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John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower
Doud Eisenhower
(August 3, 1922 – December 21, 2013) was a United States Army
United States Army
officer, diplomat, and military historian. The son of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, his decorated military career spanned from before, during, and after his father's presidency, and he would retire in as active duty in 1963 and then all together in 1974. From 1969 to 1971, he served as United States Ambassador to Belgium
Belgium
during the administration of President Richard Nixon, previously his father's Vice President.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Military career 3 Government career 4 Later life and writing

4.1 Presidential elections 4.2 Death

5 Marriage and children 6 Military awards 7 Other honors 8 Dates of rank 9 Family tree 10 See also 11 Bibliography 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links

Early life and education[edit] Eisenhower was born on August 3, 1922 in Denver, Colorado
Colorado
to future U.S. President and United States Army
United States Army
General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie; he was their second child. Their elder son, Doud, known affectionately as "Icky", died in 1921, at age three, after contracting scarlet fever. Eisenhower, like his father, attended the United States Military Academy, graduating on June 6, 1944, the day of the Normandy landings, which his father was commanding.[1] Military career[edit] Eisenhower served in the U.S. Army during World War II
World War II
and the Korean War, remaining on active duty until 1963; then serving in the U.S. Army Reserve until retirement in 1975 – attaining the rank of brigadier general.[2] A decorated soldier, Eisenhower found his World War II military career thwarted by fears for his safety and concern from the top brass that his death or capture would be a distraction to his father, the Supreme Allied Commander. During World War II, he was assigned to intelligence and administrative duties. This issue arose again in 1952 when Major Eisenhower was assigned to fight in a combat unit in Korea while his father ran for President. But unlike World War II, John was able to see combat in Korea.[3] After a short stint in combat with an infantry battalion, he was reassigned to the safety of 3rd Division headquarters. Government career[edit] During his father's presidency, John Eisenhower
John Eisenhower
served as Assistant Staff Secretary in the White House, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House
White House
as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster. In the administration of President Richard Nixon, who had been his father's Vice President, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium
Belgium
from 1969 to 1971. In 1972, President Nixon appointed Eisenhower Chairman of the Interagency Classification Review Committee.[4] In 1975, he served President Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
as chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees.[5] Later life and writing[edit] As a military historian, Eisenhower wrote several books, including The Bitter Woods, a study of the Battle of the Bulge, and So Far from God, a history of the Mexican–American War. In a New York Times
New York Times
review of the latter, historian Stephen W. Sears remarked that Eisenhower "writes briskly and authoritatively, and his judgments are worth reading."[6] Eisenhower wrote Zachary Taylor: The American Presidents Series: The 12th President, 1849-1850 (2008).[7][8] John Eisenhower also wrote the forewords to Borrowed Soldiers, by Mitchell Yockelson of the U.S. National Archives, and to Kenneth W. Rendell's Politics, War and Personality: 50 Iconic Documents of World War II. In later years, he had been an opponent of Frank Gehry's proposed design for the National Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Memorial, which he said was "too extravagant" and "attempts to do too much."[9] Presidential elections[edit] A lifelong Republican, Eisenhower voted for Democrat John Kerry
John Kerry
in the 2004 Presidential election, citing dissatisfaction with Republican incumbent George W. Bush's management of U.S. foreign policy.[10] During the 2008 presidential election, in which presidential candidate John McCain
John McCain
and vice presidential candidates Sarah Palin
Sarah Palin
and Joe Biden all had children enlisted in the armed forces, he wrote about his wartime experience as the son of a sitting President in an cautionary opinion piece in The New York Times
New York Times
entitled "Presidential Children Don't Belong in Battle".[11] Death[edit] He died at Trappe, Maryland
Trappe, Maryland
on December 21, 2013.[12] From the death of John Coolidge
John Coolidge
in 2000 until his own death, Eisenhower was the oldest living presidential child.[13] His burial was at West Point Cemetery on the grounds of the United States Military Academy. Marriage and children[edit] Eisenhower married Barbara Jean Thompson on June 10, 1947, only a few days before her twenty-first birthday. Barbara was born on June 15, 1926, in Fort Knox, Kentucky, into an Army family. She was the daughter of Col. Percy Walter Thompson (November 8, 1898 – June 19, 1974) by his wife Beatrice (née Birchfield). Col. Thompson was commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces. The Eisenhowers had four children:

Dwight David Eisenhower
David Eisenhower
II (born March 31, 1948, West Point, New York), who married Julie Nixon, herself a presidential daughter; (Barbara) Anne Eisenhower (born May 30, 1949, West Point, New York); Susan Elaine Eisenhower (born December 31, 1951, Fort Knox, Kentucky); Mary Jean Eisenhower
Mary Jean Eisenhower
(born December 21, 1955, Washington, DC).

The couple divorced in 1986 after thirty-nine years of marriage. In 1988, Barbara married widower Edwin J. Foltz, a former Vice President at the Campbell Soup Company. She died on September 19, 2014, in Gladwyne, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. In 1988, Eisenhower married Joanne Thompson. He lived in Trappe, Maryland, after moving there from Kimberton, Pennsylvania.[14] Military awards[edit]

U.S. military decorations

Bronze Star Medal

Army Commendation Medal

U.S. service medals

American Defense Service Medal

American Campaign Medal

European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
w/ 2 bronze service stars

World War II
World War II
Victory Medal

Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
w/ "Germany" Clasp

National Defense Service Medal

Korean Service Medal
Korean Service Medal
w/ 3 bronze service stars

Foreign unit awards

Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation

Non-U.S. service awards

United Nations Service Medal

Republic of Korea War Service Medal

U.S. Army badges

Combat Infantryman Badge

Glider Badge

Other honors[edit] The city of Marshfield, Missouri
Marshfield, Missouri
chose Eisenhower as a 2008 honoree of the Edwin P. Hubble
Edwin P. Hubble
Medal of Initiative.[15] His grandson, Merrill Eisenhower Atwater spoke on his behalf at Marshfield's annual Cherry Blossom Festival. The medal recognizes individuals who demonstrate great initiative in their chosen field. Dates of rank[edit]

Insignia Rank Component Date

Second Lieutenant Regular Army June 6, 1944

 First Lieutenant Army of the United States January 23, 1945

 Captain Army of the United States March 16, 1946

 First Lieutenant Regular Army June 6, 1947

 Captain Regular Army May 14, 1951

 Major Army of the United States August 16, 1951

 Major Regular Army September 4, 1957

 Lieutenant Colonel Army of the United States May 31, 1960

 Lieutenant Colonel Army Reserve July 1, 1963

 Colonel Army Reserve July 1, 1967

 Brigadier General Army Reserve July 29, 1970

 Brigadier General Retired August 31, 1975

[16] Family tree[edit]

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890–1969)

Mamie Doud (1896–1979)

Richard Nixon (1913–1994)

Pat Ryan (1912–1993)

Doud Eisenhower (1917–1921)

John Eisenhower (1922–2013)

Barbara Thompson (1926–2014)

Edward Cox (1946–present)

Tricia Nixon (1946–present)

Julie Nixon (1948–present)

David Eisenhower (1948–present)

Anne Eisenhower (1949–present)

Susan Eisenhower (1951–present)

Mary Eisenhower (1955–present)

James Brewton Millard

Christopher Cox (1979–present)

Andrea Catsimatidis (1989–present)

Anthony Cheslock (1977–present)

Jennie Eisenhower (1978–present)

Alex Eisenhower (1980–present)

Tara Brennan (1979–present)

Melanie Eisenhower (1984–present)

Merrill Eisenhower Atwater (1981–present)

Chloe Cheslock (2013–present)

Kaia Eisenhower (2007–present)

Kaeden Eisenhower (2013–present)

See also[edit]

Biography portal Cold War portal History portal International relations portal United States Army
United States Army
portal World War II
World War II
portal

Bibliography[edit]

The Bitter Woods. Battery Classics. 1969. ISBN 9780898391060. ; Da Capo Press, 1995, ISBN 9780306806520 Strictly Personal Doubleday, 1974, ISBN 9780385070713 Allies, Pearl Harbor to D–Day. Doubleday. 1982. ISBN 9780385114790. ; Da Capo Press, 2000, ISBN 9780306809415 So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846–1848. Random House. 1989. ISBN 9780394560519. ; University of Oklahoma Press, 2000, ISBN 9780806132792 Intervention!: The United States Involvement in the Mexican Revolution, 1913–1917. W. W. Norton & Company. 1993. ISBN 9780393313185.  Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott. Free Press. 1997. ISBN 9780684844510.  Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I. Simon and Schuster. 2001. ISBN 9780743216371.  General Ike: A Personal Reminiscence. Simon and Schuster. 2003. ISBN 9780743255721.  Zachary Taylor. Macmillan. 2008. ISBN 9780805082371.  A Morning in June: Defending Outpost Harry. University of Alabama Press. 2010. ISBN 9780817316693.  Soldiers and Statesmen: Reflections on Leadership. University of Missouri Press. 2012. ISBN 9780826219701. 

Notes[edit]

^ 'John Eisenhower, Military Historian
Historian
and Son of the President, Dies at 91,' New York Times, Richard Goldstein, December 22. 2013 ^ "John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project.  ^ "Obituary: Eisenhower's son John, at 91". New York Times. December 22, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2017 – via Times Union.  ^ "History of the Information Security Oversight Office". www.archives.gov. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2009.  ^ Woolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks Upon Establishing the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees". The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara, California: University of California. Retrieved March 23, 2009.  ^ Stephen W. Sears (April 2, 1989). "Land Grab on the Rio Grande". New York Times.  ^ Eisenhower, John S. D. (2008-05-27). Jr, Arthur M. Schlesinger; Wilentz, Sean, eds. Zachary Taylor: The American Presidents Series: The 12th President, 1849-1850. New York: Times Books. ISBN 9780805082371.  ^ Eisenhower, John S. D. (2008-09-27). "Opinion The children of presidents and vice presidents shouldn't be in combat". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-30.  ^ Zongker, Brett (November 16, 2013). "Eisenhower Memorial Approval Delayed Into 2013". Associated Press.  ^ Eisenhower, John (September 28, 2004). "Why I Will Vote for John Kerry for President". The Manchester Union Leader. Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved May 19, 2007.  ^ Eisenhower, John (September 27, 2008). "Presidential Children Don't Belong in Battle". The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2008.  ^ Goldstein, Richard (December 22, 2013). "John Eisenhower, Military Historian
Historian
and Son of the President, Dies at 91". The New York Times. New York: The New York Times
New York Times
Company.  ^ "Former President John Tyler's (1790–1862) grandchildren still alive". January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.  If Elizabeth Ann Blaesing was actually Warren Harding's daughter, she would have been the oldest surviving presidential child from 1995 to her death in 2005, at which point John Eisenhower
John Eisenhower
would have become the oldest. ^ "John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved November 26, 2012.  ^ "Hubble Medal of Initiative." Marshfield Missouri Cherry Blossom Festival. Retrieved March 4, 2011. ^ Official Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Army, 1948. Vol. I. pg. 528.

References[edit]

Eisenhower, John S. D. (1974). Strictly Personal (1st ed.). Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-07071-3.  McCaffree, Mary Jane; Innis, Pauline (1997). Protocol: The Complete Handbook of Diplomatic, Official and Social Usage (4th ed.). Washington: Devon. ISBN 0-941402-04-5. 

External links[edit]

John Eisenhower
John Eisenhower
on IMDb John Eisenhower – Internet Accuracy Project Appearances on C-SPAN

Booknotes interview with Eisenhower on Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott, April 19, 1998.

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Ridgway B. Knight United States Ambassador to Belgium 1969–1971 Succeeded by Robert Strausz-Hupé

v t e

United States Ambassadors to Belgium
Belgium

Chargé d'affaires

Legaré Maxcy Hilliard Clemson Bayard Seibels

Minister Resident

Seibels Fair Sanford Jones Merrill Goodloe Putnam Fish Tree

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary

Tree Parkhurst Terrell Ewing Storer Townsend Wilson Bryan Anderson Marburg Whitlock

Ambassador

Whitlock Fletcher Phillips Gibson Morris Gibson Davies Cudahy Biddle Sawyer Kirk Murphy Cowen Alger Folger Burden MacArthur Knight Eisenhower Strausz-Hupé Firestone Chambers Price Swaebe Glitman Gelb Blinken Cejas Brauer Korologos Fox Bush Gutman Bauer

v t e

Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1953–1961) Supreme Allied Commander Europe
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1951–1952) Chief of Staff of the Army (1945–1948) Commander, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1943–1945)

Military career

Military career 1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy Louisiana Maneuvers Operation Torch European Theater of Operations Allied invasion of Sicily Normandy landings Operation Veritable Military Governor, U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany

Disarmed Enemy Forces European Advisory Commission

Supreme Commander of NATO, 1951-1952

Presidency

Presidency 1953 inauguration 1957 inauguration Korean War
Korean War
Armistice 1953 Iranian coup d'état "Chance for Peace" speech "Atoms for Peace" speech Civil Rights Act of 1957 Cold War

Domino theory Khrushchev, Eisenhower and De-Stalinization New Look policy 1955 Geneva Summit 1960 U-2 incident

NASA DARPA National Defense Education Act Interstate Highway System Suez Crisis Eisenhower Doctrine Little Rock Nine
Little Rock Nine
intervention Operation 40 Farewell address / "Military–industrial complex" Office of Food for Peace President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports People to People Student Ambassador Program State of the Union Address (1955 1956 1960) Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Books

Crusade in Europe
Crusade in Europe
(1948)

Elections

Draft Eisenhower movement Republican Party presidential primaries, 1948 1952 1956 Republican National Convention, 1952 1956 United States Presidential election, 1952 1956

Legacy

Birthplace Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum, gravesite

Boyhood home

Eisenhower National Historic Site Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Memorial Eisenhower Executive Office Building Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
National Airport Eisenhower Fellowships Eisenhower Institute Eisenhower Monument Eisenhower dollar

commemorative

U.S. Postage stamps Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Army Medical Center Eisenhower Medical Center Eisenhower Trophy Eisenhower Golf Club Eisenhower Theater Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(Brothers) Places named for Eisenhower Other tributes and memorials

Popular culture

Eisenhower jacket Eisenhower Tree Crusade in Europe
Crusade in Europe
(1949 television series) Ike (1979 miniseries) Ike: Countdown to D-Day (2004 film) Pressure (2014 play)

Family

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower
Doud Eisenhower
(wife) Doud Eisenhower
Doud Eisenhower
(son) John Eisenhower
John Eisenhower
(son) David Eisenhower
David Eisenhower
(grandson) Anne Eisenhower (granddaughter) Susan Eisenhower
Susan Eisenhower
(granddaughter) Mary Jean Eisenhower
Mary Jean Eisenhower
(granddaughter) Jennie Eisenhower (great-granddaughter) Ida Stover Eisenhower (mother) Earl D. Eisenhower (brother) Edgar N. Eisenhower (brother) Milton S. Eisenhower
Milton S. Eisenhower
(brother)

Related

Eisenhower baseball controversy Camp David "And I don't care what it is" Atoms for Peace
Atoms for Peace
Award Eddie Slovik Kay Summersby

← Harry S. Truman John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84176063 LCCN: n50032726 ISNI: 0000 0001 0920 2221 GND: 123289440 SUDOC: 033732876 BNF: cb124570225 (data) SN

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