Disenchanted Look at 'The American Way'" (Audio interview). Fresh Air. NPR. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ a b Cieply, Michael; Barnes, Brooks (March 2, 2014). "A Landmark Oscar Win for '12 Years a Slave'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ Shattuck, Kathryn (January 16, 2014). "What the Writer Had to Edit From '12 Years a Slave'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ Lee, Chris (March 2, 2014). "Oscars 2014: '12 Years a Slave' wins for adapted screenplay". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.  ^ Hibbard, James (April 17, 2015). "Marvel teaming with John Ridley for mysterious superhero project — exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 19, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2015.  ^ Ridley in Thompson, Anne (October 16, 2013). "Oscar-Winner John Ridley Talks Writing '12 Years a Slave' and Directing Hendrix Biopic 'All Is By My Side'". Indiewire.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. At the end of the year, when all these things are happening and you've got two kids, a lot of what you see gets determined by what gets put in front of you. 

Further reading[edit]

Gennusa, Chris R. "John Ridley: Burnt Noir." Creative Screenwriting. Winter 1997, v. 4 n.4, pp. 33–38

External links[edit]

Archived pages of defunct official site: December 1, 2006 – March 1, 2007, January 8 – April 12, 2007, March 1 – August 28, 2007 (final archived page other than contact page). John Ridley
John Ridley
on IMDb

Awards for John Ridley

v t e

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay

Screenplay (1995–1996, 2001–2008, retired)

Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2001) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2002) Jim Sheridan, Kirsten Sheridan, and Naomi Sheridan (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008)

Screenplay, Original (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Matt Damon
Matt Damon
and Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(1997) Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
and Marc Norman (1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
/ Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Screenplay, Adapted (1997–2000, 2009–present)

Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Smith (1998) Frank Darabont
Frank Darabont
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Steven Zaillian, Aaron Sorkin, and Stan Chervin (2011) Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner
(2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Gillian Flynn
Gillian Flynn
(2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay

Horton Foote (1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Neal Jimenez (1987) Ramon Menendez and Tom Musca (1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
and Daniel Yost (1989) Charles Burnett (1990) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1991) Neal Jimenez (1992) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
and Frank Barhydt (1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Kevin Smith
Kevin Smith
(1997) Don Roos
Don Roos
(1998) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2001) Mike White (2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Dan Futterman (2005) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
(2006) Tamara Jenkins
Tamara Jenkins
(2007) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2008) Scott Neustadter
Scott Neustadter
and Michael H. Weber (2009) Stuart Blumberg and Lisa Cholodenko (2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Dan Gilroy
Dan Gilroy
(2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 102509922 LCCN: no97010754 ISNI: 0000 0001 1496 3631 GND: 139646175 SUDOC: 057536864 BNF: cb13203751g (data) NLA: 35595902 NDL: 00560011 SN