John Peter Berger (5 November 1926 – 2 January 2017) was an English
art critic, novelist, painter and poet. His novel G. won the 1972
Booker Prize, and his essay on art criticism, Ways of Seeing, written
as an accompaniment to a
series, is often used as a university
text. He lived in France for more than half a century.
1 Early life
4 Other work
5 Personal life
9 Further reading
10 External links
Berger was born on 5 November 1926 in Stoke Newington,
London, the first of two children of Miriam and Stanley
His grandfather was from Trieste, and his father, Stanley, raised
as a non-observant
Jew who converted to Catholicism, had been an
infantry officer on the Western Front during the First World War and
was awarded the Military Cross and an OBE. Berger was
educated at St Edward's School, Oxford. He served in the British
Army from 1944 to 1946. He enrolled in the Chelsea School of
Art and the
Central School of Art in London.
Berger began his career as a painter and exhibited works at a
London galleries in the late 1940s. His art has been
shown at the Wildenstein, Redfern and
Leicester Galleries in
Berger taught drawing at St Mary's teacher training college. He
later became an art critic, publishing many essays and reviews in the
New Statesman. His Marxist humanism and his strongly stated
opinions on modern art combined to make him a controversial figure
early in his career. As a statement of political commitment, he
titled an early collection of essays Permanent Red.
Berger was never a formal member of the Communist Party of Great
Britain (CPGB): rather he was a close associate of it and its front,
the Artists’ International Association (AIA), until the latter
disappeared in 1953. He was active in the Geneva Club, a discussion
group that appears to have overlapped with British communist circles
in the 1950s.
In 1958, Berger published his first novel, A Painter of Our Time,
which tells the story of the disappearance of Janos Lavin, a fictional
exiled Hungarian painter, and his diary's discovery by an art critic
friend called John. The work was withdrawn by the publisher under
pressure from the
Congress for Cultural Freedom a month after its
publication. His next novels were The Foot of Clive and Corker's
Freedom; both of which presented an urban English life of
alienation and melancholy. Berger moved to Quincy in the Haute-Savoie,
France in 1962 due to his distaste for life in Britain.
In 1972, the
BBC broadcast his television series Ways of
Seeing and published its companion text, an introduction to
the study of images. The work was derived in part from Walter
Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical
Berger's novel G., a picaresque romance set in Europe in 1898, won the
James Tait Black Memorial Prize and the
Booker Prize in 1972.
Berger donated half the Booker cash prize to the Black Panther Party
in Britain, and retained half to support his work on the study on
migrant workers that became A Seventh Man, asserting that both
endeavors represented aspects of his political struggle.
Berger's sociological writings include A Fortunate Man: The Story of a
Country Doctor (1967) and A Seventh Man: Migrant Workers in Europe
(1975). Berger and photographer Jean Mohr, his frequent
collaborator, sought to document and understand the experiences of
peasants. Their subsequent book, Another Way of Telling, discusses
and illustrates their documentary technique and treats the theory of
photography through Berger's essays and Mohr's photographs. His
studies of individual artists include The Success and Failure of
Picasso (1965), a survey of that modernist's career, and Art and
Revolution: Ernst Neizvestny, Endurance, and the Role of the Artist in
the USSR (1969).
In the 1970s, Berger collaborated on three films with the Swiss
director Alain Tanner: He wrote or co-wrote La Salamandre
(1971), The Middle of the World (1974), and Jonah who will be 25 in
the year 2000 (1976). His major fictional work of the 1980s, the
trilogy Into Their Labours (consisting of the novels Pig Earth, Once
in Europa, and Lilac and Flag), treats the European peasant
experience from its farming roots to contemporary economic and
political displacement and urban poverty. In 1974, Berger
co-founded the Writers and Readers Publishing Cooperative Ltd in
London with Arnold Wesker, Lisa Appignanesi, Richard Appignanesi,
Chris Searle, Glenn Thompson, Siân Williams, and others. The
cooperative was active until the early 1980s.
In later essays, Berger wrote about photography, art, politics, and
memory. He published in The Shape of a Pocket a correspondence with
Subcomandante Marcos, and penned short stories that appeared in
The Threepenny Review
The Threepenny Review and The New Yorker. His sole volume of poetry is
Pages of the Wound, though other volumes, such as the theoretical
essay And Our Faces, My Heart, Brief as Photos contain poetry. His
later novels include To the Wedding, a love story dealing with the
AIDS crisis, and King: A Street Story, a novel about
homelessness and shantytown life told from the perspective of a stray
dog. Initially, Berger insisted that his name be kept off the
cover and title page of King, wanting the novel to be received on its
Berger's 1980 volume About Looking includes an influential chapter,
"Why Look at Animals?" It is cited by numerous scholars in the
interdisciplinary field of animal studies. The chapter was later
reproduced in a
Penguin Great Ideas selection of essays of the same
From A to X was long-listed for the 2008 Booker
Prize; Bento's Sketchbook (2011) has been described as "a
characteristically sui generis work combining an engagement with the
thought of the 17th-century lens grinder, draughtsman, and philosopher
Baruch Spinoza, with a study of drawing and a series of
semi-autobiographical sketches". Among his last works is
Confabulations (essays, 2016).
In 1999, Berger voiced both twin brother characters Archie and Albert
Crisp in the video game Grand Theft Auto:
He was a member of the Support Committee of the Russell Tribunal on
Berger married three times, first to artist and illustrator Patt
Marriott in 1949; the marriage was childless and the couple
divorced. In the mid-1950s, he married the Russian Anya Bostock
(née Anna Sisserman), with whom he had two children, Katya Berger and
Jacob Berger; the couple divorced in the mid-1970s. Soon
afterwards, he married Beverly Bancroft, with whom he had one child,
Yves. Beverly died in 2013.
Berger died at his home in Antony, France on 2 January 2017 at the age
1972 Booker Prize
1972 James Tait Black Memorial Prize
2009 Golden PEN Award
A Painter of Our Time (1958)
The Foot of Clive (1962)
Corker's Freedom (1964)
Into Their Labours trilogy (1991):
Pig Earth (1979), Once in Europa
(1987), Lilac and Flag (1990)
To the Wedding (1995)
King: A Street Story (1999)
From A to X (2008)
A Question of Geography (with Nella Bielski) (1987)
Les Trois Chaleurs (1985)
Goya's Last Portrait (with Nella Bielski) (1989)
Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000
Jonah Who Will Be 25 in the Year 2000 (with Alain Tanner)
La Salamandre (The Salamander) (with Alain Tanner) (1971)
Le Milieu du monde (The Middle of the World) (with Alain Tanner)
Play Me Something (with Timothy Neat) (1989)
Une ville à Chandigarh (A City at Chandigarh) (1966)
Pages of the Wound (1994)
Collected Poems (2014)
Marcel Frishman (with George Besson) (1958)
Permanent Red (1960) (Published in the United States in altered
form in 1962 as Toward Reality: Essays in Seeing)
The Success and Failure of
A Fortunate Man (with Jean Mohr) (1967)
Art and Revolution:
Ernst Neizvestny And the Role of the Artist in the
The Moment of Cubism and Other Essays (1969)
The Look of Things: Selected Essays and Articles (1972)
Ways of Seeing (with Mike Dibb, Sven Blomberg, Chris Fox and
Richard Hollis) (1972)
A Seventh Man (with Jean Mohr) (1975)
About Looking (1980)
Another Way of Telling (with Jean Mohr) (1982)
And Our Faces, My Heart, Brief as Photos (1984)
The White Bird (U.S. title: The Sense of Sight) (1985)
Keeping a Rendezvous (1992)
The Sense of Sight (1993)
Albrecht Dürer: Watercolours and Drawings (1994)
Titian: Nymph and Shepherd (with Katya Berger) (1996)
Isabelle: A Story in Shorts (with Nella Bielski) (1998)
At the Edge of the World (with Jean Mohr) (1999)
Selected Essays (Geoff Dyer, ed.) (2001)
The Shape of a Pocket (2001)
I Send You This Cadmium Red: A Correspondence between
John Berger and
John Christie (with John Christie) (2001)
My Beautiful (with Marc Trivier) (2004)
Berger on Drawing (2005)
Here is Where We Meet (2005)
Hold Everything Dear: Dispatches on Survival and Resistance (2007; 2nd
The Red Tenda of Bologna (2007)
War with No End (with Naomi Klein, Hanif Kureishi, Arundhati Roy,
Joe Sacco and Haifa Zangana) (2007)
Why Look at Animals? (2009)
From I to J (with Isabel Coixet) (2009)
Lying Down to Sleep (with Katya Berger) (2010)
Railtracks (with Anne Michaels) (2011)
Bento's Sketchbook (2011)
Cataract (with Selçuk Demirel) (2012)
Understanding a Photograph (Geoff Dyer, ed.) (2013)
Daumier: The Heroism of Modern Life (2013)
Flying Skirts: An Elegy (with Yves Berger) (2014)
John Berger on Artists (Tom Overton, ed.) (2015)
Cuatro horizontes (Four Horizons) (with Sister Lucia Kuppens, Sister
Telchilde Hinkley and John Christie) (2015)
Lapwing & Fox (Conversations between
John Berger and John
Confabulations (Essays) (2016)
John Berger on Art (Tom Overton, ed.) (2016)
John by Jean: Fifty Years of Friendship (Jean Mohr, ed.) (2016)
A Sparrow's Journey:
John Berger Reads Andrey Platonov (CD: 44:34
& 81-page book with Robert Chandler and Gareth Evans), London:
House Sparrow Press in association with the
London Review Bookshop
Smoke (with Selçuk Demirel) (2017)
Seeing Through Drawing (with John Christie) (2017). The book,
published by OBJECTIF, features new texts by and about John Berger
plus a catalogue section of images, information and stories from the
invited artists in the main exhibition held on 8 July – 26 August
2017 at Mandell’s Gallery, Norwich. It contains two previously
unpublished sequences of correspondence on art and communications
John Berger and his daughter Katya Berger Andreadakis along
with tributes and stories from: Anne Michaels, Yves Berger, Eulàlia
Bosch, Geoff Dyer, Gareth Evans, Paul Gordon and Tom Overton. The book
also features a compilation of writings on the art and practice of
drawing collected together by John Christie, from across John
Berger’s art criticism, fiction, essays and letters.
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Book of Images and Words about the Experience of Migrant Workers in
Europe. Verso. ISBN 9781844676491.
^ "ANOTHER WAY OF TELLING". Penguin Random House.
^ Christian Dimitriu, Alain Tanner, Paris: Henri Veyrier, 1985, pp.
^ On John Berger: Telling Stories. BRILL. 2015. p. 24.
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aged 90". Independent. 2 January 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
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John Berger dies aged 90". The
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Komponist, Issues 764–766. Niggli. p. 83.
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John Berger (illustrated ed.). Reaktion
Books. p. 159. ISBN 9781861899422.
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John Berger on Artists". www.brooklynrail.org.
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The New Yorker
The New Yorker Theater and Other Scenes
from a Life at the Movies (illustrated ed.). Columbia University
Press. p. 110. ISBN 9780231519823.
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and John Christie. ACTAR. 2000. ISBN 9788495273321.
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John Berger limited edition". www.thedrawbridge.org.
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John Berger on 'Bento's Sketchbook'". The
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^ Daumier: The Heroism of Modern Life. Harry N. Abrams. 2013.
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Corbusier". ggili.com. Archived from the original on 17 March
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John Berger on Art By John Berger". Penguin Random
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Archived from the original on 2006-08-15.
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Bounds, Philip "Beyond Ways of Seeing: The Media Criticism of John
Philip Bounds and Mala Jagmohan (eds), Recharting Media
Studies, Peter Lang 2008, ISBN 978-3-03911-015-5
Dyer, Geoff Ways of Telling: The Work of John Berger,
Dyer, Geoff (Ed.) John Berger, Selected Essays, Bloomsbury.
Fuller, Peter (1980) Seeing Berger. A Revaluation of ways of Seeing,
Writers and Readers. ISBN 0-906495-48-2.
Hertel, Ralf and David Malcolm (eds.), On John Berger: Telling
Stories. Leiden: Brill, 2015. ISBN 9789004306127.
Hochschild, Adam Finding the Trapdoor: Essays, Portraits, Travels
(Syracuse University Press, 1997), "Broad Jumper in the Alps,"
Krautz, Jochen Vom Sinn des Sichtbaren. John Bergers Ästhetik und
Ethik als Impuls für die Kunstpädagogik am Beispiel der Fotografie,
Hamburg 2004 (Dr. Kovac) ISBN 3-8300-1287-X.
Merrifield, Andy John Berger, London: Reaktion Books, 2012.
Papastergiadis, Nikos Modernity as exile: The stranger in John
Berger's writing (Manchester University Press, 1993)
Chandan, Amarjit; Evans, Gareth; Gunaratnam, Yasmin (Eds.) The Long
White Thread of Words: Poems for John Berger, Ripon: Smokestack Books,
2016. ISBN 978-0-9934547-4-5
Chandan, Amarjit; Gunaratnam, Yasmin (Eds.) A Jar of Wild Flowers:
Essays in Celebration of John Berger, London: Zed Books, 2016.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Berger.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: John Berger
John Berger on Picasso' Mike Gonzalez in
International Socialism 40 (1988).
Defending Picasso's late work by John Berger, International Socialism
Verso Books author page
John Berger Archive at the British Library
Recipients of the Booker Prize
List of winners and shortlisted authors
Booker of Bookers
The Best of the Booker
The Golden Man Booker
Man Booker International Prize
P. H. Newby (1969)
Bernice Rubens (1970)
J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell (Lost Man Booker Prize, 1970)
V. S. Naipaul
V. S. Naipaul (1971)
John Berger (1972)
J. G. Farrell
J. G. Farrell (1973)
Nadine Gordimer /
Stanley Middleton (1974)
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (1975)
David Storey (1976)
Paul Scott (1977)
Iris Murdoch (1978)
Penelope Fitzgerald (1979)
William Golding (1980)
Salman Rushdie (1981)
Thomas Keneally (1982)
J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee (1983)
Anita Brookner (1984)
Keri Hulme (1985)
Kingsley Amis (1986)
Penelope Lively (1987)
Peter Carey (1988)
Kazuo Ishiguro (1989)
A. S. Byatt
A. S. Byatt (1990)
Ben Okri (1991)
Michael Ondaatje /
Barry Unsworth (1992)
Roddy Doyle (1993)
James Kelman (1994)
Pat Barker (1995)
Graham Swift (1996)
Arundhati Roy (1997)
Ian McEwan (1998)
J. M. Coetzee
J. M. Coetzee (1999)
Margaret Atwood (2000)
Peter Carey (2001)
Yann Martel (2002)
DBC Pierre (2003)
Alan Hollinghurst (2004)
John Banville (2005)
Kiran Desai (2006)
Anne Enright (2007)
Aravind Adiga (2008)
Hilary Mantel (2009)
Howard Jacobson (2010)
Julian Barnes (2011)
Hilary Mantel (2012)
Eleanor Catton (2013)
Richard Flanagan (2014)
Marlon James (2015)
Paul Beatty (2016)
George Saunders (2017)
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay
David Newman and
Robert Benton (1967)
John Cassavetes (1968)
Paul Mazursky and Larry Tucker (1969)
Éric Rohmer (1970)
Penelope Gilliatt (1971)
Ingmar Bergman (1972)
Gloria Katz and
Willard Huyck (1973)
Ingmar Bergman (1974)
Robert Towne and
Warren Beatty (1975)
Alain Tanner and
John Berger (1976)
Woody Allen and
Marshall Brickman (1977)
Paul Mazursky (1978)
Steve Tesich (1979)
Bo Goldman (1980)
John Guare (1981)
Murray Schisgal and
Larry Gelbart (1982)
Bill Forsyth (1983)
Babaloo Mandel and
Bruce Jay Friedman (1984)
Albert Brooks and
Monica Johnson (1985)
Hanif Kureishi (1986)
John Boorman (1987)
Ron Shelton (1988)
Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant and Daniel Yost (1989)
Charles Burnett (1990)
David Cronenberg (1991)
David Webb Peoples (1992)
Jane Campion (1993)
Quentin Tarantino and
Roger Avary (1994)
Amy Heckerling (1995)
Albert Brooks and
Monica Johnson (1996)
Curtis Hanson and
Brian Helgeland (1997)
Scott Frank (1998)
Charlie Kaufman (1999)
Kenneth Lonergan (2000)
Julian Fellowes (2001)
Ronald Harwood (2002)
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini (2003)
Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor (2004)
Noah Baumbach (2005)
Peter Morgan (2006)
Tamara Jenkins (2007)
Mike Leigh (2008)
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2009)
Aaron Sorkin (2010)
Asghar Farhadi (2011)
Tony Kushner (2012)
Richard Linklater, Ethan Hawke, and
Julie Delpy (2013)
Wes Anderson (2014)
Tom McCarthy and
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Greta Gerwig (2017)
Geometry of Fear
ISNI: 0000 0001 2276 7972
BNF: cb11891388v (data)
^ Oliver Seidl, Michael Leu (15 May 2010). "Vom Sinn des Sichtbaren.
Doktorarbeit von Jochen Krautz, Verlag Dr. Kovač 2004, 412 S".
Verlagdrkovac.de. Retrieved 3 January