The Info List - John Bankes

Sir John Bankes
(1589 – 28 December 1644) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1624 and 1629. He was Attorney General and Chief Justice to Charles I during the English Civil War. Corfe Castle, his family seat was destroyed during a long siege, in which his wife became known as Brave Dame Mary.


1 Early life 2 Corfe Castle 3 Lord Chief Justice and death 4 Notes 5 References

Early life[edit] Bankes
was of the Bankes
family of Keswick, Cumberland. He matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford
Queen's College, Oxford
on 22 February 1605 aged 15. He entered Gray's Inn, where he was called to the bar in 1614.[1] In 1624, he was elected Member of Parliament for Wootton Bassett. He was elected MP for Morpeth in 1626 and in 1628 and sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[2] In 1630, Bankes
was Lent Reader of Gray's Inn
Gray's Inn
and was treasurer to the Inn from 1631 to 1635. He was knighted at St James on 5 June 1631.[1] He was also appointed attorney to Prince Charles. In September 1634 he became attorney-general to the king, holding this position during the litigation of John Hampden's famous cause of ship money; and his argument upon that question is still extant. He was also counsel for Cambridge University
Cambridge University
in 1634–35.[3] Corfe Castle[edit] Bankes
purchased Corfe Castle
Corfe Castle
with all its manors, rights, and privileges in 1635 from Lady Elizabeth Coke (née Hatton), widow of Sir Edward Coke, who had died in 1634. Bankes's ancestors had for many generations held property in and near Keswick in Cumberland. The Title deeds and grants from the Crown of the black lead mine at Borrowdale date back as far as Henry VI. and Edward IV and were again renewed under the seal of James I. Lord Chief Justice and death[edit] In January 1640 he was made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and afterwards followed the king from Westminster to York; having left his wife, Mary Bankes, to defend Corfe Castle, which she did with great courage, until it was betrayed into the hands of the rebels. His name is signed to the engagement with the lords at York, in June 1642. In the same year he was sworn of the privy council, and the degree of LL.D. conferred upon him at Oxford, where he died on 28 December 1644, aged 55, and was buried in the Cathedral of Christ Church, where there is a monument to his memory. In 1644, he was at first mentioned in the list of those persons meant to be excepted out of the general pardon; his name was afterwards struck out of that list, but he was notwithstanding impeached of high treason. His estates and property however passed to his eldest son Sir Ralph Bankes, who became an MP and built the estate of Kingston Lacy.[4] Notes[edit]

^ a b 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714: Baal-Barrow', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714: Abannan-Kyte (1891), pp. 51-78. Date accessed: 15 March 2012 ^ Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 186-239.  ^ "Bankes, John (BNKS634J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ " Bankes
miscellanea". United Kingdom Genealogy. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 


Mitchell, Anthony. Kingston Lacy
Kingston Lacy
Guide. National Trust. ISBN 1-84359-042-5.  Christopher W. Brooks, ‘Bankes, Sir John (1589–1644)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford
University Press, 2004, accessed 22 Dec 2006

Parliament of England

Preceded by Richard Harrison John Wrenham Member of Parliament for Wootton Bassett 1624 With: Sir Roland Egerton Succeeded by Robert Hyde Sir Walter Tichborne

Preceded by Sir Anthony Herbert Sir Thomas Reynell Member of Parliament for Morpeth 1626–1629 With: Sir Thomas Reynell Succeeded by Parliament suspended until 1640

Legal offices

Preceded by Sir Edward Littleton Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1641–1644 Succeeded by Oliver St John

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 315533285 LCCN: n85144034 SN